Results for 'Thomas W. Guenther'

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  1.  28
    Board Characteristics and Corporate Social Responsibility: A Meta-Analytic Investigation.Edeltraud M. Guenther, Thomas W. Guenther, Charl de Villiers & Jan Endrikat - 2021 - Business and Society 60 (8):2099-2135.
    Boards of directors affect corporate strategy and decision-making through monitoring of management and resource provision. Recently, an increasing number of studies have examined the relationships between board characteristics and corporate social responsibility (CSR). These studies have yielded inconsistent findings. This article therefore reports the results of a study applying meta-analytical techniques to a sample of 82 empirical studies to help clarify the relationships between board characteristics and CSR. Although prior research has tended to apply relatively simplistic models investigating the impact (...)
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  2.  66
    Null.Greg Andonian, Natasa Bakic-Miric, Giorgio Baruchello, John Bokina, Silvia Bruti, Edmund J. Campion, Mihai Caprioara, Victor Castellani, Anthony H. Chambers, Camelia Mihaela Cmeciu, Doina Cmeciu, Stanley Corngold, Douglas J. Cremer, Jens De Vleminck, Liviu Drugus, Eberhard Eichenhofer, Dario Fernandez-Morera, Richard Findler, Irene Guenther, Jeff Horn, Richard H. King, Norma Landau, Walter S. H. Lim, Thomas Loebel, David W. Lovell, Michele Maggiore, Georgeta Marghescu, Aaron Massecar, Markus Meckl, Tim Murphy, Wan-Hsiang Pan, Marianna Papastephanou, Priscilla Ringrose, Marina Ritzarev, Christian Roy, Karl W. Schweizer, Carlo Scognamiglio, Stanley Shostak, Lora Sigler, Lavinia Stan, Matthew Sterenberg, Jonathan Stoekl, Dan Stone, Linda Toocaram, Barnard Turner, Gabrielle Weinberger & Phillip H. Wiebe - 2008 - The European Legacy 13 (4):499-543.
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  3. The Multiple Realization Book.Thomas W. Polger & Lawrence A. Shapiro - 2016 - Oxford: Oxford University Press UK. Edited by Lawrence A. Shapiro.
    Since Hilary Putnam offered multiple realization as an empirical hypothesis in the 1960s, philosophical consensus has turned against the idea that mental processes are identifiable with brain processes, and multiple realization has become the keystone of the 'antireductive consensus' across philosophy of science. Thomas W. Polger and Lawrence A. Shapiro offer the first book-length investigation of multiple realization, which serves as a starting point to a series of philosophically sophisticated and empirically informed arguments that cast doubt on the generality (...)
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  4.  59
    The use of the Bible in Christian ethics: a constructive essay.Thomas W. Ogletree - 1983 - Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press.
    THE INTERPRETIVE TASK The aim of ethical inquiry is to understand moral experience, not simply as a given, but with reference to human potentialities. ...
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  5.  47
    'Hulp verlenen' aan de armen in de wereld.Thomas W. Pogge - 2007 - Krisis 8 (1):7-36.
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  6.  99
    Metaphysics of Mind.Thomas W. Polger - 2012 - In Robert Barnard & Neil Manson (eds.), Continuum Companion to Metaphysics. Continuum Publishing.
    The enduring metaphysical question about minds and mental phenomena concerns their nature. At least since Descartes this question—the mind-body problem—has been understood in terms of the viability or necessity of mind-body dualism, the thesis that minds and bodies are essentially distinct kinds of substance. Assuming that the nonmental (‘body’) portions of the world are constituted of physical stuff, the remaining question is: Are minds or mental phenomena essentially distinct non-physical substances, or phenomena that essentially involve such distinct kinds of substances? (...)
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  7.  7
    Nietzsche's tragic regime: culture, aesthetics, and political education.Thomas W. Heilke - 1998 - Dekalb: Northern Illinois University Press.
    This study explores Nietzsche's political education as a means of understanding his wider political thought. Incorporating biographical details of Nietzsche's own education, it outlines the course of political education that Nietzsche recommends as an antidote to the crisis in Western European culture. Heilke begins by examining Nietzsche's formulation of this crisis, especially his conceptions of "Romantic Pessimism," "Socratism," and Christianity. For Nietzsche, only a properly ordered education could resolve the problem of how one can transform a society whose fundamental cultural (...)
