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Philip Brey [40]Philip A. E. Brey [2]Philip Antoon Brey [1]
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Philip Brey
University of Twente
  1. Anticipatory ethics for emerging technologies.Philip A. E. Brey - 2012 - NanoEthics 6 (1):1-13.
    Abstract In this essay, a new approach for the ethical study of emerging technology ethics will be presented, called anticipatory technology ethics (ATE). The ethics of emerging technology is the study of ethical issues at the R&D and introduction stage of technology development through anticipation of possible future devices, applications, and social consequences. I will argue that a major problem for its development is the problem of uncertainty, which can only be overcome through methodologically sound forecasting and futures studies. I (...)
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  2.  52
    Methods for Practising Ethics in Research and Innovation: A Literature Review, Critical Analysis and Recommendations.Wessel Reijers, David Wright, Philip Brey, Karsten Weber, Rowena Rodrigues, Declan O’Sullivan & Bert Gordijn - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (5):1437-1481.
    This paper provides a systematic literature review, analysis and discussion of methods that are proposed to practise ethics in research and innovation. Ethical considerations concerning the impacts of R&I are increasingly important, due to the quickening pace of technological innovation and the ubiquitous use of the outcomes of R&I processes in society. For this reason, several methods for practising ethics have been developed in different fields of R&I. The paper first of all presents a systematic search of academic sources that (...)
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  3. Philosophy of Technology after the Empirical Turn.Philip Brey - 2010 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 14 (1):36-48.
    What are the strengths and weaknesses of contemporary philosophy of technology, and how may the field be developed and improved in the future? That is the question I will address in this paper. I will argue that in the past twenty-five years, philosophy of technology has entered a new era. This era has arrived with new and distinct issues and approaches that differ from those that came before it. Many of the new developments have been for the good. Yet, I (...)
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  4.  78
    Philosophy of Technology after the Empirical Turn.Philip Brey - 2010 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 14 (1):36-48.
    What are the strengths and weaknesses of contemporary philosophy of technology, and how may the field be developed and improved in the future? That is the question I will address in this paper. I will argue that in the past twenty-five years, philosophy of technology has entered a new era. This era has arrived with new and distinct issues and approaches that differ from those that came before it. Many of the new developments have been for the good. Yet, I (...)
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  5. Disclosive computer ethics.Philip Brey - 2000 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 30 (4):10-16.
    This essay provides a critique of mainstream computer ethics and argues for the importance of a complementary approach called disclosive computer ethics, which is concerned with the moral deciphering of embedded values and norms in computer systems, applications and practices. Also, four key values are proposed as starting points for disclosive studies in computer ethics: justice, autonomy, democracy and privacy. Finally, it is argued that research in disclosive computer ethics should be multi-level and interdisciplinary, distinguishing between a disclosure level, a (...)
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  6. The ethics of representation and action in virtual reality.Philip Brey - 1999 - Ethics and Information Technology 1 (1):5-14.
    This essay addresses ethical aspects of the design and use of virtual reality (VR) systems, focusing on the behavioral options made available in such systems and the manner in which reality is represented or simulated in them. An assessment is made of the morality of immoral behavior in virtual reality, and of the virtual modeling of such behavior. Thereafter, the ethical aspects of misrepresentation and biased representation in VR applications are discussed.
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  7. Anticipating ethical issues in emerging IT.Philip A. E. Brey - 2012 - Ethics and Information Technology 14 (4):305-317.
    In this essay, a new approach to the ethics of emerging information technology will be presented, called anticipatory technology ethics (ATE). The ethics of emerging technology is the study of ethical issues at the R&D and introduction stage of technology development through anticipation of possible future devices, applications, and social consequences. In the essay, I will first locate emerging technology in the technology development cycle, after which I will consider ethical approaches to emerging technologies, as well as obstacles in developing (...)
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  8. Freedom and privacy in ambient intelligence.Philip Brey - 2005 - Ethics and Information Technology 7 (3):157-166.
