Results for 'Robert F. Mauldin'

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  1.  26
    Understanding Scientific Reasoning.Ronald N. Giere, John Bickle & Robert F. Mauldin - 1979 - Fort Worth, TX, USA: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
    UNDERSTANDING SCIENTIFIC REASONING develops critical reasoning skills and guides students in the improvement of their scientific and technological literacy. The authors teach students how to understand and critically evaluate the scientific information they encounter in both textbooks and the popular media. With its focus on scientific pedagogy, UNDERSTANDING SCIENTIFIC REASONING helps students learn how to examine scientific reports with a reasonable degree of sophistication. The book also explains how to reason through case studies using the same informal logic skills employed (...)
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  2.  91
    Situationist Social Psychology and J. S. Mill's Conception of Character: Robert F. Card.Robert F. Card - 2010 - Utilitas 22 (4):481-493.
    The situationist challenge to global character traits claims that on the basis of findings in social psychology, we should only accept at most the existence of local or context-sensitive traits. In this article I explore a neglected area of J. S. Mill's work to outline an account of context-sensitive traits. This account of traits, coupled with a sophisticated consequentialist ethical framework, suggests an interesting view on which persons govern the circumstances of their actions in order to best promote overall well-being.
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  3.  39
    Considering Moral Sensitivity in Media Ethics Courses and Research: An Essay Review by Robert F. Potter.Robert F. Potter - 1997 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 12 (1):51-57.
    (1997). Considering moral sensitivity in media ethics courses and research: An essay review by Robert F. Potter. Journal of Mass Media Ethics: Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 51-57. doi: 10.1207/s15327728jmme1201_4.
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  4.  1
    Early Modern Philosophy: Metaphysics, Epistemology, and Politics Essays in Honour of Robert F. Mcrae.Robert F. McRae (ed.) - 1985 - Caravan Books.
  5.  47
    Divine Omniscience, Immutability, Aseity and Human Free Will: ROBERT F. BROWN.Robert F. Brown - 1991 - Religious Studies 27 (3):285-295.
    If classical Western theism is correct that God's timeless omniscience is compatible with human free will, then it is incoherent to hold that this God can in any strict sense be immutable and a se as well as omniscient. That is my thesis. ‘Classical theism’ shall refer here to the tradition of philosophical theology centring on such mainstream authors as Augustine, Anselm, and Aquinas. ‘Divine omniscience’ shall mean that the eternal God knows all events as a timeless observer of them. (...)
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  6. Conscientious Objection and Emergency Contraception.Robert F. Card - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):8 – 14.
    This article argues that practitioners have a professional ethical obligation to dispense emergency contraception, even given conscientious objection to this treatment. This recent controversy affects all medical professionals, including physicians as well as pharmacists. This article begins by analyzing the option of referring the patient to another willing provider. Objecting professionals may conscientiously refuse because they consider emergency contraception to be equivalent to abortion or because they believe contraception itself is immoral. This article critically evaluates these reasons and concludes that (...)
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  7.  19
    Truth and Skepticism.Robert F. Almeder - 2010 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Robert Almeder provides a comprehensive discussion and definitive refutation of our common conception of truth as a necessary condition for knowledge of the world, and to defend in detail an epistemic conception of truth without falling into the usual epistemological relativism or classical idealism in which all properties of the world turn out to be linguistic in nature and origin. There is no other book available that clearly and thoroughly defends the case for an epistemic conception of truth and (...)
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  8. Exposure and Affect: Overview and Meta-Analysis of Research 1968-1987.Robert F. Bornstein - 1989 - Psychological Bulletin 106:265-89.
     
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  9.  57
    The Inevitability of Assessing Reasons in Debates About Conscientious Objection in Medicine.Robert F. Card - 2017 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 26 (1):82-96.
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  10.  50
    Reasonability and Conscientious Objection in Medicine: A Reply to Marsh and an Elaboration of the Reason‐Giving Requirement.Robert F. Card - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (6):320-326.
    In this paper I defend the Reasonability View: the position that medical professionals seeking a conscientious exemption must state reasons in support of their objection and allow those reasons to be subject to evaluation. Recently, this view has been criticized by Jason Marsh as proposing a standard that is either too difficult to meet or too easy to satisfy. First, I defend the Reasonability View from this proposed dilemma. Then, I develop this view by presenting and explaining some of the (...)
