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Carlo Petrini [24]C. Petrini [2]
  1.  47
    On the Stand. Another Episode of Neuroscience and Law Discussion From Italy.Michele Farisco & Carlo Petrini - 2014 - Neuroethics 7 (2):243-245.
    After three proceedings in which neuroscience was a relevant factor for the final verdict in Italian courts, for the first time a recent case puts in question the legal relevance of neuroscientific evidence. This decision deserves international attention in its underlining that the uncertainty still affecting neuroscientific knowledge can have a significant impact on the law. It urges the consideration of such uncertainty and the development of a shared management of it.
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  2.  45
    The Impact of Neuroscience and Genetics on the Law: A Recent Italian Case.M. Farisco & C. Petrini - 2012 - Neuroethics 5 (3):317-319.
    The use of genetic testing and neuroscientific evidence in legal trials raises several issues. Often their interpretation is controversial: the same evidence can be used to sustain both the prosecution’s and defense’s argument. A recent Italian case confirms such concerns and stresses other relevant related questions.
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  3.  14
    Ethics of Triage for Intensive-Care Interventions During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Age or Disability Related Cut-Off Policies Are Not Justifiable.Luciana Riva & Carlo Petrini - forthcoming - Clinical Ethics:147775092097180.
    Public health emergencies such as pandemics can put health systems in a position where they need to ration medical equipment and interventions because the resources available are not sufficient to meet demand. In public health management, the fair allocation of resources is a permanent and cross-sector issue since resources, and especially economic resources, are not infinite. During the COVID-19 pandemic resources need to be allocated under conditions of extreme urgency and uncertainty. One very problematic aspect has concerned intensive care medicine (...)
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  4.  6
    Conflicts of Interest Result From Relationships But Are Not Resolved by Preventing Relationships.Carlo Petrini & Luciana Riva - 2021 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 18 (1):187-188.
    Goldberg notes that the relationship is a component of Conflicts of Interests. Networks of relationships and the simultaneous presence of several interests are not negative per se but become so when they generate a conflict that undermines impartiality. The solution to the problem of COIs, therefore, cannot be to abolish relationships and the interests that they necessarily express but rather to verify whether those relationships are such as to unduly affect an individual’s judgement. The evolution of an Italian legislation about (...)
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  5.  28
    From Compulsory to Voluntary Immunisation: Italy's National Vaccination Plan (2005-7) and the Ethical and Organisational Challenges Facing Public Health Policy-Makers Across Europe. [REVIEW]N. E. Moran, S. Gainotti & C. Petrini - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):669-674.
    Increasing geographical mobility and international travel augment the ease and speed by which infectious diseases can spread across large distances. It is therefore incumbent upon each state to ensure that immunisation programmes are effective and that herd immunity is achieved. Across Europe, a range of immunisation policies exist: compulsion, the offer of financial incentives to parents or healthcare professionals, social and professional pressure, or simply the dissemination of clear information and advice. Until recently, immunisation against particular communicable diseases was compulsory (...)
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  6.  28
    Research Involving Subjects with Alzheimer’s Disease in Italy: The Possible Role of Family Members.Corinna Porteri & Carlo Petrini - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):12.
    Alzheimer’s disease is a very common, progressive and still incurable disease. Future possibilities for its cure lie in the promotion of research that will increase our knowledge of the disorder’s causes and lead to the discovery of effective remedies. Such research will necessarily involve individuals suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. This raises the controversial issue of whether patients with Alzheimer’s disease are competent to give their consent for research participation.
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  7.  4
    Is the “Precautionary Principle” a Principle?Carlo Petrini - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (3):48-50.
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  8.  5
    Insurance Policies for Clinical Trials in the United States and in Some European Countries.Sabina Gainotti & Carlo Petrini - 2010 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 1 (1).
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  9.  11
    Ethics of Clinical Science in a Public Health Emergency: Reflections on the Role of Research Ethics Boards.Carlo Petrini - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (9):27-29.
  10.  44
    Ética Clínica: Status Quaestionis.Pablo Requena-Meana, Nunziata Comoretto & Carlo Petrini - 2016 - Persona y Bioética 20 (1):26-37.
    Clinical ethics refers to an emerging field in clinical medicine that focuses on the process of ethical decision-making in a clinicalsetting. It has developed as a result of a growing awareness that modern medicine – characterized by technological progress, culturaldiversity and social challenges – is posing a range of new “ethical dilemmas” that medical science alone cannot solve. For thisreason, clinical ethics is often linked to “ethics consultation,” which consists of services provided by an individual ethicist, ethicsteam or committee to (...)
