Positive transfer and Negative transfer/Anti-Learning of Problem Solving Skills


In problem solving research insights into the relationship between monitoring and control in the transfer of complex skills remain impoverished. To address this, in four experiments participants solved two complex control tasks that were identical in structure but varied in presentation format. Participants learnt either to solve the second task, based on their original learning phase from the first task, or learnt to solve the second task, based on another participant’s learning phase. Experiment 1 showed that, under conditions in which participants’ learning phase was experienced twice, performance deteriorated in the second task. In contrast, when the learning phases in the first and second tasks differed, performance improved in the second task. Experiment 2 introduced instructional manipulations that induced the same response patterns as Experiment 1. In Experiment 3 further manipulations were introduced that biased the way participants evaluated the learning phase in the second task. In Experiment 4, judgments of self-efficacy were shown to track control performance. The implications of these findings for theories of complex skill acquisition are discussed.

Download options


    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 72,855

External links

  • This entry has no external links. Add one.
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

  • Only published works are available at libraries.


Added to PP

41 (#280,908)

6 months
1 (#386,031)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

References found in this work

No references found.

Add more references

Similar books and articles

Implicit Learning in Rule Induction and Problem Solving.Aldo Zanga & Jean-Fran - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (1):55 – 83.
Mechanisms of Knowledge Transfer.Timothy J. Nokes - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (1):1 – 36.
Facilitation and Analogical Transfer in the THOG Task.Cynthia Koenig & Richard Griggs - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (4):355 – 370.
Insight and Strategy in Multiple-Cue Learning.David R. Shanks - 2006 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 135 (2):162-183.
Reducing Problem Complexity by Analogical Transfer.Peter F. Dominey - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):71-72.
Collaborative Learning in Engineering Ethics.Joseph R. Herkert - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (4):447-462.