Results for 'Nature conservation'

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  1. Nature Conservation and the Ambiguous Human-Nature Relationship.Ylva Uggla - 2020 - In Thomas Kerlin Park & James B. Greenberg (eds.), Terrestrial transformations: a political ecology approach to society and nature. Lexington Books.
     
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  2. Sacred Forests of Asia: Spiritual Ecology and the Politics of Nature Conservation.Chris Coggins & Bixia Chen (eds.) - 2022 - New York: Routledge.
    Presenting a thorough examination of the sacred forests of Asia, this volume engages with dynamic new scholarly dialogues on the nature of sacred space, place, landscape, and ecology in the context of the sharply contested ideas of the Anthropocene. Given the vast geographic range of sacred groves in Asia, this volume discusses the diversity of associated cosmologies, ecologies, traditional local resource management practices, and environmental governance systems developed during the pre-colonial, colonial, and post-colonial periods. Adopting theoretical perspectives from political (...)
     
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  3. European Nature Conservation Policy Making. From Substantive to Procedura; Souces of Legitimacy.E. R. Engelen, F. W. J. Keulartz & G. R. Leistra - unknown
     
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  4.  16
    Nature Conservation and the Voluntary Principle.John Francis - 1994 - Environmental Values 3 (3):267-271.
    Primary legislation in Britain has enshrined the 'voluntary principle' at the centre of the working relationship between nature conservationists and other land-users. This paper examines the dilemma that arises from the application of the legislation to long-term land management strategies in support of nature conservation. In its historical context this approach does not sit easily with wider goals such as the land-use ethic of Aldo Leopold or the search for an ethic of sustainability.
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  5.  16
    Nature Conservation and the Precautionary Principle.John M. Francis - 1996 - Environmental Values 5 (3):257-264.
    The application of the precautionary principle to an area of environmental protection, such as nature conservation, requires commitment to the idea that full scientific proof of a causal link between a potentially damaging operation and a long term environmental impact is not required. Adoption of the principle in Government statements related to sustainable development should therefore be seen in this context. The paper addresses the particular case of marine fish farming in Scotland where the principle was advocated but (...)
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  6.  48
    Can Nature Conservation Justify Sports Fishing?A. Dionys de Leeuw - 2012 - Environmental Ethics 34 (2):159-175.
    Anglers frequently justify their sport on the basis of nature conservation. According to this utilitarian equation, harming fish by angling is balanced by conservation of nature. To qualify as justification for angling, nature conservation must arise from and be connected to angling, a connection achieved by sport fisheries management. Management practices are, therefore, evaluated to determine if, on the whole, these practices are beneficial to nature and, if these benefits “outweigh” harms caused to (...)
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  7. From Environmental Ethics to Nature Conservation Policy: Natura 2000 and the Burden of Proof.Humberto D. Rosa & Jorge Marques Silvdaa - 2005 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (2).
    Natura 2000 is a network of natural sites whose aim is to preserve species and habitats of relevance in the European Union. The policy underlying Natura 2000 has faced widespread opposition from land users and received extensive support from environmentalists. This paper addresses the ethical framework for Natura 2000 and the probable moral assumptions of its main stakeholders. Arguments for and against Natura 2000 were analyzed and classified according to “strong” or “weak” versions of the three main theories of environmental (...)
     
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  8.  36
    From Environmental Ethics to Nature Conservation Policy: Natura 2000 and the Burden of Proof. [REVIEW]Humberto D. Rosa & Jorge Marques Da Silva - 2005 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (2):107-130.
    Natura 2000 is a network of natural sites whose aim is to preserve species and habitats of relevance in the European Union. The policy underlying Natura 2000 has faced widespread opposition from land users and received extensive support from environmentalists. This paper addresses the ethical framework for Natura 2000 and the probable moral assumptions of its main stakeholders. Arguments for and against Natura 2000 were analyzed and classified according to “strong” or “weak” versions of the three main theories of environmental (...)
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  9. Limits to Substitutability in Nature Conservation.Dieter Birnbacher - 2004 - In Markku Oksanen & Juhani Pietarinen (eds.), Philosophy and Biodiversity. Cambridge University Press. pp. 180.