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  8.  53
    Hospitality to the stranger: dimensions of moral understanding.Thomas W. Ogletree - 1985 - Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press.
    PROLOGUE: HOSPITALITY TO THE STRANGER AS METAPHOR FOR THE MORAL LIFE You shall not oppress a stranger; you know the heart of a stranger, ...
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  9.  84
    Business Ethics and Extant Social Contracts.Thomas W. Dunfee - 1991 - Business Ethics Quarterly 1 (1):23-51.
    Extant social contracts, deriving from communities of individuals, constitute a significant source of ethical norms in business. When found consistent with general ethical theories through the application of a filtering test, these real social contracts generate prima facie duties of compliance on the part of those who expressly or impliedly consent to the terms of the social contract, and also on the part of those who take advantage of the instrumental value of the social contracts. Businesspeople typically participate in multiple (...)
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  10.  95
    A Critical Perspective of Integrative Social Contracts Theory: Recurring Criticisms and Next Generation Research Topics.Thomas W. Dunfee - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (3):303-328.
    During the past ten years Integrative Social Contracts Theory (ISCT) has become part of the repertoire of specialized decision-oriented theories in the business ethics literature. The intention here is to (1)␣provide a brief overview of the structure and strengths of ISCT; (2) identify recurring themes in the extensive commentary on the theory including brief mention of how ISCT has been applied outside the business ethics literature; (3) describe where research appears to be headed; and (4) specify challenges faced by those (...)
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  11. Is guanxi ethical? A normative analysis of doing business in china.Thomas W. Dunfee & Danielle E. Warren - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (3):191 - 204.
    This paper extends the discussion of guanxi beyond instrumental evaluations and advances a normative assessment of guanxi. Our discussion departs from previous analyses by not merely asking, Does guanxi work? but rather Should corporations use guanxi? The analysis begins with a review of traditional guanxi definitions and the changing economic and legal environment in China, both necessary precursors to understanding the role of guanxi in Chinese business transactions. This review leads us to suggest that there are distinct types of, and (...)
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  12. Just war and robots’ killings.Thomas W. Simpson & Vincent C. Müller - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (263):302-22.
    May lethal autonomous weapons systems—‘killer robots ’—be used in war? The majority of writers argue against their use, and those who have argued in favour have done so on a consequentialist basis. We defend the moral permissibility of killer robots, but on the basis of the non-aggregative structure of right assumed by Just War theory. This is necessary because the most important argument against killer robots, the responsibility trilemma proposed by Rob Sparrow, makes the same assumptions. We show that the (...)
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  13.  89
    Natural Minds.Thomas W. Polger - 2004 - Bradford.
    In Natural Minds Thomas Polger advocates, and defends, the philosophical theory that mind equals brain -- that sensations are brain processes -- and in doing so brings the mind-brain identity theory back into the philosophical debate about consciousness. The version of identity theory that Polger advocates holds that conscious processes, events, states, or properties are type- identical to biological processes, events, states, or properties -- a "tough-minded" account that maintains that minds are necessarily indentical to brains, a position held (...)
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  14. Cosmopolitanism and sovereignty.Thomas W. Pogge - 1992 - Ethics 103 (1):48-75.
  15.  63
    Do Firms With Unique Competencies for Rescuing Victims of Human Catastrophes Have Special Obligations?Thomas W. Dunfee - 2006 - Business Ethics Quarterly 16 (2):185-210.
    Firms possessing a unique competency to rescue the victims of a human catastrophe have a minimum moral obligation to devote substantial resources toward best efforts to aid the victims. The minimum amount that firms should devote to rescue is the largest sum of their most recent year’s investment in social initiatives, their five-year trend, their industry’s average, or the national average. Financial exigency may justify a lower level of investment. Alternative social investments may be continued if they have an equally (...)
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  16.  35
    Contractarian Business Ethics: Current Status and Next Steps.Thomas W. Dunfee & Thomas Donaldson - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (2):173-186.