    This paper analyzes ethical aspects of the new paradigm of Ambient Intelligence, which is a combination of Ubiquitous Computing and Intelligent User Interfaces (IUI’s). After an introduction to the approach, two key ethical dimensions will be analyzed: freedom and privacy. It is argued that Ambient Intelligence, though often designed to enhance freedom and control, has the potential to limit freedom and autonomy as well. Ambient Intelligence also harbors great privacy risks, and these are explored as well.
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  9.  35
    Human enhancement and personal identity.Philip Brey - 2009 - In Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis, Evan Selinger & Søren Riis (eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Technology. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 169--185.
    In this essay, I will investigate the implications of human enhancement for personal identity and assess likely social and ethical consequences of these changes. Human enhancement, also called human augmentation, is an emerging field within medicine and bioengineering that aims to develop technologies and techniques for overcoming current limitations of human cognitive and physical abilities (Naam, 2004; Wilsdon and Miller, 2006; Garreau, 2005; Parens, 1998; Agar, 2004). Technologies developed in this field are called human enhancement technologies (HETs). HETs rely on (...)
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  10. The technological construction of social power.Philip Brey - 2008 - Social Epistemology 22 (1):71 – 95.
    This essay presents a theory of the role of technology in the distribution and exercise of social power. The paper studies how technical artefacts and systems are used to construct, maintain or strengthen power relations between agents, whether individuals or groups, and how their introduction and use in society differentially empowers and disempowers agents. The theory is developed in three steps. First, a definition of power is proposed, based on a careful discussion of opposing definitions of power, and it is (...)
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  11. Do we have moral duties towards information objects?Philip Brey - 2008 - Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):109-114.
    In this paper, a critique will be developed and an alternative proposed to Luciano Floridi’s approach to Information Ethics (IE). IE is a macroethical theory that is to both serve as a foundation for computer ethics and to guide our overall moral attitude towards the world. The central claims of IE are that everything that exists can be described as an information object, and that all information objects, qua information objects, have intrinsic value and are therefore deserving of moral respect. (...)
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  12. The epistemology and ontology of human-computer interaction.Philip Brey - 2005 - Minds and Machines 15 (3-4):383-398.
    This paper analyzes epistemological and ontological dimensions of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) through an analysis of the functions of computer systems in relation to their users. It is argued that the primary relation between humans and computer systems has historically been epistemic: computers are used as information-processing and problem-solving tools that extend human cognition, thereby creating hybrid cognitive systems consisting of a human processor and an artificial processor that process information in tandem. In this role, computer systems extend human cognition. Next, (...)
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  13.  66
    Theorizing the Cultural Quality of New Media.Philip Brey - 2007 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 11 (1):2-18.
  14.  33
    Theorizing the Cultural Quality of New Media.Philip Brey - 2007 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 11 (1):2-18.
  15.  45
    Worker autonomy and the drama of digital networks in organizations.Philip Brey - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 22 (1):15 - 25.
    This essay considers the impact of digital networks in organizations on worker autonomy. Worker autonomy, the control that workers have over their own work situation, is claimed in this essay to be a key determinant for the quality of work, as well as an important moral goal. Digital networks pose significant threats to worker autonomy as well as opportunities for its enhancement. In this essay, the notion of worker autonomy is analyzed and evaluated for its importance and moral relevance. It (...)
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  16. Ethical aspects of facial recognition systems in public places.Philip Brey - 2004 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 2 (2):97-109.
    This essay examines ethical aspects of the use of facial recognition technology for surveillance purposes in public and semipublic areas, focusing particularly on the balance between security and privacy and civil liberties. As a case study, the FaceIt facial recognition engine of Identix Corporation will be analyzed, as well as its use in “Smart” video surveillance systems in city centers and airports. The ethical analysis will be based on a careful analysis of current facial recognition technology, of its use in (...)
