Results for 'Leah Downey'

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  1.  19
    Delegation in Democracy: A Temporal Analysis.Leah Downey - 2021 - Journal of Political Philosophy 29 (3):305-329.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  2. Morality in the Guise of Dreams: A Critical Edition of kitāb Al-Manām, with Introduction, by Leah Kinberg.Leah Kinberg - 1994 - Brill.
    _K. al-Manām_ by Ibn Abī al-Dunyā is a compendium of 350 Muslim dream narratives in Arabic. The English introduction examines the function of dreams in classical Arabic literature with a focus on dreams as a means of edification.
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  3.  14
    Jin Y. Park in Conversation with Erin McCarthy, Leah Kalmanson, Douglas L. Berger, and Mark A. Nathan.Douglas L. Berger, Leah Kalmanson, Erin McCarthy, Mark A. Nathan & Jin Y. Park - 2020 - Journal of World Philosophies 5 (2):155-182.
    These essays engage Jin Y. Park’s recent translation of the work of Kim Iryŏp, a Buddhist nun and public intellectual in early twentieth-century Korea. Park’s translation of Iryŏp’s Reflections of a Zen Buddhist Nun was the subject of two book panels at recent conferences: the first a plenary session at the annual meeting of the Society for Asian and Comparative Philosophy and the second at the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association on a group program session sponsored by the (...)
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  4. Downey, R., Fiiredi, Z., Jockusch Jr., CG and Ruhel, LA.W. I. Gasarch, A. C. Y. Lee, M. Groszek, T. Hummel, V. S. Harizanov, H. Ishihara, B. Khoussainov, A. Nerode, I. Kalantari & L. Welch - 1998 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 93:263.
     
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  5. Downey, R., F, iiForte, G. And Nies, A., Addendum To.R. Jin, I. Kalantari, L. Welch, B. Khoussainov, R. A. Shore, A. P. Pynko, P. Scowcroft, S. Shelah, J. Zapletal & J. B. Wells - 1999 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 98:299.
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  6. Epistemological Development in Very Young Knowers.Leah K. Wildenger, Barbara K. Hofer & Jean E. Burr - 2010 - In Lisa D. Bendixen & Florian C. Feucht (eds.), Personal Epistemology in the Classroom: Theory, Research, and Implications for Practice. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  7.  5
    Mapping Out Epistemic Justice in the Clinical Space: Using Narrative Techniques to Affirm Patients as Knowers.Leah Teresa Rosen - 2021 - Philosophy, Ethics and Humanities in Medicine 16 (1):1-6.
    Epistemic injustice sits at the intersection of ethics, epistemology, and social justice. Generally, this philosophical term describes when a person is wrongfully discredited as a knower; and within the clinical space, epistemic injustice is the underlying reason that some patient testimonies are valued above others. The following essay seeks to connect patterns of social prejudice to the clinical realm in the United States: illustrating how factors such as race, gender identity, and socioeconomic status influence epistemic credence and associatively, the quality (...)
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  8.  13
    Gas Guzzling Gaia, Or: A Prehistory of Climate Change Denialism.Leah Aronowsky - 2021 - Critical Inquiry 47 (2):306-327.
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  9. Health Research Priority Setting: Do Grant Review Processes Reflect Ethical Principles?Leah Pierson & Joseph Millum - forthcoming - Global Public Health.
    Most public and non-profit organisations that fund health research provide the majority of their funding in the form of grants. The calls for grant applications are often untargeted, such that a wide variety of applications may compete for the same funding. The grant review process therefore plays a critical role in determining how limited research resources are allocated. Despite this, little attention has been paid to whether grant review criteria align with widely endorsed ethical criteria for allocating health research resources. (...)
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  10. Health Research Priority Setting: The Duties of Individual Funders.Leah Pierson & Joseph Millum - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (11):6-17.
    The vast majority of health research resources are used to study conditions that affect a small, advantaged portion of the global population. This distribution has been widely criticized as inequitable and threatens to exacerbate health disparities. However, there has been little systematic work on what individual health research funders ought to do in response. In this article, we analyze the general and special duties of research funders to the different populations that might benefit from health research. We assess how these (...)
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  11. Cross-Cultural Existentialism: On the Meaning of Life in Asian and Western Thought.Leah Kalmanson - 2020 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Expanding the scope of existential discourse beyond the Western tradition, this book engages Asian philosophies to reassess vital questions of life's purpose, death's imminence, and our capacity for living meaningfully in conditions of uncertainty. Inspired by European existentialism in theory, the book explores concrete techniques for existential practice via the philosophies of East Asia. The investigation begins with the provocative existential writings of twentieth-century Korean Buddhist nun Kim Iryop, who asserts that meditative concentration conducts a potent energy outward throughout the (...)
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  12. Be-maʻagle emunah: hebaṭim filosofiyim ṿe-teologyim be-nośe ha-emunah be-hagut ha-kelalit uva-hagut ha-Yehudit = Circles of faith: philosophical and theological perspectives of faith.Leah Orent - 2019 - Yerushalayim: Mosad Byaliḳ.
     
