Results for 'Christopher James Preston'

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  1.  3
    Engineering the Climate: The Ethics of Solar Radiation Management.Christopher James Preston (ed.) - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    Engineering the Climate: The Ethics of Solar Radiation Management is a wide-ranging and expert analysis of the ethics of the intentional management of solar radiation. This book will be a useful tool for policy-makers, a provocation for ethicists, and an eye-opening analysis for both the scientist and the general reader with interest in climate change.
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  2.  62
    Christopher J. Preston, Wayne Ouderkirk (Eds): Nature, Value, Duty: Life on Earth with Holmes Rolston, III. [REVIEW]Christopher C. Robinson - 2008 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (5):477-484.
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  3.  29
    Wayne Ouderkirkand Christopher J. Preston.Christopher J. Preston - 2007 - In Christopher J. Preston and Wayne Ouderkirk (ed.), Nature, Value, Duty: Life on Earth with Holmes Rolston, Iii. Springer. pp. 8.
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  4.  20
    Christopher J. Preston, The Synthetic Age: Outdesigning Evolution, Resurrecting Species, and Reengineering Our World.Simon Hailwood - 2020 - Environmental Values 29 (1):112-114.
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  5. Out on a Limb: The Ethical Management of Body Integrity Identity Disorder.Christopher James Ryan - 2009 - Neuroethics 2 (1):21-33.
    Body integrity identity disorder (BIID), previously called apotemnophilia, is an extremely rare condition where sufferers desire the amputation of a healthy limb because of distress associated with its presence. This paper reviews the medical and philosophical literature on BIID. It proposes an evidenced based and ethically informed approach to its management. Amputation of a healthy limb is an ethically defensible treatment option in BIID and should be offered in some circumstances, but only after clarification of the diagnosis and consideration of (...)
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  6.  26
    Christopher J. Preston: Saving Creation: Nature and Faith in the Life of Holmes Rolston III. [REVIEW]Doug Seale - 2010 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (3):279-288.
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  7.  4
    Julius Shulman's Los Angeles.Christopher James Alexander - 2011 - J. Paul Getty Museum.
    The architectural photographer Julius Shulman (1910-2009) is one of the few image makers to have documented, as well as witnessed, nearly an entire century of Los Angeles history.
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  8.  12
    (Uncontrolled) Donation After Cardiac Determination of Death: A Note of Caution.Christopher James Doig & David A. Zygun - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):760-765.
    In this short article, we articulate a position that organ recovery from uncontrolled DCD — primarily patients who have suffered a cardiac arrest — is unlikely to result in a significant number of organs, and this small gain must be balanced against significant risk of unduly influencing resuscitation provider decision-making, and jeopardizing public trust in the propriety of organ donation and transplantation.
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  9.  61
    Treatment Refusal in Anorexia Nervosa: The Hardest of Cases: Commentary on “Anorexia Nervosa: The Diagnosis: A Postmodern Ethics Contribution to the Bioethics Debate on Involuntary Treatment for Anorexia Nervosa” by Sacha Kendall.Christopher James Ryan & Sascha Callaghan - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (1):43-45.
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  10.  8
    Donation After Cardiac Determination of Death: A Note of Caution.Christopher James Doig & David A. Zygun - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):760-765.
    “I think there’s a big strong belief in [...] the community … and maybe it’s in the world at large that somehow the doctors are more concerned about harvesting the organs than what’s best for the patient.”1 In the past 45 years, organ and tissue recovery and transplantation have moved from the occasional and experimental to a standard of care for end-stage organ failure; receiving an organ transplant is for many the only opportunity for increased quantity and/or quality of life. (...)
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  11.  20
    Le traitement des constitutions non idéales dans le politique.Christopher James Rowe - 2005 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 3 (3):385-400.
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  12. On the Military Crowns Awarded After Naulochus.Christopher James Dart & Frederik Juliaan Vervaet - 2018 - História 67 (3):313.
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  13. P. Edmund Waldstein, O.Cist.; and Peter A. Kwasniewski, Editors, Integralism and the Common Good: Selected Essays From The Josias, Volume 1: Family, City, and State. [REVIEW]Christopher James Wolfe - 2022 - Catholic Social Science Review 27:178-180.
