Results for 'Reference (Linguistics'

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  1.  37
    Person Reference in Interaction: Linguistic, Cultural and Social Perspectives.N. J. Enfield & Tanya Stivers (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    How do we refer to people in everyday conversation? No matter the language or culture, we must choose from a range of options: full name ('Robert Smith'), reduced name ('Bob'), description ('tall guy'), kin term ('my son') etc. Our choices reflect how we know that person in context, and allow us to take a particular perspective on them. This book brings together a team of leading linguists, sociologists and anthropologists to show that there is more to person reference than (...)
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  2. Plural Reference and Reference to a Plurality. Linguistic Facts and Semantic Analyses.Friederike Moltmann - 2016 - In Massimiliano Carrara, Alexandra Arapinis & Friederike Moltmann (eds.), Unity and Plurality. Logic, Philosophy, and Semantics. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 93-120.
    This paper defends 'plural reference', the view that definite plurals refer to several individuals at once, and it explores how the view can account for a range of phenomena that have been discussed in the linguistic literature.
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  3.  3
    Ayni, Ora. The Resistance of Reference: Linguistics, Philosophy, and The Literary Text.Jenefer Robinson - 1992 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 50 (3):258-259.
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  4.  14
    Ora Avni., The Resistance of Reference: Linguistics, Philosophy, and the Literary Text.Alice R. Kaminsky - 1994 - International Studies in Philosophy 26 (2):101-102.
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  5.  88
    Reference.Barbara Abbott - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    This book introduces the most important problems of reference and considers the solutions that have been proposed to explain them. Reference is at the centre of debate among linguists and philosophers and, as Barbara Abbott shows, this has been the case for centuries. She begins by examining the basic issue of how far reference is a two place (words-world) or a three place (speakers-words-world) relation. She then discusses the main aspects of the field and the issues associated (...)
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  6.  26
    The Routledge Handbook of Linguistic Reference.Heimir Geirsson & Stephen Biggs (eds.) - 2021 - New York: Routledge.
    This Handbook offers students and more advanced readers a valuable resource for understanding linguistic reference; the relation between an expression (word, phrase, sentence) and what that expression is about. The volume’s forty-one original chapters, written by many of today’s leading philosophers of language, are organized into ten parts: I Early Descriptive Theories II Causal Theories of Reference III Causal Theories and Cognitive Significance IV Alternate Theories V Two-Dimensional Semantics VI Natural Kind Terms and Rigidity VII The Empty Case (...)
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  7.  28
    How Cross-Linguistic Differences in the Grammaticalization of Future Time Reference Influence Intertemporal Choices.Dieter Thoma & Agnieszka E. Tytus - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (3):974-1000.
    According to Chen's Linguistic Savings Hypothesis, our native language affects our economic behavior. We present three studies investigating how cross-linguistic differences in the grammaticalization of future-time reference affect intertemporal choices. In a series of decision scenarios about finance and health issues, we let speakers of altogether five languages that represent FTR with increasing strength, that is, Chinese, German, Danish, Spanish, and English, choose between hypothetical sooner-smaller and later-larger reward options. While the LSH predicts a present-bias that increases with FTR-strength, (...)
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  8. Direct Reference: From Language to Thought.Francois Recanati - 1993 - Blackwell.
    This volume puts forward a distinct new theory of direct reference, blending insights from both the Fregean and the Russellian traditions, and fitting the general theory of language understanding used by those working on the pragmatics of natural language.
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  9.  33
    Removing Linguistic Barriers to Justice: A Study of Official Reference Texts for Unrepresented Litigants in Hong Kong.Matthew Yeung & Janny Leung - 2015 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 28 (1):135-153.
    One less obvious impact of legal bilingualism in a postcolonial jurisdiction like Hong Kong is an increasing trend of unrepresented litigants. Since their lack of legal knowledge often places them at a disadvantage and poses numerous problems in court, the government has established the resource centre for unrepresented litigants to offer them information about legal procedure. This paper evaluates the usefulness of the Chinese official reference materials at the centre in equipping laymen for civil litigation. As a first point (...)
