Results for 'religious experience'

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  1.  44
    Religious Experience Reconsidered: A Building Block Approach to the Study of Religion and Other Special Things.Ann Taves - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    I don't know of any other book like it."--Wayne Proudfoot, Columbia University "This is a terrific book. -/- The essence of religion was once widely thought to be a unique form of experience that could not be explained in neurological, psychological, or sociological terms. In recent decades scholars have questioned the privileging of the idea of religious experience in the study of religion, an approach that effectively isolated the study of religion from the social and natural sciences. (...)
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  2. The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature.William James - 1929 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Gifford Lectures were established in 1885 at the universities of St Andrews, Glasgow, Aberdeen and Edinburgh to promote the discussion of 'Natural Theology in the widest sense of the term - in other words, the knowledge of God', and some of the world's most influential thinkers have delivered them. The 1901–2 lectures given in Edinburgh by American philosopher William James are considered by many to be the greatest in the series. The lectures were published in book form in 1902 (...)
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  3. Religious Experience, Voluntarist Reasons, and the Transformative Experience Puzzle.Rebecca Chan - 2016 - Res Philosophica 93 (1):269-287.
    Transformative experiences are epistemically and personally transformative: prior to having the experience, agents cannot predict the value of the experience and cannot anticipate how it will change their core values and preferences. Paul argues that these experiences pose a puzzle for standard decision-making procedures because values cannot be assigned to outcomes involving transformative experience. Responding philosophers are quick to point out that decision procedures are built to handle uncertainty, including the uncertainty generated by transformative experience. My (...)
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  4. Religious Experience and the Probability of Theism: Comments on Swinburne.Christoph Jäger - 2017 - Religious Studies 53 (3):353-370.
    I discuss Richard Swinburne’s account of religious experience in his probabilistic case for theism. I argue, pace Swinburne, that even if cosmological considerations render theism not too improbable, religious experience does not render it more probable than not.
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  5.  50
    Religious Experience.Ninian Smart - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (3):151-154.
  6.  62
    Religious Experience and Psychiatry: Analysis of the Conflict and Proposal for a Way Forward.Mohammed Abouelleil Rashed - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (3):185-204.
    The enlarging domain of psychiatric intervention is frequently associated with the undue medicalization of unusual experiences. In such a climate, it becomes of utmost importance to carefully choose appropriate candidates for the psychiatric gaze. This suggests a need to draw a distinction between religious experiences (with psychotic form) and pathological psychotic experiences. As Jackson and Fulford (1997) maintain, “spiritual experiences, whether welcome or unwelcome, and whether or not they are psychotic in form, have nothing (directly) to do with medicine. (...)
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  7. Ineffability and Religious Experience.Guy Bennett-Hunter - 2014 - Routledge.
    Ineffability—that which cannot be explained in words—lies at the heart of the Christian mystical tradition. It has also been part of every discussion of religious experience since the early twentieth century. Despite this centrality, ineffability is a concept that has largely been ignored by philosophers of religion. In this book, Bennett-Hunter builds on the recent work of David E. Cooper, who argues that the meaning of life can only be understood in terms of an ineffable source on which (...)
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  8. Religious Experience and Religious Belief.William P. Alston - 1982 - Noûs 16 (1):3-12.
    Can beliefs to the effect that god is manifesting himself in a certain way to the believer ("m-beliefs") be justified by its seeming to the believer that he experiences god doing that? the issue is discussed in the context of several concepts of justification. on a "normative" concept of justification the answer will depend on what one's intellectual obligations are vis-a-vis practices of belief formation. on a rigorous view of such obligations one is justified in forming a m-belief on the (...)
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  9.  14
    Religious Experience in the Current Theological Discussion and in the Church Pew.David Biernot & Christoffel Lombaard - 2017 - Hts Theological Studies 73 (3).
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  10. Religious Experience and the Principle of Credulity.William L. Rowe - 1982 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 13 (2):85-92.
  11.  25
    Religious Experience and Natural Theology.Mark Wynn - 2013 - In J. H. Brooke, F. Watts & R. R. Manning (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology. Oxford Up. pp. 325.
    This chapter begins with a review of recent philosophical literature on religious experience, which has generally been concerned with experiences that focus on God or some other supernatural ‘thing’, and then considers other kinds of religious experience which should be of some interest for natural theology. It suggests that these kinds of religious experience invite a certain conception of God, namely, as an overarching meaning, rather than as a supernatural ‘object’, and also a correlative (...)