    Abstract:Social contract is rapidly becoming one of the significant alternatives for analyzing ethical issues in business. Contractarian approaches emphasizing consent as a means of justifying principles can provide needed context for rendering normative judgements concerning economic behaviors. Current research issues include developing tests of consent for both hypothetical and extant social contracts, and empirically testing the assumptions of the major contractarian approaches. Open questions include exploring the relationship between contractarian business ethics and other approaches, such as stakeholder management and virtue (...)
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  17.  36
    Do Firms With Unique Competencies for Rescuing Victims of Human Catastrophes Have Special Obligations?Thomas W. Dunfee - 2006 - Business Ethics Quarterly 16 (2):185-210.
    Firms possessing a unique competency to rescue the victims of a human catastrophe have a minimum moral obligation to devote substantial resources toward best efforts to aid the victims. The minimum amount that firms should devote to rescue is the largest sum of their most recent year’s investment in social initiatives, their five-year trend, their industry’s average, or the national average. Financial exigency may justify a lower level of investment. Alternative social investments may be continued if they have an equally (...)
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  18. What Is Trust?Thomas W. Simpson - 2012 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 93 (4):550-569.
    Trust is difficult to define. Instead of doing so, I propose that the best way to understand the concept is through a genealogical account. I show how a root notion of trust arises out of some basic features of what it is for humans to live socially, in which we rely on others to act cooperatively. I explore how this concept acquires resonances of hope and threat, and how we analogically apply this in related but different contexts. The genealogical account (...)
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  19. An Egalitarian Law of Peoples.Thomas W. Pogge - 1994 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 23 (3):195-224.
  20. The Impossibility of Republican Freedom.Thomas W. Simpson - 2017 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 45 (1):27-53.
  21. Realizing Rawls.Thomas W. Pogge - 1992 - Ethics 102 (2):395-396.
     
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  22.  10
    The Life and Teaching of Nāropa; Translated from the Original Tibetan with Philosophical Commentary Based on the Oral TransmissionThe Life and Teaching of Naropa; Translated from the Original Tibetan with Philosophical Commentary Based on the Oral Transmission.Paul W. Kroll & Herbert V. Guenther - 1987 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 107 (4):832.
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  23.  43
    The Marketplace of Morality: First Steps Toward a Theory of Moral Choice.Thomas W. Dunfee - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (1):127-145.
    Abstract:A marketplace of morality (MOM) is a place where individuals act under the influence of their moral desires. A MOM produces an output representing the aggregate acted-upon moral preferences of its participants. Individual behavior is influenced by POPs, or passions of propriety. People implement POP preferences when they buy stock, purchase goods and services, choose jobs and so on. Firms respond by social cause marketing and other devices which encourage customers to align their social preferences with those represented by the (...)
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  24. Evaluating Google as an Epistemic Tool.Thomas W. Simpson - 2012 - Metaphilosophy 43 (4):426-445.
    This article develops a social epistemological analysis of Web-based search engines, addressing the following questions. First, what epistemic functions do search engines perform? Second, what dimensions of assessment are appropriate for the epistemic evaluation of search engines? Third, how well do current search engines perform on these? The article explains why they fulfil the role of a surrogate expert, and proposes three ways of assessing their utility as an epistemic tool—timeliness, authority prioritisation, and objectivity. “Personalisation” is a current trend in (...)
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  25.  85
    Three Problems with Contractarian-Consequentialist Ways of Assessing Social Institutions*: THOMAS W. POGGE.Thomas W. Pogge - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (2):241-266.
    With each of our three criminal-law topics—defining offenses, apprehending suspects, and establishing punishments—we feel, I believe, strong moral resistance to the idea that our practices should be settled by a prospective-participant perspective. This becomes quite clear when we look at how the “reforms” suggested by institutional viewing might combine once we consider all three topics together: imagine a more extensive and swifter use of the death penalty in homicide cases coupled with somewhat lower standards of evidence; or think of backing (...)
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  26.  46
    Integrating ethics into the business school curriculum.Thomas W. Dunfee & Diana C. Robertson - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (11):847 - 859.
