Results for 'Rod Bush'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  50
    Racism Without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in the United States.Rod Bush - 2006 - Science and Society 70 (3):431-434.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  11
    Asymmetries in the Bush.Rod Mengham - 2009 - Angelaki 14 (2):85-91.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  10
    Douglas Bush's Science and English PoetryScience and English Poetry: A Historical Sketch, 1590-1950.Samuel I. Mintz & Douglas Bush - 1951 - Journal of the History of Ideas 12 (1):155.
  4.  2
    Modal Logics and Philosophy.Rod Girle - 2000 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    In Part 1 the reader is introduced to some standard systems of modal logic and encouraged through a series of exercises to become proficient in manipulating these logics. The emphasis is on possible world semantics for modal logics and the semantic emphasis is carried into the formal method, Jeffrey-style truth-trees. Standard truth-trees are extended in a simple and transparent way to take possible worlds into account. Part 2 systematically explores the applications of modal logic to philosophical issues such as truth, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  5.  3
    Modal Logics and Philosophy.Rod Girle - 2000 - Routledge.
    The first edition, published by Acumen in 2000, became a prescribed textbook on modal logic courses. The second edition has been fully revised in response to readers' suggestions, including two new chapters on conditional logic, which was not covered in the first edition. "Modal Logics and Philosophy" is a fully comprehensive introduction to modal logics and their application suitable for course use. Unlike most modal logic textbooks, which are both forbidding mathematically and short on philosophical discussion, "Modal Logics and Philosophy" (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  6.  22
    La Mentalite Primitive.La Religion Et la Foi.W. T. Bush - 1922 - Journal of Philosophy 19 (25):694-698.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  7. Jeb Bush: Aggressive Conservatism in Florida.Robert E. Crew - 2009 - Upa.
    This book examines the conservative theory that guided Jeb Bush's behavior and the aggressive manner in which he used the Office of Governor to pursue his goals. It offers insight into his motivations and competencies and analyzes the extent to which his self proclaimed 'revolution' achieved its goals in Florida.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  58
    Possible Worlds.Rod Girle - 2003 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Ever since Saul Kripke and others developed a semantic interpretation for modal logic, 'possible worlds' has been a much debated issue in contemporary metaphysics. To propose the idea of a possible world that differs in some way from our actual world - for example a world where the grass is red or where no people exist - can help us to analyse and understand a wide range of philosophical concepts, such as counterfactuals, properties, modality, and of course, the notions of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  9. Possible Worlds.Rod Girle - 2003 - Routledge.
    Ever since Saul Kripke and others developed a semantic interpretation for modal logic, 'possible worlds' has been a much debated issue in contemporary metaphysics. To propose the idea of a possible world that differs in some way from our actual world - for example a world where the grass is red or where no people exist - can help us to analyse and understand a wide range of philosophical concepts, such as counterfactuals, properties, modality, and of course, the notions of (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  10.  64
    How the Tiger Bush Got Its Stripes: ‘How Possibly’ Vs. ‘How Actually’Model Explanations.Alisa Bokulich - 2014 - The Monist 97 (3):321-338.
    Simulations using idealized numerical models can often generate behaviors or patterns that are visually very similar to the natural phenomenon being investigated and to be explained. The question arises, when should these model simulations be taken to provide an explanation for why the natural phenomena exhibit the patterns that they do? An important distinction for answering this question is that between ‘how-possibly’ explanations and ‘how-actually’ explanations. Despite the importance of this distinction there has been surprisingly little agreement over how exactly (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  11. Cognitive and Emotional Influences in Anterior Cingulate Cortex.Bush G., Luu P. & Posner Mi - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (6):215-220.
    Anterior cingulate cortex {ACC} is a part of the brain's limbic system. Classically, this region has been related to affect, on the basis of lession studies in human and in animals. In the late 1980s, neuroimaging research indicated that ACC was active in many studies of cognition. The finding from EEG studies of a focal area of negativity in scalp electrodes following an error response led to the idea that ACC might be the brain's error detection and correction device.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  12.  34
    On the Arguments for Indirect Speech Acts.Rod Bertolet - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):533-540.
