Results for 'Olivier Hermant'

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  1.  45
    A Simple Proof that Super-Consistency Implies Cut Elimination.Gilles Dowek & Olivier Hermant - 2012 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 53 (4):439-456.
    We give a simple and direct proof that super-consistency implies the cut-elimination property in deduction modulo. This proof can be seen as a simplification of the proof that super-consistency implies proof normalization. It also takes ideas from the semantic proofs of cut elimination that proceed by proving the completeness of the cut-free calculus. As an application, we compare our work with the cut-elimination theorems in higher-order logic that involve V-complexes.
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  2.  8
    Une avant-garde sans avant-garde.Olivier Zahm - 2017 - [Zurich]: JRP Ringier. Edited by Donatien Grau.
    Un essai sur l'avant-garde des années 1990 (un recueil des textes les plus significatifs d'Olivier Zahm – co-fondateur et directeur du magazine Purple, concepteur de plus d'une cinquantaine d'expositions dans le monde –, écrits sur les trente dernières années, qui offre une lecture radicale de l'art, des années 1990 à nos jours).
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  3.  14
    L’impossible Incarnation D’une Monarchie Une Crise de la Régence du Dernier Habsbourg d’Espagne.Héloïse Hermant - 2013 - Revue de Synthèse 134 (2):185-220.
    Cet article analyse la crise de la régence du dernier Habsbourg qui prend la forme d’un « conflit en légitimation ». L’auteur noue une histoire des normes et des imaginaires politiques avec une histoire des rapports de force pour montrer les limites des explications en termes d’adhésion à un discours ou un homme, qui négligent la dimension interactionniste des pratiques de légitimation. La question de l’incarnation du corps sociopolitique par le roi reste ainsi nodale dans cette crise qu’on ne saurait (...)
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  4.  28
    How Traditions Live and Die.Olivier Morin - 2015 - New York: Oxford University Press USA.
    Of all the things we do and say, most will never be repeated or reproduced. Once in a while, however, an idea or a practice generates a chain of transmission that covers more distance through space and time than any individual person ever could. What makes such transmission chains possible? For two centuries, the dominant view was that humans owe their cultural prosperity to their powers of imitation. In this view, modern cultures exist because the people who carry them are (...)
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  5.  27
    De l'acoustique virtuelle à la réalité virtuelle.Olivier Warusfel - 2007 - Rue Descartes 56 (2):82-95.
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  6. De la nature de l'imagination créatrice.P. Hermant - 1904 - Revue de Philosophie 5:406.
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  7. Les principales théories de la logique contemporaine.P. Hermant & A. van de Waele - 1909 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 67:639-641.
     
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  8. Les principales théories de la Logique contemporaine.P. Hermant & A. van de Waele - 1909 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 17 (2):4-5.
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  9.  1
    Les principales théories de la logique contemporaine.Paul Hermant - 1909 - Paris,: F. Alcan. Edited by A. van de Waele.
    École allemande.--École anglaise.--École française.
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  10. Platon.Abel Hermant - 1925 - [Paris]: B. Grasset.
  11. Flat Emergence.Olivier Sartenaer - 2018 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 99 (S1):225-250.
    The main contention of this article is that current approaches to ontological emergence are not comprehensive, in that they share a common bias that make them blind to some conceptual space available to emergence. In this article, I devise an alternative perspective on ontological emergence called ‘flat emergence’, which is free of such a bias. The motivation is twofold: not only does flat emergence constitute another viable way to fulfill the initial emergentist promise, but it also allows for making sense (...)
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  12.  34
    On the Consistency of a Positive Theory.Olivier Esser - 1999 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 45 (1):105-116.
    In positive theories, we have an axiom scheme of comprehension for positive formulas. We study here the “generalized positive” theory GPK∞+. Natural models of this theory are hyperuniverses. The author has shown in [2] that GPK∞+ interprets the Kelley Morse class theory. Here we prove that GPK∞+ + ACWF and the Kelley-Morse class theory with the axiom of global choice and the axiom “On is ramifiable” are mutually interpretable. This shows that GPK∞+ + ACWF is a “strong” theory since “On (...)
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  13.  96
    Blockchain imperialism in the Pacific.Olivier Jutel - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (1).
    The rise of blockchain as a techno-solution in the development sector underscores the critical imbalances of data power under ‘computational capitalism’. This article will consider the political economy of techno-solutionist and blockchain discourses in the developing world, using as its object of study blockchain projects in Pacific Island nations. Backed by US State Department soft power initiatives such as Tech Camp, these projects inculcate tech-driven notions of economic and political development, or ICT4D, while opening up new terrains for data accumulation (...)
