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Stephen Gaukroger [134]Stephen W. Gaukroger [3]
  1.  73
    Descartes: An Intellectual Biography.Stephen Gaukroger - 1995 - Oxford, GB: Clarendon Press.
    Stephen Gaukroger traces the development of Descartes's thought in the social, religious, and intellectual context of seventeenth‐century Europe. Gaukroger describes Descartes's upbringing and his education at the Jesuit La Flèche collège, and shows the role these played in the development of his ground‐breaking work in philosophy and science. The book details the effects of his relationships with others on his work, both through collaboration and through conflict. It discusses the history of the composition of his major works and details their (...)
  2.  17
    Cartesian Logic: An Essay on Descartes’s Conception of Inference.Stephen Gaukroger - 1989 - Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
    This book deals with a neglected episode in the history of logic and theories of cognition: the way in which conceptions of inference changed during the seventeenth century. The author focuses on the work of Descartes, contrasting his construal of inference as an instantaneous grasp in accord with the natural light of reason, with the Aristotelian view of inference as a discursive process. Gaukroger offers a new interpretation of Descartes`s contribution to the question, revealing it to be a significant advance (...)
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  3.  33
    Descartes' System of Natural Philosophy.Stephen Gaukroger - 2002 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    Towards the end of his life, Descartes published the first four parts of a projected six-part work, The Principles of Philosophy. This was intended to be the definitive statement of his complete system of philosophy, dealing with everything from cosmology to the nature of human happiness. In this book, Stephen Gaukroger examines the whole system, and reconstructs the last two parts, 'On Living Things' and 'On Man', from Descartes' other writings. He relates the work to the tradition of late Scholastic (...)
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  4.  49
    Francis Bacon and the Transformation of Early-Modern Philosophy.Stephen Gaukroger - 2001 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This ambitious and important book, first published in 2001, provides a truly general account of Francis Bacon as a philosopher. It describes how Bacon transformed the values that had underpinned philosophical culture since antiquity by rejecting the traditional idea of a philosopher as someone engaged in contemplation of the cosmos. The book explores in detail how and why Bacon attempted to transform the largely esoteric discipline of natural philosophy into a public practice through a program in which practical science provided (...)
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  5. .Stephen Gaukroger - 2016
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  6.  8
    The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760.Stephen Gaukroger - 2010 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    How did we come to have a scientific culture -- one in which cognitive values are shaped around scientific ones? Stephen Gaukroger presents a rich and fascinating investigation of the development of intellectual culture in early modern Europe, a period in which understandings of the natural realm began to fragment.
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  7. Descartes.Stephen Gaukroger - 1980 - In G. H. R. Parkinson (ed.), The Renaissance and Seventeenth-Century Rationalism. Routledge.
     
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  8.  27
    The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1210–1685.Stephen Gaukroger - 2006 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    Why did science emerge in the West and how did scientific values come to be regarded as the yardstick for all other forms of knowledge? Stephen Gaukroger shows just how bitterly the cognitive and cultural standing of science was contested in its early development. Rejecting the traditional picture of secularization, he argues that science in the seventeenth century emerged not in opposition to religion but rather was in many respects driven by it. Moreover, science did not present a unified picture (...)
  9.  35
    On True and False Ideas.Antoine Arnauld & Stephen Gaukroger - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (4):849-851.
  10. Descartes' Natural Philosophy.Stephen Gaukroger, John Andrew Schuster & John Sutton (eds.) - 2000 - New York: Routledge.
    The most comprehensive collection of essays on Descartes' scientific writings ever published, this volume offers a detailed reassessment of Descartes' scientific work and its bearing on his philosophy. The 35 essays, written by some of the world's leading scholars, cover topics as diverse as optics, cosmology and medicine, and will be of vital interest to all historians of philosophy or science.
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  11.  98
    Bachelard and the Problem of Epistemological Analysis.Stephen W. Gaukroger - 1976 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 7 (3):189.
  12.  19
    Descartes' Treatise on Man and Its Reception.Stephen Gaukroger & Delphine Antoine-Mahut (eds.) - 2016 - Springer.