     
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  10.  7
    The Role of Views of Nature in Dutch Nature Conservation: The Case of the Creation of a Drift Sand Area in the Hoge Veluwe National Park.Esther Turnhout, Matthijs Hisschemöller & Herman Eijsackers - 2004 - Environmental Values 13 (2):187-198.
    Nature conservation requires choices about what sort of nature should be protected in what areas and includes value judgments on what nature is and/or should be. This paper studies the role of differing views of nature in nature conservation. A case study on the creation of a drift sand area in the Netherlands illustrates how nature conservation disputes can be understood as a conflict in views of nature.
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  11.  15
    Making Sense of Nature Conservation After the End of Nature.Elena Casetta - 2020 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 42 (2):1-23.
    The concept of nature in Western thought has been informed by the assumption of a categorical distinction between natural and artificial entities, which goes back to John Stuart Mill or even Aristotle. Such a way of articulating the natural/artificial distinction has proven unfit for conservation purposes mainly because of the extent and the pervasiveness of human activities that would leave no nature left to be conserved, and alternative views have been advanced. In this contribution, after arguing for (...)
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  12.  8
    Moral-Material Ontologies of Nature Conservation: Exploring the Discord Between Ecological Restoration and Novel Ecosystems.Mick Lennon - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (1):5-29.
    Recent years have witnessed growing concerns about how we should conduct conservation activities in a world of human-altered biophysical conditions. The 'novel ecosystems' perspective has emerged as a way to meet this challenge. Yet its focus on accepting 'new natures' as the 'new normal' has drawn much criticism from those wedded to conventional forms of conservation, such as 'ecological restoration'. This paper: 1) provides a much needed review of this dispute; 2) formulates and deploys an original analytical framework, (...)
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  13.  15
    Some Reflections on Political Nature: Conservative Theory Revisited.Lisa Newton - 1975 - Journal of Philosophy 72 (18):593-604.
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  14.  33
    Humanity in Nature: Conserving yet Creating.Karl E. Peters - 1989 - Zygon 24 (4):469-485.
  15. Protestant Churches, Nature Conservation and Animal Rights Versus Ethical Schizophrenia.Suzana Marjanić - 2019 - Filozofska Istrazivanja 38 (4):725-736.
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  16.  5
    Tina Loo. States of Nature: Conserving Canada’s Wildlife in the Twentieth Century. Xxiv + 280 Pp., Illus., Figs., App., Bibl., Index. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2006. $29.95. [REVIEW]Frederick R. Davis - 2007 - Isis 98 (2):428-428.
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  17.  13
    Recognition of Intrinsic Values of Sentient Beings Explains the Sense of Moral Duty Towards Global Nature Conservation.Tianxiang Lan, Neil Sinhababu & Luis Roman Carrasco - 2022 - PLoS ONE 10 (17):NA.
    Whether nature is valuable on its own (intrinsic values) or because of the benefits it provides to humans (instrumental values) has been a long-standing debate. The concept of relational values has been proposed as a solution to this supposed dichotomy, but the empirical validation of its intuitiveness remains limited. We experimentally assessed whether intrinsic/relational values of sentient beings/non-sentient beings/ecosystems better explain people’s sense of moral duty towards global nature conservation for the future. Participants from a representative sample (...)
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  18.  19
    From Burgers to Biodiversity? The McDonaldization of on-Farm Nature Conservation in the UK.Carol Morris & Matt Reed - 2007 - Agriculture and Human Values 24 (2):207-218.
    This paper uses George Ritzer’s account of McDonaldization – the socially transformative process of rationalization – to undertake a critical analysis of agri-environment schemes, the dominant form of on-farm nature conservation in England. Drawing on a wide range of evidence, including social surveys of the participants and non-participants of agri-environment schemes, government files, and interviews with government officials, the four key dimensions of McDonaldization – efficiency, calculability, predictability, and control (through non-human technologies) – are applied to the analysis (...)
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  19. Laws and Meta-Laws of Nature: Conservation Laws and Symmetries.Marc Lange - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (3):457-481.
    Symmetry principles are commonly said to explain conservation laws—and were so employed even by Lagrange and Hamilton, long before Noether's theorem. But within a Hamiltonian framework, the conservation laws likewise entail the symmetries. Why, then, are symmetries explanatorily prior to conservation laws? I explain how the relation between ordinary (i.e., first-order) laws and the facts they govern (a relation involving counterfactuals) may be reproduced one level higher: as a relation between symmetries and the ordinary laws they govern. (...)