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  14.  14
    Olivier jacquemond: Uvažovať S blanchotom O priatelstve.Olivier Jacquemond - 2009 - Filozofia 64 (8).
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  15.  9
    Preliminaries to a Psychological Model of Musical Groove.Olivier Senn, Dawn Rose, Toni Bechtold, Lorenz Kilchenmann, Florian Hoesl, Rafael Jerjen, Antonio Baldassarre & Elena Alessandri - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  16.  11
    Les Principales Theories de la Logique Contemporaine.G. W. T. Whitney, P. Hermant & A. Van de Waele - 1910 - Philosophical Review 19 (2):218.
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  17. Sixteen Years Later: Making Sense of Emergence (Again).Olivier Sartenaer - 2016 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):79-103.
    Sixteen years after Kim’s seminal paper offering a welcomed analysis of the emergence concept, I propose in this paper a needed extension of Kim’s work that does more justice to the actual diversity of emergentism. Rather than defining emergence as a monolithic third way between reductive physicalism and substance pluralism, and this through a conjunction of supervenience and irreducibility, I develop a comprehensive taxonomy of the possible varieties of emergence in which each taxon—theoretical, explanatory and causal emergence—is properly identified and (...)
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  18.  15
    Is ethical p–o fit really related to individual outcomes? A study of management-level employees.Olivier Herrbach & Karim Mignonac - 2007 - Business and Society 46 (3):304-330.
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  19.  76
    What Price Changing Laws of Nature?Olivier Sartenaer, Alexandre Guay & Paul Humphreys - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (1):1-19.
    In this paper, we show that it is not a conceptual truth about laws of nature that they are immutable (though we are happy to leave it as an open empirical question whether they do actually change once in a while). In order to do so, we survey three popular accounts of lawhood—(Armstrong-style) necessitarianism, (Bird-style) dispositionalism and (Lewis-style) ‘best system analysis’—and expose the extent, as well as the philosophical cost, of the amendments that should be enforced in order to leave (...)
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  20. Falsifying generic stereotypes.Olivier Lemeire - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (7):2293-2312.
    Generic stereotypes are generically formulated generalizations that express a stereotype, like “Mexican immigrants are rapists” and “Muslims are terrorists.” Stereotypes like these are offensive and should not be asserted by anyone. Yet when someone does assert a sentence like this in a conversation, it is surprisingly difficult to successfully rebut it. The meaning of generic sentences is such that they can be true in several different ways. As a result, a speaker who is challenged after asserting a generic stereotype can (...)
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  21.  11
    Having no words for feelings: alexithymia as a fundamental personality dimension at the interface of cognition and emotion.Olivier Luminet, Kristy A. Nielson & Nathan Ridout - 2021 - Cognition and Emotion 35 (3):435-448.
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  22.  38
    An Interpretation of the Zermelo‐Fraenkel Set Theory and the Kelley‐Morse Set Theory in a Positive Theory.Olivier Esser - 1997 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 43 (3):369-377.
    An interesting positive theory is the GPK theory. The models of this theory include all hyperuniverses (see [5] for a definition of these ones). Here we add a form of the axiom of infinity and a new scheme to obtain GPK∞+. We show that in these conditions, we can interprete the Kelley‐Morse theory (KM) in GPK∞+ (Theorem 3.7). This needs a preliminary property which give an interpretation of the Zermelo‐Fraenkel set theory (ZF) in GPK∞+. We also see what happens in (...)
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  23. “Philosophers care about the truth”: Descriptive/normative generics.Olivier Lemeire - 2023 - Mind and Language 38 (3):772-786.
    Some generic generalizations have both a descriptive and a normative reading. The generic sentence “Philosophers care about the truth”, for instance, can be read as describing what philosophers in fact care about, but can also be read as prescribing philosophers to care about the truth. On Leslie’s account, this generic sentence has two readings due to the polysemy of the kind term “philosopher”. In this paper, I first argue against this polysemy account of descriptive/normative generics. In response, a contextualist semantic (...)
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  24.  14
    Writing, Graphic Codes, and Asynchronous Communication.Olivier Morin, Piers Kelly & James Winters - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (2):727-743.
