Results for 'Krishan Patel'

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  1.  50
    The medical student as a patient: attitudes towards involvement in the quality and safety of health care.Rachel E. Davis, Devavrata Joshi, Krishan Patel, M. Briggs & Charles A. Vincent - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (5):812-818.
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  2.  42
    The Myth of a Catholic Religious Objection to Autopsy.Krishan M. Thadani - 2012 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 12 (1):37-42.
    Was there resistance in the Catholic Church during the Middle Ages to human dissection? Was autopsy thought to be a desecration of the body? The belief that the Church is opposed to dissection was due in part to the misinterpretation of a papal bull issued during the fourteenth century. Dissection of a corpse and autopsy were never in fact decreed by the Church. Rejection of these was based not on Church teaching but on a perceived violation of social honor because (...)
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  3. Notes and news.Krishan Daya - 1953 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14:574.
     
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  4. Social Change.Krishan Daya - 1953 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14:567.
  5.  16
    Social change--an attempt at a study in conflicting patterns of social action.Daya Krishan - 1954 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14 (4):567-573.
  6.  7
    The Cognitive Process of Problem Solving: A Soft Systems Approach.Dilip Patel & Shushma Patel - 2003 - Brain and Mind 4 (2):283-295.
    In this paper we describe the nature and problems of business and define one aspect of the business environment. We then propose a framework based on augmented soft systems methodology and object technology that captures both the soft and hard aspects of a business environment within the context of organisational culture. We also briefly discuss cognitive informatics and its relevance to understanding problems and solutions. Pólya's work, which is based around solving mathematical problems, is considered within the context of information (...)
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  7.  24
    Abo blood groups and completed reproductive performance of rural haryanavi couples: Analysing measures of selection intensities.Krishan Sharma & Rajni Kapoor - 2004 - Journal of Biosocial Science 36 (6):633-646.
    The possible differential effects of ABO blood group materno-paternal (fetal) incompatibility on completed reproductive performance were investigated on a sample of 100 couples (100 fathers and 100 mothers) from three villages in the Jind district of Haryana state, India. The average number of live births per mating couple was slightly higher for the incompatible matings (5·32) than the compatible ones (5·05). This advantage was offset by higher postnatal mortality in the former. Consequently, the average number of living children in the (...)
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  8.  36
    Plagiarism in Student Research: Responsibility of the Supervisors and Suggestions to Ensure Plagiarism Free Research.Kewal Krishan, Tanuj Kanchan, Neha Baryah & Richa Mukhra - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (4):1243-1246.
    Plagiarism is a serious threat plaguing the research in publication of science globally. There is an increasing need to address the issue of plagiarism especially among young researchers in the developing part of the world. Plagiarism needs to be earnestly discouraged to ensure a plagiarism free research environment. We provide further suggestions to combat student plagiarism at Master’s level and the regulations/guidelines regarding plagiarism in India.
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  9. Public and Private in Thought and Practice: Perspectives on a Grand Dichotomy.Jeff Weintraub & Krishan Kumar (eds.) - 1997 - University of Chicago Press.
    These essays, by widely respected scholars in fields ranging from social and political theory to historical sociology and cultural studies, illuminate the significance of the public/private distinction for an increasingly wide range of ...
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  10. News from Nowhere.Krishan Kumar & William Morris - 1996 - Utopian Studies 7 (2):280-282.
  11. Global peace through dialogue.Krishna Ahooja-Patel - 2006 - In Yajñeśvara Sadāśiva Śāstrī, Intaj Malek & Sunanda Y. Shastri (eds.), In Quest of Peace: Indian Culture Shows the Path. Bharatiya Kala Prakashan. pp. 1--1.
     
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  12. Food sovereignty as decolonization: some contributions from Indigenous movements to food system and development politics.Sam Grey & Raj Patel - 2015 - Agriculture and Human Values 32 (3):431-444.
    The popularity of ‘food sovereignty’ to cover a range of positions, interventions, and struggles within the food system is testament, above all, to the term’s adaptability. Food sovereignty is centrally, though not exclusively, about groups of people making their own decisions about the food system—it is a way of talking about a theoretically-informed food systems practice. Since people are different, we should expect decisions about food sovereignty to be different in different contexts, albeit consonant with a core set of principles (...)
