Results for 'Ran Littman'

640 found
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  1.  4
    Task Conflict and Task Control: A Mini-Review.Ran Littman, Eldad Keha & Eyal Kalanthroff - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  2. Neutral Affordances: Task Conflict in the Affordances Task.Ran Littman & Eyal Kalanthroff - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 97:103262.
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  3. The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience.Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.) - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    Over the past two decades, a new picture of the unconscious has emerged from a variety of disciplines that are broadly part of cognitive science. According to this picture, unconscious processes seem to be capable of doing many things that were thought to require intention, deliberation, and conscious awareness. Moreover, they accomplish these things without the conflict and drama of the psychoanalytic unconscious. These processes range from complex information processing, through goal pursuit and emotions, to cognitive control and self-regulation. This (...)
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  4.  17
    Inherently Ambiguous: Facial Expressions of Emotions, in Context.Ran R. Hassin, Hillel Aviezer & Shlomo Bentin - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (1):60-65.
    With a few yet increasing number of exceptions, the cognitive sciences enthusiastically endorsed the idea that there are basic facial expressions of emotions that are created by specific configurations of facial muscles. We review evidence that suggests an inherent role for context in emotion perception. Context does not merely change emotion perception at the edges; it leads to radical categorical changes. The reviewed findings suggest that configurations of facial muscles are inherently ambiguous, and they call for a different approach towards (...)
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  5. Character Strengths as Manifestations of Spiritual Life: Realizing the Non-Dual From the Dual.Hadassah Littman-Ovadia & Amnon David - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  6.  13
    COVID-19 and Consent for Research: Navigating During a Global Pandemic.Ran D. Goldman & Luke Gelinas - forthcoming - Clinical Ethics:147775092097180.
    The modern ethical framework demands informed consent for research participation that includes disclosure of material information, as well as alternatives. The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic results in illness that often involves rapid deterioration. Despite the urgent need to find therapy, obtaining informed consent for COVID-19 research is needed. The current pandemic presents three types of challenges for investigators faced with obtaining informed consent for research participation: uncertainty over key information to informed consent, time and pressure constraints, and (...)
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  7.  72
    What Neuropsychology Tells Us About Consciousness.Ran Lahav - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (1):67-85.
    I argue that, contrary to some critics, the notion of conscious experience is a good candidate for denoting a distinct and scientifically interesting phenomenon in the brain. I base this claim mainly on an analysis of neuropsychological data concerning deficits resulting from various types of brain damage as well as some additional supporting empirical evidence. These data strongly point to the hypothesis that conscious experience expresses information that is available for global, integrated, and flexible behavior.
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  8. Corporate Philanthropic Giving, Advertising Intensity, and Industry Competition Level.Ran Zhang, Jigao Zhu, Heng Yue & Chunyan Zhu - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 94 (1):39-52.
    This article examines whether the likelihood and amount of firm charitable giving in response to catastrophic events are related to firm advertising intensity, and whether industry competition level moderates this relationship. Using data on Chinese firms’ philanthropic response to the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, we find that firm advertising intensity is positively associated with both the probability and the amount of corporate giving. The results also indicate that this positive advertising intensity-philanthropic giving relationship is stronger in competitive industries, and firms in (...)
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  9. Corporate Philanthropic Disaster Response and Ownership Type: Evidence From Chinese Firms' Response to the Sichuan Earthquake. [REVIEW]Ran Zhang, Zabihollah Rezaee & Jigao Zhu - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 91 (1):51 - 63.
    This article examines whether the charitable giving amount and likelihood of firm response to catastrophic events relate to firms' ownership type using a unique dataset of listed firms in China, where state ownership is still prevalent. Based on the data of Chinese firms' response to the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, we find that the extent of corporate contributions for state-owned firms following this disaster is less than that for private firms. State-owned firms are also less likely to respond in this disaster (...)
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  10.  26
    Corporate Philanthropic Disaster Response and Ownership Type: Evidence From Chinese Firms’ Response to the Sichuan Earthquake.Ran Zhang, Zabihollah Rezaee & Jigao Zhu - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 91 (1):51-63.