    We present a theoretical framework bearing on the evolution of written communication. We analyze writing as a special kind of graphic code. Like languages, graphic codes consist of stable, conventional mappings between symbols and meanings, but (unlike spoken or signed languages) their symbols consist of enduring images. This gives them the unique capacity to transmit information in one go across time and space. Yet this capacity usually remains quite unexploited, because most graphic codes are insufficiently informative. They may only be (...)
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  25. The Precautionary Principle and Chemical Risks.Olivier Godard - 2013 - In Jean-Pierre Llored (ed.), The Philosophy of Chemistry: Practices, Methodologies, and Concepts. Cambridge Scholars Press.
     
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  26. Synchronic vs. diachronic emergence: a reappraisal.Olivier Sartenaer - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 5 (1):31-54.
    In this paper, I put forward a benchmark account of emergence in terms of non-explainability and explicate the relationship that exists between its synchronic and diachronic declinations. I develop an argument whose conclusion is that emergence is essentially a “two-faceted” notion, i.e. it always encapsulates both synchronic and diachronic dimensions. I then compare this account with alternative recent accounts of emergence that define the concept through the notion of unpredictability or topological non-equivalence.
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  27.  57
    Reasons to be fussy about cultural evolution.Olivier Morin - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (3):447-458.
    This discussion paper responds to two recent articles in Biology and Philosophy that raise similar objections to cultural attraction theory, a research trend in cultural evolution putting special emphasis on the fact that human minds create and transform their culture. Both papers are sympathetic to this idea, yet both also regret a lack of consilience with Boyd, Richerson and Henrich’s models of cultural evolution. I explain why cultural attraction theorists propose a different view on three points of concern for our (...)
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  28.  83
    Neither metaphysical dichotomy nor pure identity: Clarifying the emergentist creed.Olivier Sartenaer - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (3):365-373.
    Emergentism is often misleadingly described as a monolithic “third way” between radical monism and pluralism. In the particular case of biology, for example, emergentism is perceived as a middle course between mechanicism and vitalism. In the present paper I propose to show that the conceptual landscape between monism and pluralism is more complex than this classical picture suggests. On the basis of two successive analyses—distinguishing three forms of tension between monism and pluralism and a distinction between derivational and functional reduction—I (...)
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  29. No purely epistemic theory can account for the naturalness of kinds.Olivier Lemeire - 2018 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 12):2907-2925.
    Several philosophers have recently tried to define natural kinds in epistemic terms only. Given the persistent problems with finding a successful metaphysical theory, these philosophers argue that we would do better to describe natural kinds solely in terms of their epistemic usefulness, such as their role in supporting inductive inferences. In this paper, I argue against these epistemology-only theories of natural kinds and in favor of, at least partly, metaphysical theories. I do so in three steps. In the first section (...)
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  30.  20
    A multimodal investigation of emotional responding in alexithymia.Olivier Luminet, Bernard Rimé, R. Michael Bagby & Graeme Taylor - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (6):741-766.
  31.  22
    Cultural Evolution of Precise and Agreed‐Upon Semantic Conventions in a Multiplayer Gaming App.Olivier Morin, Thomas F. Müller, Tiffany Morisseau & James Winters - 2022 - Cognitive Science 46 (2):e13113.
    The amount of information conveyed by linguistic conventions depends on their precision, yet the codes that humans and other animals use to communicate are quite ambiguous: they may map several vague meanings to the same symbol. How does semantic precision evolve, and what are the constraints that limit it? We address this question using a multiplayer gaming app, where individuals communicate with one another in a scaled-up referential game. Here, the goal is for a sender to use black and white (...)
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  32.  16
    Cultural Evolution of Precise and Agreed‐Upon Semantic Conventions in a Multiplayer Gaming App.Olivier Morin, Thomas F. Müller, Tiffany Morisseau & James Winters - 2022 - Cognitive Science 46 (2):e13113.
    Cognitive Science, Volume 46, Issue 2, February 2022.
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  33.  3
    Qu’est-ce que la métaphysique? Une réflexion à partir de l’œuvre de Thomas Nagel.Olivier Waymel - 2018 - Cahiers de Philosophie de L’Université de Caen 55:163-186.
    Dans cet article, je me propose de réfléchir, à partir de certains travaux de Thomas Nagel, sur la nature de la réflexion métaphysique. Nous qualifions certains problèmes de métaphysiques et leur attribuons par là une certaine unité. Il est cependant difficile de caractériser cette unité, et l’ensemble de ces problèmes peut apparaître comme une simple rhapsodie : quel rapport existe-t-il entre des questions comme « sommes-nous libres? », « quelle est la place de l’esprit dans la nature? » ou « (...)
