Results for 'Galit W. Sassoon'

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Galit W. Sassoon
Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan
  1.  72
    Vagueness.Hans Kamp & Galit W. Sassoon - 2016 - In Maria Aloni & Paul Jacques Edgar Dekker (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Formal Semantics. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. pp. 389-441.
    Vagueness is an ultimate challenge. An enormous diversity of literature on the topic has accumulated over the years, with no hint of a consensus emerging. In this light, Section 1 presents the main aspects of the challenge vagueness poses, focusing on the category of adjectives, and then gives some brief illustrations of the pervasive manifestations of vagueness in grammar.Section 2 deals with theSorites paradox, which for many philosophers is the hallmark of vagueness: By assigning avague predicate step by apparently inescapable (...)
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  2. Three sources of vagueness in degree constructions.Galit W. Sassoon - 2009 - In Arndt Riester & Torgrim Solstad (eds.), Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung 13. pp. 469--483.
    This paper presents a novel semantic analysis of unit names and gradable adjectives, inspired by measurement theory (Krantz et al 1971). Based on measurement theory's typology of measures, I claim that different predicates are associated with different types of measures whose special characteristics, together with features of the relations denoted by unit names, explain the puzzling limited distribution of measure phrases.
     
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  3.  28
    the semantics of gradability, vagueness and scale structure.Elena Castroviejo, Louise McNally & Galit W. Sassoon - 2018 - Springer.
    This volume is the first to focus specifically on experimental studies of the semantics of gradability, scale structure and vagueness. It presents support for and challenges to current formal analyses of these phenomena in view of experimentally collected data, highlighting the ways semantic and pragmatic theory can benefit from experimental methodologies. The papers in the volume contribute to an explicit and detailed account of the use, representation, and online processing of gradable and vague expressions using various kinds of controlled speaker (...)
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  4. Measurement theory in linguistics.Galit Weidman Sassoon - 2010 - Synthese 174 (1):151-180.
    This paper presents a novel semantic analysis of unit names (like pound and meter) and gradable adjectives (like tall, short and happy), inspired by measurement theory (Krantz et al. In Foundations of measurement: Additive and Polynomial Representations, 1971). Based on measurement theory’s four-way typology of measures, I claim that different adjectives are associated with different types of measures whose special characteristics, together with features of the relations denoted by unit names, explain the puzzling limited distribution of measure phrases, as well (...)
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  5.  86
    The degree functions of negative adjectives.Galit Weidman Sassoon - 2010 - Natural Language Semantics 18 (2):141-181.
    This paper provides a new account of positive versus negative antonyms. The data includes well-known linguistic generalizations regarding negative adjectives, such as their incompatibility with measure phrases (cf. two meters tall/ *short) and ratio phrases (twice as tall/ #short) as well as the impossibility of truly crosspolar comparisons (*Dan is taller than Sam is short). These generalizations admit a variety of exceptions, e.g., positive adjectives that do not license measure phrases (cf. #two degrees warm/cold) and rarely also negative adjectives that (...)
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  6.  19
    Vagueness, Gradability and Typicality - The interpretation of adjectives and nouns.Galit Weidman Sassoon - 2013 - Brill.
    This book presents a study of the connections between vagueness and gradability, and their different manifestations in adjectives (morphological gradability effects) and nouns (typicality effects). It addresses two opposing theoretical approaches from within formal semantics and cognitive psychology. These approaches rest on different, apparently contradictory pieces of data. For example, for psychologists nouns are linked with vague and gradable concepts, while for linguists they rarely are. This difference in approach has created an unfortunate gap between the semantic and psychological studies (...)
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  7. Vagueness in Degree Constructions.Galit Weidman Sassoon - 2009 - In Arndt Riester & Torgrim Solstad (eds.), Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung 13.
    This paper presents a novel semantic analysis of unit names and gradable adjectives, inspired by measurement theory (Krantz et al 1971). Based on measurement theory's typology of measures, I claim that different predicates are associated with different types of measures whose special characteristics, together with features of the relations denoted by unit names, explain the puzzling limited distribution of measure phrases.
