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Marcia Baron [56]Marcia W. Baron [6]Marcia Wendy Baron [1]
  1. Kantian ethics almost without apology.Marcia Baron - 1995 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    The emphasis on duly in Kant's ethics is widely held to constitute a defect. Marcia W. Baron develops and assesses the criticism, which she sees as comprising two objections: that duty plays too large a role, leaving no room for the supererogatory, and that Kant places too much value on acting from duty. Clearly written and cogently argued, Kantian Ethics Almost without Apology takes on the most philosophically intriguing objections to Kant's ethics and subjects them to a rigorous yet sympathetic (...)
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  2. Three Methods of Ethics: A Debate.Marcia W. Baron, Philip Pettit & Michael Slote - 1997 - Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell. Edited by Philip Pettit & Michael Slote.
    During the past decade ethical theory has been in a lively state of development, and three basic approaches to ethics - Kantian ethics, consequentialism, and virtue ethics - have assumed positions of particular prominence.
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  3. The alleged moral repugnance of acting from duty.Marcia Baron - 1984 - Journal of Philosophy 81 (4):197-220.
    Friends as well as foes of Kant have long been uneasy over his emphasis on duty, but lately the view that there is something morally repugnant about acting from duty seems to be gaining in popularity. More and more philosophers indicate their readiness to jettison duty and the moral 'ought' and to conceive of the perfectly moral person as someone who has all the right desires and acts accordingly without any notion that (s)he ought to act in this way. Elsewhere' (...)
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  4. Impartiality and friendship.Marcia Baron - 1991 - Ethics 101 (4):836-857.
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  5. Kantian Ethics Almost without Apology.Marcia W. Baron & Henry E. Allison - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (191):269-274.
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  6.  28
    Kantian Ethics and Supererogation.Marcia Baron - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (5):237.
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  7. Kantian ethics and supererogation.Marcia Baron - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (5):237-262.
    ...believe that his theory asks too much, demanding total devotion to morality and treating everything worth doing (and perhaps more) as a duty. But, despite their differences, the two sets of...
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  8.  96
    Negligence, Mens Rea, and What We Want the Element of Mens Rea to Provide.Marcia Baron - 2020 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 14 (1):69-89.
    It is widely agreed that the top three Model Penal Code culpability levels suffice for criminal liability, but the fourth is controversial. And it isn’t just the particular MPC wording; that negligence should be on the list at all is controversial. My question is: What makes negligence so different? What is it about negligence that gives rise to the view that it should not suffice for criminal liability? In addressing it, I draw attention to how we conduct the debate, and (...)
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  9. Manipulativeness.Marcia Baron - 2003 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 77 (2):37 - 54.
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  10. Three Methods of Ethics.Marcia Baron, Philip Pettit & Michael Slote - 2001 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 62 (3):721-723.
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  11. Justifications and Excuses.Marcia Baron - 2004 - Ohio St. J. Crim. L 2:387.
    The distinction between justifications and excuses is a familiar one to most of us who work either in moral philosophy or legal philosophy. But exactly how it should be understood is a matter of considerable disagreement. My aim in this paper is, first, to sort out the differences and try to figure out what underlying disagreements account for them. I give particular attention to the following question: Does a person who acts on a reasonable but mistaken belief have a justification, (...)
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  12. Excuses, excuses.Marcia Baron - 2007 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 1 (1):21-39.
    Justifications and excuses are defenses that exculpate. They are therefore much more like each other than like such defenses as diplomatic immunity, which does not exculpate. But they exculpate in different ways, and it has proven difficult to agree on just what that difference consists in. In this paper I take a step back from justification and excuse as concepts in criminal law, and look at the concepts as they arise in everyday life. To keep the task manageable, I focus (...)
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  13. Love and Respect in the Doctrine of Virtue.Marcia W. Baron - 1998 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 (S1):29-44.
  14. Remorse and Agent-Regret.Marcia Baron - 1988 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 13 (1):259-281.
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  15. 20. What Is Wrong with Self-Deception?Marcia Baron - 1988 - In Brian P. McLaughlin & Amélie Oksenberg Rorty (eds.), Perspectives on Self-Deception. University of California Press. pp. 431-449.
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  16.  89
    A Kantian Take on the Supererogatory.Marcia Baron - 2015 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (4):347-362.
    This article presents a Kantian alternative to the mainstream approach in ethics concerning the phenomena that are widely thought to require a category of the supererogatory. My view is that the phenomena do not require this category of imperfect duties. Elsewhere I have written on Kant on this topic; here I shift my focus away from interpretive issues and consider the pros and cons of the Kantian approach. What background assumptions would lean one to favour the Kantian approach and what (...)
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  17.  59
    Shame and Shamelessness.Marcia Baron - 2017 - Philosophia 46 (3):721-731.