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  13.  45
    A natural stem cell therapy? How novel findings and biotechnology clarify the ethics of stem cell research.P. Patel - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (4):235-239.
    The natural replacement of damaged cells by stem cells occurs actively and often in adult tissues, especially rapidly dividing cells such as blood cells. An exciting case in Boston, however, posits a kind of natural stem cell therapy provided to a mother by her fetus—long after the fetus is born. Because there is a profound lack of medical intervention, this therapy seems natural enough and is unlikely to be morally suspect. Nevertheless, we feel morally uncertain when we consider giving this (...)
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  14.  32
    The perception of probability.C. R. Gallistel, Monika Krishan, Ye Liu, Reilly Miller & Peter E. Latham - 2014 - Psychological Review 121 (1):96-123.
  15.  77
    Going to Haven? Corporate Social Responsibility and Tax Avoidance.Burcin Col & Saurin Patel - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 154 (4):1033-1050.
    This study examines the endogenous relation between corporate social responsibility and tax avoidance by focusing on a common strategy of corporate tax avoidance, i.e., establishing entities in offshore tax havens. Using hand-collected data on a sample of U.S. firms, we find that firms’ CSR ratings increase substantially in the two years after they first open tax haven affiliates. We provide evidence by using the controlled foreign corporations look-through rule enacted by Congress in 2006 that facilitates offshore profit shifting. We find (...)
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  16. Pensar utópicamente: política y literatura.Krishan Kumar - 2007 - Revista Internacional de Filosofía Política 29:65-80.
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  17.  20
    Book Review: ‘Hedgehog or fox?’ Ernest Gellner: An Intellectual Biography. [REVIEW]Krishan Kumar - 2012 - European Journal of Social Theory 15 (2):281-286.
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  18. Distributed cognition, representation, and affordance.Jiajie Zhang & Vimla L. Patel - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):333-341.
    This article describes a representation-based framework of distributed cognition. This framework considers distributed cognition as a cognitive system whose structures and processes are distributed between internal and external representations, across a group of individuals, and across space and time. The major issue for distributed research, under this framework, are the distribution, transformation, and propagation of information across the components of the distributed cognitive system and how they affect the performance of the system as a whole. To demonstrate the value of (...)
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  19.  19
    The Doctrine of Karma.Karl H. Potter & Yuvraj Krishan - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (1):148.
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  20.  9
    What can the Chinese experience of empire tell us about the Belt and Road Initiative?Krishan Kumar - 2022 - Theory and Society 51 (5):729-760.
    China’s “Belt and Road Initiative” (BRI), first announced by President Xi Jinping in 2013, has attracted widespread attention, with much discussion as to its meaning and intention. This article argues that one of the best ways to understand the BRI is to see it in the context of China’s two-thousand-year history as an empire. What kind of empire was the Chinese Empire? How did it see itself, and what was its characteristic mode of action? What was the meaning of the (...)
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  21. Imperialism.Krishan Kumar - 2011 - In George Klosko (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Political Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
     
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  22. Utopias and the Millennium.Krishan Kumar & Stephen Bann - 1994 - Utopian Studies 5 (2):159-159.
  23.  17
    Distributed cognition, representation, and affordance.Jiajie Zhang & Vimla L. Patel - 2006 - Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):333-341.
    This article describes a representation-based framework of distributed cognition. This framework considers distributed cognition as a cognitive system whose structures and processes are distributed between internal and external representations, across a group of individuals, and across space and time. The major issue for distributed research, under this framework, are the distribution, transformation, and propagation of information across the components of the distributed cognitive system and how they affect the performance of the system as a whole. To demonstrate the value of (...)
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  24.  22
    The Role of Mutual Funds in Corporate Social Responsibility.Zhichuan Frank Li, Saurin Patel & Srikanth Ramani - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (3):715-737.