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  12.  25
    The Varieties of Religious Experience.William James - 1903 - Philosophical Review 12 (1):62-67.
  13.  97
    The Epistemology of Religious Experience.Keith E. Yandell - 1993 - Cambridge University.
    This book addresses a fundamental question in the philosophy of religion. Can religious experience provide evidence for religious belief? If so, how? Keith Yandell argues against the notion that religious experience is ineffable, while advocating the view that strong numinous experience provides some evidence that God exists. An attractive feature of the book is that it does not confine its attention to any one religious cultural tradition, but tracks the nature of religious (...)
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  14.  11
    Religious Experience.Kusumita P. Pedersen - 1988 - Philosophy East and West 38 (2):209-212.
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  15.  17
    Religious Experience and the End of Metaphysics.Jeffrey Bloechl (ed.) - 2003 - Indiana University Press.
    Does religious thinking stand in opposition to postmodernity? Does the existence of God present the ultimate challenge to metaphysics? Strands of continental thought, especially those running from Kant, Husserl, and Heidegger, focus on individual consciousness as the horizon for all meaning and provide modern philosophy of religion with much of its present ferment. In Religious Experience and the End of Metaphysics, 11 influential continental philosophers share the conviction that religious thinking cannot afford to disengage from the (...)
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  16.  80
    Religious Experience and the Facts of Religious Pluralism.David Silver - 2001 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 49 (1):1-17.
  17. Are Religious Experiences Really Localized Within the Brain? The Promise, Challenges, and Prospects of Neurotheology.Paul F. Cunningham - 2011 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 32 (3):223.
    This article provides a critical examination of a controversial issue that has theoretical and practical importance to a broad range of academic disciplines: Are religious experiences localized within the brain? Research into the neuroscience of religious experiences is reviewed and conceptual and methodological challenges accompanying the neurotheology project of localizing religious experiences within the brain are discussed. An alternative theory to current reductive and mechanistic explanations of observed mind–brain correlations is proposed — a mediation theory of cerebral (...)
     
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  18.  58
    The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature, Being the Gifford Lectures on Natural Religion Delivered at Edinburgh in 1901--1902.William James - 1902 - Dover Publications.
    After completing his monumental work, The Principles of Psychology, William James turned his attention to serious consideration of such important religious and philosophical questions as the nature and existence of God, immortality of the soul, and free will and determinism. His interest in these questions found expression in various works, including The Varieties of Religious Experience, his classic study of spirituality. Based on the prestigious Gifford Lectures on Natural Religion he gave at the University of Edinburgh in (...)
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  19. Socrates' Religious Experiences.John Bussanich - 2013 - In John Bussanich & Nicholas D. Smith (eds.), The Bloomsbury Companion to Socrates. Continuum.
     
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  20. Religious Experience and the Question of Whether Belief in God Requires Evidence.C. Stephen Evans - 2011 - In Kelly James Clark & Raymond J. VanArragon (eds.), Evidence and Religious Belief. Oxford University Press.
     
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  21.  57
    Mysticism and Religious Experience.Jerome I. Gellman - 2005 - In William J. Wainwright (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion. Oxford University Press. pp. 138--167.
    This chapter discusses wide and narrow definitions of “mystical experience” and of “religious experience”; categories and attributes of mystical experience; perennialism vs. constructivism; on the possibility of experiencing God; epistemology: The doxastic practice approach and the argument from perception; criticisms of the doxastic practice approach and the argument from perception; religious diversity; naturalistic explanations; and mysticism, religious experience, and gender.
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  22. Rereading the Varieties of Religious Experience in Transatlantic Perspective.Ann Taves - 2009 - Zygon 44 (2):415-432.
    William James's The Varieties of Religious Experience is one of the world's most popular attempts to meld science and religion. Academic reviews of the book were mixed in Europe and America, however, and prominent contemporaries, unsure whether it was science or theology, struggled to interpret it. James's reliance on an inherently ambiguous understanding of the subconscious as a means of bridging between religion and science accounts for some of the interpretive difficulties, but it does not explain why his (...)
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  23.  53
    Religious Experience.Mark Webb - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  24.  84
    From Brain Imaging Religious Experience to Explaining Religion: A Critique.Marc Slors & Nina Azari - 2007 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 29 (1):67-86.
    Recent functional neuroimaging data, acquired in studies of religious experience, have been used to explain and justify religion and its origins. In this paper, we critique the move from describing brain activity associated with self-reported religious states, to explaining why there is religion at all. Toward that end, first we review recent neuroimaging findings on religious experience, and show how those results do not necessarily support a popular notion that religion has a primitive evolutionary origin. (...)
