The Philosophy of Sociology refers to the use of philosophical thought to critique or clarify the discipline of sociology in either its academic form or intellectual content. With regards to the academic form of sociology, there is philosophical questioning of (1) the coherence of a discipline bound by a theory of society and its proper delineation from other historically related fields (e.g. economics, anthropology); (2) applications of the demarcation problem in philosophy of science — whether sociology yields scientific knowledge, or whether it should be oriented towards doing so. With regards to the intellectual content of sociology, various lines of philosophical thought (e.g. epistemological, ontological, ethical) are used in the construction, interpretation, and modification of conceptual, theoretical, and methodological frameworks central to sociology. Predominant issues of concern among philosophers who assess the content of sociology include, thematically, notions of modernity, culture, collective-intentionality, social structures and practices, and forms of social reasoning. The philosophical study of sociology is
reciprocated by and closely linked with the sociological study of a
central philosophical concept, knowledge. Here sociologists address the impact
of social relations, processes, and institutions on knowledge, both in the
generic sense ('Sociology of Knowledge') and in the scientific sense ('Sociology
of Science'). Understanding social influences on knowledge in either of these senses may generally enrich understanding of
knowledge-claims or more specifically inform solutions to problems of delineation and demarcation.