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  34.  39
    Spontaneous Emergence of Legibility in Writing Systems: The Case of Orientation Anisotropy.Olivier Morin - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (2):664-677.
    Cultural forms are constrained by cognitive biases, and writing is thought to have evolved to fit basic visual preferences, but little is known about the history and mechanisms of that evolution. Cognitive constraints have been documented for the topology of script features, but not for their orientation. Orientation anisotropy in human vision, as revealed by the oblique effect, suggests that cardinal orientations, being easier to process, should be overrepresented in letters. As this study of 116 scripts shows, the orientation of (...)
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  35.  14
    Social sharing of emotion following exposure to a negatively valenced situation.Olivier Luminet, Patrick Bouts, Frédérique Delie, Antony S. R. Manstead & Bernard Rimé - 2000 - Cognition and Emotion 14 (5):661-688.
    Three experimental studies are reported in which we tested the prediction that negative emotion elicits the social sharing of the emotional experience. In two experiments, participants arrived at the laboratory with a friend and then viewed one of three film excerpts (nonemotional, moderate emotion, or intense emotion) alone. Afterwards, the participants who saw the film had an opportunity to interact with the friend and their conversation was recorded. In both experiments participants who had seen the intense emotion excerpt engaged in (...)
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  36.  25
    CSR and Family CEO: The Moderating Role of CEO’s Age.Olivier Meier & Guillaume Schier - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (3):595-612.
    This study examines to what extent different types of CEOs in family firms influence external and internal stakeholder-related CSP as compared to CEOs in nonfamily firms. Linking family CEO and nonfamily CEO with CSR outcomes, we provide evidence that family CEOs are positively associated with both external and internal CSR, whereas nonfamily CEOs within family firms tend to be negatively associated with both external and internal CSR. We show that the incumbent CEO’s age moderates the above relationships, indicating the existence (...)
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  37.  21
    Inconsistency of GPK + AFA.Olivier Esser - 1996 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 42 (1):104-108.
    M. Forti and F. Honsell showed in [4] that the hyperuniverses defined in [2] satisfy the anti-foundation axiom X1 introduced in [3]. So it is interesting to study the axiom AFA, which is equivalent to X1 in ZF, introduced by P. Aczel in [1]. We show in this paper that AFA is inconsistent with the theory GPK. This theory, which is first order, is defined by E. Weydert in [6] and later by M. Forti and R. Hinnion in [2]. It (...)
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  38.  26
    Did social cognition evolve by cultural group selection?Olivier Morin - 2019 - Mind and Language 34 (4):530-539.
    Cognitive gadgets puts forward an ambitious claim: language, mindreading, and imitation evolved by cultural group selection. Defending this claim requires more than Heyes' spirited and effective critique of nativist claims. The latest human “cognitive gadgets,” such as literacy, did not spread through cultural group selection. Why should social cognition be different? The book leaves this question pending. It also makes strong assumptions regarding cultural evolution: it is moved by selection rather than transformation; it relies on high‐fidelity imitation; it requires specific (...)
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  39.  13
    Les structures d’exercice de la profession d’avocat.Olivier Ziegler - 2023 - Archives de Philosophie du Droit 64 (1):351-363.
    Depuis 70 ans, les avocats peuvent créer des structures d’exercice pour exercer en commun la profession d’avocats. Depuis 1990, la grande innovation réside dans la possibilité pour les avocats de structurer leur activité au moyen de sociétés commerciales particulières, les sociétés d’exercice libéral (SEL), dont l’objectif est la préservation de l’indépendance et de la déontologie des professionnels qui exercent en son sein. En 2015, les avocats sont autorisés à avoir recours aux sociétés commerciales de droit commun (SA, SAS, SARL), sauf (...)
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  40. Why use generic language in science?Olivier Lemeire - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    Scientists often communicate using generic generalizations, which are unquantified generalizations such as ‘Americans overestimate social class mobility’ or ‘sound waves carry gravitational mass’. In this paper, I explain the role of such generic generalizations in science, based on a novel theory about their characteristic meaning. According to this theory, a scientific generalization of the form ‘Ks are F’ says that F is one property based on which category K qualifies as a scientific kind. Because what it takes to qualify as (...)
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  41.  37
    Birth of the cool: a two-centuries decline in emotional expression in Anglophone fiction.Olivier Morin & Alberto Acerbi - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (8):1663-1675.