    This edited volume features 20 essays written by leading scholars that provide a detailed examination of L’Homme by René Descartes. It explores the way in which this work developed themes not just on questions such as the circulation of the blood, but also on central questions of perception and our knowledge of the world. Coverage first offers a critical discussion on the different versions of L'Homme, including the Latin, French, and English translations and the 1664 editions. Next, the authors examine (...)
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  13.  21
    Descartes: philosophy, mathematics and physics.Stephen Gaukroger (ed.) - 1980 - Totowa, N.J.: Barnes & Noble.
  14.  23
    Explanatory structures: a study of concepts of explanation in early physics and philosophy.Stephen Gaukroger - 1978 - Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press.
  15.  6
    Civilization and the Culture of Science: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1795-1935.Stephen Gaukroger - 2020 - Oxford University Press.
    How did science come to have such a central place in Western culture? How did our ways of thinking, and our moral, political, and social values, come to be modelled around scientific values? Stephen Gaukroger traces the story of how these values developed, and how they influenced society and culture from the 19th to the mid-20th century.
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  16.  6
    Descartes and Cartesianism: Essays in Honour of Desmond Clarke.Stephen Gaukroger & Catherine Wilson (eds.) - 2017 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    This collection of original essays deals with Cartesian themes and problems, especially as these arise in connection with Cartesian natural science and the theory of perception, agency, mentality, divinity, and the passions. It focuses in particular on Desmond Clarke's important contributions to these aspects of Descartes's writings.
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  17. The resources of a mechanist physiology and the problem of goal-directed processes.Stephen Gaukroger - 2000 - In John Schuster, Stephen Gaukroger & John Sutton (eds.), Descartes' Natural Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 383--400.
     
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  18. Objectivity: a very short introduction.Stephen Gaukroger - 2012 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Objectivity is both an essential and elusive philosophical concept. This Very Short Introduction explores the theoretical and practical problems raised by objectivity, and also deals with the way in which particular understandings of objectivity impinge on social research, science, and art.
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  19.  43
    A ristotle on Intelligible Matter.Stephen Gaukroger - 1980 - Phronesis 25 (1):187-197.
  20.  2
    The Natural and the Human: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1739–1841.Stephen Gaukroger - 2016 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press UK.
    Stephen Gaukroger presents an original account of the development of empirical science and the understanding of human behaviour from the mid-eighteenth century. During this period science was cut loose from the legitimating culture in which it had had a public rationale as a fruitful and worthwhile form of enquiry. An abrupt but fundamental shift in how the tasks of scientific enquiry were conceived is at the centre of this development, and at its core lies the naturalization of the human: attempts (...)
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  21.  33
    The hydrostatic paradox and the origins of Cartesian dynamics.Stephen Gaukroger & John Schuster - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (3):535-572.
    In the early decades of the seventeenth century, various attempts were made to develop a dynamical vocabulary on the basis of work in the practical mathematical disciplines, particularly statics and hydrostatics. The paper contrasts the Mechanica and Archimedean approaches, and within the latter compares conceptions of statics and hydrostatics and their possible extensions in the work of Stevin, Beeckman and Descartes. Descartes’ approach to hydrostatics, a discussion of which forms the core of the paper, is shown to be quite different (...)
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  22. Empiricism as a Development of Experimental Natural Philosophy.Stephen Gaukroger - 2014 - In Zvi Biener & Eric Schliesser (eds.), Newton and Empiricism. Oxford University Press.
    Experimental natural philosophy was a mid-seventeenth-century development in which physical enquiry proceeded by connecting phenomena in an experimentally guided fashion, as opposed to attempting to account for them in terms of some underlying micro-corpuscular structure. The approach proved fruitful in two areas: Boyle’s experiments on the air pump and Newton’s experiments on the prism. This chapter argues that Lockean empiricism, which was subsequently taken to embody the principles behind Newtonianism, was an outcome of these developments and that it was worked (...)
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  23.  39
    Vico and the Maker's Knowledge Principle.Stephen Gaukroger - 1986 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 3 (1):29 - 44.