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  13. May 5, 2011 Argument: Final Paper Controlling Private Security Companies with Regulation On September 16, 2007, in Nisour Square, West of Central Baghdad, Afghanistan. [REVIEW]Leah Tedesco - forthcoming - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal.
     
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  14. Prior Authorization as a Potential Support of Patient-Centered Care.Leah Rand & Zackary Berger - 2018 - Patient 4 (11):371-375.
    We discuss the role of prior authorization (PA) in supporting patient-centered care (PCC) by directing health system resources and thus the ability to better meet the needs of individual patients. We begin with an account of PCC as a standard that should be aimed for in patient care. In order to achieve widespread PCC, appropriate resource management is essential in a healthcare system. This brings us to PA, and we present an idealized view of PA in order to argue how (...)
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  15.  72
    Lowness and Π₂⁰ Nullsets.Rod Downey, Andre Nies, Rebecca Weber & Liang Yu - 2006 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (3):1044-1052.
    We prove that there exists a noncomputable c.e. real which is low for weak 2-randomness, a definition of randomness due to Kurtz, and that all reals which are low for weak 2-randomness are low for Martin-Löf randomness.
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  16.  4
    Measurement in Medicine: Philosophical Essays on Assessment and Evaluation.Leah McClimans (ed.) - 2017 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    This volume introduces readers to the main philosophical issues of measurement in medicine, illustrating the connections between the natural and social sciences by integrating essays on causation, measuring instruments and issues of measurement and policy.
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  17. The Structure and Dynamics of Scientific Theories: A Hierarchical Bayesian Perspective.Leah Henderson, Noah D. Goodman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & James F. Woodward - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (2):172-200.
    Hierarchical Bayesian models (HBMs) provide an account of Bayesian inference in a hierarchically structured hypothesis space. Scientific theories are plausibly regarded as organized into hierarchies in many cases, with higher levels sometimes called ‘paradigms’ and lower levels encoding more specific or concrete hypotheses. Therefore, HBMs provide a useful model for scientific theory change, showing how higher‐level theory change may be driven by the impact of evidence on lower levels. HBMs capture features described in the Kuhnian tradition, particularly the idea that (...)
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  18. Leah Bradshaw, Acting and Thinking: The Political Thought of Hannah Arendt Reviewed By.Peter Fuss - 1989 - Philosophy in Review 9 (12):477-479.
     
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  19.  15
    Measuring Quantum Entanglement.Leah Henderson - 2002 - In T. Placek & J. Butterfield (eds.), Non-Locality and Modality. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 137--152.
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  20. Conceptualizations of Argumentation From Science Studies and the Learning Sciences and Their Implications for the Practices of Science Education.Leah A. Bricker & Philip Bell - 2008 - Science Education 92 (3):473-498.
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  21. When They Aren't Eating Us, They Bring Us Together: Zombies and the American Social Contract.Leah A. Murray - 2006 - In Richard Greene & K. Silem Mohammed (eds.), The Undead and Philosophy. Open Court. pp. 211--220.
     