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  17. Philosophy and Geography Iii: Philosophies of Place.Philip Brey, Lee Caragata, James Dickinson, David Glidden, Sara Gottlieb, Bruce Hannon, Ian Howard, Jeff Malpas, Katya Mandoki, Jonathan Maskit, Bryan G. Norton, Roger Paden, David Roberts, Holmes Rolston Iii, Izhak Schnell, Jonathon M. Smith, David Wasserman & Mick Womersley (eds.) - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    A growing literature testifies to the persistence of place as an incorrigible aspect of human experience, identity, and morality. Place is a common ground for thought and action, a community of experienced particulars that avoids solipsism and universalism. It draws us into the philosophy of the ordinary, into familiarity as a form of knowledge, into the wisdom of proximity. Each of these essays offers a philosophy of place, and reminds us that such philosophies ultimately decide how we make, use, and (...)
     
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  18. Hubert Dreyfus: Humans versus computers.Philip Brey - 2001 - In American Philosophy of Technology: The Empirical Turn. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
     
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  19.  62
    Editorial introduction – surveillance and privacy.Philip Brey - 2005 - Ethics and Information Technology 7 (4):183-184.
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  20.  17
    Well-Being in Contemporary Society.Pak-Hang Wong, Philip Brey, Johnny Hartz Søraker, Jan-Willem van Der Rijt & Jelle de Boer - 2015 - Springer.
    This anthology examines the practical role of well-being in contemporary society. It discusses developments such as globalization, consumerism and the rapid innovation and use of new and emerging technologies and focuses on the significant impact of these developments on the well-being of people living today. The anthology brings together researchers from various disciplines, including psychology, economics, sociology, philosophy and development studies. It provides concrete insight on the role and importance of well-being in contemporary society, using a mix of empirical grounding, (...)
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  21.  4
    Computer Ethics.Philip Brey - 2009 - In Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis, Stig Andur Pedersen & Vincent F. Hendricks (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Technology. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 406–411.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Approaches in Computer Ethics Topics in Computer Ethics Moral Responsibility Other Topics References and Further Reading.
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  22. Editorial introduction – ethics of new information technology.Philip Brey, Luciano Floridi & Frances Grodzinsky - 2005 - Ethics and Information Technology 7 (3):109–109.
    This special issue of Ethics and Information Technology focuses on the ethics of new and emerging information technology (IT). The papers have been selected from submissions to the sixth international conference on Computer Ethics: Philosophical Enquiry (CEPE2005), which took place at the University of Twente, the Netherlands, July 17–19, 2005. -/- .
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  23.  28
    Social and ethical dimensions of computer‐mediated education.Philip Brey - 2006 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 4 (2):91-101.
    This paper addresses social and ethical issues in computer‐mediated education, with a focus on higher education. It will be argued if computer‐mediated education is to be implemented in a socially and ethically sound way, four major social and ethical issues much be confronted. These are: the issue of value transfer in higher education: can social, cultural and academic values be successfully transmitted in computer‐mediated education? the issue of academic freedom: are computer‐mediated educational settings conducive for academic freedom or do they (...)
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  24.  7
    Biomedical Engineering Ethics.Philip Brey - 2009 - In Jan Kyrre Berg Olsen Friis, Stig Andur Pedersen & Vincent F. Hendricks (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Technology. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 392–396.
    This chapter contains sections titled: General Ethical Issues Cellular, Genetic and Tissue Engineering Biomaterials, Prostheses and Implants Biomedical Imaging and Optics Neural Engineering References and Further Reading.
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  25. American Philosophy of Technology: The Empirical Turn.Philip Brey - 2001 - Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Introduces contemporary American philosophy of technology through six of its leading figures. The six American philosophers of technology whose work is profiled in this clear and concise introduction to the field--Albert Borgmann, Hubert Dreyfus, Andrew Feenberg, Donna Haraway, Don Ihde, and Langdon Winner--represent a new, empirical direction in the philosophical study of technology that has developed mainly in North America. In place of the grand philosophical schemes of the classical generation of European philosophers of technology (including Martin Heidgger, Jacques Ellul, (...)