  24.  44
    Aristotle on the function of sense perception.Stephen Gaukroger - 1981 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 12 (1):75-89.
  25. Descartes' Theory of the Passions.Stephen Gaukroger - 1998 - In John Cottingham (ed.), Descartes. Oxford University Press.
     
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  26.  34
    The philosopher in early modern Europe: the nature of a contested identity.Conal Condren, Stephen Gaukroger & Ian Hunter (eds.) - 2006 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    In this groundbreaking collection of essays the history of philosophy appears in a new light, not as reason's progressive discovery of its universal conditions, but as a series of unreconciled disputes over the proper way to conduct oneself as a philosopher. By shifting focus from the philosopher as proxy for the universal subject of reason to the philosopher as a special persona arising from rival forms of self-cultivation, philosophy is approached in terms of the social office and intellectual deportment of (...)
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  27. Descartes's Early Doctrine of Clear and Distinct Ideas.Stephen Gaukroger - 1992 - Journal of the History of Ideas 53 (4):585-602.
  28.  3
    The Genealogy of Knowledge: Analytical Essays in the History of Philosophy and Science.Stephen Gaukroger - 2019 - Routledge.
    First published in 1997, this volume expands the analytical philosophical tradition in the face of parochial Anglo-American philosophical interests. The essays making up the section on 'Antiquity' share one concern: to show that there are largely unrecognised but radical differences between the way in which certain fundamental questions - concerning the nature of number, sense perception, and scepticism - were thought of in antiquity and the way in which they were thought of from the 17th century onwards. Part 2, on (...)
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  29.  36
    The Soft Underbelly of Reason: The Passions in the Seventeenth Century.Stephen Gaukroger (ed.) - 1998 - New York: Routledge.
    This book provides a valuable understanding on the different views of the passions in the Seventeenth Century. The contributors show that fundamental questions about the nature of wisdom, goodness and beauty were understood in terms of the contrast between reason and passions in this era. Those with an interest in philosophy, the history of medicene, and women's studies will find this collection a fascinating read.
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  30.  74
    The ten modes of aenesidemus and the myth of ancient scepticism.Stephen Gaukroger - 1995 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 3 (2):371 – 387.
  31.  9
    Knowledge in Modern Philosophy.Stephen Gaukroger (ed.) - 2018 - Great Britain: Bloomsbury.
    The Philosophy of Knowledge: A History presents the history of one of Western philosophy's greatest challenges: understanding the nature of knowledge. Divided chronologically into four volumes, it follows conceptions of knowledge that have been proposed, defended, replaced, and proposed anew by ancient, medieval, modern and contemporary philosophers. This volume covers questions of science and religion in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries and the work of Descartes, Hobbes, Kant and Leibniz. With original insights into the vast sweep of ways in (...)
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  32.  60
    The Blackwell Guide to Descartes' Meditations.Stephen Gaukroger (ed.) - 2006 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Consisting of twelve newly commissioned essays and enhanced by William Molyneux’s famous early translation of the _Meditations_, this volume touches on all the major themes of one of the most influential texts in the history of philosophy. Situates the Meditations in its philosophical and historical context. Touches on all of the major themes of the Meditations, including the mind-body relation, the nature of the mind, and the existence of the material world.
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  33.  9
    Introduction: The Persona of the Philosopher in the Eighteenth Century.Conal Condren, Stephen Gaukroger & Ian Hunter - 2008 - Intellectual History Review 18 (3):315-317.
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  34. The Blackwell Guide to Descartes' Meditations.Stephen Gaukroger - 2007 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 69 (2):387-387.
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  35.  10
    The Uses of Antiquity: the scientific revolution and the classical tradition.Stephen Gaukroger (ed.) - 1991 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    The institutionalization of History and Philosophy of Science as a distinct field of scholarly endeavour began comparatively earl- though not always under that name - in the Australasian region. An initial lecturing appointment was made at the University of Melbourne immediately after the Second World War, in 1946, and other appoint ments followed as the subject underwent an expansion during the 1950s and 1960s similar to that which took place in other parts of the world. Today there are major Departments (...)
