67 found
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  1.  15
    Self-Determination vs. Family-Determination: Two Incommensurable Principles of Autonomy.Ruiping Fan - 1997 - Bioethics 11 (3-4):309-322.
    Most contemporary bioethicists believe that Western bioethical principles, such as the principle of autonomy, are universally binding wherever bioethics is found. According to these bioethicists, these principles may be subject to culturally‐conditioned further interpretations for their application in different nations or regions, but an ‘abstract content’ of each principle remains unchanged, which provides ‘an objective basis for moral judgment and international law’. This essay intends to demonstrate that this is not the case. Taking the principle of autonomy as an example, (...)
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  2.  21
    Truth telling in medicine: The confucian view.Ruiping Fan & Benfu Li - 2004 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (2):179 – 193.
    Truth-telling to competent patients is widely affirmed as a cardinal moral and biomedical obligation in contemporary Western medical practice. In contrast, Chinese medical ethics remains committed to hiding the truth as well as to lying when necessary to achieve the family's view of the best interests of the patient. This essay intends to provide an account of the framing commitments that would both justify physician deception and have it function in a way authentically grounded in the familist moral concerns of (...)
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  3.  26
    A confucian reflection on genetic enhancement.Ruiping Fan - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):62 – 70.
    This essay explores a proper Confucian vision on genetic enhancement. It argues that while Confucians can accept a formal starting point that Michael Sandel proposes in his ethics of giftedness, namely, that children should be taken as gifts, Confucians cannot adopt his generalist strategy. The essay provides a Confucian full ethics of giftedness by addressing a series of relevant questions, such as what kind of gifts children are, where the gifts are from, in which way they are given, and for (...)
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  4.  12
    Family-Based Consent and Motivation for Cadaveric Organ Donation in China: An Ethical Exploration.Ruiping Fan & Mingxu Wang - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (5):534-553.
    This essay indicates that Confucian family-based ethics is by no means a stumbling block to organ donation in China. We contend that China should not change to an opt-out consent system in order to enhance donation because a “hard” opt-out system is unethical, and a “soft” opt-out system is unhelpful. We argue that the recently-introduced familist model of motivation for organ donation in mainland China can provide a proper incentive for donation. This model, and the family priority right that this (...)
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  5.  15
    The Renaissance of Confucianism in Contemporary China.Ruiping Fan (ed.) - 2011 - Springer.
    Under the clear and thoughtful editorship of Ruiping Fan, The Renaissance of Confucianism in Contemporary China provides new and highly substantive insights into the emergence of a renewed, relevant, and perceptively engaged Confucianism in 21st century China. Through the vibrantly diverse essays contained in this volume, and in cogent overview through Fan’s introduction, one learns that Confucianism is thoroughly misunderstood, if it is seen only through Western lenses. It cannot be absorbed into that rights-based “global” discourse that has been the (...)
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  6.  7
    Consent to medical treatment: The complex interplay of patients, families, and physicians.Ruiping Fan & Julia Tao - 2004 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (2):139 – 148.
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  7.  15
    Reconsidering surrogate decision making: Aristotelianism and confucianism on ideal human relations.Ruiping Fan - 2002 - Philosophy East and West 52 (3):346-372.
    The rise in the recent Western pattern of surrogate decision making is not a necessary result of an increase in the number of elderly with decreased competence; it may rather manifest the dominant Western vision of human life and relations. From a comparative philosophical standpoint, the Western pattern of medical decision making is individualistic, while the Chinese is familistic. These two distinct patterns may reflect two different comprehensive perspectives on human life and relations, disclosing a foundational difference that can be (...)
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  8.  8
    Which care? Whose responsibility? And why family? A confucian account of long-term care for the elderly.Ruiping Fan - 2007 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (5):495 – 517.
    Across the world, socio-economic forces are shifting the locus of long-term care from the family to institutional settings, producing significant moral, not just financial costs. This essay explores these costs and the distortions in the role of the family they involve. These reflections offer grounds for critically questioning the extent to which moral concerns regarding long-term care in Hong Kong and in mainland China are the same as those voiced in the United States, although family resemblances surely exist. Chinese moral (...)
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  9.  11
    Family-Oriented Informed Consent: East Asian and American Perspectives.Ruiping Fan (ed.) - 2015 - Cham: Springer Verlag.
    In recent years, Confucian ethics has been considered as an alternative to the individual-oriented model of medical decision-making that is dominating in the modern West.