    A project on teaching business ethics at The Wharton School concluded that ethics should be directly incorporated into key MBA courses and taught by the core business faculty. The project team, comprised of students, ethics faculty and functional business faculty, designed a model program for integrating ethics. The project was funded by the Exxon Education Foundation.The program originates with a general introduction designed to familiarize students with literature and concepts pertaining to professional and business ethics and corporate social responsibility. This (...)
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  27.  37
    The Marketplace of Morality: First Steps Toward a Theory of Moral Choice.Thomas W. Dunfee - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (1):127-145.
    Abstract:A marketplace of morality (MOM) is a place where individuals act under the influence of their moral desires. A MOM produces an output representing the aggregate acted-upon moral preferences of its participants. Individual behavior is influenced by POPs, or passions of propriety. People implement POP preferences when they buy stock, purchase goods and services, choose jobs and so on. Firms respond by social cause marketing and other devices which encourage customers to align their social preferences with those represented by the (...)
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  28. The Kasky-Nike Threat to Corporate Social Reporting.Thomas W. Dunfee - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (1):5-32.
    In the recent case of Nike v. Kasky both sides argued that their standard for distinguishing commercial speech from political speechwould create the better policy for ensuring accurate and complete disclosure of social information by corporations. Using insights frominformation economics, we argue that neither standard will achieve the policy goal of optimal truthful disclosure. Instead, we argue that the appropriate standard is one of optimal truthful disclosure—balancing the value of speech against the costs of misinformation. Specifically, we argue that an (...)
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  29. On the Site of Distributive Justice: Reflections on Cohen and Murphy.Thomas W. Pogge - 2000 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 29 (2):137-169.
  30. Can the Capability Approach Be Justified?Thomas W. Pogge - 2002 - Philosophical Topics 30 (2):167-228.
  31.  42
    Report on business ethics in north America.Thomas W. Dunfee & Patricia Werhane - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (14):1589-1595.
    Although many challenges remain, business ethics is flourishing in North America. Prominent organizations give annual business ethics awards, investments in socially screened mutual funds are increasing, ethics officers and corporate ombudspersons are more common and more influential, and new ideas are being tested in practice. On the academic side, two major journals specializing in business ethics are well-established and other major journals often include articles on business ethics and new organizations emphasizing ethics have been initiated. Within business schools, the number (...)
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  32. Evaluating the evidence for multiple realization.Thomas W. Polger - 2009 - Synthese 167 (3):457 - 472.
    Consider what the brain-state theorist has to do to make good his claims. He has to specify a physical–chemical state such that any organism (not just a mammal) is in pain if and only if (a) it possesses a brain of suitable physical–chemical structure; and (b) its brain is in that physical–chemical state. This means that the physical–chemical state in question must be a possible state of a mammalian brain, a reptilian brain, a mollusc’s brain (octopuses are mollusca, and certainly (...)
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  33.  34
    Moment-to-moment changes in feeling moved match changes in closeness, tears, goosebumps, and warmth: time series analyses.Thomas W. Schubert, Janis H. Zickfeld, Beate Seibt & Alan Page Fiske - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (1):174-184.
  34. Realization and the metaphysics of mind.Thomas W. Polger - 2007 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 85 (2):233 – 259.
    According to the received view in philosophy of mind, mental states or properties are _realized_ by brain states or properties but are not identical to them. This view is often called _realization_ _physicalism_. Carl Gillett has recently defended a detailed formulation of the realization relation. However, Gillett’s formulation cannot be the relation that realization physicalists have in mind. I argue that Gillett’s “dimensioned” view of realization fails to apply to a textbook case of realization. I also argue Gillett counts as (...)
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  35.  68
    Freedom and Trust: A Rejoinder to Lovett and Pettit.Thomas W. Simpson - 2019 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 47 (4):412-424.
  36.  43
    Moment-to-moment changes in feeling moved match changes in closeness, tears, goosebumps, and warmth: time series analyses.Thomas W. Schubert, Janis H. Zickfeld, Beate Seibt & Alan Page Fiske - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion:1-11.