    This paper examines the role of mutual funds in corporate social responsibility. Using a fund-level, holdings-based CSR score, we find that CSR-friendly mutual funds improve firms’ CSR standings. This effect is more pronounced for firms with higher mutual fund ownership and stronger corporate governance. We further show that while CSR-friendly mutual funds have influence on almost all CSR categories, they focus on increasing CSR strengths rather than reducing CSR concerns. We also discover that CSR-friendly funds are more likely to vote (...)
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  25.  66
    Aspects of the Western Utopian Tradition.Krishan Kumar - 2003 - History of the Human Sciences 16 (1):63-77.
    The western utopia has both classical and Judaeo-Christian roots. From the Greeks came the form of the ideal city, based on reason, from Jews and Christians the idea of deliverance through a messiah and the culmination of history in the millennium. The Greek conception placed utopia in an ideal space, the Christian conception in an ideal time. The modern utopia, dating from Thomas More's Utopia (1516), drew upon both these traditions but added something distinctive of its own. Following More, the (...)
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  26.  73
    Reproductive Ethics in Commercial Surrogacy: Decision-Making in IVF Clinics in New Delhi, India.Malene Tanderup, Sunita Reddy, Tulsi Patel & Birgitte Bruun Nielsen - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (3):491-501.
    As a neo-liberal economy, India has become one of the new health tourism destinations, with commercial gestational surrogacy as an expanding market. Yet the Indian Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill has been pending for five years, and the guidelines issued by the Indian Council of Medical Research are somewhat vague and contradictory, resulting in self-regulated practices of fertility clinics. This paper broadly looks at clinical ethics in reproduction in the practice of surrogacy and decision-making in various procedures. Through empirical research in (...)
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  27.  64
    New Evidence on the Role of the Media in Corporate Social Responsibility.Ajay Patel, Robert Nash, Omrane Guedhami & Sadok El Ghoul - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 154 (4):1051-1079.
    Prior research suggests that the media plays an important information intermediary role in capital markets. We investigate the role of the media in influencing firms’ engagement in corporate social responsibility activities. Using a large sample of 4396 unique firms from 42 countries over the period 2003–2012, we find strong evidence that firms engage in more CSR activities if located in countries where the media has more freedom. This relation is robust to using various proxies for media freedom, an alternative source (...)
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  28. A Model for Basic Emotions Using Observations of Behavior in Drosophila.Simeng Gu, Fushun Wang, Nitesh P. Patel, James A. Bourgeois & Jason H. Huang - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  29.  22
    Innate immunity against molecular mimicry: Examining galectin‐mediated antimicrobial activity.Connie M. Arthur, Seema R. Patel, Amanda Mener, Nourine A. Kamili, Ross M. Fasano, Erin Meyer, Annie M. Winkler, Martha Sola-Visner, Cassandra D. Josephson & Sean R. Stowell - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (12):1327-1337.
    Adaptive immunity provides the unique ability to respond to a nearly infinite range of antigenic determinants. Given the inherent plasticity of the adaptive immune system, a series of tolerance mechanisms exist to reduce reactivity toward self. While this reduces the probability of autoimmunity, it also creates an important gap in adaptive immunity: the ability to recognize microbes that look like self. As a variety of microbes decorate themselves in self‐like carbohydrate antigens and tolerance reduces the ability of adaptive immunity to (...)
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  30.  9
    Teaching Diagnostic Reasoning to Medical Students: a four-step approach.David D. Friel & Krishan Chandar - 2021 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 64 (4):557-586.
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  31.  18
    Politics of Science: Unwarranted Encounters.Tanuj Kanchan & Kewal Krishan - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (5):1561-1563.
    This communication highlights a very pertinent and recent case of an erroneous representation of the Indian borders in an article ‘India by the numbers’ by Richard Van Noorden in Nature where a considerable part of the Jammu and Kashmir State of India is missing in the map incorporated in the article. The article received a series of comments showing disappointment on the issue and a need for the correction to the depicted Indian borders. The editor instead of making corrections to (...)
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  32. Human Genome Editing and Ethical Considerations.Kewal Krishan, Tanuj Kanchan & Bahadur Singh - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (2):597-599.