     
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  8.  42
    Observation and imitation of actions performed by humans, androids, and robots: an EMG study.Galit Hofree, Burcu A. Urgen, Piotr Winkielman & Ayse P. Saygin - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  9.  74
    A unified coding strategy for processing faces and voices.Galit Yovel & Pascal Belin - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (6):263-271.
  10.  10
    Human–computer negotiation in a three player market setting.Galit Haim, Ya'akov Gal, Bo An & Sarit Kraus - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence 246 (C):34-52.
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  11.  6
    From concepts to percepts in human and machine face recognition: A reply to Blauch, Behrmann & Plaut.Galit Yovel & Naphtali Abudarham - 2021 - Cognition 208 (C):104424.
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  12.  10
    The Enigma of Desire: Sex, Longing, and Belonging in Psychoanalysis.Galit Atlas - 2015 - Routledge.
    The Enigma of Desire: Sex, Longing and Belonging in Psychoanalysis, introduces new perspectives on desire and longing, in and outside of the analytic relationship._ _This exciting volume explores the known and unknown, ghosts and demons, sexuality and lust. Galit Atlas discusses the subjects of sex and desire and explores what she terms the Enigmatic and the Pragmatic aspects of sexuality, longing, female desire, sexual inhibition, pregnancy, parenthood and creativity. The author focuses on the levels of communication that take place (...)
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  13.  19
    Gramsci and the Secret of Father Brown.Anne Showstack Sassoon - 2005 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (4):395-405.
    Abstract This article examines major methodological issues in Gramsci?s writings that are relevant for re?thinking contemporary political relationships, by considering his use of the ?particular?. It draws on Gramsci?s notes on Chesterton?s Father Brown stories, including his contrast between ?old? Catholic Europe and ?new? Protestant, positivist America, and discusses Gramsci?s critique of positivism and populism with reference to his writings on the palaeontologist Cuvier and the criminologist Cesare Lombroso. It links Gramsci?s use of details and fragments from diverse sources, Father (...)
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  14.  17
    Hypothesis: Ataxia‐telangiectasia: Is ATM a sensor of oxidative damage and stress?Galit Rotman & Yosef Shiloh - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (10):911-917.
    Ataxia‐telangiectasia (A‐T) is a pleiotropic recessive disorder characterized cerebellar ataxia, immunodeficiency, specific developmental defects, profound predisposition to cancer and acute radiosensitivity. Functional inactivation of single gene product, ATM, accounts for this compound phenotype. We suggest that ATM acts as a sensor of reactive oxygen species and/or oxidative damage cellular macromolecules, including DNA. In turn, ATM induces signalling through multiple pathways, thereby coordinating acute phase stress responses with cell cycle checkpoint control and repair of oxidative damage. Absence of ATM is proposed (...)
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  15.  15
    Chapter 10 Attention and Technology: From Focusing to Multiple Attentions.Galit Wellner - 2022 - In Maren Wehrle, Diego D'Angelo & Elizaveta Solomonova (eds.), Access and Mediation: Transdisciplinary Perspectives on Attention. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 239-258.
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  16.  22
    What can individual differences reveal about face processing?Galit Yovel, Jeremy B. Wilmer & Brad Duchaine - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  17. Israeli History of Technology in Ten Steps.Wellner Galit - 2015 - The Jerusalem Review 9:126-141.
     
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  18. Applying Gerontographics in the study of older Internet users.Galit Nimrod - forthcoming - Emergence: Complexity and Organization.
  19.  10
    The emergence of the hybrid older reader: A cross-national study.Galit Nimrod & Hanna Adoni - 2020 - Communications 45 (4):414-439.
    Based on a survey of 6,989 individuals aged 60 and up from six countries (Austria, Denmark, Israel, the Netherlands, Romania and Spain), this study aimed at exploring the extent to which digital media practices complement and/or replace print media among older internet users. Results indicated a relative strength of print media among this audience and pointed to four differentiated sub-segments: hybrid readers—who comprised the majority of sample respondents—, heavy print readers, heavy online readers and non-readers. The segment type significantly associated (...)