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  20.  10
    The Values of Sacred Swamps: Belief-Based Nature Conservation in a Secular World.Narasimha Hegde, Rafael Ziegler & Hans Joosten - 2020 - Environmental Values 29 (4):443-459.
    Global forest loss is highest in the tropical region, an area with high biological biodiversity. As some of these forests are part of indigenous forest management, it is important to pay attention to such management, its values and practices for better conservation. This paper focuses on sacred freshwater swamp forests of the Western Ghats, India, and with it a faith-based approach to nature conservation. Drawing on fieldwork and focus groups, we present the rituals and rules that structure (...)
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  21.  37
    Jozef Keulartz and Gilbert Leistra (Eds): Legitimacy in European Nature Conservation Policy: Case Studies in Multilevel Governance. [REVIEW]Sarah Beach - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (2):195-197.
    Jozef Keulartz and Gilbert Leistra (eds): Legitimacy in European Nature Conservation Policy: Case Studies in Multilevel Governance Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-3 DOI 10.1007/s10806-010-9248-4 Authors Sarah Beach, Kansas State University Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Work Manhattan KS USA Journal Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Online ISSN 1573-322X Print ISSN 1187-7863.
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  22.  3
    Wicked Solutions to Wicked Problems? A Christian Ethical Reflection on Synthetic Biology as Nature Conservation.Manitza Kotzé - 2020 - Philosophia Reformata 85 (2):181-197.
    While a distinction should be made between wicked problems as first defined by Churchman and Rittel and Webber and problems that are merely challenging and difficult to solve, in this contribution, I argue that climate change and the resulting destruction of nature could be explained as a wicked problem. One of the proposed solutions to climate change, making use of synthetic biology for nature conservation, has the potential to be classified not only as a wicked solution but (...)
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  23.  24
    The Role of Aesthetic Considerations in a Narrative Based Approach to Nature Conservation.Dan Firth - 2008 - Ethics and the Environment 13 (2):pp. 77-100.
    The claim presented here is that aesthetic considerations are an essential part of place narrative, and are thus essential to ethical environmental decision-making. Holland’s narrative-based approach to nature conservation is taken as a starting point from which an argument is developed to show how his approach can be extended to include the aesthetic. Aesthetic experience of place is important because it gives us knowledge by acquaintance of the place, because it gives meaning to our relationship to the place, (...)
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  24.  26
    Ecosystem Services and Sacred Natural Sites: Reconciling Material and Non-Material Values in Nature Conservation.Shonil A. Bhagwat - 2009 - Environmental Values 18 (4):417 - 427.
    Ecosystems services are provisions that humans derive from nature. Ecologists trying to value ecosystems have proposed five categories of these services: preserving, supporting, provisioning, regulating and cultural. While this ecosystem services framework attributes 'material' value to nature, sacred natural sites are areas of 'non-material' spiritual significance to people. Can we reconcile the material and non-material values? Ancient classical traditions recognise five elements of nature: earth, water, air, fire and ether. This commentary demonstrates that the perceived properties of (...)
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  25.  5
    Connection to Nature, Deep Ecology, and Conservation Social Science: Human-Nature Bonding and Protecting the Natural World.Christian Diehm - 2020 - Lexington Books.
    This book explores human-nature connectedness through deep ecological philosophy and conservation social science. Emphasizing ecologically-inclusive identities, it argues that connection to nature is more important than many environmental advocates realize and that deep ecology contributes much to the increasingly pressing conversations about it.
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  26.  11
    The Ecological Ethics Framework: Finding Our Way in the Ethical Labyrinth of Nature Conservation: Commentary on “Using an Ecological Ethics Framework to Make Decisions About Relocating Wildlife”.Jac Aa Swart - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (4):523-526.
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  27.  42
    The Ecological Ethics Framework: Finding Our Way in the Ethical Labyrinth of Nature Conservation.Jac A. A. Swart - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (4):523-526.
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  28.  73
    Naturalness in Biological Conservation.Helena Siipi - 2004 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (6):457-477.