    Editing human germline genes may act as boon in some genetic and other disorders. Recent editing of the genome of the human embryo with the CRISPR/Cas9 editing tool generated a debate amongst top scientists of the world for the ethical considerations regarding its effect on the future generations. It needs to be seen as to what transformation human gene editing brings to humankind in the times to come.
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  33.  16
    Ubuntu in Post-Apartheid South Africa: Educational, Cultural and Philosophical Considerations.Mahmoud Patel, Tawffeek A. S. Mohammed & Raymond Koen - 2024 - Philosophies 9 (1):21.
    Ubuntu has been defined as a moral quality of human beings, as a philosophy or an ethic, as African humanism, and as a worldview. This paper explores these definitions as conceptual tools for understanding the cultural, educational, and philosophical landscape of post-apartheid South Africa. Key to this understanding is the Althusserian concept of state apparatus. Louis Althusser divides the state apparatus into two forces: the repressive state apparatus (RSA); and the ideological state apparatus (ISA). RSAs curtail the working classes, predominately (...)
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  34.  33
    Synchronization to auditory and visual rhythms in hearing and deaf individuals.John R. Iversen, Aniruddh D. Patel, Brenda Nicodemus & Karen Emmorey - 2015 - Cognition 134 (C):232-244.
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  35.  50
    Role of triggers and dysphoria in mind-wandering about past, present and future: A laboratory study.Benjamin Plimpton, Priya Patel & Lia Kvavilashvili - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:261-276.
  36.  47
    It would be pretty immoral to choose a random algorithm.Helena Webb, Menisha Patel, Michael Rovatsos, Alan Davoust, Sofia Ceppi, Ansgar Koene, Liz Dowthwaite, Virginia Portillo, Marina Jirotka & Monica Cano - 2019 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 17 (2):210-228.
    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to report on empirical work conducted to open up algorithmic interpretability and transparency. In recent years, significant concerns have arisen regarding the increasing pervasiveness of algorithms and the impact of automated decision-making in our lives. Particularly problematic is the lack of transparency surrounding the development of these algorithmic systems and their use. It is often suggested that to make algorithms more fair, they should be made more transparent, but exactly how this can be (...)
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  37. From speech to voice: On the content of inner speech.Shivam Patel - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):10929-10952.
    Theorists have found it difficult to reconcile the unity of inner speech as a mental state kind with the diversity of its manifestations. I argue that existing views concerning the content of inner speech fail to accommodate both of these features because they mistakenly assume that its content is to be found in the ‘speech processing hierarchy’, which includes semantic, syntactic, phonemic, phonetic, and articulatory levels. Upon rejecting this assumption, I offer a position on which the content of inner speech (...)
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  38.  43
    An empirical comparison of rhythm in language and music.Aniruddh D. Patel & Joseph R. Daniele - 2003 - Cognition 87 (1):B35-B45.
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  39.  31
    Knowledge Based Solution Strategies in Medical Reasoning.Vimla L. Patel & Guy J. Groen - 1986 - Cognitive Science 10 (1):91-116.
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  40.  40
    Certificates of Confidentiality: Protecting Human Subject Research Data in Law and Practice.Leslie E. Wolf, Mayank J. Patel, Brett A. Williams Tarver, Jeffrey L. Austin, Lauren A. Dame & Laura M. Beskow - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):594-609.
    Answering important public health questions often requires collection of sensitive information about individuals. For example, our understanding of how HIV is transmitted and how to prevent it only came about with people's willingness to share information about their sexual and drug-using behaviors. Given the scientific need for sensitive, personal information, researchers have a corresponding ethical and legal obligation to maintain the confidentiality of data they collect and typically promise in consent forms to restrict access to it and not to publish (...)
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  41.  33
    Aruna Shanbaug: Is Her Demise the End of the Road for Legislation on Euthanasia in India?Tanuj Kanchan, Alok Atreya & Kewal Krishan - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):1251-1253.
    Aruna Ramachandra Shanbaug breathed her last after 42 years of being in a persistent vegetative state. Euthanasia in any form is not permitted in India and it was only in the year 2011 that a petition was filed in the court that urged the cessation of her force feeding with a nasogastric tube and the request for her peaceful death. What followed was a string of arguments and counter arguments relating to Euthanasia. The sad demise of Aruna Shanbaug is not (...)