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  20.  11
    Argumentation schemes for clinical decision support.Isabel Sassoon, Nadin Kökciyan, Sanjay Modgil & Simon Parsons - 2021 - Argument and Computation 12 (3):329-355.
    This paper demonstrates how argumentation schemes can be used in decision support systems that help clinicians in making treatment decisions. The work builds on the use of computational argumentation, a rigorous approach to reasoning with complex data that places strong emphasis on being able to justify and explain the decisions that are recommended. The main contribution of the paper is to present a novel set of specialised argumentation schemes that can be used in the context of a clinical decision support (...)
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  21. Feminist AI: Can We Expect Our AI Systems to Become Feminist?Galit Wellner & Tiran Rothman - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (2):191-205.
    The rise of AI-based systems has been accompanied by the belief that these systems are impartial and do not suffer from the biases that humans and older technologies express. It becomes evident, however, that gender and racial biases exist in some AI algorithms. The question is where the bias is rooted—in the training dataset or in the algorithm? Is it a linguistic issue or a broader sociological current? Works in feminist philosophy of technology and behavioral economics reveal the gender bias (...)
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  22.  53
    On the Epistemology of Narrative Research in Education.Galit Caduri - 2013 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 47 (1):37-52.
    The purpose of this article is to explore the epistemological foundations of narrative research in education. In particular, I seek to explain how one can obtain knowledge, given its origin in teachers' subjective experiences. The problem with rhetorical and aesthetic criteria that narrative researchers use to warrant their knowledge claims is not that they don't meet a correspondence criterion of truth as post-positivists contend, but rather that they fail to connect teachers' ethical views with their practice. Since narrative research is (...)
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  23.  50
    A Postphenomenological Inquiry of Cell Phones: Genealogies, Meanings, and Becoming.Galit P. Wellner - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    This book is the first postphenomenological analysis of the important roles the cellphone plays in contemporary everydayness. It is an example of a new methodology to study everyday technologies that combines historical research with a philosophical investigation.
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  24.  3
    Why psychologists should embrace rather than abandon DNNs.Galit Yovel & Naphtali Abudarham - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e414.
    Deep neural networks (DNNs) are powerful computational models, which generate complex, high-level representations that were missing in previous models of human cognition. By studying these high-level representations, psychologists can now gain new insights into the nature and origin of human high-level vision, which was not possible with traditional handcrafted models. Abandoning DNNs would be a huge oversight for psychological sciences.
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  25.  5
    Gramsci's politics.Anne Showstack Sassoon - 1980 - London: Hutchinson.
  26.  10
    From Cellphones to Machine Learning. A Shift in the Role of the User in Algorithmic Writing.Galit Wellner - 2018 - In Alberto Romele & Enrico Terrone (eds.), Towards a Philosophy of Digital Media. Springer Verlag. pp. 205-224.
    Writing is frequently analyzed as a mode of communication. But writing can be done for personal reasons, to remind oneself of things to do, of thoughts, of events. The cellphone has revealed this shift, commencing as a communication device and ending up as a memory prosthesis that records what we see, hear, read and think. The recordings are not necessarily for communicating a message to others, but sometimes just for oneself. Today, when machine learning algorithms read, write and transmit, a (...)
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  27.  12
    Material hermeneutic of digital technologies in the age of AI.Galit Wellner - 2023 - AI and Society 38 (6):2159-2166.
    Digital technologies are frequently considered as lacking material aspects. Today, it is evident that behind digital technologies lies a huge and complex material infrastructure in the form of fiber optic cables, servers, satellites, and screens. Postphenomenology has theorized the relations to material things as embodiment relations. Taking into account that technologies can also have hermeneutic aspects, this theory defines hermeneutic relations as those in which we read the world through technologies. The article opens with a review of some theoretical developments (...)
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  28.  20
    The processing of polar quantifiers, and numerosity perception.Isabelle Deschamps, Galit Agmon, Yonatan Loewenstein & Yosef Grodzinsky - 2015 - Cognition 143 (C):115-128.
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  29. Digital Imagination, Fantasy, AI Art.Galit Wellner - 2022 - Foundations of Science 27 (4):1445-1451.