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  10.  11
    Who Would the Person Be after a Head Transplant? A Confucian Reflection.Lin Bian & Ruiping Fan - 2022 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 47 (2):210-229.
    This essay draws on classical Confucian intellectual resources to argue that the person who emerges from a head transplant would be neither the person who provided the head, nor the person who provided the body, but a new, different person. We construct two types of argument to support this conclusion: one is based on the classical Confucian metaphysics of human life as qi activity; the other is grounded in the Confucian view of personal identity as being inseparable from one’s familial (...)
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  11.  4
    Confucian filial Piety and long term care for aged parents.Ruiping Fan - 2006 - HEC Forum 18 (1):1-17.
  12.  5
    Should Cash Subsidy Be Offered to Family Caregivers for the Elderly? The Case of Hong Kong.Ruiping Fan & Lawrence Y. Y. Yung - 2022 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 20 (1):101-113.
    Hong Kong’s Covid-19 epidemic circumstances have given us a valuable opportunity to reflect on Hong Kong’s elderly care policies. This essay argues that Hong Kong should learn from the West and provide a subsidy to family caregivers for proper elderly care. We rebut the social and moralistic reasons for not introducing such a subsidy in Hong Kong. We indicate that providing cash subsidy to family caregivers does not monetize or tarnish Confucian filial obligation to take care of elderly people, but (...)
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  13.  34
    A confucian view of personhood and bioethics.Erika Yu & Ruiping Fan - 2007 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (3):171-179.
    This paper focuses on Confucian formulations of personhood and the implications they may have for bioethics and medical practice. We discuss how an appreciation of the Confucian concept of personhood can provide insights into the practice of informed consent and, in particular, the role of family members and physicians in medical decision-making in societies influenced by Confucian culture. We suggest that Western notions of informed consent appear ethically misguided when viewed from a Confucian perspective.
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  14.  10
    Informed Consent: The Decisional Standing of Families.Mark J. Cherry & Ruiping Fan - 2015 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 40 (4):363-370.
  15.  9
    Taking the Role of the Family Seriously in Treating Chinese Psychiatric Patients: A Confucian Familist Review of China’s First Mental Health Act.Ruiping Fan & Mingxu Wang - 2015 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 40 (4):387-399.
    This essay argues that the Chinese Mental Health Act of 2013 is overly individualistic and fails to give proper moral weight to the role of Chinese families in directing the process of decision-making for hospitalizing and treating the mentally ill patients. We present three types of reactions within the medical community to the Act, each illustrated with a case and discussion. In the first two types of cases, we argue that these reactions are problematic either because they comply with the (...)
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  16.  15
    Family-Based Consent to Organ Transplantation: A Cross-Cultural Exploration.Mark J. Cherry, Ruiping Fan & Kelly Kate Evans - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (5):521-533.
    This special thematic issue of The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy brings together a cross-cultural set of scholars from Asia, Europe, and North America critically to explore foundational questions of familial authority and the implications of such findings for organ procurement policies designed to increase access to transplantation. The substantial disparity between the available supply of human organs and demand for organ transplantation creates significant pressure to manipulate public policy to increase organ procurement. As the articles in this issue explore, (...)
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  17.  3
    Modern Western Science as a Standard for Traditional Chinese Medicine: A Critical Appraisal.Ruiping Fan - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (2):213-221.
    It is generally recognized that China, while attempting to develop modern scientific medicine in carrying out its national policy for modernization, has also made significant efforts to integrate traditional Chinese medicine into its health care system. For instance, the World Health Organization's first global strategy on traditional and alternative medicine lists China as one of only four of its member states to have attained an integrative health care system. However, medical integration can take many different forms and involve quite different (...)
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  18.  3
    Memoirs of a Pagan Sojourning in the Ruins of Christendom.Ruiping Fan - 1999 - Christian Bioethics 5 (3):232-237.
    Ruiping Fan; The Memoirs of a Pagan Sojourning in the Ruins of Christendom, Christian bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality, Volume 5, Issue 3.
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  19.  10
    Corrupt practices in chinese medical care: The root in public policies and a call for confucian-market approach.Ruiping Fan - 2007 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (2):111-131.
    : This paper argues that three salient corrupt practices that mark contemporary Chinese health care, namely the over-prescription of indicated drugs, the prescription of more expensive forms of medication and more expensive diagnostic work-ups than needed, and illegal cash payments to physicians—i.e., red packages—result not from the introduction of the market to China, but from two clusters of circumstances. First, there has been a loss of the Confucian appreciation of the proper role of financial reward for good health care. Second, (...)
