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1138 found
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  1. Could slaughterbots wipe out humanity? Assessment of the global catastrophic risk posed by autonomous weapons.Alexey Turchin - manuscript
    Recently criticisms against autonomous weapons were presented in a video in which an AI-powered drone kills a person. However, some said that this video is a distraction from the real risk of AI—the risk of unlimitedly self-improving AI systems. In this article, we analyze arguments from both sides and turn them into conditions. The following conditions are identified as leading to autonomous weapons becoming a global catastrophic risk: 1) Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) development is delayed relative to progress in narrow (...)
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  2. Identifying ethical issues of nanotechnologies.Joachim Schummer - manuscript
    in: Henk ten Have (ed.), Nanotechnology: Science, Ethics and Policy Issues, Paris (UNESCO Series in Ethics of Science and Technology), 2006 (forthcoming).
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  3. Phenomenological Epistemology and Nanotechnology: Scanning Tunneling Microscopy as Hermeneutic Technics.Marina P. Banchetti - forthcoming - In Jean-Pierre Noel Llored (ed.), Ethics and Chemistry: A Multidisciplinary Investigation. London, UK:
  4. Crop biotechnology and developing countries.Geeta Bharathan, Shanti Chandrashekaran, Tony May & John Bryant - forthcoming - Bioethics for Scientists.
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  5. Technological revolutions and the problem of prediction.Nick Bostrom - forthcoming - Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology. Wiley-Interscience, Hoboken, Nj.
  6. Sims and Vulnerability: On the Ethics of Creating Emulated Minds.Bartek Chomanski - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics.
    It might become possible to build artificial minds with the capacity for experience. This raises a plethora of ethical issues, explored, among others, in the context of whole brain emulations (WBE). In this paper, I will take up the problem of vulnerability – given, for various reasons, less attention in the literature – that the conscious emulations will likely exhibit. Specifically, I will examine the role that vulnerability plays in generating ethical issues that may arise when dealing with WBEs. I (...)
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  7. 2.7. Biotechnology and Society.Amit Krishna De - forthcoming - Bioethics in Asia: The Proceedings of the Unesco Asian Bioethics Conference (Abc'97) and the Who-Assisted Satellite Symposium on Medical Genetics Services, 3-8 Nov, 1997 in Kobe/Fukui, Japan, 3rd Murs Japan International Symposium, 2nd Congress of the Asi.
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  8. Who Will Gain From Biotechnology?Jack Doyle - forthcoming - Steven M. Gendel Et Al.(Hg.), Agricultural Bioethics: Implications of Agricultural Biotechnology, Ames.
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  9. Complexity and uncertainty: A prudential approach to nanotechnology.Jean-Pierre Dupuy - forthcoming - Nanoethics. The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology. New Jersey.
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  10. Deliberative democracy and nanotechnology.Colin Farrelly - forthcoming - Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology.
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  11. Personal choice in the coming era of nanomedicine.Robert A. Freitas Jr - forthcoming - Nanoethics: The Social and Ethical Implications of Nanotechnology.
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  12. 3.4. Ethical Issues in the Generation and Utilisation of Knowledge in Biotechnology.What To Generate - forthcoming - Bioethics in Asia: The Proceedings of the Unesco Asian Bioethics Conference (Abc'97) and the Who-Assisted Satellite Symposium on Medical Genetics Services, 3-8 Nov, 1997 in Kobe/Fukui, Japan, 3rd Murs Japan International Symposium, 2nd Congress of the Asi.
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  13. Ethical issues.Sister Margaret John Kelly - forthcoming - Scarce Medical Resources and Justice.
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  14. RoboCup: the World Cup Initiative.H. Kitano, M. Asada, Y. Kuniyoshi, I. Noda & E. Osawa - forthcoming - Proceedings of Japanese Society for Ai Symposium.
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  15. On the national agenda: US congressional testimony on the societal implications of nanotechnology.Ray Kurzweil - forthcoming - Nanoethics: The Ethical and Societal Implications of Nanotechnology.
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  16. In the beginning: The US national nanotechnology initiative.Neal Lane & Thomas Kalil - forthcoming - Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology.
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  17. Europeanizing the ethics of nanotechnology, rethinking nanoethics.Brice Laurent - forthcoming - Nanoethics: Do We Need a New Ethics for Nanotechnology?.
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  18. Nanoscience and nanoethics: Defining the disciplines.Patrick Lin & Fritz Allhoff - forthcoming - Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology.
