Results for 'positive transfer'

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  1.  19
    Positive transfer between nonreward and delay.Mitri E. Shanab - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 91 (1):98.
  2. Positive transfer and Negative transfer/Anti-Learning of Problem Solving Skills.Magda Osman - unknown
    In problem solving research insights into the relationship between monitoring and control in the transfer of complex skills remain impoverished. To address this, in four experiments participants solved two complex control tasks that were identical in structure but varied in presentation format. Participants learnt either to solve the second task, based on their original learning phase from the first task, or learnt to solve the second task, based on another participant’s learning phase. Experiment 1 showed that, under conditions in (...)
     
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  3.  29
    Communicating attention: Gaze position transfer in cooperative problem solving.Boris M. Velichkovsky - 1995 - Pragmatics and Cognition 3 (2):199-223.
    The results of two experiments, in which participants solved constructive tasks of the puzzle type, are reported. The tasks were solved by two partners who shared the same visual environment hut whose knowledge of the situation and ability to change it to reach a solution were different. One of the partners — the "expert" — knew the solution in detail but had no means of acting on this information. The second partner — the "novice " — could act to achieve (...)
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  4.  36
    Backward mediated positive transfer in a paired-associate task.P. D. McCormack - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (2):138.
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  5.  21
    Latent avoidance learning: Positive transfer from barpress to shuttle avoidance and vice versa.Sam S. Rakover - 1986 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (4):286-289.
  6. Test for rule-governed positive transfer in rat serial-learning.Sj Haggbloom - 1986 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (5):341-341.
  7.  66
    Using Modified Equipment in Field Hockey Leads to Positive Transfer of Learning Effect.Johanna E. A. Brocken, John van der Kamp, Matthieu Lenior & Geert J. P. Savelsbergh - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Cross-education is the phenomenon in which repeated practice of a unilateral motor task does not only result in performance improvement of the trained limb, but also in the untrained contralateral limb. The aim of this study was to test whether cross-education or positive transfer of learning is also achieved for tasks in which both limbs contribute in different ways by using modified equipment that switches the limbs’ role. To this end, a reverse field hockey stick was used that (...)
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  8.  26
    Positive and negative transfer resulting from formal similarity of stimuli.Willard N. Runquist - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (1p1):129.
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  9.  18
    Mirror position and negative transfer.T. W. Cook - 1941 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (2):155.
  10.  8
    Transfer of cue selection based on letter position.Jack Richardson & Drake C. Chisholm - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (2p1):299.
  11.  29
    Transfer from classical conditioning and extinction to acquisition, extinction, and stimulus generalization of a positively reinforced instrumental response.Milton A. Trapold & Stephen Winokur - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (4p1):517.
  12.  9
    Position mediated transfer between serial learning and a spatial discrimination task.Sheldon M. Ebenholtz - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (6):603.
  13.  13
    Transfer of positive contextual control across different conditioned stimuli.Dale Swartzentruber & Mark E. Bouton - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (6):569-572.
  14.  13
    Positive and negative transfer of control: Instrumental response mediation and response competition.Shinken Naitoh & Arthur W. Staats - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (5):317-320.
  15.  20
    Policy positions on in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer in human individuals (german democratic republic, 1985).Uwe Koerner - 1989 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (3):355-358.
    Recommandations have been formulated in 1985 with reference to socialist morality and law and as a result of interdisciplinary discussion by the IAME (Interdisciplinary Working Party on Medical Ethics at the GDR Academy of Postgraduate Medical Education) for clinical application of in vitro fertilization and for the use of human oocytes and early embryonic stages.
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  16.  16
    Item arrangement effects on transfer and serial position errors in part-whole learning of different materials.Allan L. Fingeret & W. J. Brogden - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (2):249.
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  17.  10
    Intersensory transfer in learning sequences.A. K. P. Sinha & S. N. Sinha - 1960 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (3):180.