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  36.  15
    Descartes: Philosophical Essays and Correspondence. René Descartes.Stephen Gaukroger - 2001 - Isis 92 (1):175-175.
  37.  2
    Enlightenment Criticisms of Descartes’ Anthropology.Stephen Gaukroger - 2016 - In Stephen Gaukroger & Delphine Antoine-Mahut (eds.), Descartes' Treatise on Man and its Reception. Springer.
    Descartes took the notion of the cultivation of the self seriously, drawing on the physiology of L’Homme as well as ethical precepts drawn from writers such as Seneca. Enlightenment thinkers such as Diderot were engaged in the same anthropological project, but they rejected Descartes’ account as being too individualistic.
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  38.  3
    Undercontextualization and Overcontextualization in the History of Science.Stephen Gaukroger - 2016 - Isis 107 (2):340-342.
  39. Descartes, René.Stephen Gaukroger - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
     
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  40.  34
    The historical aims of science.Stephen Gaukroger - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (2):277 – 288.
  41.  25
    The Metaphysics of Impenetrability: Euler's Conception of force.Stephen Gaukroger - 1982 - British Journal for the History of Science 15 (2):132-154.
    In this paper I want to examine in some detail one eighteenth-century attempt to restructure the foundations of mechanics, that of Leonhard Euler. It is now generally recognized that the idea, due to Mach, that all that happened in the eighteenth century was the elaboration of a deductive and mathematical mechanics on the basis of Newton's Laws is misleading at best. Newton's Principia needed much more than a reformulation in analytic terms if it was to provide the basis for the (...)
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  42.  23
    The role of matter theory in Baconian and cartesian cosmologies.Stephen Gaukroger - 2000 - Perspectives on Science 8 (3):201-222.
    Within twenty years of one another, Bacon and Descartes proposed cosmologies which relied heavily on matter theory. In both, the distribution of matter in the cosmos determined what centers of rotation there were, and rotating bodies were carried around by the motion of an all-encompassing celestial fluid in which they were embedded. But the role of matter theory in the two accounts is very different, both in motivation and in the level at which it is active in guiding physical theory. (...)
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  43. What Does History Matter to the History of Philosophy?Stephen Gaukroger - 2011 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):406-424.
  44.  7
    Editors' Introduction.Stephen Clucas & Stephen Gaukroger - 2007 - Intellectual History Review 17 (1):1-1.
  45.  14
    Notes and Documents.Stephen Clucas, Stephen Gaukroger, Sonja Asal, Ulrich Raulff, Helwig Schmidt-Glintzer, Helmut Th Seemann, Christoph Lüthy & Daniel T. Rodgers - 2009 - Intellectual History Review 19 (1):103-109.
  46.  20
    Aristotle, On Poetics1 eds., and trans., Seth Benardete and.Michael Davis, Claudia Baracchi, Duane H. Davis, Ulrike Oudee Dünkelsbühler, Stephen Gaukroger & Eugene Gogol - 2001 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 23 (1).
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  47.  7
    Absolute or Relative Motion? A Study from the Machian point of view of the discovery and structure of dynamical theories: Volume 1: The Discovery of Dynamics.Stephen Gaukroger - 1992 - Philosophical Books 31 (4):252-253.
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  48.  7
    Author’s response: the naturalization of the human and the humanization of nature: Stephen Gaukroger: The natural and the human: science and the shaping of modernity, 1739–1841. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, viii+402pp, £30.00 HB.Stephen Gaukroger - 2017 - Metascience 26 (1):17-20.
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  49.  12
    Before Boas: the genesis of ethnography and ethnology in the German Enlightenment, by Han F. Vermeulen.Stephen Gaukroger - 2017 - Intellectual History Review 27 (4):561-562.
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  50.  1
    Bacon.Stephen Gaukroger - 2002 - In Nicholas Bunnin & E. P. Tsui‐James (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Philosophy. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 634–643.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction The Reform of Philosophy and its Practitioners A Method of Discovery: From Rhetoric to Science The Doctrine of Idols Eliminative Induction Truth.
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