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  11.  13
    Rational Consensus in Science and Society.Robert F. Bordley - 1986 - Noûs 20 (4):565-568.
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  12.  8
    The Philosophy of Primary Education: An Introduction.Robert F. Dearden - 1968 - New York: Humanities P..
  13. A New Theory of Conscientious Objection in Medicine: Justification and Reasonability.Robert F. Card - 2020 - Routledge.
    This book argues that a conscientiously objecting medical professional should receive an exemption only if the grounds of an objector's refusal are reasonable. It defends a detailed, contextual account of public reasonability suited for healthcare, which builds from the overarching concept of Rawlsian public reason. The author analyzes the main competing positions and maintains that these other views fail precisely due to their systematic inattention to the grounding reasons behind a conscientious objection; he argues that any such view is plausible (...)
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  14.  16
    Rethinking Knowledge: Reflections Across the Disciplines.Robert F. Goodman & Walter R. Fisher (eds.) - 1995 - State University of New York Press.
    This is an exploration of modernism and postmodernism in regard to knowledge: methods of inquiry, operations of the mind, the role of values, conceptions of self, and the problematic of reason.
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  15.  23
    In Defence of Medical Tribunals and the Reasonability Standard for Conscientious Objection in Medicine.Robert F. Card - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (2):73-75.
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  16.  92
    Conscientious Objection, Emergency Contraception, and Public Policy.Robert F. Card - 2011 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (1):53-68.
    Defenders of medical professionals’ rights to conscientious objection (CO) regarding emergency contraception (EC) draw an analogy to CO in the military. Such professionals object to EC since it has the possibility of harming zygotic life, yet if we accept this analogy and utilize jurisprudence to frame the associated public policy, those who refuse to dispense EC would not have their objection honored. Legal precedent holds that one must consistently object to all forms of the relevant activity. In the case at (...)
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  17.  26
    The Imagery of Sophocles' Antigone, a Study of Poetic Language and Structure. By Robert F. Goheen. Princeton: University Press, 1951 . Pp. 171. 20s. [REVIEW]R. W. B. Burton & Robert F. Goheen - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:196-197.
  18.  5
    Perception Without Awareness: Cognitive, Clinical, and Social Perspectives.Robert F. Bornstein & Thane S. Pittman - 1992 - Guilford.
    This landmark volume brings together the work of the world's leading researchers in sublimated perception. This compilation marks a fundamental shift in the current study of subliminal effects: No longer in question is the notion that perception without awareness occurs. Now, the emphasis is on elucidating the parameters of subliminal effects and understanding the conditions under which stimuli perceived without awareness significantly influence affect, cognition, and behavior. PERCEPTION WITHOUT AWARENESS firmly establishes subliminal perception within the mainstream of psychological science. Well (...)
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  19. Robert F. Weir: "Selective Treatment of Handicapped Newborns". [REVIEW]Robert Barry - 1985 - The Thomist 49 (2):313.
     
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  20.  19
    Reasons, Reasonability and Establishing Conscientious Objector Status in Medicine.Robert F. Card - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (4):222-225.
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  21.  55
    Individual Responsibility Within Organizational Contexts.Robert F. Card - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (4):397-405.
  22.  56
    Systematicity in Connectionist Language Learning.Robert F. Hadley - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (3):247-72.
  23.  33
    Blind Realism: An Essay on Human Knowledge and Natural Science.Robert F. Almeder - 1991 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Blind Realism originated in the deeply felt conviction that the widespread acceptance of Gettier-type counterexamples to the classical definition of knowledge rests in a demonstrably erroneous understanding of the nature of human knowledge. In seeking to defend that conviction, Robert F. Almeder offers a fairly detailed and systematic picture of the nature and limits of human factual knowledge.
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  24.  57
    Mill’s Conception of Individuality.Robert F. Ladenson - 1977 - Social Theory and Practice 4 (2):167-182.
  25.  2
    Bioethics and the Fetus: Medical, Moral and Legal Issues.James M. Humber & Robert F. Almeder - 1991 - Humana Press.
    Bioethics and the Fetus: Medical, Moral, and Legal Issues is the ninth volume in the Biomedical Ethics Reviews series of texts designed to review and update the literature on issues of central importance in bioethics today. All of the essays in this volume examine moral and/or legal problems involving human fetal life; summaries of these essays may be found in the text's Introduction. Bioethics is, by its nature, interdisciplinary in character. Recog nizing this fact, the authors represented in the present (...)