    This article examines whether the charitable giving amount and likelihood of firm response to catastrophic events relate to firms’ ownership type using a unique dataset of listed firms in China, where state ownership is still prevalent. Based on the data of Chinese firms’ response to the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, we find that the extent of corporate contributions for state-owned firms following this disaster is less than that for private firms. State-owned firms are also less likely to respond in␣this disaster compared (...)
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  11. A Critique of Dialetheism.Greg Littman & Keith Simmons - 2004 - In Graham Priest, J. C. Beall & Bradley Armour-Garb (eds.), The Law of Non-Contradiction: New Philosophical Essays. Clarendon Press. pp. 1-226.
    This dissertation is a critical examination of dialetheism, the view that there are true contradictions. Dialetheism's proponents argue that adopting the view will allow us to solve hitherto unsolved problems, including the well-known logical paradoxes. ;Dialetheism faces three kinds of challenge. Challenges of the first kind put in doubt the intrinsic coherence of dialetheism. It can be claimed, for example, that it is incoherent for a claim to be both true and false; that claims known to be false cannot be (...)
     
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  12.  87
    Against Compositionality: The Case of Adjectives.Ran Lahav - 1989 - Philosophical Studies 57 (3):261 - 279.
  13.  3
    Planning and Acting in Partially Observable Stochastic Domains.Leslie Pack Kaelbling, Michael L. Littman & Anthony R. Cassandra - 1998 - Artificial Intelligence 101 (1-2):99-134.
  14.  6
    “Something to Live For”: Experiences, Resources, and Personal Strengths in Late Adulthood.Pninit Russo-Netzer & Hadassah Littman-Ovadia - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  15. Non-Conscious Goal Pursuit and the Effortful Control of Behavior.Ran R. Hassin, Henk Aarts, Baruch Eitam, Ruud Custers & Tali Kleiman - 2009 - In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Human Action. Oxford University Press.
  16. Nonconscious Control and Implicit Working Memory.Ran R. Hassin - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 196-222.
  17.  25
    Unconscious Versus Conscious Thought in Creative Science Problem Finding: Unconscious Thought Showed No Advantage!Ran Ding, Qin Han, Ruifen Li, Tingni Li, Ying Cui & Peiqian Wu - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 71:109-113.
  18. Logical Inquiries Into a New Formal System with Plural Reference.Ran Lanzet & Hanoch Ben-Yami - 2004 - In Vincent Hendricks, Fabian Neuhaus, Stig Andur Pedersen, Uwe Schefler & Wansing Heinrich (eds.), First-Order Logic Revisited. Berlin: Logos Verlag. pp. 173-223.
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  19.  14
    A Three-Valued Quantified Argument Calculus: Domain-Free Model-Theory, Completeness, and Embedding of Fol.Ran Lanzet - 2017 - Review of Symbolic Logic 10 (3):549-582.
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  20.  36
    Implicit Working Memory.Ran R. Hassin, John A. Bargh, Andrew D. Engell & Kathleen C. McCulloch - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (3):665-678.
    Working Memory plays a crucial role in many high-level cognitive processes . The prevalent view holds that active components of WM are predominantly intentional and conscious. This conception is oftentimes expressed explicitly, but it is best reflected in the nature of major WM tasks: All of them are blatantly explicit. We developed two new WM paradigms that allow for an examination of the role of conscious awareness in WM. Results from five studies show that WM can operate unintentionally and outside (...)
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  21. Competition Over Agents with Boundedly Rational Expectations.Ran Spiegler - unknown
    I study a market model in which profit-maximizing firms compete in multidimensional pricing strategies over a consumer, who is limited in his ability to grasp such complicated objects and therefore uses a sampling procedure to evaluate them. Firms respond to increased competition with an increased effort to obfuscate, rather than with more competitive pricing. As a result, consumer welfare is not enhanced and may even deteriorate. Specifically, when firms control both the price and the quality of each dimension, and there (...)