    The usual treatment of a dinner table utterance of ‘Can you pass the salt?’ is that it involves an indirect request to pass the salt as well as a direct question about the hearer’s ability to do so: an indirect speech act. These are held to involve two illocutionary forces and two illocutionary acts. Rod Bertolet has raised doubts about whether consideration of such examples warrants the postulation of indirect speech acts and illocutionary forces other than the literal ones. In (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  13. Visions of Religion: Experience, Meaning, and Power.Stephen S. Bush - 2014 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Winner of the Gustave O. Arlt Award in the HumanitiesThree understandings of the nature of religion--religion as experience, symbolic meaning, and power--have dominated scholarly discussions, in succession, for the past hundred years. Proponents of each of these three approaches have tended to downplay, ignore, or actively criticize the others. But why should the three approaches be at odds? Religion as it is practiced involves experiences, meanings, and power, so students of religion should attend to all three. Furthermore, theorists of religion (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14.  1
    Logic and Critical Thinking: A Text for Community College Students.Rod Jenks - 2006 - Upa.
    This work is an introduction to logic, covering what is most commonly taught in the first term of a two-term sequence in logic at four-year colleges and universities. It is designed for use by community college students who plan to transfer credits to four-year institutions. The material covered seeks to maintain logic's place in philosophical thought systems, and avoids political examples in order to appeal to reason and study rather than ill-conceived jokes that often offend students' varying policitcal beliefs. This (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15. The 'Bush Doctrine' as a Hegemonic Discourse Strategy.Mark Rigstad - 2009 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy.
    Even if preventive military counter-terrorism may sometimes be ethically justifiable, it remains an open question whether the Bush Doctrine presents a discursively coherent account of the relevant normative conditions. With a view towards answering this question, this article critically examines efforts to ground the morally personifying language of the Bush Doctrine in term of hegemonic stability theory. Particular critical attention is paid to the arguments of leading proponents of this brand of game theory, including J. Yoo, E. Posner, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  67
    Calibrating Randomness.Rod Downey, Denis R. Hirschfeldt, André Nies & Sebastiaan A. Terwijn - 2006 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 12 (3):411-491.
    We report on some recent work centered on attempts to understand when one set is more random than another. We look at various methods of calibration by initial segment complexity, such as those introduced by Solovay [125], Downey, Hirschfeldt, and Nies [39], Downey, Hirschfeldt, and LaForte [36], and Downey [31]; as well as other methods such as lowness notions of Kučera and Terwijn [71], Terwijn and Zambella [133], Nies [101, 100], and Downey, Griffiths, and Reid [34]; higher level randomness notions (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  17.  27
    A Scoping Study to Identify Opportunities to Advance the Ethical Implementation and Scale-Up of HIV Treatment as Prevention: Priorities for Empirical Research.Rod Knight, Will Small, Basia Pakula, Kimberly Thomson & Jean Shoveller - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):54.
    Despite the evidence showing the promise of HIV treatment as prevention (TasP) in reducing HIV incidence, a variety of ethical questions surrounding the implementation and “scaling up” of TasP have been articulated by a variety of stakeholders including scientists, community activists and government officials. Given the high profile and potential promise of TasP in combatting the global HIV epidemic, an explicit and transparent research priority-setting process is critical to inform ongoing ethical discussions pertaining to TasP.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18. The Need for Healthcare.Rod Sheaff - 1996
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  19. The Bush Tribunals and the Specter of Dictatorship.Andrew Arato - 2002 - Constellations 9 (4):457-476.
  20.  1
    The Organ: An Encyclopedia.Douglas Earl Bush & Richard Kassel (eds.) - 2003 - Routledge.
    The Encyclopedia of Organ includes articles on the organ family of instruments, including famous players, composers, instrument builders, the construction of the instruments, and related terminology. It is the first complete A-Z reference on this important family of keyboard instruments. The contributors include major scholars of music and musical instrument history from around the world.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  12
    The ‘Bush Doctrine’ as a Hegemonic Discourse Strategy.Mark Rigstad - 2009 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 12 (3):377-398.