    This introduction provides background information on the emerging field of nanotechnology and its ethical dimensions. After defining nanotechnology and briefly discussing its status as a discipline, about which there exists a meta-controversy, this introduction turns to a discussion of the status of nanoethics and lays out particular issues of concern in the field, both current and emerging.
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  19. Synthetic biology marketplace: screening out terrorists.S. M. Maurer - forthcoming - Bioethics Forum.
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  20. Socio-ethical issues: Two conceptual frameworks.Thomas F. McMahon - forthcoming - Profit and Responsibility: Issues in Business and Professional Ethics.
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  21. Nanotechnology and the military.Daniel Moore - forthcoming - Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Dimension of Nanotechnology.
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  22. Nanotechnologyand risk: What are the issues?Anne Ingeborg Myhr & Roy Ambli Dalmo - forthcoming - Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology.
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  23. CSR Communication–An emerging field.Anne Ellerup Nielsen & Christa Thomsen - forthcoming - Hermes.
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  24. The emergence and formation of Finnish innovation policy.Marja-Liisa Niinikoski - forthcoming - Emergence: Complexity and Organization.
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  25. Foreword: Ethical Choices in Nanotechnology Development.M. C. Roco - forthcoming - Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology.
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  26. The Social Scale: The Weight of Justice.Daniel Seltzer (ed.) - forthcoming - MIT Press.
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  27. The rules of engagement: Dialogue and democracy in creating nanotechnology futures.J. Stilgoe & J. Wilsdon - forthcoming - Nanoethics: The Ethical and Societal Implications of Nanotechnology. Wiley, Hoboken.
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  28. Some Issues.John Wiley - forthcoming - Contemporary Issues in Business Ethics.
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  29. University-Industry Relationships in Biotechnology: Convergence and Divergence in Goals and Expectations.William F. Woodman, Brian J. Reichel & Mack C. Shelley - forthcoming - Proceedings of the 1987 Iowa State University Agricultural Bioethics Symposium. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press.
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  30. Performance in the Workplace: a Critical Evaluation of Cognitive Enhancement.Cengiz Acarturk & Baris Mucen - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (1):107-114.
    The popular debates about the future organization of work through artificial intelligence technologies focus on the replacement of human beings by novel technologies. In this essay, we oppose this statement by closely following what has been developed as AI technologies and analyzing how they work, specifically focusing on research that may impact work organizations. We develop this argument by showing that the recent research and developments in AI technologies focus on developing accurate and precise performance models, which in turn shapes (...)
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  31. Circles of Care for Safety: A Care Ethics Approach to Safe-by-Design.Lieke Baas, Suzanne Metselaar & Pim Klaassen - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (2):167-179.
    Safe-by-Design is an approach to engineering that aims to integrate the value of safety in the design and development of new technologies. It does so by integrating knowledge of potential dangers in the design process and developing methods to design undesirable effects out of the innovation. Recent discussions have highlighted several challenges in conceptualizing safety and integrating the value into the design process. Therefore, some have argued to design for the _responsibility_ for safety, instead of for safety itself. However, this (...)
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  32. Temporarily Abled: How Exoskeleton Experience Reinvents Bodies in Spinal Cord Injury and Cerebrovascular Accidents.Denisa Butnaru - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (1):51-64.
    Recent achievements in rehabilitative robotics modify essential parameters of the human body, such as motility. Exoskeletons used for persons with neurological impairments like spinal cord injury and stroke enter this category by rehabilitating and assisting damaged motor patterns, achievements thought impossible until not long ago. Unlike other examples leading to similar dysfunctions, such as diseases or tumors, the experience of an accident causing a spinal cord injury or the occurrence of a cerebrovascular accident is sudden and perceived as a radical (...)
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  33. Quantum Technologies and Society: Towards a Different Spin.Christopher Coenen, Alexei Grinbaum, Armin Grunwald, Colin Milburn & Pieter Vermaas - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (1):1-6.
    Due primarily to technological advances over the last decade, quantum research has become a key priority area for science and technology policy all over the world. With this manifesto, we wish to prevent quantum technology from running into fiascos of implementation at the interface of science and society. To this end, we identify key stumbling blocks and propose recommendations.
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  34. Enhancement Technologies and the Politics of Life.Diego Compagna & Melike Şahinol - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (1):15-20.
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  35. Enhancement Technologies and the Politics of Life: Interfaces of Art and Science.Diego Compagna & Melike Şahinol - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (2):195-196.