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  22.  97
    The Amazing Predictive Power of Folk Psychology.Ran Lahav - 1992 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 70 (1):99-105.
  23.  49
    Essays on Philosophical Counseling.Ran Lahav & Maria daVenza Tillmanns (eds.) - 1995 - Lanham, Maryland, USA: University Press of America, Inc..
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  24.  4
    Customer–Company Identification as the Enabler of Customer Voice Behavior: How Does It Happen?Yang Ran & Hao Zhou - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  25.  6
    Opting Out of “Global Constitutionalism”.Ran Hirschl - 2018 - The Law and Ethics of Human Rights 12 (1):1-36.
    Much has been written about the global convergence on constitutional supremacy. Yet, a closer look suggests that while constitutional convergence trends are undoubtedly extensive and readily visible, expressions of constitutional resistance or defiance may in fact be regaining ground worldwide. This may point to a paradox embedded in global constitutionalism: the more expansive constitutional convergence trends are, the greater the likelihood of dissent and resistance are. In this article, I chart the contours of three aversive responses to constitutional convergence: neo-secessionism, (...)
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  26.  46
    Comments on the Potential Significance of Neuroeconomics for Economic Theory.Ran Spiegler - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):515-521.
    In this short note I speculate about the various ways in which the study of neurological aspects of decision making could be fruitful for economic modelling.
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  27.  28
    Attention Modulates Neural Responses to Unpredictable Emotional Faces in Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex.Guangming Ran, Xu Chen, Qi Zhang, Yuanxiao Ma & Xing Zhang - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  28.  3
    Reclaiming the Hebrew Bible: German-Jewish Reception of Biblical Criticism.Ran HaCohen & M. Engel - 2010 - De Gruyter.
    The 19th century saw the rise of Biblical Criticism in German universities, culminating in Wellhausen s radical revision of the history of biblical times and religion. For German-Jewish intellectuals, the academic discipline promised emancipation from traditional Christian readings of Scripture but at the same time suffered from what was perceived as anti-Jewish bias, this time in scholarly robes. Reclaiming the Hebrew Bible describes the German-Jewish strategies to cope with Biblical Criticism varying from an enthusiastic welcome, through modified adoption, to resolute (...)
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  29. Promoting the Brand Inside: The Conceptualization of Nonprofit Internal Branding and Its Relationship With Employees’ Brand Performance.Ran Zhang, Yunqiao Wu & Chao Ye - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    As a value-led entity, the nonprofit depends on its staff for the delivery of the brand value outsides and thus promoting the brand inside is crucial to the development of the nonprofits. Using a sample of 290 full-time staff working in 270 nonprofits in China, two related studies were conducted. Study 1 aimed to develop and validate a new scale for internal branding in the nonprofit context, while Study 2 aimed to investigate the linking mechanism between internal branding and brand (...)
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  30.  1
    A Memristive Hyperjerk Chaotic System: Amplitude Control, FPGA Design, and Prediction with Artificial Neural Network.Ran Wang, Chunbiao Li, Serdar Çiçek, Karthikeyan Rajagopal & Xin Zhang - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-17.
    An amplitude controllable hyperjerk system is constructed for chaos producing by introducing a nonlinear factor of memristor. In this case, the amplitude control is realized from a single coefficient in the memristor. The hyperjerk system has a line of equilibria and also shows extreme multistability indicated by the initial value-associated bifurcation diagram. FPGA-based circuit realization is also given for physical verification. Finally, the proposed memristive hyperjerk system is successfully predicted with artificial neural networks for AI based engineering applications.
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  31. Statistical Learning of Tonal Sequences by Human Infants and Adults. Saffran Jr, E. K. Johnson, R. N. Aslin & E. L. Newport - 1999 - Cognition 70:27-52.
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  32.  36
    Prediction and Unconscious Attention Operate Synergistically to Facilitate Stimulus Processing: An fMRI Study.Guangming Ran, Xu Chen, Xiaojun Cao & Qi Zhang - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 44:41-50.