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  10. Linguistic Action, Reference, and Nonverbal Communication.Paul R. Berckmans - 1989 - Dissertation, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    Philosophers of action have rarely systematically thought about acts of communication as special sorts of actions, nor have speech act theorists looked on the bearings of the general theory to action on linguistic acts. This dissertation represents an attempt to work seriously within precisely that intersection of action theory and speech act theory. Some problematic issues in both areas can, from this combined perspective, be reformulated more clearly than they have been previously articulated. ;The first part of the thesis examines (...)
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  11.  19
    Intuitive Knowledge of Linguistic Co-Reference.Peter C. Gordon & Randall Hendrick - 1997 - Cognition 62 (3):325-370.
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  12.  15
    Reference and Linguistic Authority.Alan H. Goldman - 1979 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 17 (3):305-321.
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  13.  6
    Reference and Linguistic Inruirions.Eric Mccready - 2015 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 23:33-44.
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  14.  4
    Referential-Semantic Analysis: Aspects of a Theory of Linguistic Reference.Torben Thrane - 1980 - Cambridge University Press.
    Dr Thrane makes an original contribution to one of the central topics in syntax and semantics: the nature and mechanisms of reference in natural language. He makes a fundamental distinction between syntactic analyses that are internal to the structure of a language and analyses of the referential properties that connect a language with the 'outside world' - and therefore derive in some sense from common human capacities for perceptual discrimination. Dr Thrane argues that the failure to make this distinction (...)
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  15. Reference and Existence: The John Locke Lectures.Saul A. Kripke - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Reference and Existence, Saul Kripke's John Locke Lectures for 1973, can be read as a sequel to his classic Naming and Necessity. It confronts important issues left open in that work -- among them, the semantics of proper names and natural kind terms as they occur in fiction and in myth; negative existential statements; the ontology of fiction and myth. In treating these questions, he makes a number of methodological observations that go beyond the framework of his earlier book (...)
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  16.  3
    Reference and Linguistic Authority.Alan H. Goldman - 1979 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 17 (3):305-321.
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  17.  91
    Meaning and Reference in Aristotle’s Concept of the Linguistic Sign.Ludovic De Cuypere & Klaas Willems - 2008 - Foundations of Science 13 (3-4):307-324.
    To Aristotle, spoken words are symbols, not of objects in the world, but of our mental experiences related to these objects. Presently there are two major strands of interpretation of Aristotle’s concept of the linguistic sign. First, there is the structuralist account offered by Coseriu (Geschichte der Sprachphilosophie. Von den Anfängen bis Rousseau, 2003 [1969], pp. 65–108) whose interpretation is reminiscent of the Saussurean sign concept. A second interpretation, offered by Lieb (in: Geckeler (Ed.) Logos Semantikos: Studia Linguistica in Honorem (...)
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  18.  29
    The Extra-Linguistic Reference of Language (II.).Everett W. Hall - 1944 - Mind 53 (209):25-47.
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  19. The Imagination of Reference Meditating the Linguistic Condition.Édouard Morot-sir - 1993
     
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  20.  4
    Sounds and Gestures of Linguistic Reference: The Endurance of Reality in the Poetry of Wallace Stevens.Melih Levi - 2021 - Semiotica 2021 (240):351-374.
    The article seeks a rapprochement between pragmatic and semantic theories of language by returning to a breaking point in the history of philosophy, the middle of the twentieth century, when these theoretical models began to evolve into distinct schools of thought. Philosophical accounts of this period explore various and intertwined dependencies between semantics and context; however, they only implicitly examine the potential of sounds and bodily gestures in bringing descriptive clarity to the modes and limits of such dependencies. The article (...)
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  21.  8
    A Psychological Study of Linguistic Abilities with Reference to the Results of Word Association Tests.V. R. McClatchy & M. Cooper - 1924 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 7 (5):371.