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  36. Tractatus Politico-Technologicus as Common Cause.Paul Diduch - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (3):343-346.
    Carl Mitcham makes the case for Leo Strauss’s importance as a theorist of technology whose work complements thinkers like Bernard Stiegler and others in philosophy of technology and science and technology studies. His main argument is that a political philosophy of technology follows from the core elements of Strauss’s unique analysis of modernity. Importantly, he adapts Strauss’s “cave within a cave” image to encapsulate the interventionist origins and subsequent artificiality of modernity, and, thus, helps us to see why a “Tractatus (...)
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  37. Correction to: Precaution as a Risk in Data Gaps and Sustainable Nanotechnology Decision Support Systems: a Case Study of Nano‑Enabled Textiles Production.Irini Furxhi, Finbarr Murphy, Craig A. Poland, Martin Cunneen & Martin Mullins - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (2):193-194.
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  38. Moral Equivalence in the Metaverse.Alexei Grinbaum & Laurynas Adomaitis - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (3):257-270.
    Are digital subjects in virtual reality morally equivalent to human subjects? We divide this problem into two questions bearing, respectively, on cognitive and emotional equivalence. Typically, cognitive equivalence does not hold due to the lack of substantialist indistinguishability, but emotional equivalence applies: digital subjects endowed with face or language elicit emotional responses on a par with real-world pleasure, desire, horror, or fear. This is sufficient for projecting moral traits on avatars in the metaverse or on dialog systems based on large (...)
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  39. For Dialogue Between Strauss and Stiegler.Yuk Hui - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (3):339-342.
    Any encounter between Strauss and Stiegler requires critical elucidation of the notions of _polis_ and _nomos_ as central to classical political philosophy and the ways in which both have been transformed by technology. We must ask with Stiegler what kind of new geopolitical configuration is possible in our time, in the digital age, and in the Anthropocene.
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  40. Techno-species in the Becoming Towards a Relational Ontology of Multi-species Assemblages (ROMA).Tanja Kubes & Thomas Reinhardt - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (1):95-105.
    Robots equipped with artificial intelligence pose a huge challenge to traditional ontological differentiations between the spheres of the human and the non-human. Drawing mainly from neo-animistic and perspectivist approaches in anthropology and science and technology studies, the paper explores the potential of new forms of interconnectedness and rhizomatic entanglements between humans and a world transcending the boundaries between species and material spheres. We argue that intelligent robots meet virtually all criteria Western biology came up with to define ‘life’ and that (...)
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  41. What Role Does Regulation Play in Responsible Innovation of Nanotechnology in Food and Agriculture? Insights and Framings from U.S. Stakeholders.Jennifer Kuzma, Maude Cuchiara, Khara D. Grieger & Ashton W. Merck - 2022 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 42 (3):85-103.
    Historically, market regulation has played an important role in shaping the trajectory of scientific and technological innovation in food and agriculture. However, regulators’ traditional focus on safety and efficacy may be insufficient to address more complex ethical, legal, and social implications of novel products, such as the use of nanotechnology and nanomaterials in food and agriculture. One solution might be to implement the principles of responsible innovation to challenge innovators and policymakers to better anticipate risks further upstream and be responsive (...)
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  42. Techno-bio-politics. On Interfacing Life with and Through Technology.Benjamin Lipp & Sabine Maasen - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (1):133-150.
    Technology takes an unprecedented position in contemporary society. In particular, it has become part and parcel of governmental attempts to manufacture life in new ways. Such ideas concerning the governance of life organize around the same contention: that technology and life are, in fact, highly interconnectable. This is surprising because if one enters the sites of techno-scientific experimentation, those visions turn out to be much frailer and by no means “in place” yet. Rather, they afford or enforce constant interfacing work, (...)
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  43. Ethics and Genomic Editing Using the Crispr-Cas9 Technique: Challenges and Conflicts.David Lorenzo, Montse Esquerda, Francesc Palau, Francisco J. Cambra & Grup Investigació en Bioética - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (3):313-321.
    The field of genetics has seen major advances in recent decades, particularly in research, prevention and diagnosis. One of the most recent developments, the genomic editing technique Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-Cas9, has opened the possibility for genetic therapies through genome modification. The technique marks an improvement on previous procedures but poses some serious ethical conflicts. Bioethics is the discipline geared at finding answers to ethical challenges posed by progress in medicine and biology and examining their repercussions for (...)