    In this reply to my reviewers, I touch upon Husserl’s notion of fantasy. Whereas Kant positions fantasy outside the scope of his own work, Husserl brings it back. The importance of this notion lies in freeing imagination from the tight link to images, as for Husserl imagination is an activity that functions as a “quasi perception.” Ihde and Stiegler enrich Husserl’s analysis of imagination with various aspects of technology: Ihde shows how changes in the technologies that mediate our imagination will (...)
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  30.  16
    Crowdsourcing Compliance: The Use of WikiRate to Promote Corporate Supply Chain Transparency.Galit A. Sarfaty - 2023 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 17 (1):45-65.
    This article analyzes the use of crowdsourcing to promote corporate sustainability by assessing compliance with supply chain disclosure laws. It draws on a case study of WikiRate.org as a novel example of crowdsourcing compliance with respect to the UK Modern Slavery Act and U.S. conflict minerals legislation (section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Financial Reform Act). WikiRate is an open research platform whose mission is to crowdsource better companies by motivating corporations to be transparent about their environmental, social, and governance performance. (...)
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  31.  24
    Corporate Social Responsibility as Shaped by Managers’ Role Dissonance: Cleaning Services Procurement in Israel.Galit Segev, Sarit Nisim & Orly Benjamin - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (1):209-221.
    Public procurement provides an excellent window into the shaping of corporate social responsibility of companies contracted by the government. To this emerging scholarly realization, we want to add that public procurement provides also the opportunity to examine corporate social responsibility as practiced by public sector organizations. This opportunity enables the investigation of the conditions under which public sector organizations endorse CSR guidelines, adherence to which demonstrates accountability for their service providers’ legal, employment-related practices. Our study examined the possibility that public (...)
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  32.  22
    A formalisation and prototype implementation of argumentation for statistical model selection.Isabel Sassoon, Sebastian Zillessen, Jeroen Keppens & Peter McBurney - 2018 - Argument and Computation 10 (1):83-103.
  33.  25
    Gramsci and contemporary politics: beyond pessimism of the intellect.Anne Showstack Sassoon - 2000 - New York: Routledge.
    Gramsci and Contemporary Politics is a collection of Anne Showstack Sassoon's writing which spans the major transitions from Thatcher and Reagan to Clinton and ...
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  34. Wall-Window-Screen: How the Cell Phone Mediates a Worldview for Us.Galit Wellner - 2011 - Humanities and Technology Review 30:87-103.
    The article proposes to model the phenomenon of the cell phone as a wall-window. This model aims at explicating some of the perceptions and experiences associated with cellular technology. The wall-window model means that the cell phone simultaneously separates the user from the physical surroundings (the wall), and connects the user to a remote space (the window). The remote space may be where the interlocutor resides or where information is stored (e.g. the Internet). Most cell phone usage patterns are modeled (...)
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  35.  41
    Material hermeneutic of digital technologies in the age of AI.Galit Wellner - 2020 - AI and Society:1-8.
    Digital technologies are frequently considered as lacking material aspects. Today, it is evident that behind digital technologies lies a huge and complex material infrastructure in the form of fiber optic cables, servers, satellites, and screens. Postphenomenology has theorized the relations to material things as embodiment relations. Taking into account that technologies can also have hermeneutic aspects, this theory defines hermeneutic relations as those in which we read the world through technologies. The article opens with a review of some theoretical developments (...)
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  36.  56
    A face inversion effect without a face.Talia Brandman & Galit Yovel - 2012 - Cognition 125 (3):365-372.
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  37.  33
    Musical Training, Bilingualism, and Executive Function: A Closer Look at Task Switching and Dual‐Task Performance.Linda Moradzadeh, Galit Blumenthal & Melody Wiseheart - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (5):992-1020.
    This study investigated whether musical training and bilingualism are associated with enhancements in specific components of executive function, namely, task switching and dual-task performance. Participants belonging to one of four groups were matched on age and socioeconomic status and administered task switching and dual-task paradigms. Results demonstrated reduced global and local switch costs in musicians compared with non-musicians, suggesting that musical training can contribute to increased efficiency in the ability to shift flexibly between mental sets. On dual-task performance, musicians also (...)