  22. Introduction to Indo-European Linguistics: Translated From Einführung in Die Vergleichende Sprachwissenschaft 4th Edition, 1991, with Additional Notes and References. [REVIEW]Oswald J. L. Szemerényi - 1996 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Professor Oswald Szemerényi's Einführung in die vergleichende Sprachwissenschaft, first published in 1970, remains the standard introduction to comparative Indo-European linguistics. It is available here in English for the first time, in a revised, enlarged, and updated fifth edition. The introductory section presents a general survey of the principles of diachronic-comparative linguistics, and the remainder of the book is a thorough and detailed analysis, according to those principles, of the phonological and morphological structure of the Indo-European group of languages. (...)
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  23.  10
    The Linguistic Construction of Reality.Gerald W. Grace - 1987 - Routledge.
    This book, originally published in 1987, considers how the science of linguistics creates its own objects of study. It argues that language is the one essential tool in the ‘social construction of reality’ – the way in which our environment as we perceive and respond to it is actually created by the cultural constructs we bring to bear on it – and that it is also the means by which this reality, once constructed, is preserved and transmitted from person (...)
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  24.  46
    The Extra-Linguistic Reference of Language (I.).Everett W. Hall - 1943 - Mind 52 (207):230-246.
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  25.  43
    Self-Predication and Linguistic Reference in Plato's Theory of the Forms.Jerry S. Clegg - 1973 - Phronesis 18 (1):26-43.
  26.  1
    The Extra-Linguistic Reference of Language.Everett W. Hall - 1944 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 9 (2):46-46.
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  27. On the Relevance of Linguistic Reference to Ontology.James W. Cornman - 1969 - Journal of Philosophy 66 (20):700-712.
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  28.  3
    Linguistic Synesthesia in Turkish: A Corpus-Based Study of Crossmodal Directionality.Alper Kumcu - 2021 - Metaphor and Symbol 36 (4):241-255.
    Linguistic synesthesia (or synesthetic/intrafield/crossmodal metaphor) refers to crossmodal instances in which expressions in different sensory modalities are combined as in the case of sweet (taste) melody (hearing). Ullmann was among the first to show that synesthetic transfers seem to follow a potentially universal hierarchy that goes from the so-called “lower” (i.e., touch, taste and smell) to “higher” senses (i.e., hearing and sight). Several studies across languages, cultures, domains and text types seem to support the hierarchy in linguistic synesthesia despite some (...)
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  29. Indexicality and Linguistic Self-Reference in Hegel.D. H. Heidemann - 2004 - Hegel-Studien 39:9-24.
  30.  6
    Bhartrhari's Vākyapadīya: Its Linguistic and Literary Implications with Special Reference to Modern English Poetry.R. Anitha - 2010 - Sukr̥tīndra Oriental Research Institute.
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  31.  10
    Frames of Reference and the Linguistic Conceptualization of Time: Present and Future.Paul Chilton - 2013 - In Kasia M. Jaszczolt & Louis de Saussure (eds.), Time: Language, Cognition & Reality. Oxford University Press. pp. 1--236.
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  32.  22
    Reference and Computation: An Essay in Applied Philosophy of Language.Amichai Kronfeld - 1990 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book deals with a major problem in the study of language: the problem of reference. The ease with which we refer to things in conversation is deceptive. Upon closer scrutiny, it turns out that we hardly ever tell each other explicitly what object we mean, although we expect our interlocutor to discern it. Amichai Kronfeld provides an answer to two questions associated with this: how do we successfully refer, and how can a computer be programmed to achieve this? (...)
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  33.  19
    The Imagination of Reference: Meditating the Linguistic Condition (Review).David Herman - 1994 - Philosophy and Literature 18 (1):167-169.
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  34.  4
    Course in General Linguistics: Translated by Wade Baskin. Edited by Perry Meisel and Haun Saussy.Ferdinand de Saussure - 2011 - Columbia University Press.