    Feeling moved or touched can be accompanied by tears, goosebumps, and sensations of warmth in the centre of the chest. The experience has been described frequently, but psychological science knows little about it. We propose that labelling one’s feeling as being moved or touched is a component of a social-relational emotion that we term kama muta. We hypothesise that it is caused by appraising an intensification of communal sharing relations. Here, we test this by investigating people’s moment-to-moment reports of feeling (...)
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  37.  97
    Trust, Belief, and the Second-Personal.Thomas W. Simpson - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 96 (3):447-459.
    Cognitivism about trust says that it requires belief that the trusted is trustworthy; non-cognitivism denies this. At stake is how to make sense of the strong but competing intuitions that trust is an attitude that is evaluable both morally and rationally. In proposing that one's respect for another's agency may ground one's trusting beliefs, second-personal accounts provide a way to endorse both intuitions. They focus attention on the way that, in normal situations, it is the person whom I trust. My (...)
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  38. Moral universalism and global economic justice.Thomas W. Pogge - 2002 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 1 (1):29-58.
    Moral universalism centrally involves the idea that the moral assessment of persons and their conduct, of social rules and states of affairs, must be based on fundamental principles that do not, explicitly or covertly, discriminate arbitrarily against particular persons or groups. This general idea is explicated in terms of three conditions. It is then applied to the discrepancy between our criteria of national and global economic justice. Most citizens of developed countries are unwilling to require of the global economic order (...)
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  39. Are sensations still brain processes.Thomas W. Polger - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (1):1-21.
    Fifty years ago J. J. C. Smart published his pioneering paper, “Sensations and Brain Processes.” It is appropriate to mark the golden anniversary of Smart’s publication by considering how well his article has stood up, and how well the identity theory itself has fared. In this paper I first revisit Smart’s text, reflecting on how it has weathered the years. Then I consider the status of the identity theory in current philosophical thinking, taking into account the objections and replies that (...)
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  40. Untangling the corruption knot: global bribery viewed through the lens of integrative social contract theory.Thomas W. Dunfee & Thomas J. Donaldson - 2002 - In Norman E. Bowie (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Business Ethics. Blackwell. pp. 6--61.
  41. The Opium Addiction of Marcus Aurelius.Thomas W. Africa - 1961 - Journal of the History of Ideas 22 (1):97.
  42.  39
    Calcium/calmodulin-sensitive adenylyl cyclase as an example of a molecular associative integrator.Thomas W. Abrams - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):468-469.
    Evidence suggests that the Ca2+/calmodulin-sensitive adenylyl cyclase may play a key role in neural plasticity and learning in Aplysia, Drosophila, and mammals. This dually-regulated enzyme has been proposed as a possible site of stimulus convergence during associative learning. This commentary discusses the evidence that is required to demonstrate that a protein in a second messenger cascade actually functions as a molecular site of associative integration. It also addresses the issue of how a dually-regulated protein could contribute to the temporal pairing (...)
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  43. A Comment on Calder.Thomas W. Africa - 1982 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 75 (6):355.
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  44.  7
    Archimedes Through the Looking-Glass.Thomas W. Africa - 1975 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 68 (5):305.
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  45.  14
    Copernicus' Relation to Aristarchus and Pythagoras.Thomas W. Africa - 1961 - Isis 52 (3):403-409.
  46.  2
    Ephorus and Oxyrhynchus Papyrus 1610.Thomas W. Africa - 1962 - American Journal of Philology 83 (1):86.
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  47.  15
    Four Hundred Years of the Copernican Heritage. Eugeniusz Rybka, Edward Jozef Czerwinski.Thomas W. Africa - 1965 - Isis 56 (2):217-218.
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  48.  4
    Phylarchus, Toynbee, and the Spartan Myth.Thomas W. Africa - 1960 - Journal of the History of Ideas 21 (1/4):266.
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  49.  8
    Technology in the Ancient World. Henry Hodges.Thomas W. Africa - 1973 - Isis 64 (3):410-411.
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  50.  15
    The Owl at Dusk: Two Centuries of Classical Scholarship.Thomas W. Africa - 1993 - Journal of the History of Ideas 54 (1):143-163.
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