    Even if preventive military counter-terrorism may sometimes be ethically justifiable, it remains an open question whether the Bush Doctrine presented a discursively coherent account of the relevant normative conditions. With a view towards answering this question, this article critically examines efforts to ground the morally personifying language of the Bush Doctrine in term of hegemonic stability theory. Particular critical attention is paid to the arguments of leading proponents of this brand of game theory, including J. Yoo, E. Posner, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22. The Status of Animals in Biblical and Christian Thought: A Study in Colliding Values.Rod Preece & David Fraser - 2000 - Society and Animals 8 (3):245-263.
    A common contemporary view is that the Bible and subsequent Christian thought authorize humans to exploit animals purely as means to human ends. This paper argues that Biblical and Christian thought have given rise to a more complex ethic of animal use informed by its pastoralist origins, Biblical pronouncements that permit different interpretations, and competing ideas and doctrines that arose during its development, and influenced by the rich and often contradictory features of ancient Hebrew and Greco-Roman traditions. The result is (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  23.  72
    Lowness and Π₂⁰ Nullsets.Rod Downey, Andre Nies, Rebecca Weber & Liang Yu - 2006 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (3):1044-1052.
    We prove that there exists a noncomputable c.e. real which is low for weak 2-randomness, a definition of randomness due to Kurtz, and that all reals which are low for weak 2-randomness are low for Martin-Löf randomness.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  24.  29
    Selection is Entailed by Self-Organization and Natural Selection is a Special Case.Rod Swenson - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (2):167-181.
    In their book, Darwinism Evolving: Systems Dynamics and the Genealogy of Natural Selection, Depew and Weber argued for the need to address the relationship between self-organization and natural selection in evolutionary theory, and focused on seven “visions” for doing so. Recently, Batten et al. in a paper in this journal, entitled “Visions of evolution: self-organization proposes what natural selection disposes,” picked up the issue with the work of Depew and Weber as a starting point. While the efforts of both sets (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  25.  4
    The Debate Over Cognitivism.Rod Watson & Jeff Coulter - 2008 - Theory, Culture and Society 25 (2):1-17.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  26.  26
    Not Just What, but How: Creating Agricultural Sustainability and Food Security by Changing Canada's Agricultural Policy Making Process. [REVIEW]Rod MacRae - 1999 - Agriculture and Human Values 16 (2):187-202.
    Agriculture has been enormously productive in recent decades. The main problem is that fragmentation of issues, knowledge, and responsibilities has hidden the costs associated with this success. These are mainly environmental, social, and health costs, which have been assigned to other ministries, with their own histories unconnected to agriculture. Now that agricultural policy has achieved its success, its costs are becoming apparent. The current system is preoccupied with traditional views of competitiveness and efficiency. Policies, programs, and regulations are organized to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  27.  47
    How Do ‘Public’ Values Influence Individual Health Behaviour? An Empirical-Normative Analysis of Young Men’s Discourse Regarding HIV Testing Practices: Table 1.Rod Knight, Will Small & Jean Shoveller - 2016 - Public Health Ethics 9 (3):264-275.
    Philosophical arguments stemming from the public health ethics arena suggest that public health interventions ought to be subject to normative inquiry that considers relational values, including concepts such as solidarity, reciprocity and health equity. As yet, however, the extent to which ‘public’ values influence the ‘autonomous’ decisions of the public remains largely unexplored. Drawing on interviews with 50 men in Vancouver, Canada, this study employs a critical discourse analysis to examine participants’ decisions and motivations to voluntarily access HIV testing and/or (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Kate Bush, The Red Shoes, The Line, the Cross and the Curve and the Uses of Symbolic Transformation.Deborah M. Withers - 2010 - Feminist Theology 19 (1):7-19.
    In Kate Bush’s 1993 album, The Red Shoes, and her film, The Line, the Cross and the Curve, she engages with the symbolism of The Red Shoes fairytale as first depicted in Hans Christian Andersen’s 1845 fairy tale and later developed by the Powell and Pressburger film of the same name. In Bush’s versions of the tale she attempts to find a space of agency for the main female protagonist in a plot structure over-determined by patriarchal narrative and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  23
    ‘Information’: Praxeological Considerations. [REVIEW]Rod Watson & Andrew P. Carlin - 2012 - Human Studies 35 (2):327-345.