    The founder of modern linguistics, Ferdinand de Saussure inaugurated semiology, structuralism, and deconstruction and made possible the work of Jacques Derrida, Roland Barthes, Michel Foucault, and Jacques Lacan, thus enabling the development of French feminism, gender studies, New Historicism, and postcolonialism. Based on Saussure's lectures, Course in General Linguistics traces the rise and fall of the historical linguistics in which Saussure was trained, the synchronic or structural linguistics with which he replaced it, and the new look (...)
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  35.  19
    The Imagination of Reference: Mediating the Linguistic Condition.Thomas Kent - 1995 - International Studies in Philosophy 27 (4):122-123.
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  36.  9
    How Social Vs. Visual Perspective-Taking Determine the Interpretation of Linguistic Reference by 8-11-Year-Olds with ASD and Age-Matched Peers. [REVIEW]Kirsten Abbot-Smith, David M. Williams, Danielle Matthews, Lucy Pettifor & Nicola Vince - unknown
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  37. On Reference.Andrea Bianchi (ed.) - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Most of the times we open our mouth to communicate, we talk about things. This can happen because the linguistic expressions we use have semantic properties that connect them to extra-linguistic entities. Thanks to these properties, they may be used by us to refer to things. Or, as we may also say, they themselves refer to things, though in certain cases they do so only relative to a context of use. But how can we characterize the semantic properties in question? (...)
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  38.  8
    The Linguistic Turn in Hermeneutic Philosophy.Cristina Lafont - 1999 - MIT Press.
    The linguistic turn in German philosophy was initiated in the eighteenth century in the work of Johann Georg Hamann, Johann Gottfried von Herder, and Wilhelm von Humboldt. It was further developed in this century by Martin Heidegger, and Hans-Georg Gadamer extended its influence to contemporary philosophers such as Karl-Otto Apel and Jürgen Habermas. This tradition focuses on the world-disclosing dimension of language, emphasizing its communicative over its cognitive function. Although this study is concerned primarily with the German tradition of linguistic (...)
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  39.  6
    The Treatment of Reference in Linguistic Description.Bohumil Palek - 1973 - In Radu J. Bogdan & Ilkka Niiniluoto (eds.), Logic, Language, and Probability. Boston: D. Reidel Pub. Co.. pp. 237--244.
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  40. A Problem in the Theory of Reference: The Linguistic Division of Labor and the Social Character of Naming.Saul A. Kripke - 1986 - In Philosophy and Culture, Proceedings of the XVIIth World Congress of Philosophy. Editions Montmorency.
  41.  87
    Linguistic and Metalinguistic Intuitions in the Philosophy of Language.Edouard Machery, Christopher Y. Olivola & Molly de Blanc - 2009 - Analysis 69 (4):689-694.
    Machery et al. reported some preliminary evidence that intuitions about reference vary within and across cultures, and they argued that if real, such variation would have significant philosophical implications. In a recent article, Genoveva Martí argues that the type of intuitions examined by Machery and colleagues is evidentially irrelevant for identifying the correct theory of reference, and she concludes that the variation in the relevant intuitions about reference within and across cultures has not been established.To substantiate this (...)
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  42. Aboutness, Fiction, and Quantifying Into Intentional Contexts: A Linguistic Analysis of Prior, Quine, and Searle on Propositional Attitudes, Martinich on Fictional Reference, Taglicht on The..Jay David Atlas - unknown
    A Linguistic Analysis of Prior, Quine, and Searle on Propositional Attitudes, Martinich on Fictional Reference, Taglicht on the Active/Passive Mood Distinction in English, etc.
     
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  43. Praedicaturi Supponimus. Is Gilbert of Poitiers Approach to the Problem of Linguistic Reference a Pragmatic One?Luisa Valente - 2011 - Vivarium 49 (1-3):50-74.