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  14.  6
    John Rawls: Reticent Socialist by William A. Edmundson.Christopher James Wolfe - 2020 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 20 (4):844-845.
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  15.  8
    A Response to John Rawls’s Critique of Loyola on the Human Good.Christopher James Wolfe & Jonathan Polce - 2018 - International Philosophical Quarterly 58 (3):331-342.
    In this paper we shall consider whether John Rawls’s treatment of Ignatius of Loyola is a fair one. Rawls claims in A Theory of Justice that Catholic theology aims at a “dominant end” of serving God that overrides other moral considerations. Rawls argues that dominant end views lead to a disfigured self and a disregard for justice. We do not question Rawls on the normative issue of whether dominant end conceptions are untenable, but rather on his factual claim that Ignatian (...)
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  16.  7
    A Response to John Rawls’s Critique of Loyola on the Human Good in Advance.Christopher James Wolfe & Jonathan Polce - forthcoming - International Philosophical Quarterly.
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  17.  39
    Rationality and the Wish to Die—a Response to Clarke.Christopher James Ryan - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (3):217-217.
    sirIn a scholarly and thought-provoking paper, Clarke sets out to debunk the concept of “rational suicide” as nonsensical.1 His motivation in this is to undermine any support that the notion of rational suicide might give to a “categorical right to suicide”. If his enterprise were successful, however, it would go far beyond the “rights issue” and would have a profound impact on all arguments raised in support of euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide.Clarke's major thrust might be termed the argument from posthumous (...)
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  18.  61
    The Ethical Management of Body Integrity Identity Disorder: Reply to Pies.Christopher James Ryan - 2009 - Neuroethics 2 (3):181-181.
  19.  53
    One Flu Over The Cuckoo’s Nest: Comparing Legislated Coercive Treatment for Mental Illness with That for Other Illness. [REVIEW]Christopher James Ryan - 2011 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (1):87-93.
    Many of the world’s mental health acts, including all Australian legislation, allow for the coercive detention and treatment of people with mental illnesses if they are deemed likely to harm themselves or others. Numerous authors have argued that legislated powers to impose coercive treatment in psychiatric illness should pivot on the presence or absence of capacity not likely harm, but no Australian act uses this criterion. In this paper, I add a novel element to these arguments by comparing the use (...)
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  20.  43
    Lies, Damn Lies and Placebos: A Comment on Foreid Et Al. [REVIEW]Christopher James Ryan - 2011 - Neuroethics 4 (3):261-262.
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  21.  3
    Reality Through the Looking-Glass: Science and Awareness in the Postmodern World.Christopher James Seaton Clarke - 1996 - Floris Books.
    Calls into question the 'bedrock' reality of spacetime, examines the idea of alternative realities founded on different sorts of consciousness, and explores concepts of being and non-being in religious traditions.
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  22.  11
    Commentary.Christopher James Ryan - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (5):15-15.
  23.  13
    Response.Christopher James Ryan - 2011 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (1):103-104.
  24.  3
    Anne K. Cotton, Platonic Dialogue and the Education of the Reader, Oxford – New York. 2014.Christopher James Rowe - 2017 - Klio 99 (1):342-349.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Klio Jahrgang: 99 Heft: 1 Seiten: 342-349.
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  25.  45
    Carbon Emissions, Stratospheric Aerosol Injection, and Unintended Harms.Christopher J. Preston - 2017 - Ethics and International Affairs 31 (4):479-493.
    In the rapidly expanding literature on the ethics of climate engineering, a lot has been made of the fact that stratospheric aerosol injection would for the first time create a world whose climate had been intentionally shaped by deliberate human decisions. Intention has always mattered in ethics. Due to the importance of intention in assigning culpability for harms, one might expect that the moral responsibility for any harms created during an attempt to reconstruct the global climate using stratospheric aerosols would (...)
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  26. Hedonic and Non-Hedonic Bias Toward the Future.Preston Greene, Andrew J. Latham, Kristie Miller & James Norton - 2021 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 99 (1):148-163.