    What is the relation between shame and shamelessness? It may seem obvious: shamelessness is simply the absence of shame. But on reflection, it becomes clear that the story is considerably more complicated. Michelle Mason's intriguing "On Shamelessness" prompts such reflection. Mason argues that we should be mindful of the "moral importance of shame" and "unapologetic in its defense", and she does so via an examination of shamelessness and an argument to the effect that shamelessness is a moral fault. The tacit (...)
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  18. On admirable immorality.Marcia Baron - 1986 - Ethics 96 (3):557-566.
  19.  39
    Three Methods of Ethics: A Debate.Robert Shaver, Marcia W. Baron, Philip Pettit & Michael Slote - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (1):125.
    In The Methods of Ethics, Sidgwick took seriously egoism, utilitarianism, and commonsense morality. Virtue ethics was treated as part of commonsense morality. Three Methods, reflecting recent tastes, considers Kant, consequentialism, and virtue ethics. Oddly, it does not reflect the major development since Sidgwick—the revival of contractualism.
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  20. Love and Respect in the Doctrine of Virtue.Marcia Baron - 2002 - In Mark Timmons (ed.), Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: Interpretative Essays. Clarendon Press.
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  21. Servility, critical deference and the deferential wife.Marcia Baron - 1985 - Philosophical Studies 48 (3):393 - 400.
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  22.  8
    Beneficence and other duties of love in The metaphysics of morals.Marcia Baron & Melissa Seymour Fahmy - 2009 - In Thomas E. Hill (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Kant's Ethics. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 209–228.
    This chapter contains sections titled: The Obligatory Ends Anti‐paternalism and the Duty of Beneficence Beneficence: The Finer Points The Question of Latitude Latitude and (Im)partiality Gratitude Sympathy Conclusion Bibliography.
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  23.  85
    II—Marcia Baron: Culpability, Excuse, and the ‘Ill Will’ Condition.Marcia Baron - 2014 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 88 (1):91-109.
    Gideon Rosen (2014) has drawn our attention to cases of duress of a particularly interesting sort: the person's ‘mind is not flooded with pain or fear’, she knows exactly what she is doing, and she makes a clear-headed choice to act in, as Rosen says, ‘awful ways’. The explanation of why we excuse such actions cannot be that the action was not voluntary. In addition, although some duress cases could also be viewed as necessity cases and thus as justified, Rosen (...)
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  24. Virtue ethics, Kantian ethics, and the 'one thought too many' objection.Marcia Baron - 2008 - In Monika Betzler (ed.), Kant's Ethics of Virtues. De Gruyter. pp. 245-278.
  25. Self-defense : the imminence requirement.Marcia Baron - 2011 - In Leslie Green & Brian Leiter (eds.), Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Law. Oxford University Press.
     
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  26.  42
    Morality as a Back-up System: Hume's View?Marcia Baron - 1988 - Hume Studies 14 (1):25-52.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:25 MORALITY AS A BACK-UP SYSTEM: HUME'S VIEW? The sense of duty is a useful device for helping men to do what a really good man would do without a sense of duty..... Nowell-Smith A certain picture of morality — arguably a Humean one — has come to have a prominent place in contemporary philosophy. On this picture, morality, as Richard Brandt asserts, is "a back-up system, which operates (...)
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  27. Overdetermined Actions and Imperfect Duties.Marcia Baron - 2006 - In Heiner F. Klemme, Dieter Schönecker & Manfred Kuehn (eds.), Moralische Motivation. Kant und die Alternativen. Hamburg: Felix Meiner. pp. 23-37.
  28.  44
    Kantian moral maturity and the cultivation of character.Marcia Baron - 2009 - In Harvey Siegel (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Education. Oxford University Press. pp. 227.
  29.  69
    Freedom, frailty, and impurity.Marcia Baron - 1993 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 36 (4):431 – 441.
    Part I raises some questions concerning the extent of our freedom on the view that Henry Allison's Kant's Theory of Freedom attributes to Kant, and the possibility, on that view, of weakness of will. Allison is correct to attribute to Kant the "Incorporation Thesis": one is never compelled to do x just because one has a desire (even a very intense desire) to do x; a desire moves one to action only if one allows it to. But while the attribution (...)
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  30.  13
    The provocation defense and the nature of justification.Marcia Baron - unknown
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  31. Imperfect Duties And Supererogatory Acts.Marcia Baron - 1998 - Jahrbuch für Recht Und Ethik 6.
    In this essay I rethink a view that I developed in my Kantian Ethics Almost Without Apology , concerning how ethical theory should handle the phenomena that are standardly classified as supererogatory acts. The view I elaborated rejects the standard contemporary picture, according to which ethics needs to draw a line separating duty from what is "beyond duty"--the supererogatory. On the Kantian picture, beneficent acts are not beyond duty, for we are required to help others, but we are not required (...)
     
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  32. Self-Defense: The Imminence Requirement.Marcia Baron - 2011 - In Leslie Green & Brian Leiter (eds.), Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Law: Volume 1. Oxford University Press.
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  33. Hume's Noble Lie: An Account of His Artificial Virtues.Marcia Baron - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (3):539 - 555.