    Harold Garfinkel wrote a series of highly detailed and lengthy 'memos' during his time (1951-53) at Princeton, where remarkable developments in information theory were taking place. These very substantial manuscripts have been edited by Anne Warfield Rawls in Toward a Sociological Theory of Information (Garfinkel 2008). This paper explores some of the implications of these memos, which we suggest are still relevant for the study of 'information' and information theory. Definitional privilege of 'information' as a technical term has been arrogated (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  30.  73
    The Bush Doctrine, Preventive War, and International Law.John L. Hammond - 2005 - Philosophical Forum 36 (1):97–111.
  31. Bush's National Security Strategy: A Critique of United States.William C. Gay - unknown
    Many individuals domestically and internationally who strive for peace and justice are concerned about the new National Security Strategy issued by the George W. Bush Administration in September 2002. 1 William Galston, for example, writes in a recent issue of Philosophy and Public Policy Quarterly: A global strategy based on the new Bush doctrine of preemption means the end of the system of international institutions, laws and norms that we have worked to build for more than a half (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. Cognitive and Emotional Influences in Anterior Cingulate Cortex.George Bush, Phan Luu & Michael I. Posner - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (6):215-222.
    Anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is a part of the brain's limbic system. Classically, this region has been related to affect, on the basis of lesion studies in humans and in animals. In the late 1980s, neuroimaging research indicated that ACC was active in many studies of cognition. The findings from EEG studies of a focal area of negativity in scalp electrodes following an error response led to the idea that ACC might be the brain's error detection and correction device. In (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   132 citations  
  33.  16
    Relativizing Chaitin's Halting Probability.Rod Downey, Denis R. Hirschfeldt, Joseph S. Miller & André Nies - 2005 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 5 (02):167-192.
    As a natural example of a 1-random real, Chaitin proposed the halting probability Ω of a universal prefix-free machine. We can relativize this example by considering a universal prefix-free oracle machine U. Let [Formula: see text] be the halting probability of UA; this gives a natural uniform way of producing an A-random real for every A ∈ 2ω. It is this operator which is our primary object of study. We can draw an analogy between the jump operator from computability theory (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  34.  76
    Relational Physics with Real Rods and Clocks and the Measurement Problem of Quantum Mechanics.Rodolfo Gambini & Jorge Pullin - 2007 - Foundations of Physics 37 (7):1074-1092.
    The use of real clocks and measuring rods in quantum mechanics implies a natural loss of unitarity in the description of the theory. We briefly review this point and then discuss the implications it has for the measurement problem in quantum mechanics. The intrinsic loss of coherence allows to circumvent some of the usual objections to the measurement process as due to environmental decoherence.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  35.  5
    Punctual Categoricity and Universality.Rod Downey, Noam Greenberg, Alexander Melnikov, Keng Meng Ng & Daniel Turetsky - 2020 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 85 (4):1427-1466.
    We describe punctual categoricity in several natural classes, including binary relational structures and mono-unary functional structures. We prove that every punctually categorical structure in a finite unary language is ${\text {PA}}$-categorical, and we show that this upper bound is tight. We also construct an example of a punctually categorical structure whose degree of categoricity is $0''$. We also prove that, with a bit of work, the latter result can be pushed beyond $\Delta ^1_1$, thus showing that punctually categorical structures can (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  36. Modal Logics and Philosophy: Second Edition.Rod Girle - 2010 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    The new edition of this widely used and respected textbook includes three new chapters on conditional logic. Other chapters have been revised and updated, making the second edition a fully comprehensive introduction to modal logics and their application. Unlike most modal logic textbooks, which are both forbidding mathematically and short on philosophical discussion, Modal Logics and Philosophy focuses on showing how useful modal logic can be as a tool for formal philosophical analysis. In Part 1, the reader is introduced to (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  37.  7
    [Omnibus Review].Rod Downey - 1997 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 62 (3):1048-1055.
    Robert I. Soare, Automorphisms of the Lattice of Recursively Enumerable Sets. Part I: Maximal Sets.Manuel Lerman, Robert I. Soare, $d$-Simple Sets, Small Sets, and Degree Classes.Peter Cholak, Automorphisms of the Lattice of Recursively Enumerable Sets.Leo Harrington, Robert I. Soare, The $\Delta^0_3$-Automorphism Method and Noninvariant Classes of Degrees.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  38.  18
    On $\pi^0_1$ Classes and Their Ranked Points.Rod Downey - 1991 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 32 (4):499-512.