    The article investigates how the problem of (linguistic) reference is treated in Gilbert of Poitiers' Commentaries on Boethius' Opuscula sacra. In this text the terms supponere, suppositus,-a,-um , and suppositio mainly concern the act of a speaker (or of the author of a written text) that consists of referring—by choosing a name as subject term in a proposition—to one or more subsistent things as what the speech act (or the written text) is about. Supposition is for Gilbert an action (...)
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  44.  18
    Corpus Linguistics as a Method of Legal Interpretation: Some Progress, Some Questions.Lawrence M. Solan - 2020 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 33 (2):283-298.
    Corpus linguistics is becoming a respected method of statutory and constitutional interpretation in the United States over the past decade, yet it has also generated a backlash from a group of scholars that engage in empirical work. This essay attempts to demonstrate both the contributions and the risks of using linguistic corpora as a primary tool in legal interpretation. Its legitimacy stems from the fact that courts routinely state that statutory terms, when not defined as a matter of law, (...)
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  45.  8
    Linguistic Rights in the Education System in Light of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities.Anna Doliwa-Klepacka - 2019 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 58 (1):59-76.
    One of the fields of protecting human rights within the framework of standards of the Council of Europe is the protection of national minorities – with the special issue of their linguistic rights. An intensification of actions aimed at adopting legal measures in this field happened in the 1960s. The concern for a proper range and level of regulation was expressed at the level of the Parliamentary Assembly and the Committee of Ministers. National experts formulated detailed resolutions to include the (...)
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  46. Linguistic and Metalinguistic Intuitions in the Philosophy of Language.Edouard Machery, Christopher Y. Olivola & Molly De Blanc - 2009 - Analysis 69 (4):689-694.
    Machery et al. (2004) reported some preliminary evidence that intuitions about reference vary within and across cultures, and they argued that if real, such variation would have significant philosophical implications (see also Mallon et al. 2009). In a recent article, Genoveva Martı´ (2009) argues that the type of intuitions examined by Machery and colleagues (‘metalin- 10 guistic intuitions’) is evidentially irrelevant for identifying the correct theory of reference, and she concludes that the variation in the relevant intuitions about (...)
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  47.  22
    Reference in Multidisciplinary Perspective: Philosophical Object, Cognitive Subject, Intersubjective Process.Richard A. Geiger (ed.) - 1995 - G. Olms Verlag.
    Philsophers interested in comprehending the nature of truth and knowledge have studied reference, as have psychologists and linguists interested in uncovering the relations between thought and language, and other scholars trying to describe the role of reference in literature, culture and society.
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  48.  13
    Terms and Truth: Reference Direct and Anaphoric.Alan Berger - 2002 - Bradford.
    In this book, Alan Berger further develops the new theory of reference -- as formulated by Kripke and Putnam -- applying it in novel ways to many philosophical problems concerning reference and existence. Berger argues that his notion of anaphoric background condition and anaphoric links within a linguistic community are crucial not only to a theory of reference, but to the analysis of these problems as well. The book is organized in three parts. In part I, Berger (...)
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  49. Linguistic Competence and Expertise.Mark Addis - 2013 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (2):327-336.
    Questions about the relationship between linguistic competence and expertise will be examined in the paper. Harry Collins and others distinguish between ubiquitous and esoteric expertise. Collins places considerable weight on the argument that ordinary linguistic competence and related phenomena exhibit a high degree of expertise. His position and ones which share close affinities are methodologically problematic. These difficulties matter because there is continued and systematic disagreement over appropriate methodologies for the empirical study of expertise. Against Collins, it will be argued (...)
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  50. Reference, Binding, and Presupposition: Three Perspectives on the Semantics of Proper Names.Emar Maier - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (S2):313-333.
    Linguistics and philosophy have provided distinct views on the nature of reference to individuals in language. In philosophy, in particular in the tradition of direct reference, the distinction is between reference and description. In linguistics, in particular in the tradition of generative grammar, the distinction is between pronouns and R-expressions. I argue for a third conception, grounded in dynamic semantics, in which the main watershed is between definites, which trigger presuppositions that want to be bound, (...)
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