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  25.  45
    Religious Experience and Rational Certainty*: ROBERT A. OAKES.Robert A. Oakes - 1976 - Religious Studies 12 (3):311-318.
    The purpose of this paper is to clear up the long-standing veritable mountain of misinterpretation, perpetuated from critic to critic, concerning the admittedly problematic concept of self-authenticating religious experience. While it may well be the case, as many have argued, that a sort of ‘experience’ about which one could not be mistaken is simply a logically impossible state of affairs, this cannot be known to be the case so long as what is under attack is a bogus (...)
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  26. Religious Experience Justifies Religious Belief.William P. Alston - 2004 - In Michael L. Peterson & Raymond J. VanArragon (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion. Blackwell. pp. 135--45.
  27.  31
    The Significance of Religious Experience.Howard Wettstein - 2012 - Oxford University Press USA.
    In this volume of essays, Howard Wettstein explores the foundations of religious commitment. His orientation is broadly naturalistic, but not in the mode of reductionism or eliminativism. This collection explores questions of broad religious interest, but does so through a focus on the author's religious tradition, Judaism. Among the issues explored are the nature and role of awe, ritual, doctrine, religious experience; the distinction between belief and faith; problems of evil and suffering with special attention (...)
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  28.  97
    Phenomenal Conservatism and Religious Experience.Richard Swinburne - 2018 - In Matthew A. Benton, John Hawthorne & Dani Rabinowitz (eds.), Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 322-338.
  29. Explaining Religious Experience.Wayne Proudfoot - 1992 - In R. Douglas Geivett & Brendan Sweetman (eds.), Contemporary Perspectives on Religious Epistemology. Oxford University Press. pp. 336--352.
     
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  30.  6
    Religious Experience and Scientific Method.Henry Nelson Wieman - 1926 - Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press.
  31.  3
    Religious Experience and Religious Belief: Essays in the Epistemology of Religion.Joseph Runzo, Craig K. Ihara & Alvin Plantinga (eds.) - 1986 - University Press of America.
    To find more information on Rowman & Littlefield titles, please visit us at www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
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  32. Metaphor, Religious Language, and Religious Experience.Victoria S. Harrison - 2007 - Sophia 46 (2):127-145.
    Is it possible to talk about God without either misrepresentation or failing to assert anything of significance? The article begins by reviewing how, in attempting to answer this question, traditional theories of religious language have failed to sidestep both potential pitfalls adequately. After arguing that recently developed theories of metaphor seem better able to shed light on the nature of religious language, it considers the claim that huge areas of our language and, consequently, of our experience are (...)
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  33. Can Religious Experience Provide Justification for the Belief in God? The Debate in Contemporary Analytic Philosophy.Kai-man Kwan - 2006 - Philosophy Compass 1 (6):640–661.
  34.  20
    Whiteness and Religious Experience.Jack Mulder - 2021 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 89 (1):67-89.
    In this paper I argue that racism’s subtle and insidious reach should lead us to prefer an account of religious experience that is capable of reckoning with that reach, an account that, I shall argue, appears in the work of St. John of the Cross. The paper begins with an analysis of race and racism and the way in which the latter can have existential and even spiritual effects. The argument is then applied particularly to white people and (...)
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  35.  46
    Religious Experience and Religious Diversity: A Reply to Alston: J. L. SCHELLENBERG.J. L. Schellenberg - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (2):151-159.
    William Alston's Perceiving God: The Epistemology of Religious Experience is a most significant contribution to the philosophy of religion. The product of 50 years' reflection on its topic , this work provides a very thorough explication and defence of what Alston calls the ‘mystical perceptual practice’ – the practice of forming beliefs about the Ultimate on the basis of putative ‘direct experiential awareness’ thereof . Alston argues, in particular, for the rationality of engaging in the Christian form of (...)
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  36. Religious Experience and Religious Pluralism.William J. Wainwright - 2000 - In Philip L. Quinn & Kevin Meeker (eds.), The Philosophical Challenge of Religious Diversity. Oxford University Press.
  37.  23
    Religious Experience and Contemporary Theological Epistemology.L. Boeve, Y. De Maeseneer & Stijn van den Bossche (eds.) - 2005 - Peeters.
    In this volume we present the proceedings from the fourth international Leuven Encounters in Systematic Theology (LEST IV, November 5-8, 2003), which focussed ...
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  38.  29
    Religious Experience and Truth.Sidney Hook (ed.) - 1961 - New York University Press.