    Conservation scientists are arguing whether naturalness provides a reasonable imperative for conservation. To clarify this debate and the interpretation of the term natural, I analyze three management strategies – ecosystem preservation, ecosystem restoration, and ecosystem engineering – with respect to the naturalness of their outcomes. This analysis consists in two parts. First, the ambiguous term natural is defined in a variety of ways, including (1) naturalness as that which is part of nature, (2) naturalness as a contrast (...)
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  29.  4
    Conserving Natural Value.Holmes Rolston Iii - 1994 - Columbia University Press.
    An eloquent introduction to the ethical and philosophical values at stake in biological conservation, this book familiarizes readers with the general issues and possible solutions to the problems societies face in simultaneously conserving nature and promoting culture.
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  30.  23
    Naturalness and Conservation in France.Annik Schnitzler, Jean-Claude Génot, Maurice Wintz & Brack W. Hale - 2008 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (5):423-436.
    This article discusses the ecological and cultural criteria underlying the management practices for protected areas in France. It examines the evolution of French conservation from its roots in the 19th century, when it focused on the protection of scenic landscapes, to current times when the focus is on the protection of biodiversity. However, biodiversity is often socially defined and may not represent an ecologically sound objective for conservation. In particular, we question the current approach to protecting a specific (...)
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  31. The Nature of Conservative Thought.L. Allison - 1988 - History of Political Thought 9 (2):379-383.
  32.  35
    Conservation or Preservation? A Qualitative Study of the Conceptual Foundations of Natural Resource Management.Ben A. Minteer & Elizabeth A. Corley - 2007 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (4):307-333.
    Few disputes in the annals of US environmentalism enjoy the pedigree of the conservation-preservation debate. Yet, although many scholars have written extensively on the meaning and history of conservation and preservation in American environmental thought and practice, the resonance of these concepts outside the academic literature has not been sufficiently examined. Given the significance of the ideals of conservation and preservation in the justification of environmental policy and management, however, we believe that a more detailed analysis of (...)
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  33. ""Cultural" Nature" and Biological Conservation.Nigel Cooper - 2006 - Ludus Vitalis 14 (25):117-134.
  34.  15
    Conservation and Natural Resources.N. W. Pirie - 1966 - The Eugenics Review 58 (3):163.
  35. Conservation," X-Inefficiency" and Efficient Use of Natural Resources.E. C. Pasour Jr - 1979 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 3 (4):371-390.
     
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  36.  46
    Conservation of Energy: Missing Features in Its Nature and Justification and Why They Matter.J. Brian Pitts - 2021 - Foundations of Science 26 (3):559-584.
    Misconceptions about energy conservation abound due to the gap between physics and secondary school chemistry. This paper surveys this difference and its relevance to the 1690s–2010s Leibnizian argument that mind-body interaction is impossible due to conservation laws. Justifications for energy conservation are partly empirical, such as Joule’s paddle wheel experiment, and partly theoretical, such as Lagrange’s statement in 1811 that energy is conserved if the potential energy does not depend on time. In 1918 Noether generalized results like (...)
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  37.  1
    Conserving Natural Value. [REVIEW]Bryan G. Norton - 1996 - Environmental Ethics 18 (2):209-214.
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  38.  41
    Conserving Nature; Preserving Identity.Nicole J. Hassoun & David B. Wong - 2015 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 42 (1-2):176-196.
    There are two broad approaches to environmental ethics. The “conservationist” approach on which we should conserve the environment when it is in our interest to do so and the “preservationist” approach on which we should preserve the environment even when it is not in our interest to do so. We propose a new “relational” approach that tells us to preserve nature as part of what makes us who we are or could be. Drawing from Confucian and Daoist texts, we (...)
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  39.  74
    Nature Above People: Rolston and "Fortress" Conservation in the South.Hanna Siurua - 2006 - Ethics and the Environment 11 (1):71-96.
    : Holmes Rolston III has argued that in some situations where the needs of starving people come into conflict with the protection of natural values, "we" ought to prioritize the latter. Focusing on the threat to pristine ecosystems and endangered species posed by overpopulation in developing countries, Rolston advocates the exclusion of human settlement and activity from the most fragile and valuable wild areas—a strategy sometimes termed "fortress conservation." This approach suffers from at least three serious faults. First, fortress (...)
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  40. Nature’s Legacy: On Rohwer and Marris and Genomic Conservation.Richard Christian - 2015 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 18 (3):265-267.