  33.  12
    Baṣran Muʿtazilite Theology: Abū ʿAlī Muḥammad B. Khallād’s Kitāb Al-Uṣūl and Its Reception. Edited by Camilla Adang; Wilferd Madelung; and Sabine Schmidtke. [REVIEW]Alnoor Dhanani - 2021 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 134 (3):548-549.
    Baṣran Muʿtazilite Theology: Abū ʿAlī Muḥammad b. Khallād’s Kitāb al-Uṣūl and Its Reception. Edited by Camilla Adang; Wilferd Madelung; and Sabine Schmidtke. Islamic History and Civilization, vol. 85. Leiden: Brill, 2011. Pp. iv + 8 + 306. $170.
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  34.  56
    Do Credible Firms Perform Better in Emerging Markets? Evidence From China.Ran Zhang & Zabihollah Rezaee - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):221-237.
    Prior research suggests that corporate credibility is associated with firm financial performance in developed countries. This article examines whether corporate credibility is related to firm performance using Economic Observer's rating of corporate credibility in China, the largest emerging market in the world. Based on a four-stage valuation model, we find that more reputable and credible firms outperform those with low ratings by almost 20% in 3-year stock returns and have better 3-year net profit margins, return on equity, and sales growth. (...)
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  35. The Work-Family Spillover Effects of Customer Mistreatment for Service Employees: The Moderating Roles of Psychological Detachment and Leader–Member Exchange.Ran Zhang, Yunqiao Wu & Karen Ferreira-Meyers - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  36.  6
    Determinants of Justification and Self-Control.Ran Kivetz & Yuhuang Zheng - 2006 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 135 (4):572-587.
  37.  8
    Individual Difference in Acts of Self-Sacrifice.Michael N. Stagnaro, Rebecca Littman & David G. Rand - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
    Whitehouse's model explains when people engage in self-sacrifice, but not who is most likely to do so. We propose incorporating individual differences, such as cognitive style, and argue that individuals who rely on intuition may be more likely to develop group identity fusion after an emotional experience and engage in pro-social self-sacrifice.
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  38.  3
    A Hierarchy of Prescriptive Goals for Multiagent Learning.Martin Zinkevich, Amy Greenwald & Michael L. Littman - 2007 - Artificial Intelligence 171 (7):440-447.
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  39.  3
    Do Corporate Customers Prefer Socially Responsible Suppliers? An Instrumental Stakeholder Theory Perspective.Ran Tao, Jian Wu & Hong Zhao - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-24.
    This paper studies the way supplier firms’ corporate social responsibility affects their likelihood of being selected as new suppliers. Using a large sample of US public firms with detailed supply chain and CSR data, we provide empirical evidence that corporate customers prefer socially responsible suppliers, and that the effect is more prominent when the supplier industry is more competitive, the customer’s own CSR performance is better, or the supplier and the customer have more similar CSR focuses. Our paper contributes to (...)
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  40.  59
    Philosophical Counseling and Taoism: Wisdom and Lived Philosophical Understanding.Ran Lahav - 1996 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 23 (3):259-276.
  41.  9
    Eau de Cleopatra: Mendesian Perfume and Tell Timai.Robert Littman, Jay Silverstein, Dora Goldsmith, Sean Coughlin & Hamedy Mashaly - 2021 - Near Eastern Archaeology 84 (3):216-229.
    Cleopatra VII, the last of the Ptolemaic rulers of Egypt, reveled in perfume (Plutarch, Life of Marcus Antonius 26.2). She even used it in her seduction of the Roman general Marc Antony. Sailing up the river Cydnus to meet him, she reclined in a canopy spangled with gold, adorned like Venus in a painting. Boys dressed as cupids fanned her and wondrous scents from incense offerings wafted along the riverbanks. Not long after her death in August 30 BCE, a book (...)
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  42. Corporate Social Responsibility, Ownership Structure, and Political Interference: Evidence From China. [REVIEW]Wenjing Li & Ran Zhang - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 96 (4):631 - 645.