    ABSTRACTThe presence of emotional words and content in stories has been shown to enhance a story’s memorability, and its cultural success. Yet, recent cultural trends run in the opposite direction. Using the Google Books corpus, coupled with two metadata-rich corpora of Anglophone fiction books, we show a decrease in emotionality in English-speaking literature starting plausibly in the nineteenth century. We show that this decrease cannot be explained by changes unrelated to emotionality, and that, in our three corpora, the decrease is (...)
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  42. Beyond the realism debate: The metaphysics of ‘racial’ distinctions.Olivier Lemeire - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 59:47-56.
    The current metaphysical race debate is very much focused on the realism question whether races exist. In this paper I argue against the importance of this question. Philosophers, biologists and anthropologists expect that answering this question will tell them something substantive about the metaphysics of racial classifications, and will help them to decide whether it is justified to use racial categories in scientific research and public policy. I argue that there are two reasons why these expectations are not fulfilled. First (...)
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  43.  9
    Evidence for an inhibitory-control theory of the reasoning brain.Olivier Houdé & Grégoire Borst - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  44. Tocqueville and the Americans : Democracy in America as read in nineteenth century America.Olivier Zunz - 2006 - In Cheryl B. Welch (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Tocqueville. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  45. The causal structure of natural kinds.Olivier Lemeire - 2021 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 85:200-207.
    One primary goal for metaphysical theories of natural kinds is to account for their epistemic fruitfulness. According to cluster theories of natural kinds, this epistemic fruitfulness is grounded in the regular and stable co- occurrence of a broad set of properties. In this paper, I defend the view that such a cluster theory is insufficient to adequately account for the epistemic fruitfulness of kinds. I argue that cluster theories can indeed account for the projectibility of natural kinds, but not for (...)
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  46. Does Organicism Really Need Organization?Olivier Sartenaer - 2023 - In Matteo Mossio (ed.), Organization in Biology. Springer. pp. 103-125.
    The main purpose of the present chapter is to argue in favor of the claim that, contrary to what is usually and tacitly assumed, organization is not necessary for organicism. To this purpose, I first set up the stage by providing a working characterization of organicism that involves two free parameters, whose variations allow for covering the rich and diverse conceptual landscape of organicism, past and present. In particular, I contend that organization is usually construed as a “mean to an (...)
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  47.  35
    Entre monisme et dualisme : Deux stratégies pour l'émergence.Olivier Sartenaer - 2011 - Philosophiques 38 (2):543-557.
    Dans cet article, nous nous proposons de mettre en évidence deux stratégies émergentistes possibles qui constituent une médiation intéressante entre les extrêmes classiques que sont le physicalisme réductionniste et le dualisme des substances. En distinguant trois niveaux de tension possibles entre monisme et dualisme — le niveau des substances, le niveau des propriétés causales et celui des prédicats — nous sommes amené à formuler deux positions philosophiques associées à deux concepts d’émergence distincts : l’émergence représentationnelle et l’émergence causale. Ces deux (...)
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  48. The reactive theory of emotions.Olivier Massin - 2023 - European Journal of Philosophy 31 (3):785-802.
    Evaluative theories of emotions purport to shed light on the nature of emotions by appealing to values. Three kinds of evaluative theories of emotions dominate the recent literature: the judgment theory equates emotions with value judgments; the perceptual theory equates emotions with perceptions of values, and the attitudinal theory equates emotions with evaluative attitudes. This paper defends a fourth kind of evaluative theory of emotions, mostly neglected so far: the reactive theory. Reactive theories claim that emotions are attitudes which arise (...)
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  49.  14
    On the genealogy of concepts and experimental practices: Rethinking Georges Canguilhem’s historical epistemology.Méthot Pierre-Olivier - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (1):112-123.
  50.  10
    Sens implicite, implicatures et principes d’inférence.Olivier Simonin - 2018 - Corela. Cognition, Représentation, Langage (HS).
    Cet article traite du lien entre l’implicite et les grands principes d’inférence. L’implicite est une catégorie étendue qu’il n’est pas facile de circonscrire. Un des acquis de la pragmatique post-gricéenne est que les inférences entrent déjà en ligne de compte pour dériver « ce qui est dit » ou les explicatures, repoussant ainsi les frontières de la notion d’implicite. Nous montrons que les principes d’inférence postulés ne sont pas à l’abri d’être contredits dans les faits, compromettant ainsi leur validité. Cependant, (...)
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