    It has widely been assumed, by philosophers, that our first-person preferences regarding pleasurable and painful experiences exhibit a bias toward the future (positive and negative hedonic future-bias), and that our preferences regarding non-hedonic events (both positive and negative) exhibit no such bias (non-hedonic time-neutrality). Further, it has been assumed that our third-person preferences are always time-neutral. Some have attempted to use these (presumed) differential patterns of future-bias—different across kinds of events and perspectives—to argue for the irrationality of hedonic future-bias. This (...)
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  27. On Preferring That Overall, Things Are Worse: Future‐Bias and Unequal Payoffs.Preston Greene, Andrew J. Latham, Kristie Miller & James Norton - 2021 - Wiley: Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Philosophers working on time-biases assume that people are hedonically biased toward the future. A hedonically future-biased agent prefers pleasurable experiences to be future instead of past, and painful experiences to be past instead of future. Philosophers further predict that this bias is strong enough to apply to unequal payoffs: people often prefer less pleasurable future experiences to more pleasurable past ones, and more painful past experiences to less painful future ones. In addition, philosophers have predicted that future-bias is restricted to (...)
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  28. The Rationality of Near Bias toward both Future and Past Events.Preston Greene, Alex Holcombe, Andrew J. Latham, Kristie Miller & James Norton - 2021 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 12 (4):905-922.
    In recent years, a disagreement has erupted between two camps of philosophers about the rationality of bias toward the near and bias toward the future. According to the traditional hybrid view, near bias is rationally impermissible, while future bias is either rationally permissible or obligatory. Time neutralists, meanwhile, argue that the hybrid view is untenable. They claim that those who reject near bias should reject both biases and embrace time neutrality. To date, experimental work has focused on future-directed near bias. (...)
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  29.  92
    How Much Do We Discount Past Pleasures?Preston Greene, Andrew J. Latham, Kristie Miller & James Norton - forthcoming - American Philosophical Quarterly.
    Future-biased individuals systematically prefer pleasures to be in the future (positive future-bias) and pains to be in the past (negative future-bias). Recent empirical research shows that negative future-bias exists and that it is strong: people prefer more past pain to less future pain. In fact, people prefer ten units of past pain to one unit of future pain. By contrast, this research shows that people do not prefer ten units of past pleasure to one unit of future pleasure. Thus the (...)
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  30. Why Are People so Darn Past Biased?Preston Greene, Andrew James Latham, Kristie Miller & James Norton - forthcoming - In Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Alison Sutton Fernandes (eds.), Temporal Asymmetries in Philosophy and Psychology. OUP.
    Many philosophers have assumed that our preferences regarding hedonic events exhibit a bias toward the future: we prefer positive experiences to be in our future and negative experiences to be in our past. Recent experimental work by Greene et al. (ms) confirmed this assumption. However, they noted a potential for some participants to respond in a deviant manner, and hence for their methodology to underestimate the percentage of people who are time neutral, and overestimate the percentage who are future biased. (...)
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  31.  2
    Editorial: Human-Nature Interactions: Perspectives on Conceptual and Methodological Issues.Tadhg E. MacIntyre, Juergen Beckmann, Giovanna Calogiuri, Aoife A. Donnell, Marc V. Jones, Christopher R. Madan, Mike Rogerson, Noel E. Brick, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen & Christopher James Gidlow - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  32. Explanatory Generalizations, Part I: A Counterfactual Account.James Woodward & Christopher Hitchcock - 2003 - Noûs 37 (1):1–24.
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  33.  21
    Evolution and Ethics: T.H. Huxley's Evolution and Ethics with New Essays on its Victorian and Sociobiological Context.James G. Paradis & George Christopher Williams - 1989 - Princeton University Press.
    T. H. Huxley (1825-1895) was not only an active protagonist in the religious and scientific upheaval that followed the publication of Darwin's theory of evolution but also a harbinger of the sociobiological debates about the implications of evolution that are now going on. His seminal lecture Evolution and Ethics, reprinted here with its introductory Prolegomena, argues that the human psyche is at war with itself, that humans are alienated in a cosmos that has no special reference to their needs, and (...)