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  26.  29
    Rawls' Principle of Equal Liberty.Robert F. Ladenson - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 28 (1):49 - 54.
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  27. Inconsistency and the Theoretical Commitments of Hooker's Rule-Consequentialism.Robert F. Card - 2007 - Utilitas 19 (2):243-258.
    Rule-consequentialism is frequently regarded as problematic since it faces the following powerful dilemma: either rule-consequentialism collapses into act-consequentialism or rule-consequentialism is inconsistent. Recent defenders of this theory such as Brad Hooker provide a careful response to this objection. By explicating the nature and theoretical commitments of rule-consequentialism, I contend that these maneuvers are not successful by offering a new way of viewing the dilemma which retains its force even in light of these recent discussions. The central idea is that even (...)
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  28.  12
    The Market View on Conscientious Objection: Overvalued.Robert F. Card - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (3):168-172.
    Ancell and Sinnott-Armstrong argue that medical providers possess wide freedoms to determine the scope of their practice, and therefore, prohibiting almost any conscientious objections is a bad idea. They maintain that we could create an acceptable system on the whole which even grants accommodations to discriminatory refusals by healthcare professionals. Their argument is premised upon applying a free market mechanism to conscientious objections in medicine, yet I argue their Market View possesses a number of absurd and troubling implications. Furthermore, I (...)
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  29. The 'Explicit-Implicit' Distinction.Robert F. Hadley - 1995 - Minds and Machines 5 (2):219-42.
    Much of traditional AI exemplifies the explicit representation paradigm, and during the late 1980''s a heated debate arose between the classical and connectionist camps as to whether beliefs and rules receive an explicit or implicit representation in human cognition. In a recent paper, Kirsh (1990) questions the coherence of the fundamental distinction underlying this debate. He argues that our basic intuitions concerning explicit and implicit representations are not only confused but inconsistent. Ultimately, Kirsh proposes a new formulation of the distinction, (...)
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  30.  6
    Abating Treatment with Critically Ill Patients: Ethical and Legal Limits to the Medical Prolongation of Life.Robert F. Weir - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
    This book offers an in-depth analysis of the wide range of issues surrounding "passive euthanasia" and "allow-to-die" decisions. The author develops a comprehensive conceptual model that is highly useful for assessing and dealing with real-life situations. He presents an informative historical overview, an evaluation of the clinical settings in which treatment abatement takes place, and an insightful discussion of relevant legal aspects. The result is a clearly articulated ethical analysis that is medically realistic, philosophically sound, and legally viable.
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  31.  62
    Is There No Alternative? Conscientious Objection by Medical Students.Robert F. Card - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (10):602-604.
    Recent survey data gathered from British medical students reveal widespread acceptance of conscientious objection in medicine, despite the existence of strict policies in the UK that discourage conscientious refusals by students to aspects of their medical training. This disconnect demonstrates a pressing need to thoughtfully examine policies that allow conscience objections by medical students; as it so happens, the USA is one country that has examples of such policies. After presenting some background on promulgated US conscience protections and reflecting on (...)
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  32.  72
    Consequentialism, Teleology, and the New Friendship Critique.Robert F. Card - 2004 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (2):149-172.
  33.  46
    The Educational Significance of the Ethics Bowl.Robert F. Ladenson - 2001 - Teaching Ethics 1 (1):63-78.
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  34. Subliminal Mere Exposure Effects.Robert F. Bornstein - 1992 - In Robert F. Bornstein & T. S. Pittman (eds.), Perception Without Awareness. Guilford.
     
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  35.  99
    De Finetti Was Right: Probability Does Not Exist.Robert F. Nau - 2001 - Theory and Decision 51 (2/4):89-124.
    De Finetti's treatise on the theory of probability begins with the provocative statement PROBABILITY DOES NOT EXIST, meaning that probability does not exist in an objective sense. Rather, probability exists only subjectively within the minds of individuals. De Finetti defined subjective probabilities in terms of the rates at which individuals are willing to bet money on events, even though, in principle, such betting rates could depend on state-dependent marginal utility for money as well as on beliefs. Most later authors, from (...)
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  36.  7
    Structural Validity And.Robert F. Krueger & Nicholas R. Eaton - 2012 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry Ii: Nosology. Oxford University Press. pp. 199.
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  37. Ethical Issues in the Music Industry Response to Innovation and Piracy.Robert F. Easley - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (2):163-168.