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  20.  6
    Nonegalitarian Social Responsibility for Health: A Confucian Perspective on Article 14 of the UNESCO Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights.Ruiping Fan - 2016 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 26 (2):195-218.
    Article 14 of the UNESCO Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights sets forth a few basic principles regarding social responsibility for health. It states in part that 14.1 The promotion of health and social development for their people is a central purpose of governments that all sectors of society share. 14.2 Taking into account that the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, (...)
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  21.  7
    Critical care ethics in asia: Global or local?Ruiping Fan - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (6):547 – 562.
  22.  10
    Modern Western Science as a Standard for Traditional Chinese Medicine: A Critical Appraisal.Ruiping Fan - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (2):213-221.
    It is generally recognized that China, while attempting to develop modern scientific medicine in carrying out its national policy for modernization, has also made significant efforts to integrate traditional Chinese medicine into its health care system. For instance, the World Health Organization's first global strategy on traditional and alternative medicine lists China as one of only four of its member states to have attained an integrative health care system. However, medical integration can take many different forms and involve quite different (...)
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  23.  5
    A Confucian Conception of Public Reason and Bioethics.Ruiping Fan - 2021 - In Hon-Lam Li & Michael Campbell (eds.), Public Reason and Bioethics: Three Perspectives. London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 93-134.
    This chapter attempts to build a Confucian conception of public reason for Confucian-influenced East Asian societies to adopt and tackle political and bioethical issues. The chapter first indicates that public reason is present at various levels of human collectives, namely, communitarian, national, and international. It concentrates on constructing a proper Confucian notion of public reason at the national level given that only the sovereign states are able to make effective public policy and laws to govern their people, although such a (...)
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  24. Informed Consent: Why Family-Oriented?Ruiping Fan - 2015 - In Family-Oriented Informed Consent: East Asian and American Perspectives. Cham: Springer Verlag.
     
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  25.  15
    Reconstructionist confucianism and health care: An asian moral account of health care resource allocation.Ruiping Fan - 2002 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 27 (6):675 – 682.
    In this article, I offer an abridged reconstruction of the foundational elements of Confucian moral commitments, which, I will argue, still provide the background moral substance for moral reflection in mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore, and Korea. The essay presents implications of Confucianism for establishing an appropriate health care system and critically assesses the features of current health polices in mainland China, Hong Kong, and Singapore. The goal is to offer a family-oriented, non-individualist account of resource allocation that takes (...)
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  26. Truth telling to the Patient: Cultural Diversity and the East Asian Perspective.Ruiping Fan - forthcoming - Bioethics in Asia.
     
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  27.  5
    Consanguinism, corruption, and humane love: Remembering why confucian morality is not modern western morality.Ruiping Fan - 2008 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 7 (1):21-26.
  28.  22
    Toward a Directed Benevolent Market Polity: Rethinking Medical Morality in Transitional China.Ruiping Fan - 2008 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (3):280-292.
    Healthcare systems in Singapore, Hong Kong, and mainland China are strikingly distinct from those in the West. Economically speaking, each of the aforementioned Eastern systems relies in great measure on private expenditures supplemented by savings accounts. Western nations, on the other hand, typically exhibit government funding and wariness about healthcare savings accounts. This essay argues that these and other differences between Pacific Rim healthcare systems and Western systems should be assessed in light of background Confucian commitments operating in the former. (...)
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  29.  9
    Towards Ethically and Medically Sustainable Care for the Elderly: The Case of China.Wenye Xie & Ruiping Fan - 2020 - HEC Forum 32 (1):1-12.
    An enormous challenge facing China is how to provide sustainable care for its rapidly-increasing elderly population. Its recent policy directives include three medical forms—the institution-cooperation-form, the institution-medical-form, and the family-physician-form—to integrate medical care into ordinary care for the elderly. This essay indicates that China will not be able to maintain sustainable elderly care unless it places emphasis on the family-physician-form that focuses on family physicians and the use of primary care services. The essay constructs arguments for this policy suggestion based (...)
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  30.  15
    Autonomy and interdependence: A dialogue between liberalism and confucianism.Andrew Brennan & Ruiping Fan - 2007 - Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (4):511–535.
  31.  7
    Introduction: The Rise of Authentic Confucianism.Ruiping Fan - 2011 - In The Renaissance of Confucianism in Contemporary China. Springer. pp. 1--13.