  18.  20
    Evidence for positive and negative transfer of abstract task knowledge in adults and school-aged children.Kaichi Yanaoka, Félice van’T. Wout, Satoru Saito & Christopher Jarrold - 2024 - Cognition 242 (C):105650.
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  19.  77
    Knowledge transfer in theoretical ecology: Implications for incommensurability, voluntarism, and pluralism.Justin Donhauser & Jamie Shaw - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 77:11-20.
    Well-known epistemologies of science have implications for how best to understand knowledge transfer (KT). Yet, to date, no serious attempt has been made explicate these particular implications. This paper infers views about KT from two popular epistemologies; what we characterize as incommensurabilitist views (after Devitt 2001; Bird 2002, 2008; Sankey and Hoyningen-Huene 2013) and voluntarist views (after van Fraassen 1984; Dupré 2001; Chakravartty 2015). We argue views of the former sort define the methodological, ontological, and social conditions under which (...)
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  20.  24
    Transfer in verbal materials with dissimilar stimuli and response similarity varied.Robert K. Young & Benton J. Underwood - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (3):153.
  21.  20
    Transfer of training from practice on components in a motor skill.R. M. Gagné & Harriet Foster - 1949 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 39 (1):47.
  22.  17
    Transfer of training as a function of degree of response overlearning.George Mandler - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (6):411.
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  23.  15
    Do You Transfer Your Skills? From Sports to Health Management in Cancer Patients.Valeria Sebri, Lucrezia Savioni, Stefano Triberti, Ilaria Durosini, Ketti Mazzocco & Gabriella Pravettoni - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Skill transfer is a process in which cognitive and behavioral abilities are applied in another context different from the one in which they were originally learned. Literature demonstrated that this transferability is possible; studies highlight the application of skills from sport to other life-domains (e.g. school, work, health management) with the aim to improve individual characteristics and reach personal goals. Some factors such as positive communication, adequate context, a person-centered perspective and specific strategies are necessary. The objective of (...)
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  24.  23
    Transfer from verbal pretraining to motor performance as a function of motor task complexity.William F. Battig - 1956 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (6):371.
  25.  35
    The Transfer and Delegation of Responsibilities for Genetic Offspring in Gamete Provision.Reuven Brandt - 2016 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (5):665-678.
    In this article I reject the claim that the responsibilities acquired by gamete providers can be transferred to their biological children's intending parents. I defend this position by first showing that arguments in defence of the transferability of responsibilities in gamete provision cases fail to distinguish between the transfer and delegation of responsibility. I then provide an argument against the transferability of responsibilities in gamete provision cases that differs from the ones offered by James Lindemann Nelson and Rivka Weinberg. (...)
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  26. Transfer of Personality to Synthetic Human ("mind uploading") and the Social Construction of Identity.John Danaher & Sim Bamford - 2017 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 24 (11-12):6-30.
    Humans have long wondered whether they can survive the death of their physical bodies. Some people now look to technology as a means by which this might occur, using terms such 'whole brain emulation', 'mind uploading', and 'substrate independent minds' to describe a set of hypothetical procedures for transferring or emulating the functioning of a human mind on a synthetic substrate. There has been much debate about the philosophical implications of such procedures for personal survival. Most participants to that debate (...)
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  27.  16
    Grammatical intrusions in the recall of structured letter pairs: Mediated transfer or position learning?Kirk H. Smith - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (4):580.
  28.  16
    Transfer of information from manual to oculomotor control system.Ronald W. Angel & Harry Garland - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (1):92.
  29.  23
    Psychomotor response acquisition and transfer as a function of control-indicator relationships.Jack A. Adams - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (1):10.
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  30.  27
    Conditions of transfer of training.R. W. Bruce - 1933 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (3):343.
  31.  6
    Transference: Shibboleth or Albatross?Joseph Schachter - 2001 - Routledge.