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  38.  58
    The Quasi-Face of the Cell Phone: Rethinking Alterity and Screens.Galit Wellner - 2014 - Human Studies 37 (3):299-316.
    Why does a cell phone have a screen? From televisions and cell phones to refrigerators, many contemporary technologies come with a screen. The article aims at answering this question by employing Emmanuel Levinas’ notions of the Other and the face. This article also engages with Don Ihde’s conceptualization of alterity relations, in which the technological acts as quasi-other with which we maintain relations. If technology is a quasi-other, then, I claim, the screen is the quasi-face. By exploring Levinas’ ontology, specifically (...)
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  39.  64
    Digital Imagination: Ihde’s and Stiegler’s Concepts of Imagination.Galit Wellner - 2021 - Foundations of Science 27 (1):189-204.
    As AI algorithms advance and produce surprising outputs, the question of imagination arises. Can we classify their output as imaginative? And what is their effect on human imagination? Apparently, algorithms follow Kant’s explanations on human imagination, thereby pushing us to update our understanding of imagination by taking into account the co-shaping between humans and their technologies. Such a new understating is offered in this article based on the theories of Don Ihde and Bernard Stiegler. With Ihde, imagination is conceived as (...)
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  40.  44
    No Longer a Phone: The Cellphone as an Enabler of Augmented Reality.Galit Wellner - 2013 - Transfers 3 (2):70-88.
    Today's navigation is different, with no paper map or compass. Instead we use a cellphone that has a built-in GPS. Such cellphone is also equipped with an embedded camera that can read signs in various languages and barcodes that most humans cannot decipher. Combined, the GPS and the camera participate in the production and exercise of augmented reality, where reality is presented with layers of information which are accessible only through technological mediation. Currently such mediation is enabled by the cellphone, (...)
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  41. Theories and things.W. V. O. Quine (ed.) - 1981 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    Things and Their Place in Theories Our talk of external things, our very notion of things, is just a conceptual apparatus that helps us to foresee and ...
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  42.  90
    Face perception is category-specific: Evidence from normal body perception in acquired prosopagnosia.Tirta Susilo, Galit Yovel, Jason Js Barton & Bradley Duchaine - 2013 - Cognition 129 (1):88-94.
  43.  4
    The emergence of molecular gynecology: homeobox and Wnt genes in the female reproductive tract.Jan Kitajewski & David Sassoon - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (10):902-910.
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  44. Family, Civil Society, State: Is Gramsci's Concept of Societa Civile Still Relevant?Anne S. Sassoon - 1998 - Philosophical Forum 29 (3-4):206-217.
     
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  45. Intimations of a Gramscian approach to global civil society.Anne Showstack Sassoon - 2005 - In Randall D. Germain & Michael Kenny (eds.), The Idea of Global Civil Society: Politics and Ethics in a Globalizing Era. Routledge.
     
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  46.  5
    Reality revisited.Solomon David Sassoon - 1991 - New York: Feldheim.
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  47.  3
    Socialisme fin-de-siècle. Quelques réflexions historiques.Donald Sassoon - 1998 - Actuel Marx 23:137-148.
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  48.  24
    Caring in an Algorithmic World: Ethical Perspectives for Designers and Developers in Building AI Algorithms to Fight Fake News.Galit Wellner & Dmytro Mykhailov - 2023 - Science and Engineering Ethics 29 (4):1-16.
    This article suggests several design principles intended to assist in the development of ethical algorithms exemplified by the task of fighting fake news. Although numerous algorithmic solutions have been proposed, fake news still remains a wicked socio-technical problem that begs not only engineering but also ethical considerations. We suggest employing insights from ethics of care while maintaining its speculative stance to ask how algorithms and design processes would be different if they generated care and fight fake news. After reviewing the (...)
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  49. Philosophy of Logic.W. V. O. Quine - 2005-01-01 - In José Medina & David Wood (eds.), Truth. Blackwell.
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  50.  43
    Techno-Anthropology.Galit Wellner, Lars Botin & Kathrin Otrel-Cass - 2015 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 19 (2):117-124.
    guest editors' introduction to a special issue on techno-anthropology.
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