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  32.  9
    How should we treat animals? A confucian reflection.Ruiping Fan - 2010 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (1):79-96.
    Contrary to the views proposed by modern animal rights scholars, this essay reconstructs the Confucian argument for the moral defensibility of the Confucian ritual use of animals by providing an expository analysis of classical Confucian literature. The argument is developed by focusing on the issue of the sacrificial use of animals in the Confucian tradition. While animals are treated according to certain regulations and restrictions, they are not spared from being offered as sacrifices. An essential component of Confucian virtues, reverence, (...)
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  33.  14
    Organ Donation, Comprehensively Good Incentives, and the Family: A Comment on Hong Kong’s Interview Findings and Survey Results.Ruiping Fan - 2023 - In Incentives and Disincentives in Organ Donation: A Multicultural Study among Beijing, Chicago, Tehran and Hong Kong. Springer Nature Switzerland. pp. 237-259.
    This chapter provides conceptual and ethical comments on Hong Kong’s interview findings and survey results regarding the three types of incentive for organ donation. It focuses on three particular conceptual and ethical issues. First, it shows that there is not always a clear-cut distinction between an honorary and a compensationalist incentive measure for organ donation. Instead, a measure such as offering a public columbarium niche to a deceased donor in Hong Kong carries both honorary and compensationalist elements and can, as (...)
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  34.  8
    A reconstructionist confucian account of environmentalism: Toward a human sagely Dominion over nature.Ruiping Fan - 2005 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 32 (1):105-122.
  35.  35
    Sex Robots: A Twenty-First Century Innovation in the Culture Wars.Mark J. Cherry & Ruiping Fan - 2021 - In Ruiping Fan & Mark J. Cherry (eds.), Sex Robots: Social Impact and the Future of Human Relations. Springer. pp. 3-21.
    This volume brings together a set of conceptual, moral, and cultural concerns carefully to assess a significant public policy issue: the development and proliferation of sex robots. Critics argue, for example, that sex robots present a clear risk to real persons as well as a degradation of society. They claim that the prevalence of sex robots will increase sexual violence, immorally objectify women, encourage pedophilia, reinforce negative body image stereotypes, increase forms of sexual dysfunction, and pass on sexually transmitted disease. (...)
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  36.  4
    Freedom, responsibility, and care: Hong Kong's health care reform.Ruiping Fan - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (6):555 – 570.
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  37.  12
    Confucian and Rawlsian views of justice: A comparison.Ruiping Fan - 1997 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 24 (4):427-456.
  38.  3
    Principlism as Global Bioethics: A Critical Appraisal from a Confucian Perspective.Ruiping Fan - forthcoming - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy:1-24.
    Drawing upon Confucian ethical insights extracted from the Analects, this essay argues that principlism suffers from fundamental theoretical flaws. Its four principles do not genuinely capture universal principles, because they distort the practice-embedded nature of authentic moral norms found within actual moral cultures, as elucidated by Confucian insights. Specifically, Confucianism highlights the importance of a reflective equilibrium between constitutive rules and regulative principles. Principlism, in reality, represents an abridged version of modern Western liberal ethical norms, as it retains their significant (...)
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  39.  9
    Whole-Body/Head Transplantation: Personal Identity, Experimental Surgery, and Bioethics.Mark J. Cherry & Ruiping Fan - 2022 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 47 (2):179-188.
    This issue of The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy brings together an international group of scholars from Hong Kong, Mainland China, and North America, critically to explore whole-body/head transplantation. The proposed procedure raises significant philosophical, ethical, and social/political questions. For example, assuming transplant is successful, who survives the surgery? Does personal identity necessarily follow the head? The contributors to this special thematic issue explore the nature and ground of personal identity, what it would mean to preserve personal identity, given such (...)
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  40. Ritual as a cardinal category of moral reality: an introduction.David Solomon, Ping-Cheung Lo, Ruiping Fan & H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr - 2012 - In David Solomon, Ruiping Fan & Bingxiang Luo (eds.), Ritual and the moral life: reclaiming the tradition. Dordrecht: Springer.
     
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  41.  12
    Index to Volume 22.Lisa Sowle Cahill, Mark J. Cherry, Ellen Wright Clayton, Francis Dominic Degnin, Kenneth DeVille, Robin S. Downie, Fiona Randall, Steven D. Edwards, Ruiping Fan & Kateryna Fedoryka - 1997 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 22:643-646.