    The theory of transference and the centrality of transference interpretation have been hallmarks of psychoanalysis since its inception. But the time has come to subject traditional theory and practice to careful, critical scrutiny in the light of contemporary science. So holds Joseph Schachter, whose _Transference: Shibboleth or Albatross?_ undertakes this timely and thought-provoking task. After identifying the weaknesses and inconsistencies in Freud's original premises about transference, Schachter demonstrates how contemporary developmental research across a variety of domains effectively overturns any theory (...)
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  32.  21
    Transfer and functional consequences of dietary microRNAs in vertebrates: Concepts in search of corroboration.Kenneth W. Witwer & Kendal D. Hirschi - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (4):394-406.
    If validated, diet‐derived foreign microRNA absorption and function in consuming vertebrates would drastically alter our understanding of nutrition and ecology. RNA interference (RNAi) mechanisms of Caenorhabditis elegans are enhanced by uptake of environmental RNA and amplification and systemic distribution of RNAi effectors. Therapeutic exploitation of RNAi in treating human disease is difficult because these accessory processes are absent or diminished in most animals. A recent report challenged multiple paradigms, suggesting that ingested microRNAs (miRNAs) are transferred to blood, accumulate in tissues, (...)
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  33.  89
    Constrained semantic transference: A formal theory of metaphors.Bipin Indurkhya - 1986 - Synthese 68 (3):515 - 551.
    In this paper we propose a formal theory of metaphors called Constrained Semantic Transference [CST]. We start from the assumptions that metaphors are characterized by the description of one domain, called the target domain, in terms of another domain, called the source domain; and that a metaphor works by transferring a set of structural relationships from the source domain to the target domain coherently.Starting from these assumptions, we formally define the concept of T-MAPs which are partial coherent mappings from the (...)
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  34.  34
    Continuity hypothesis and transfer of training in paired-associate learning.Ann B. Taylor & Arthur L. Irion - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (6):573.
  35.  16
    Use of Knowledge Transfer Theory to Improve Learning Outcomes of Cognitive and Non-cognitive Skills of University Students: Evidence From Taiwan.Michael Yao-Ping Peng, Yongjun Feng, Xue Zhao & WeiLoong Chong - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12:583722.
    Previous studies have explored a multitude of factors influencing student learning outcomes based on various theories. Knowledge transfer theory was adopted to develop the antecedents of student learning outcomes in the complete learning process. This study aims to explore the conspicuousness between various factors within the structural model, such as knowledge transfer, student orientation, and absorptive capacity, by combining marketing and management concepts with higher education studies. This study takes Taiwanese University students as its research samples, and purposive (...)
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  36.  75
    Moral Taint: On the Transfer of the Implications of Moral Culpability.Gerhard Øverland - 2011 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (2):122-136.
    Suppose two people are about to drown. We are in a position to save only one, so the other will have to die. One of the two has just culpably killed an innocent person, but has no intention of killing anybody else and there is no reason to expect that he will. Everything else being equal, should we give them an equal chance of being saved by flipping a coin? In this paper I argue that we should not. I argue (...)
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  37.  10
    Reverse Knowledge Transfer in Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions in the Chinese High-Tech Industry under Government Intervention.Yi Su, Wen Guo & Zaoli Yang - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-18.
    The high-tech industry is the main force promoting the development of China’s national economy. As its industrial economic strength grows, China’s high-tech industry is increasingly using cross-border mergers and acquisitions as an important way to “go out.” To explore the rules governing the process and operation mechanism of reverse knowledge transfer through the CBM&A of China’s high-tech industry under government intervention, a tripartite evolutionary game model of the government, the parent company, and the subsidiary as the main subjects is (...)
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  38. The Erotico-Theoretical Transference Relationship between Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir Revisited with Michèle Le Dœuff.Ruth Burch - 2016 - Existenz 11 (1):57-62.