    The current conflict between the recording industry and a portion of its customers who are involved in illicit copying of music files arose from innovations involving the compression and electronic distribution of files over the internet. This paper briefly describes some of the challenges faced by the recording industry, and examines some of the ethical issues that arise in various industry and consumer responses to the opportunities and threats presented by these innovations. The paper concludes by highlighting the risks associated (...)
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  38. Review Of: Gennadij Aljaev, Tereza Obolevitch, Tatjana Rezvykh, Aleksandr Tsygankov, S.L. Frank o F.M. Dostoevskom: Novye Materialy (S.L. Frank on F.M. Dostoevsky: New Materials), Moscow, Institut Filosofii RAN, 2021, 368 Pp. [REVIEW]Robert F. Slesinski - 2022 - Studies in East European Thought 74 (2):255-257.
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  39. It's About Time: An Overview of the Dynamical Approach to Cognition.Timothy Van Gelder & Robert F. Port - 1995 - In Tim van Gelder & Robert Port (eds.), Mind as Motion: Explorations in the Dynamics of Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 43.
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  40.  30
    Scouring the Scourge: Spontaneous Abortion and Morality.Robert F. Card - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (7):27 – 29.
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  41.  15
    Legitimate Authority.Robert F. Ladenson - 1972 - American Philosophical Quarterly 9 (4):335 - 341.
  42.  5
    Blind Realism: An Essay on Human Knowledge and Natural Science.Robert F. Almeder - 1991 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Blind Realism originated in the deeply felt conviction that the widespread acceptance of Gettier-type counterexamples to the classical definition of knowledge rests in a demonstrably erroneous understanding of the nature of human knowledge. In seeking to defend that conviction, Robert F. Almeder offers a fairly detailed and systematic picture of the nature and limits of human factual knowledge.
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  43.  11
    Human Happiness and Morality: A Brief Introduction to Ethics.Robert F. Almeder - 2000 - Prometheus Books.
    In Human Happiness and Morality, noted philosopher Robert Almeder provides lucid introductory explanations of the major ethical theories and traditions, as well as a clear and comprehensive discussion of the proposed answers to three basic questions in ethics: What makes a right act right? Why should I be moral? What is human happiness and how can I attain it? He then ventures beyond the basic questions, describing the relationship between morality and happiness; clearly defining human happiness; and raising the (...)
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  44.  59
    Consequentialist Teleology and the Valuation of States of Affairs.Robert F. Card - 2004 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (3):253-265.
    Elizabeth Anderson claims that states of affairs are merely extrinsically valuable, since we value them only in virtue of the intrinsically valuable persons in those states of affairs. Since it considers states of affairs to be the sole bearers of intrinsic value, Anderson argues that consequentialism is incoherent because it attempts to globally maximize extrinsic value. I respond to this objection by distinguishing between two forms of consequentialist teleology and arguing that Anderson''s claim is either harmless or her argument for (...)
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  45.  40
    Arbitrage, Rationality, and Equilibrium.Robert F. Nau & Kevin F. McCardle - 1991 - Theory and Decision 31 (2-3):199-240.
  46.  6
    Ronald J. Rychlak and Jane F. Adolphe, Editors, The Persecution and Genocide of Christians in the Middle East: Prevention, Prohibition, & Prosecution. [REVIEW]Robert F. Gorman - 2018 - Catholic Social Science Review 23:358-361.
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  47.  40
    Systematicity Revisited.Robert F. Hadley - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (4):431-44.
  48.  32
    Does the Deterrence Theory of Punishment Exist?Robert F. Ladenson - 1976 - Philosophy Research Archives 2:391-405.
    Among the many assaults upon widely held views in social and political philosophy to be found in Robert Nozick's Anarchy, State, and Utopia, is a novel criticism of the utilitarian deterrence theory of punishment. Nozick believes that this criticism is absolutely decisive, and, indeed, in his words, establishes the utilitarian deterrence theory's "non existence." The purpose of this paper is to show that Nozick's criticism rests upon a tacit crucial error about the nature of punishment. This error, while an (...)
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  49.  11
    Martin Buber: The Life of Dialogue.Robert F. Creegan - 1956 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 17 (2):278-279.
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  50.  19
    Influences of Misleading Postevent Information: Misinformation Interference and Acceptance.Robert F. Belli - 1989 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118 (1):72-85.
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