    Hume scholars have been anxious to point out that when Hume calls Justice, chastity and so on artificial virtues, he is in no way denying that they are real virtues. I shall argue that they are mistaken, and that anyone who wants to understand Hume's account of Justice and his category of artificial virtues must take seriously his choice of the word ‘artifice,’ recognizing that it means not only ‘Skill in designing and employing expedients,’ but also ‘address, cunning, trickery.'My suggestion (...)
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  34.  78
    I Thought She Consented.Marcia W. Baron - 2001 - Noûs 35 (s1):1-32.
  35.  60
    On de-kantianizing the perfectly moral person.Marcia Baron - 1983 - Journal of Value Inquiry 17 (4):281-293.
  36.  15
    Excuses and Exemptions: Is it Really a Mistake to Understand the Category of Excuses to Include Infancy and Insanity?Marcia Baron - forthcoming - Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-10.
    Moral responsibility is a prerequisite for culpability. One can be morally responsible for φing without being culpable for it, but not vice versa. I agree with Andrew Simester on this, and agree that it is important to differentiate moral responsibility from culpability. That moral responsibility is a prerequisite for culpability is often taken to require sharply distinguishing excuses from what are called ‘exemptions’ (or to use the term Simester uses, ‘irresponsibility defences’) and treating exemptions as forming a category of their (...)
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  37. Is justification (somehow) prior to excuse? A reply to Douglas Husak.Marcia Baron - 2005 - Law and Philosophy 24 (6):595-609.
  38.  27
    I Thought She Consented.Marcia W. Baron - 2001 - Philosophical Issues 11 (1):1-32.
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  39.  1
    Moral Paragons and the Metaphysics of Morals.Marcia Baron - 2006 - In Graham Bird (ed.), A Companion to Kant. Malden, MA, USA: Blackwell. pp. 335–349.
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  40.  42
    Does Ethics Really Need to be “De-Moralized”? Some Kantian Reflections.Marcia Baron - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-13.
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  41. Killing in the heat of passion.Marcia Baron - 2004 - In Cheshire Calhoun (ed.), Setting the Moral Compass: Essays by Women Philosophers. Oxford University Press. pp. 353--378.
     
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  42.  43
    Varieties of Ethics of Virtue.Marcia Baron - 1985 - American Philosophical Quarterly 22 (1):47 - 53.
    This paper distinguishes and evaluates six types of ethics of virtue, Taking the mark of an ethics of virtue to be the denial that it is a necessary condition of perfectly moral personhood that one be governed by a sense of what one morally ought to do. Appealing to charles taylor's notion of strong evaluation, I argue that all such ethics of virtue are inadequate because they fail to leave room for a distinction between valuing and desiring.
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  43.  29
    Was Effi Briest a Victim of Kantian Morality?Marcia Baron - 1988 - Philosophy and Literature 12 (1):95-113.
  44.  6
    Friendship, Duties Regarding Specific Conditions of Persons, and the Virtues of Social Intercourse.Marcia Baron - 2013 - In Andreas Trampota, Oliver Sensen & Jens Timmermann (eds.), Kant’s “Tugendlehre”. A Comprehensive Commentary. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 365-382.
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  45.  54
    An Index of Hume Studies: 1975-1993.James Allan, Robert F. Anderson, Shane Andre, Pall S. Ardal, R. F. Atkinson, Luigi Bagolini, Annette Baier, Stephen Barker, Marcia Baron & Donald L. M. Baxter - 1993 - Hume Studies 19 (2):327-364.
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  46.  23
    From Morality to Virtue.Marcia Baron - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (2):298.
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  47. Gender issues in the criminal law.Marcia Baron - 2011 - In John Deigh & David Dolinko (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of the Criminal Law. Oxford University Press.
  48.  60
    Henry Allison on Kant's Theory of Freedom.Marcia Baron - 1993 - Dialogue 32 (4):775-.
  49.  49
    Hate Crime Legislation Reconsidered.Marcia Baron - 2016 - Metaphilosophy 47 (4-5):504-523.
    In “Is Penalty Enhancement a Sound Idea?” Claudia Card calls into question hate crime legislation, querying whether hatred makes a crime worse, whether hatred of the sort pertinent to hate crimes is worse than a more personal hatred, and whether the message sent by hate crime legislation is the intended message. This essay questions her assumption that penalty enhancement for hate crimes is warranted only if the crimes are worse than otherwise similar crimes that do not count as hate crimes. (...)
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  50.  5
    Hate Crime Legislation Reconsidered.Marcia Baron - 2018 - In Criticism and Compassion. Oxford, UK: Wiley. pp. 269–287.
    This chapter describes Card's characterization as an idealization that captures why hate crime legislation seems (at least prima facie) to be a very good idea. The rationale for enhanced penalties is far more compelling if hate crimes are characterized as Card characterizes them. She focuses on hate crimes that are motivated by hatred. Hate crimes today should be viewed as part of an ongoing campaign of intimidation. Card is of course well aware of the position that the legal category of (...)
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