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  42. Ana borovečki, Henk ten have, Stjepan orešković, ethics committees in croatia in the healthcare institutions: The first study about their structure and functions, and some reflections on the major issues and problems 49-60.Gabriele de Anna, Begetting Cloning, Ruiping Fan, Confucian Filial Piety & Long Term - 2006 - HEC Forum 18 (4):374-376.
     
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  43. 政治儒学与中国的改革.Ruiping Fan, Daniel A. Bell & Xiuping Hong (eds.) - 2012
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  44. A Confucian View of Informed Consent in Biomedical Practice.Ruiping Fan - 2021 - In Joseph Tham, Alberto García Gómez & Mirko Daniel Garasic (eds.), Cross-cultural and religious critiques of informed consent. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  45. Confucian ritualization: how and why.Ruiping Fan - 2012 - In David Solomon, Ruiping Fan & Bingxiang Luo (eds.), Ritual and the moral life: reclaiming the tradition. Dordrecht: Springer.
     
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  46.  6
    Dang dai ru jia sheng ming lun li xue =.Ruiping Fan - 2011 - Beijing Shi: Beijing da xue chu ban she.
    本书阐述了作者“重构”儒家生命伦理学的主张,从儒家的家庭主义、社会责任、环境伦理、道德之善与礼乐教化等角度全面审视了西方理论的问题,并提出了儒家思想的解决之道。.
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  47.  11
    Da yi dang qian: jian gou Zhongguo sheng ming lun li xue = Building Chinese bioethics in the time of COVID-19.Ruiping Fan & Ying Zhang (eds.) - 2021 - Xianggang: Xianggang cheng shi da xue chu ban she.
    2020年,新冠肺炎病毒在全球爆發,威脅公眾健康、打亂生活節奏、衝擊社會經濟。病毒沒有種族,也沒有國界,人們在共同面對這一瘟疫大挑戰時,健康價值固然重要,與此同時,倫理道德和人類價值如平等、自由、公正 等同樣不能忽略。 本書收錄二十多篇,由兩岸三地的學者撰寫的重大議題文章,從基礎倫理、防控倫理、法律倫理、醫療倫理、責任倫理、關懷倫理六個角度,探討如何在大疫當前的困境下,建構中國生命倫理學。書中提出多個引人反思道德傳統 、倫理精神和價值取向的問題,如防控措施與個人權利應如何平衡?健康碼的追蹤程序能否保障個人隱私權?醫療資源稀缺情況下限制老人的醫療供給是否合理?如何保障一線醫護人員的基本安全? 作者期望通過本書補充生命倫理學的「缺如」,並為健全社會防疫意識、完善醫療衛生體系、增強道德研究,以及建構具有中國特色的生命倫理學盡一分力。在此疫情仍然嚴峻的今日,絕對值得一讀。.
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  48.  7
    Further Reflections.Ruiping Fan - 2021 - In Hon-Lam Li & Michael Campbell (eds.), Public Reason and Bioethics: Three Perspectives. London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 273-280.
    Fan indicates that a suitable conception of public reason must be a “soft” relativism, like agent’s-group relativism, which is not incoherent. He argues why a child of filial piety should not support one’s parent’s request for MAS. He emphasizes that there should be a difference between a normative ethics and a conception of public reason on the one hand and a distinction between policy discussion and policy justification under a conception of public reason on the other.
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  49.  18
    Genetic Enhancement Revisited: Response to Open Peer Commentaries.Ruiping Fan - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):6-8.
    This essay explores a proper Confucian vision on genetic enhancement. It argues that while Confucians can accept a formal starting point that Michael Sandel proposes in his ethics of giftedness, namely, that children should be taken as gifts, Confucians cannot adopt his generalist strategy. The essay provides a Confucian full ethics of giftedness by addressing a series of relevant questions, such as what kind of gifts children are, where the gifts are from, in which way they are given, and for (...)
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  50.  20
    Incentives and Disincentives in Organ Donation: A Multicultural Study among Beijing, Chicago, Tehran and Hong Kong.Ruiping Fan (ed.) - 2023 - Springer Nature Switzerland.
    This book provides the first systematic study on three types of incentives for organ donation. It covers extensive research conducted in four culturally different societies: Hong Kong, mainland China, Iran and the United States, and shows on the basis of the research that a new model of incentives can be constructed to enhance organ donation in contemporary societies. The book focuses on three types of incentives: honorary incentives, commonly adopted in the United States and other Western countries by offering things (...)
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