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  22.  21
    Schnorr Randomness.Rodney G. Downey & Evan J. Griffiths - 2004 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 69 (2):533 - 554.
    Schnorr randomness is a notion of algorithmic randomness for real numbers closely related to Martin-Löf randomness. After its initial development in the 1970s the notion received considerably less attention than Martin-Löf randomness, but recently interest has increased in a range of randomness concepts. In this article, we explore the properties of Schnorr random reals, and in particular the c.e. Schnorr random reals. We show that there are c.e. reals that are Schnorr random but not Martin-Löf random, and provide a new (...)
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  23.  6
    Status, Gender, and the Politics of Emotional Authenticity.Leah R. Warner & Stephanie A. Shields - 2009 - In Mikko Salmela & Verena Mayer (eds.), Emotions, Ethics, and Authenticity. John Benjamins. pp. 5--91.
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  24.  21
    On $\pi^0_1$ Classes and Their Ranked Points.Rod Downey - 1991 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 32 (4):499-512.
  25.  77
    Totally Ω-Computably Enumerable Degrees and Bounding Critical Triples.Rod Downey, Noam Greenberg & Rebecca Weber - 2007 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 7 (2):145-171.
    We characterize the class of c.e. degrees that bound a critical triple as those degrees that compute a function that has no ω-c.e. approximation.
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  26.  4
    On Downey's Conjecture.Marat M. Arslanov, Iskander Sh Kalimullin & Steffen Lempp - 2010 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 75 (2):401-441.
    We prove that the degree structures of the d.c.e. and the 3-c.e. Turing degrees are not elementarily equivalent, thus refuting a conjecture of Downey. More specifically, we show that the following statement fails in the former but holds in the latter structure: There are degrees f > e > d > 0 such that any degree u ≤ f is either comparable with both e and d, or incomparable with both.
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  27.  18
    Are Medicaid Closed Formularies Unethical? Social Values and Limit-Setting.Leah Rand & Govind Persad - 2019 - AMA Journal of Ethics 21 (8):E654-E660.
    State Medicaid programs have proposed closed formularies to limit spending on drugs. Closed formularies can be justified when they enable spending on other socially valuable aims. However, it is still necessary to justify guidelines informing formulary design, which can be done through a process of decision making that includes the public. This article examines criticisms that Medicaid closed formularies limit deliberation about decisions that affect drug access and unfairly disadvantage poor patients. Although unfairness to poor patients is a risk, it (...)
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  28.  13
    Fixed-Parameter Tractability and Completeness IV: On Completeness for W[P] and PSPACE Analogues.Karl A. Abrahamson, Rodney G. Downey & Michael R. Fellows - 1995 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 73 (3):235-276.
    We describe new results in parametrized complexity theory. In particular, we prove a number of concrete hardness results for W[P], the top level of the hardness hierarchy introduced by Downey and Fellows in a series of earlier papers. We also study the parametrized complexity of analogues of PSPACE via certain natural problems concerning k-move games. Finally, we examine several aspects of the structural complexity of W [P] and related classes. For instance, we show that W[P] can be characterized in (...)
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  29. Book Review: Empowering Migrant Women: Why Agency and Rights Are Not Enough. [REVIEW]Leah Bassel - 2012 - Feminist Review 101 (1):e12-e13.
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  30. A Hierarchy of Turing Degrees: A Transfinite Hierarchy of Lowness Notions in the Computably Enumerable Degrees, Unifying Classes, and Natural Definability.R. G. Downey - 2020 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    This book presents new results in computability theory, a branch of mathematical logic and computer science that has become increasingly relevant in recent years. The field's connections with disparate areas of mathematical logic and mathematics more generally have grown deeper, and now have a variety of applications in topology, group theory, and other subfields. This monograph establishes new directions in the field, blending classic results with modern research areas such as algorithmic randomness. The significance of the book lies not only (...)
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  31. Minimal Weak Truth Table Degrees and Computably Enumerable Turing Degrees.R. G. Downey - 2020 - Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society.
    Informal construction -- Formal construction -- Limiting results.
     
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  32. Buddhist Responses to Globalization.Leah Kalmanson & James Mark Shields (eds.) - 2014 - Lexington Books.
    This interdisciplinary collection of essays highlights the relevance of Buddhist doctrine and practice to issues of globalization. From philosophical, religious, historical, and political perspectives, the authors show that Buddhism—arguably the world’s first transnational religion—is a rich resource for navigating todays interconnected world.
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  33. Ratso Ṿa-Shov: Yesodot Etiyim U-Misṭiyim Be-Torato Shel R. Shneʼur Zalman Mi-Ladi, ʻiyun Hashṿaʼati.Leah Orent - 2007 - Ha-Ḳibuts Ha-MeʼUḥad.
     
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  34. Ratso Ṿa-Shov: Yesodot Etiyim U-Misṭiyim Be-Torato Shel R.Leah Orent - 2007 - Ha-Ḳibuts Ha-MeʼUḥad.
     
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  35.  21
    A Nudge Toward Meaningful Choice.Leah R. Fowler & Jessica L. Roberts - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):76-78.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 76-78.
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  36.  23
    Glanville Downey: A Study of the Comites Orientis and the Consulares Syriae. Pp. 22. Princeton, N.J.: Privately Printed, 1939. Paper. [REVIEW]H. M. D. Parker - 1940 - The Classical Review 54 (01):58-59.
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  37. Undead Patriarchy and the Possibility of Love.Leah McClimans & J. Jeremy Wisnewski - 2009 - In Rebecca Housel & J. Jeremy Wisnewski (eds.), Twilight and Philosophy: Vampires, Vegetarians, and the Pursuit of Immortality. Wiley. pp. 163--75.
  38. Bayesianism and Inference to the Best Explanation.Leah Henderson - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (4):687-715.
    Two of the most influential theories about scientific inference are inference to the best explanation and Bayesianism. How are they related? Bas van Fraassen has claimed that IBE and Bayesianism are incompatible rival theories, as any probabilistic version of IBE would violate Bayesian conditionalization. In response, several authors have defended the view that IBE is compatible with Bayesian updating. They claim that the explanatory considerations in IBE are taken into account by the Bayesian because the Bayesian either does or should (...)
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  39. Toward a Mi'kmaw Poetics of Place.Adrian M. Downey - 2020 - In Ellyn Lyle (ed.), Identity landscapes: contemplating place and the construction of self. Brill | Sense.
     