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  42.  16
    The time of empire: Temporality and genealogy in the development of European empires.Krishan Kumar - 2017 - Thesis Eleven 139 (1):113-128.
    General and comparative studies of empire – like those of revolution – often suffer from insufficient attention to chronology. Time expresses itself both in the form that empires occur, often in succession to each other – the Roman, the Holy Roman, the Spanish, etc. – and, equally, in an awareness that this succession links empires in a genealogical sense, as part of a family of empires. This article explores the implications of taking time seriously, so that empires are not considered (...)
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  43.  11
    Islamic Religiosity and Auditors’ Judgements: Evidence from Pakistan.Nazia Adeel, Chris Patel, Nonna Martinov-Bennie & Sammy Xiaoyan Ying - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 179 (2):551-572.
    We extend the literature by providing evidence that a cultural variable, intrinsic Islamic religiosity is important in understanding auditors’ judgement in the Islamic context of Pakistan. The intrinsic Islamic religiosity theoretical construct examined is Islamic Worldview which represents deeply held enduring and stable values which are likely to be dominant in influencing professionals’ judgements. Moreover, theoretical underpinning and empirical evidence in social psychology and organisational behaviour have established the critical role of intrinsic religiosity in influencing behaviour. Our first objective is (...)
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  44.  21
    Clearing up the benefits of a fossil fuel sector diversified board: A climate change mitigation strategy.Rohan Crichton, Faraz Farhidi, Alpna Patel & Nicole Ellegate - 2021 - Business and Society Review 126 (4):433-453.
    The effects of climate change are far reaching and widespread. As the issue continues to batter the world, the call for mitigation initiatives is becoming louder. In responding to this call we take a multidisciplinary approach to examining board diversity as an innovative solution in tackling climate change. Utilizing data from 69 fossil fuel organizations, our findings suggest that increasing female representation and foreign culture representation on the board can effectively reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the main contributor to climate change. (...)
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  45.  5
    Enlightenment against Empire. [REVIEW]Krishan Kumar - 2005 - Political Theory 33 (1):143-145.
  46.  25
    Fugitive Practices: Learning in a Settler Colony.Leigh Patel - 2019 - Educational Studies 55 (3):253-261.
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  47.  26
    Materialism in Indian thought.Kewal Krishan Mittal - 1974 - [New Delhi]: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers.
  48.  16
    How experts' adaptations to representative task demands account for the expertise effect in memory recall: Comment on Vicente and Wang (1998).K. Anders Ericsson, Vimla Patel & Walter Kintsch - 2000 - Psychological Review 107 (3):578-592.
  49.  13
    More than meets the eye: emotional stimuli enhance boundary extension effects for both depressed and never-depressed individuals.Shivam D. Patel, Carlos V. Esteves, Melody So, Tim Dalgleish & Caitlin Hitchcock - 2023 - Cognition and Emotion 37 (1):128-136.
    Boundary extension is a memory phenomenon in which an individual reports seeing more of a scene than they actually did. We provide the first examination of boundary extension in individuals diagnosed with depression, hypothesising that an overemphasis on pre-existing schema may enhance boundary extension effects on emotional photographs. The relationship between boundary extension and overgeneralisation in autobiographical memory was also explored. Individuals with (n = 42) and without (n = 41) Major Depressive Disorder completed a camera paradigm task utilising positive, (...)
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  50.  21
    Playing by pair‐rules?Gregory K. Davis & Nipam H. Patel - 2003 - Bioessays 25 (5):425-429.
    Although in Drosophila pair‐rule genes play crucial roles in the genetic hierarchy that subdivides the embryo into segments, the extent to which pair‐rule patterning is utilized by different arthropods and other segmented phyla is unknown. Recent data of Dearden et al.1 and Henry et al.,2 however, hint that a pair‐rule mechanism might play a role in the segmentation process of basal arthropods and vertebrates. BioEssays 25:425–429, 2003. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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