  39.  30
    Religious Experience After the Demise of Foundationalism.Dirk-Martin Grube - 1995 - Religious Studies 31 (1):37.
    In this article, I argue that foundationalist reconstructions of religious experience lose on all counts: First, philosophical defences of foundationalism are untenable. Second, the theological benefits that can be reaped from foundationalism come at too high a price. I show that both William Alston's and Alvin Plantinga's foundationalism leads to sceptical conclusions. Third, I argue that the epistemic implications of foundationalist reconstructions of religious experience are incompatible with Christian ontology. Criticizing the account Plantinga develops in his (...)
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  40.  39
    Religious Experience and Religious Diversity: A Reply to Alston.J. L. Schellenberg - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (2):151 - 159.
  41.  5
    The Evidential Force of Religious Experience.Davis Caroline Franks - 1989 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Caroline Franks Davis provides a clear, sensitive, and carefully argued assessment of the value of religious experiences as evidence for religious beliefs. Much more than an 'argument from religious experience', the inquiry systematically addresses underlying philosophical issues such as the role of interpretation in experience, the function of models and metaphors in religious language, and the way perceptual experiences in general are used as evidence for claims about the world. The author examines several arguments (...)
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  42. The Myth of Religious Experience.Nick Zangwill - 2004 - Religious Studies 40 (1):1-22.
    I argue that people do not and cannot have religious experiences that are perceptual experiences with theological content and that provide some justification for the belief in God. I discuss William Alston's resourceful defence of this idea. My strategy is to say that religious perception would either have to be by means of one of the ordinary five senses or else by means of some special sixth religious sense. In either case insoluble epistemological problems arise. The problem (...)
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  43.  19
    Religious Experience, Sense-Perception and God's Essential Unobservability.Robert Oakes - 1981 - Religious Studies 17 (3):357.
  44.  16
    Religious Experience and Rational Appraisal1: KEITH E. YANDELL.Keith E. Yandell - 1974 - Religious Studies 10 (2):173-187.
    Appeal to experience for rational justification of religious belief is probably as old as the question whether religious belief has any rational support. The issues relevant to such appeal range widely, and I will have to be content to deal with only a few of them.
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  45.  21
    Explaining Religious Experience.Charles Taliaferro - 2009 - In Jeffrey Schloss & Michael J. Murray (eds.), The Believing Primate: Scientific, Philosophical, and Theological Reflections on the Origin of Religion. Oxford University Press. pp. 200.
    Accession Number: ATLA0001788492; Hosting Book Page Citation: p 200-214.; Language(s): English; Issued by ATLA: 20130825; Publication Type: Essay; Related Books/Electronic Resources: 9780713997897; 067003472X; 9780670034727; By: Dennett, Daniel C Breaking the spell 464 p. Publisher: New York : Viking ; London : Allen Lane (Penguin Books), 2006. ATLA0001508292.
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  46.  20
    Religious Experience, Self-Authentication, and Modality de Re: A Prolegomenon.Robert A. Oakes - 1979 - American Philosophical Quarterly 16 (3):217 - 224.
  47. Religious Experience as a Ground of Religious Belief.William P. Alston - 1986 - In Joseph Runzo & Craig K. Ihara (eds.), Religious Experience and Religious Belief. University Press of America.
  48.  4
    The Evidential Force of Religious Experience.Caroline Franks Davis - 1989 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This clearly presented study examines the nature of religious experiences, and asks whether they can be used as evidence for religious beliefs. The author discusses important philosophical issues raised by religious experience, such as the role of models and metaphors in their description, and the way experiences in general are used as evidence for claims about the world. Using contemporary and classic sources from the world's religions, the author gives an account of different types of (...) experience. She also draws extensively on psychological, sociological, and philosophical literature to meet sceptical challenges, and concludes that, like most experiences, they are most effective as evidence within an argument which combines evidence from a wide range of sources. (shrink)
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  49. A Phenomenal Conservative Perspective on Religious Experience.Aaran Burns - 2017 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 81 (3):247-261.
    Can religious experience justify belief in God? We best approach this question by splitting it in two: Do religious experiences give their subjects any justification for believing that there is a God of the kind they experience? And Does testimony about such experiences provides any justification for believing that there is a God for those who are not the subject of the experience? The most popular affirmative answers trace back to the work of Richard Swinburne, (...)
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  50.  33
    Religious Experience as Self-Transcendance and Self-Deception.Merold Westphal - 1992 - Faith and Philosophy 9 (2):168-192.
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