    Michèle Le Dœuff considers the relationship between Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir as a paradigmatic case of what she calls an "erotico-theoretical transference" relationship: De Beauvoir devoted herself to Sartre theoretically by adopting his existentialist perspective for the analysis of reality in general and the analysis of women's oppression in particular. The latter is especially strange since Sartre used strongly sexist metaphors and adopted a macho attitude towards women. In her book Hipparchia's Choice, Le Dœuff speaks in this context (...)
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  39.  25
    Reticulate Evolution: Symbiogenesis, Lateral Gene Transfer, Hybridization and Infectious heredity.Nathalie Gontier (ed.) - 2015 - Springer.
    Written for non-experts, this volume introduces the mechanisms that underlie reticulate evolution. Chapters are either accompanied with glossaries that explain new terminology or timelines that position pioneering scholars and their major discoveries in their historical contexts. The contributing authors outline the history and original context of discovery of symbiosis, symbiogenesis, lateral gene transfer, hybridization or divergence with gene flow, and infectious heredity. By applying key insights from the areas of molecular (phylo)genetics, microbiology, virology, ecology, systematics, immunology, epidemiology and computational (...)
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  40.  50
    Attitudes towards transfers of human tissue samples across borders: An international survey of researchers and policy makers in five countries.Xinqing Zhang, Kenji Matsui, Benjamin Krohmal, Alaa Abou Zeid, Vasantha Muthuswamy, Young Mo Koo, Yoshikuni Kita & Reidar K. Lie - 2010 - BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):16-.
    Background: Sharing of tissue samples for research and disease surveillance purposes has become increasingly important. While it is clear that this is an area of intense, international controversy, there is an absence of data about what researchers themselves and those involved in the transfer of samples think about these issues, particularly in developing countries. Methods: A survey was carried out in a number of Asian countries and in Egypt to explore what researchers and others involved in research, storage and (...)
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  41.  33
    Nonlocal Quantum Information Transfer Without Superluminal Signalling and Communication.Jan Walleczek & Gerhard Grössing - 2016 - Foundations of Physics 46 (9):1208-1228.
    It is a frequent assumption that—via superluminal information transfers—superluminal signals capable of enabling communication are necessarily exchanged in any quantum theory that posits hidden superluminal influences. However, does the presence of hidden superluminal influences automatically imply superluminal signalling and communication? The non-signalling theorem mediates the apparent conflict between quantum mechanics and the theory of special relativity. However, as a ‘no-go’ theorem there exist two opposing interpretations of the non-signalling constraint: foundational and operational. Concerning Bell’s theorem, we argue that Bell employed (...)
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  42.  39
    Indiscernibles and Trope Transferability.Eric M. Peng - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 17:121-127.
    Assuming the position that takes properties to be tropes rather than universals and takes ordinary objects as bundles of tropes, the essay first argues that the Law of the Identity of Indiscernibles survives the challenge raised by Black's "two-sphere universe". It is because the Law of Indiscernibles becomes a trivialconsequence of the assumed trope ontology. The essay then considers four construals of the thesis of Uniqueness differing in strength. The construals are developed in terms of both the possibility that tropes (...)
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  43.  9
    Territorial transfer of knowledge in terms of creative destruction.Robert Ciborowski - 2017 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 50 (1):269-287.
    ‘Creative destruction’ is one of the most important analytical tools, taking into consideration both the economic and sociological characteristics of capitalist society. According to Schumpeter, in the long term, evolution gives rise to economic development resulting from batches of innovative solutions, leading to improvements in the standard of living. The innovation activity of firms is based on supply-side factors, hence it is large enterprises that excel in innovation since they strive to achieve a monopoly market position and above-average profits. Schumpeter (...)