     
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  26.  42
    Evaluating the social and cultural implications of the internet.Philip Brey - 2005 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 35 (3):1.
    Since the internet's breakthrough as a mass medium, it has become a topic of discussion because of its implications for society. At one extreme, one finds those who only see great benefits and consider the Internet a tool for freedom, commerce, connectivity, and other societal benefits. At the other extreme, one finds those who lament the harms and disadvantages of the Internet, and who consider it a grave danger to existing social structures and institutions, to culture, morality and human relations. (...)
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  27.  66
    New Media and the Quality of Life.Philip Brey - 1997 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 3 (1):4-18.
    In this paper I evaluate the implications of contemporary information and communication media for the quality of life, including both the new media from the digital revolution and the older media that remain in use. My evaluation of contemporary media proceeds in three parts. First I discuss the benefits of contemporary media, with special emphasis given to their immediate functional benefits. I then discuss four potential threats posed by contemporary media. In a final section I examine the future of digital (...)
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  28. Nieuwe media en het goede leven.Philip Brey - 2007 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 99 (2):132-139.
     
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  29. Proceedings of CEPE 2007.Philip Brey, L. Hinman, Luciano Floridi, F. Grodzinsky & Lucas Introna - 2007 - Enschede, Netherlands: Centre for Telematics and Information Technology (CTIT).
     
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  30.  24
    Sustainable technology and the limits of ecological modernization.Philip Brey - 1999 - Ludus Vitalis: Revista de Filosofia de Las Ciencias de la Vida= Journal of Philosophy of Life Sciences 7 (12):153-170.
    This essay addresses the question of how sustainable development is possible, giving special reference to the role of technology. It argues that the dominant strategy for sustainable development that is now operative, ecological modernization, is insufficient, and that the reform of technology and of systems of production alone will not yield sustainable development. After a brief discussion of the notion of sustainable development, the current strategy for sustainability, ecological modernization, is outlined (§ 1). This strategy is then subjected to a (...)
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  31. Sustainable technologies for sustainable lifestyles.Philip Brey - 2017 - In David M. Kaplan (ed.), Philosophy, technology, and the environment. The MIT Press.
     
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  32.  14
    Wetenschaps-en techniekfilosofie: does it take two to tango?Philip Brey - 2003 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 95 (3).
  33.  23
    Ambient Intelligence and Problems with Inferring Desires from Behaviour.Johnny Harz Soraker & Philip Brey - 2007 - International Review of Information Ethics 8:7-12.
    In this paper the authors argue that many of the ethical problems raised by Ambient Intelligence stems from presupposing a behaviourist conception of the relation between human desires and behaviour. Insofar as Ambient Intelligence systems take overt, natural behaviour as input, they are likely to suffer from many of the same problems that have fuelled the widespread criticism of behaviourist explanations of human behaviour. If these limitations of the technology are not sufficiently recognized, the technology is likely to be insufficiently (...)
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  34. Method in computer ethics: Towards a multi-level interdisciplinary approach. [REVIEW]Philip Brey - 2000 - Ethics and Information Technology 2 (2):125-129.
    This essay considers methodological aspects ofcomputer ethics and argues for a multi-levelinterdisciplinary approach with a central role forwhat is called disclosive computer ethics. Disclosivecomputer ethics is concerned with the moraldeciphering of embedded values and norms in computersystems, applications and practices. In themethodology for computer ethics research proposed inthe essay, research takes place at three levels: thedisclosure level, in which ideally philosophers,computer scientists and social scientists collaborateto disclose embedded normativity in computer systemsand practices, the theoretical level, in whichphilosophers develop and modify (...)
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  35.  22
    Philosophy of technology: A time for maturation. [REVIEW]Philip Brey - 1997 - Metascience 6 (1):91-104.