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  44. Political Philosophy of Technology: After Leo Strauss (A Question of Sovereignty).Carl Mitcham - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (3):331-338.
    Bernard Stiegler’s contributions to political philosophy in the presence of technology are honored and complemented by imagining an encounter with the thought of Leo Strauss. The concept of sovereignty is taken as pivotal. Notions of sovereignty find expression not only in nation state politics but also in engineering and technology. Pierre Manent calls attention to further roots in Christian theology. The complexities and challenges of this interweaving point suggest the need for a “Tractatus Politico-Technologicus.”.
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  45. “Manufacturing Life” in Real Work Processes? New Manufacturing Environments with Micro- and Nanorobotics.António Brandão Moniz & Bettina-Johanna Krings - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (1):115-131.
    The convergence of nano-, bio-, information, and cognitive sciences and technologies (NBIC) is advancing continuously in many societal spheres. This also applies to the manufacturing sector, where technological transformations in robotics push the boundaries of human–machine interaction (HMI). Here, current technological advances in micro- and nanomanufacturing are accompanied by new socio-economic concepts for different sectors of the process industry. Although these developments are still ongoing, the blurring of the boundaries of HMI in processes at the micro- and nano- level can (...)
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  46. Rethinking Assistive Technologies: Users, Environments, Digital Media, and App-Practices of Hearing.Beate Ochsner, Markus Spöhrer & Robert Stock - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (1):65-79.
    Against the backdrop of an aging world population increasingly affected by a diverse range of abilities and disabilities as well as the rise of ubiquitous computing and digital app cultures, this paper questions how mobile technologies mediate between heterogeneous environments and sensing beings. To approach the current technological manufacturing of the senses, two lines of thought are of importance: First, there is a need to critically reflect upon the concept of assistive technologies as artifacts providing tangible solutions for a specific (...)
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  47. Cyborg Encounters: Three Art-Science Interactions.Ayşe Melis Okay, Burak Taşdizen, Charles John McKinnon Bell, Beyza Dilem Topdal & Melike Şahinol - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (2):223-238.
    This contribution includes three selected works from an exhibition on _Cyborg Encounters_. These works deal with hybrid connections of human and non-human species that (might) emerge as a result of enhancement technologies and bio-technological developments. They offer not only an artistic exploration of contemporary but also futuristic aspects of the subject. Followed by an introduction by Melike Şahinol, _Critically Endangered Artwork_ (by Ayşe Melis Okay) highlights Turkey’s ongoing problems of food poverty and the amount of decreasing agricultural lands. It displays (...)
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  48. Reflections on Turkish Personal Data Protection Law and Genetic Data in Focus Group Discussions.Özlem Özkan, Melike Şahinol, Arsev Umur Aydinoglu & Yesim Aydin Son - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (3):297-312.
    Since the 1970s and more rigorously since the 1990s, many countries have regulated data protection and privacy laws in order to ensure the safety and privacy of personal data. First, a comparison is made of different acts regarding genetic information that are in force in the EU, the USA, and China. In Turkey, changes were adopted only recently following intense debates. This study aims to explore the experts’ opinions on the regulations of the health information systems, data security, privacy, and (...)
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  49. Prototyping Criptical Neural Engineering — Tentatively Cripping Neural Engineering’s Cultural Practices for Cyborg Survival and Flourishing.Romy Rasper - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (1):35-49.
    This Discussion Note calls for attention to the cultural practices of Neural Engineering as part of the life sciences as practices and technologies of manufacturing life. Through focusing on Disability, Ableism, and especially Technoableism within the field, I point out instances of onto-epistemological violence, which influence the likelihood of survival of disabled people individually and as a group. By drawing on Crip Technoscience, a method assemblage is introduced that allows to address these issues in an intersectional-kyriarchal understanding of interlocking systems (...)
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  50. VULVA STUDY. hidden but not undiscovered” in Conversation with “Manufacturing the Vulva.Merve Şahinol & Melike Şahinol - 2022 - NanoEthics 16 (2):205-222.
    Cosmetic surgery and techno-medical manufacturing of the body are booming. The transformative potential of cosmetic surgery is used to shape and enhance physical appearance, gender identity and sexuality. Among the cosmetic procedures that have become popular is intimate surgery for women, which is oriented towards an ideal shape of the vulva. Almost in parallel with this trend, vulva-positive websites highlighting the diversity of the vulva are becoming ever more widespread in order to enlighten women and contribute to women’s health. This (...)
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1 — 50 / 1138