  39.  77
    Totally Ω-Computably Enumerable Degrees and Bounding Critical Triples.Rod Downey, Noam Greenberg & Rebecca Weber - 2007 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 7 (2):145-171.
    We characterize the class of c.e. degrees that bound a critical triple as those degrees that compute a function that has no ω-c.e. approximation.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  40.  11
    Active Networks and Active Network Management a Proactive Management Framework: Solution Manual.Stephen F. Bush & Amit B. Kulkarni - 2001 - Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
    Active networking is an exciting new paradigm in digital networking that has the potential to revolutionize the manner in which communication takes place. It is an emerging technology, one in which new ideas are constantly being formulated and new topics of research are springing up even as this book is being written. This technology is very likely to appeal to a broad spectrum of users from academia and industry. Therefore, this book was written in a way that enables all these (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Information Theory and Network Science for Power Systems.Stephen F. Bush - 2013 - Wiley-Ieee Press.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  2
    Nanoscale Communication Networks.Stephen F. Bush - 2010 - Artech House.
    A highly useful resource for professionals and students alike, this cutting-edge, first-of-its-kind book provides a thorough introduction to nanoscale communication networks. Written in a clear tutorial style, this volume covers a wide range of the most important topics in the area, from molecular communication and carbon nanotube nano-networks, to nanoscale quantum networking and the future direction of nano networks. Moreover, the book features numerous exercise problems at the end of each chapter to ensure a solid understanding of the material.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. Smart Grid: Communication-Enabled Intelligence for the Electric Power Grid.Stephen F. Bush - 2014 - Wiley-Ieee Press.
    This book bridges the divide between the fields of power systems engineering and computer communication through the new field of power system information theory. Written by an expert with vast experience in the field, this book explores the smart grid from generation to consumption, both as it is planned today and how it will evolve tomorrow. The book focuses upon what differentiates the smart grid from the "traditional" power grid as it has been known for the last century. Furthermore, the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. Are There Indirect Speech Acts.Rod Bertolet - 1994 - In Savas L. Tsohatzidis (ed.), Foundations of Speech Act Theory: Philosophical and Linguistic Perspectives. Routledge. pp. 335--349.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  45.  56
    On a Fictional Ellipsis.Rod Bertolet - 1984 - Erkenntnis 21 (2):189 - 194.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  46. Enriching CA Through MCA? Stokoe’s MCA Keys.Rod Gardner - 2012 - Discourse Studies 14 (3):313-319.
    In this commentary on Stokoe’s article, ‘Moving forward with membership categorization analysis’, I take up the challenge to apply her keys for MCA to an extract of conversation recorded in a restaurant. The strengths of conversation analysis have not included – and indeed have not attempted to achieve – successful engagement with beyond-the-immediate-talk aspects of culture and the commonsense workings of society. The aim of the article is to explore what MCA might add to an analysis of a stretch of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  79
    The Role of Rods and Clocks in General Relativity and the Meaning of the Metric Field.Harvey Brown & D. E. Rowe - unknown
  48.  22
    On Schnorr and Computable Randomness, Martingales, and Machines.Rod Downey, Evan Griffiths & Geoffrey Laforte - 2004 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 50 (6):613-627.
    We examine the randomness and triviality of reals using notions arising from martingales and prefix-free machines.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  49. Computability Theory and Linear Orders.Rod Downey - 1998 - In I͡Uriĭ Leonidovich Ershov (ed.), Handbook of Recursive Mathematics. Elsevier. pp. 138--823.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  50.  8
    Selection Is Entailed by Self-Organization and Natural Selection Is a Special Case.Rod Swenson - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (2):167-181.
    In their book, Darwinism Evolving: Systems Dynamics and the Genealogy of Natural Selection, Depew and Weber argued for the need to address the relationship between self-organization and natural selection in evolutionary theory, and focused on seven “visions” for doing so. Recently, Batten et al. in a paper in this journal, entitled “Visions of evolution: self-organization proposes what natural selection disposes,” picked up the issue with the work of Depew and Weber as a starting point. While the efforts of both sets (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000