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  34. An Analysis of the Interaction Between Intelligent Software Agents and Human Users.Christopher Burr, Nello Cristianini & James Ladyman - 2018 - Minds and Machines 28 (4):735-774.
    Interactions between an intelligent software agent and a human user are ubiquitous in everyday situations such as access to information, entertainment, and purchases. In such interactions, the ISA mediates the user’s access to the content, or controls some other aspect of the user experience, and is not designed to be neutral about outcomes of user choices. Like human users, ISAs are driven by goals, make autonomous decisions, and can learn from experience. Using ideas from bounded rationality, we frame these interactions (...)
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  35.  32
    Leave to Intervene in Cases of Gender Identity Disorder; Normative Causation; Financial Harms and Involuntary Treatment; and the Right to Be Protected From Suicide.Cameron Stewart, Tina Cockburn, Bill Madden, Sascha Callaghan & Christopher James Ryan - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (3):235-242.
  36.  16
    Accessing Online Data for Youth Mental Health Research: Meeting the Ethical Challenges.Elvira Perez Vallejos, Ansgar Koene, Christopher James Carter, Daniel Hunt, Christopher Woodard, Lachlan Urquhart, Aislinn Bergin & Ramona Statache - 2019 - Philosophy and Technology 32 (1):87-110.
    This article addresses the general ethical issues of accessing online personal data for research purposes. The authors discuss the practical aspects of online research with a specific case study that illustrates the ethical challenges encountered when accessing data from Kooth, an online youth web-counselling service. This paper firstly highlights the relevance of a process-based approach to ethics when accessing highly sensitive data and then discusses the ethical considerations and potential challenges regarding the accessing of public data from Digital Mental Health (...)
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  37.  63
    Re-Thinking the Unthinkable: Environmental Ethics and the Presumptive Argument Against Geoengineering.Christopher J. Preston - 2011 - Environmental Values 20 (4):457 - 479.
    The rapid rise in interest in geoengineering the climate as a response to global warming presents a clear and significant challenge to environmental ethics. The paper articulates what I call the 'presumptive argument' against geoengineering from environmental ethics, a presumption strong enough to make geoengineering almost 'unthinkable' from within that tradition. Two rationales for suspending that presumption are next considered. One of them is a 'lesser evil' argument, the other makes connections between the presumptive argument, ecofacism, and the anthropocentrism/non-anthropocentrism debate. (...)
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  38.  61
    Synthetic Biology: Drawing a Line in Darwin's Sand.Christopher J. Preston - 2008 - Environmental Values 17 (1):23-39.
    Maintaining the coherence of the distinction between nature and artefact has long been central to environmental thinking. By building genomes from scratch out of 'bio-bricks', synthetic biology promises to create biotic artefacts markedly different from anything created thus far in biotechnology. These new biotic artefacts depart from a core principle of Darwinian natural selection – descent through modification – leaving them with no causal connection to historical evolutionary processes. This departure from the core principle of Darwinism presents a challenge to (...)
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  39. Capacity for Simulation and Mitigation Drives Hedonic and Non-Hedonic Time Biases.Preston Greene, Andrew J. Latham, Kristie Miller & James Norton - 2022 - Philosophical Psychology 35 (2):226-252.
    Until recently, philosophers debating the rationality of time-biases have supposed that people exhibit a first-person hedonic bias toward the future, but that their non-hedonic and third-person preferences are time-neutral. Recent empirical work, however, suggests that our preferences are more nuanced. First, there is evidence that our third-person preferences exhibit time-neutrality only when the individual with respect to whom we have preferences—the preference target—is a random stranger about whom we know nothing; given access to some information about the preference target, third-person (...)
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  40.  30
    The Novelty of Nano and the Regulatory Challenge of Newness.Christopher J. Preston, Maxim Y. Sheinin, Denyse J. Sproat & Vimal P. Swarup - 2010 - NanoEthics 4 (1):13-26.
    A great deal has been made of the question of whether nano-materials provide a unique set of ethical challenges. Equally important is the question of whether they provide a unique set of regulatory challenges. In the last 18 months, the US Environmental Protection Agency has begun the process of trying to meet the regulatory challenge of nano using the Toxic Substances Control Act (1976)(TSCA). In this central piece of legislation, ‘newness’ is a critical concept. Current EPA policy, we argue, does (...)