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  40.  34
    Science Education in US Natural History Museums: A Historical Perspective.Leah M. Melber & Linda M. Abraham - 2002 - Science & Education 11 (1):45-54.
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  41. Empowering Migrant Women: Why Agency and Rights Are Not Enough.Leah Briones - 2009
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  42.  12
    How Does Functional Neurodiagnostics Inform Surrogate Decision-Making for Patients with Disorders of Consciousness? A Qualitative Interview Study with Patients’ Next of Kin.Leah Schembs, Maria Ruhfass, Eric Racine, Ralf J. Jox, Andreas Bender, Martin Rosenfelder & Katja Kuehlmeyer - 2020 - Neuroethics 14 (3):327-346.
    BackgroundFunctional neurodiagnostics could allow researchers and clinicians to distinguish more accurately between the unresponsive wakefulness syndrome and the minimally conscious state. It remains unclear how it informs surrogate decision-making.ObjectiveTo explore how the next of kin of patients with disorders of consciousness interpret the results of a functional neurodiagnostics measure and how/why their interpretations influence their attitudes towards medical decisions.Methods and SampleWe conducted problem-centered interviews with seven next of kin of patients with DOC who had undergone a functional HD-EEG examination at (...)
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  43.  35
    Author Meets Readers.Dan Flory, Leah Kalmanson, Peter K. J. Park, Mark Larrimore & Sonia Sikka - 2017 - Journal of World Philosophies 2 (2):48-81.
    The exchange between Peter Park, Dan Flory and Leah Kalmanson on Park’s book Africa, Asia and the History of Philosophy: Racism in the Formation of the Philosophical Canon took place during the APA’s 2016 Central Division meeting on a panel sponsored by the Committee on Asian and Asian-American Philosophers and Philosophies. After having peer-reviewed the exchange, JWP invited Sonia Sikka and Mark Larrimore to engage with these papers. All the five papers are being published together in this issue.
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  44. The Role of Source Reliability in Belief Polarisation.Leah Henderson & Alexander Gebharter - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):10253-10276.
    Psychological studies show that the beliefs of two agents in a hypothesis can diverge even if both agents receive the same evidence. This phenomenon of belief polarisation is often explained by invoking biased assimilation of evidence, where the agents’ prior views about the hypothesis affect the way they process the evidence. We suggest, using a Bayesian model, that even if such influence is excluded, belief polarisation can still arise by another mechanism. This alternative mechanism involves differential weighting of the evidence (...)
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  45.  10
    Anger and Asymmetrical Frontal Cortical Activity: Evidence for an Anger–Withdrawal Relationship.Leah R. Zinner, Amanda B. Brodish, Patricia G. Devine & Eddie Harmon-Jones - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (6):1081-1093.
  46.  31
    Extreme Metal Music and Anger Processing.Leah Sharman & Genevieve A. Dingle - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  47. The No Miracles Argument and the Base Rate Fallacy.Leah Henderson - 2017 - Synthese 194 (4):1295-1302.
    The no miracles argument is one of the main arguments for scientific realism. Recently it has been alleged that the no miracles argument is fundamentally flawed because it commits the base rate fallacy. The allegation is based on the idea that the appeal of the no miracles argument arises from inappropriate neglect of the base rate of approximate truth among the relevant population of theories. However, the base rate fallacy allegation relies on an assumption of random sampling of individuals from (...)
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  48.  68
    From Technological Dystopia to Intopia Brave New World and Homo Faber.Leah Hadomi - 1991 - Utopian Studies 3:110-117.
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  49. Teaching in an Age of Ideology.Leah Bradshaw, Charles R. Embry, Molly Brigid Flynn, Bryan-Paul Frost, Lance M. Grigg, Michael Henry, Tim Hoye, Nalin Ranasinghe, Travis D. Smith & Michael Zuckert - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    This volume explores the role of some of the most prominent twentieth-century philosophers and political thinkers as teachers. It examines what obstacles they confronted as teachers and how they overcame them in conveying truth to their students in an age dominated by ideological thinking.
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  50. Automatic Phenomena of Muscle Reading.June E. Downey - 1908 - Journal of Philosophy 5 (24):650.
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