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  44.  7
    Multidimensional assessment of Game Transfer Phenomena: Intrusive cognitions, perceptual distortions, hallucinations and dissociations.Angelica B. Ortiz de Gortari & Åge Diseth - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Game Transfer Phenomena refers to a cluster of involuntary phenomena related to playing videogames, including sensory and cognitive intrusions, transient changes in perception and self-agency. The Game Transfer Phenomena Scale has been used to measure the frequency of GTP with respect to five factors. The present study aimed to validate an instrument for assessing the multiple dimensions of GTP that helps clarify the distinction between GTP experiences. GTP were contextualized onto the spectrum of intrusive cognitions, perceptual distortions, and (...)
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  45.  28
    Transferring Emerging Neuroscience to the Clinical Ethics Bedside.S. Van McCrary - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (9):21-23.
    In the target article, Grant Gillett (2009) has taken an important step toward greater synthesis of neuroethics, philosophy, and neuroscience. In his neo-Aristotelian account, Gillett posits a nece...
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  46.  16
    Entrepreneurial Orientation and Knowledge Transfer Effectiveness: The Effect of Organizational Commercial Slack.Yuan-Chieh Chang, Tung-Fei Tsai-Lin & Tian Liang - 2022 - Minerva 60 (3):441-462.
    The paper examines the role of organizational commercial slack (OCS) in mediating the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and the effectiveness of knowledge transfer (KT) in universities. The paper identifies two types of commercial slack in the university setting: financial and promotional. Four research hypotheses are proposed. Pooled data, that is, a combination of a questionnaire survey of 110 Taiwanese universities with a data set of university KT effectiveness from the Ministry of Education, Taiwan, are collected to test the (...)
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  47.  23
    Negative Transfer Effects on L2 Word Order Processing.Kepa Erdocia & Itziar Laka - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9:345486.
    Does first language (L1) word order affect the processing of non-canonical but grammatical syntactic structures in second language (L2) comprehension? In the present study, we test whether L1-Spanish speakers of L2-Basque process subject–verb–object (SVO) and object–verb–subject (OVS) non-canonical word order sentences of Basque in the same way as Basque native speakers. Crucially, while OVS orders are non-canonical in both Spanish and Basque, SVO is non-canonical in Basque but is the canonical word order in Spanish. Our electrophysiological results showed that the (...)
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  48.  17
    Transporting Values by Technology Transfer.Leonardo D. De Castro - 1997 - Bioethics 11 (3-4):193-205.
    The introduction of new medical technologies into a developing country is usually greeted with enthusiasm as the possible benefits become an object of great anticipation and provide new hope for therapy or relief. The prompt utilization of new discoveries and inventions by a medical practitioner serves as a positive indicator of high standing in the professional community. But the transfer of medical technology also involves a transfer of concomitant values. There is a danger that, in the process (...)
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  49. What Theoretical Ecology Reveals about Knowledge Transfer.Justin Donhauser & Jamie Shaw - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A:1-20.
    Well-known epistemologies of science have implications for how best to understand knowledge transfer (KT). Yet, to date, no serious attempt has been made to explicate these particular implications. This paper infers views about KT from two popular epistemologies; what we characterize as incommensurabilitist views (after Devitt, 2001; Bird, 2002, 2008; Sankey and Hoyningen-Huene 2013) and voluntarist views (after Van Fraassen, 1984; Dupré, 2001; Chakravartty, 2015). We argue views of the former sort define the methodological, ontological, and social conditions under (...)
     
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  50.  32
    Life, Transferable: Questioning the Commodity-Based Approach to Transplantation Ethics.David B. Dillard-Wright - 2012 - Society and Animals 20 (2):138-153.
    Some bioethicists have proposed a legalized market in human organs as a solution to transplant waiting lists and global poverty. Solutions to organ procurement problems that are solely market-based would unfairly shift the burdens of medical procedures onto developing nations. Market advocates base their claims on the understanding of organs as property, a position that should be problematized. Instrumentalizing people in this way is part of the broader commodification of animals and the environment. Combating the market mentality requires a return (...)
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