    Rohwer & Marris claim that “many conservation biologists” believe that there is a prima facie duty to preserve the genetic integrity of species. (A prima facie duty is a necessary pro tanto moral reason.) They describe three possible arguments for that belief and reject them all. They conclude that the biologists they cite are mistaken, and that there is no such duty: duties to preserve genetic integrity are merely instrumental: we ought act to preserve genetic integrity only because doing (...)
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  41.  32
    Conservation of Adaptive Self-Construction: A Flux-Centred Solution to the Paradox of Nature Preservation.Matthew F. Child - 2011 - Environmental Values 20 (4):527-548.
    There is widespread public misunderstanding of ecology and conservation. A culturally entrenched ' balance of nature ' paradigm abets consumerism by encouraging the use of materialism to preserve a static socioeconomic identity. Static self -identities do not foster the depth and breadth of individual self -meaning that is necessary to integrate the existential properties of biodiversity into a popular culture of conservation. The 'flux of nature ' paradigm, however, provides dynamic narrative devices for expounding the link (...)
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  42.  14
    Conservation as Picking Up Trash in Nature.Donald S. Maier & Jeffrey A. Lockwood - 2015 - Environmental Philosophy 12 (1):99-119.
    This essay explores a previously unexplored suggestion for combining consideration of aesthetics with considerations of vice and virtue to justify, not merely claims about nature’s beauty or its preservation, but landscape-transforming conservation projects. Its discussion is not univocal. On the one hand, it suggests that vices associated with humans assisting a creature’s journey to a new landscape make that organism’s presence on that landscape ugly. According to this suggestion, the creature may be regarded as trash, which would be (...)
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  43.  19
    Nature Protection as Moral Duty: The Ethical Trend in the Russian Conservation Movement.Anton Yu Struchkov - 1992 - Journal of the History of Biology 25 (3):413-428.
    Shortly after the October Revolution, Semenov-Tian-Shanskii prophetically remarked that voices in defense of nature in Russia under the new regime might be nothing more than “miserable voices crying in the wilderness.”52 Alas, this turned out to be all too true: by the end of the 1930s the voices of the aestheticethical approach had become silent in the wilderness of “socialist construction.”Nevertheless, I would not like to conclude my talk on this mournful note. Instead I would like to emphasize that, (...)
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  44.  1
    Editorial: Conservation and 'Nature+'.Mark Whitehead - 2012 - Environmental Values 21 (3):251-254.
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  45.  20
    Conserving Natural Value.Bryan G. Norton - 1996 - Environmental Ethics 18 (2):209-214.
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  46.  34
    The Natural Selection of Conservative Science.Cailin O'Connor - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 76:24-29.
  47. Conserving Words: How American Nature Writers Shaped the Environmental Movement.H. Roger Grant - 2006 - Utopian Studies 17 (2):396-397.
  48.  6
    Nature Above Peoplerolston And?Fortress? Conservation in the South.Hanna Siurua - 2006 - Ethics and the Environment 11 (1):72-96.
  49.  51
    Conservation - Karageorghis, Giannikouri Conservation and Presentation of the Cultural and Natural Heritage of the Large Islands of the Mediterranean. Proceedings of the International Symposium, Rhodes, 1–3 September 2005. Pp. 242, B/W and Colour Ills, Colour Maps. Athens: Ministry of Culture, Archaeological Institute of Aegean Studies/A.G. Leventis Foundation, 2006. Paper, €31, US$39. ISBN: 978-960-88387-2-7. [REVIEW]Anastasia Christophilopoulou - 2010 - The Classical Review 60 (1):266-268.
  50.  21
    Aesthetics of Nature, Constitutive Goods, and Environmental Conservation: A Defense of Moderate Formalist Aesthetics.Jennifer Welchman - 2018 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 76 (4):419-428.
    Scientific cognitivists argue formalist aesthetics of nature are (i) inadequate for appreciating the full range of nature’s aesthetic values and (ii) too subjective to be useful for defending nature conservation. I argue that (i) is false because moderate formalists can appreciate nature for its performances, not merely objects and vistas. I argue (ii) is false because moderate formalists can argue that appreciation of beauty (including natural beauty) is a constitutive good of human flourishing, whose realization (...)
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