    Prior research suggests that ownership structure is associated to corporate social responsibility (CSR) in developed countries. This article examines whether and how ownership structure affects CSR in emerging markets using Chinese firms' social responsibility ranking. Our empirical evidences show that for non-state-owned firms, corporate ownership dispersion is positively associated to CSR. However, for state-owned firms, whose controlling shareholder is the state, this relation is reversed. We attribute the reversed relationship to political interferences and further test this hypothesis by demonstrating that (...)
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  43.  3
    Soyoung Kim’s Exile Trilogy: Retro Toward an Affective Archive.Ran Ma - 2021 - Philosophia 11 (1-2):145-153.
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  44. Zi Ran Yu Zi You: Lao Zhuang Sheng Ming Zhe Xue Yan Jiu.Fenge Fu - 2010 - Ren Min Chu Ban She.
    本书主要从五个方面对老庄生命哲学进行梳理和阐发.一是老庄生命哲学形成的原因分析.二是老庄的生命本质论.三是老庄的生命价值论.四是老庄的生命过程论.五是老庄的生命境界论.
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  45.  1
    A Probabilistic Approach to Solving Crossword Puzzles.Michael L. Littman, Greg A. Keim & Noam Shazeer - 2002 - Artificial Intelligence 134 (1-2):23-55.
  46.  3
    Structural Priming and Inverse Preference Effects in L2 Grammaticality Judgment and Production of English Relative Clauses.Ran Wei, Sun-A. Kim & Jeong-Ah Shin - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    This study investigated inverse preference effects in L2 structural priming of English relative clauses and their potential influences on subsequent learning of target structures. One hundred fourteen Chinese learners of English at a low-to-intermediate proficiency level participated in a structural priming experiment with a pretest-posttest design. The experimental group underwent a priming task in which they orally produced syntactic structures immediately after viewing English object or passive relative clauses as primes, whereas the control group only read sentences unrelated to English (...)
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  47.  11
    Resolution Over Linear Equations and Multilinear Proofs.Ran Raz & Iddo Tzameret - 2008 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 155 (3):194-224.
    We develop and study the complexity of propositional proof systems of varying strength extending resolution by allowing it to operate with disjunctions of linear equations instead of clauses. We demonstrate polynomial-size refutations for hard tautologies like the pigeonhole principle, Tseitin graph tautologies and the clique-coloring tautologies in these proof systems. Using interpolation we establish an exponential-size lower bound on refutations in a certain, considerably strong, fragment of resolution over linear equations, as well as a general polynomial upper bound on interpolants (...)
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  48.  47
    The Stele of Teima in Arabia: A Welcome of the Gods.Enno Littman - 1904 - The Monist 14 (4):510-515.
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  49.  25
    Remote State Preparation for Quantum Fields.Ran Ber & Erez Zohar - 2016 - Foundations of Physics 46 (7):804-814.
    Remote state preparation is generation of a desired state by a remote observer. In spite of causality, it is well known, according to the Reeh–Schlieder theorem, that it is possible for relativistic quantum field theories, and a “physical” process achieving this task, involving superoscillatory functions, has recently been introduced. In this work we deal with non-relativistic fields, and show that remote state preparation is also possible for them, hence obtaining a Reeh–Schlieder-like result for general fields. Interestingly, in the nonrelativistic case, (...)
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  50.  67
    Do Lenders Value Corporate Social Responsibility? Evidence From China.Kangtao Ye & Ran Zhang - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (2):197-206.
    Drawing on risk mitigation theory, this article examines whether the improvement of firms’ social performance reduces debt financing costs (CDFs) in China, the world’s largest emerging market. Employing both the ordinary least square (OLS) and the two-stage instrumental variable regression methods, we find that improved corporate social responsibility (CSR) reduces the CDF when firms’ CSR investment is lower than an optimal level; however, this relationship is reversed after the CSR investment exceeds the optimal level. Firms with extremely low or extremely (...)
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