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  41.  18
    Accessing Online Data for Youth Mental Health Research: Meeting the Ethical Challenges.Elvira Perez Vallejos, Ansgar Koene, Christopher James Carter, Daniel Hunt, Christopher Woodard, Lachlan Urquhart, Aislinn Bergin & Ramona Statache - unknown
    This article addresses the general ethical issues of accessing online personal data for research purposes. The authors discuss the practical aspects of online research with a specific case study that illustrates the ethical challenges encountered when accessing data from Kooth, an online youth web-counselling service. This paper firstly highlights the relevance of a process-based approach to ethics when accessing highly sensitive data and then discusses the ethical considerations and potential challenges regarding the accessing of public data from Digital Mental Health (...)
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  42.  4
    Engineering the Climate: The Ethics of Solar Radiation Management.Christopher J. Preston (ed.) - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    Engineering the Climate: The Ethics of Solar Radiation Management is a wide-ranging and expert analysis of the ethics of the intentional management of solar radiation. This book will be a useful tool for policy-makers, a provocation for ethicists, and an eye-opening analysis for both the scientist and the general reader with interest in climate change.
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  43. Climate Justice and Geoengineering: Ethics and Policy in the Atmospheric Anthropocene.Christopher J. Preston (ed.) - 2016 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    A collection of original and innovative essays that compare the justice issues raised by climate engineering to the justice issues raised by competing approaches to solving the climate problem.
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  44.  6
    Climate Justice and Geoengineering: Ethics and Policy in the Atmospheric Anthropocene.Christopher J. Preston (ed.) - 2016 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    A collection of original and innovative essays that compare the justice issues raised by climate engineering to the justice issues raised by competing approaches to solving the climate problem.
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  45.  14
    Integrity and Agency: Negotiating New Forms of Human-Nature Relations in Biotechnology.Christopher Preston & Trine Antonsen - 2021 - Environmental Ethics 43 (1):21-41.
    New techniques for modifying the genomes of agricultural organisms create difficult ethical challenges. We provide a novel framework to replace worn-out ethical lenses relying on ‘naturalness’ and ‘crossing species lines.’ Thinking of agricultural intervention as a ‘negotiation’ of ‘integrity’ and ‘agency’ provides a flexible framework for considering techniques such as genome editing with CRISPR/Cas systems. We lay out the framework by highlighting some existing uses of integrity in environmental ethics. We also provide an example of our lens at work by (...)
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  46.  25
    Skewed Vulnerabilities and Moral Corruption in Global Perspectives on Climate Engineering.Wylie Carr & Christopher J. Preston - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (6):757-777.
    Ethicists and social scientists alike have advocated for the inclusion of vulnerable populations in research and decision-making on climate engineering. Unfortunately, there have been few efforts to do so. The research presented in this paper was designed to build knowledge about how vulnerable populations think about climate engineering. The goal of this manuscript is to bring the ethics literature on climate engineering into dialogue with emerging social science data documenting the perspectives of vulnerable populations. The results indicate some concerns among (...)
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  47.  5
    Grounding Knowledge: Environmental Philosophy, Epistemology, and Place.Christopher J. Preston - 2003 - University of Georgia Press.
    He asks what these ideas in contemporary epistemology and environmental philosophy mean for environmental policy, concluding that the grounding of knowledge strongly suggests epistemic reasons for the protection of a full range of physical environments in their natural condition."--BOOK JACKET.
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  48.  37
    Beyond the End of Nature: SRM and Two Tales of Artificity for the Anthropocene.Christopher J. Preston - 2012 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 15 (2):188 - 201.
    Ethics, Policy & Environment, Volume 15, Issue 2, Page 188-201, June 2012.
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  49. Explanatory Generalizations, Part II: Plumbing Explanatory Depth.Christopher Hitchcock & James Woodward - 2003 - Noûs 37 (2):181–199.
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  50.  10
    Case Study: Dirty Blood.Carla C. Keims, Susan Dorr Goold, Elisa J. Gordon & Christopher James Ryan - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
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