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  11.  13
    Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of Behavioral Genetics.Carlo Petrini - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 1 (4):19-19.
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  12.  28
    Ethical Issues in Translational Research.Carlo Petrini - 2010 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 53 (4):517-533.
    Translational research is a main focus of current health policy (Albani and Prakken 2009; PLoS Medicine 2008). Translation of biomedical research knowledge to effective clinical treatment is essential to the public good (Lavis et al. 2003). Only 5% of basic science studies showing significant therapeutic promise are successfully translated into clinical application (Contopoulos-Ioannidis, Ntzani, and Ionannidis 2003; FDA 2004). As Hall (2001) observes, this is a problem: "When too many important discoveries lie dormant, the public good suffers" (p. G1127). Recent (...)
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  13.  56
    Medical Responsibility and Clinical Guidelines: A Few Remarks From Two Italian Juridical Cases.Carlo Petrini & Michele Farisco - 2012 - Medicine Studies 3 (3):157-169.
    PurposeThe aim of this paper is to assess the complex issue of responsibility in clinical practice. The paper focuses mainly on the relationship between personal- and medical-professional responsibility of practitioners and clinical guidelines.MethodsAfter a theoretical review of the different definitions of responsibility in selected bioethical and biojuridical literature, two recent juridical proceedings concerning medical responsibility from Italian Courts are discussed. Subsequently, a theoretical analysis of the definition of clinical practice guidelines is proposed in order to show their feasibility to assess (...)
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  14.  35
    Ethical Issues in the Difference Between Placebo-Controlled and Active-Controlled Trials.Carlo Petrini - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (9):56-58.
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  15. The Rights of Future Generations in Environmental Ethics.Carlo Petrini - 2009 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (4):337-350.
     
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  16.  44
    Clinicians' Attitudes Toward Patients with Disorders of Consciousness: A Survey.Michele Farisco, Enrico Alleva, Flavia Chiarotti, Simone Macri & Carlo Petrini - 2014 - Neuroethics 7 (1):93-104.
    Notwithstanding fundamental methodological advancements, scientific information about disorders of consciousness (DOCs)—e.g. Vegetative State/Unresponsive Wakefulness Syndrome (VS/UWS) and Minimally Conscious State (MCS)—is incomplete. The possibility to discriminate between different levels of consciousness in DOC states entails treatment strategies and ethical concerns. Here we attempted to investigate Italian clinicians’ and basic scientists’ opinions regarding some issues emerging from the care and the research on patients with DOCs. From our survey emerged that Italian physicians working with patients with DOCs give a central role (...)
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  17.  46
    Ethical Models Underpinning Responses to Threats to Public Health: A Comparison of Approaches to Communicable Disease Control in Europe.Sabina Gainotti, Nicola Moran, Carlo Petrini & Darren Shickle - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (9):466-476.
    Increases in international travel and migratory flows have enabled infectious diseases to emerge and spread more rapidly than ever before. Hence, it is increasingly easy for local infectious diseases to become global infectious diseases (GIDs). National governments must be able to react quickly and effectively to GIDs, whether naturally occurring or intentionally instigated by bioterrorism. According to the World Health Organisation, global partnerships are necessary to gather the most up-to-date information and to mobilize resources to tackle GIDs when necessary. Communicable (...)
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  18.  28
    Research Involving Children: Direct Benefit or Social Value? [REVIEW]Carlo Petrini - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (3):387-388.
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  19.  8
    Donation of Human Biological Materials in the European Union: Commodifying Solidarity in the Era of the Biotechnological Revolution?Luciana Riva, Giorgio Resta, Alberto Gambino & Carlo Petrini - 2019 - The New Bioethics 25 (4):349-358.
    The use of human biological materials involves a number of issues from both an ethical and a legal point of view. In recent decades, the purposes for which this material has been used have i...
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  20.  15
    What is the Role of Ethics Committees After Regulation (EU) 536/2014?Carlo Petrini - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (3):186-188.
  21.  19
    Consent to Pediatric Research: A Couple of Distinctions.Carlo Petrini - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (1):37 - 38.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 1, Page 37-38, January 2012.
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  22.  14
    The Rights of Future Generations in Environmental Ethics.Carlo Petrini - 2010 - In Tyler N. Pace (ed.), International Journal of Ethics. Nova Science Publishers. pp. 337-350.
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  23.  9
    On the Minimal Risk Threshold in Research With Children: “Substantive Goods” and Other Criteria.Carlo Petrini - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (9):23-24.
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  24.  4
    Medical Philanthropy and Blood Supply in Light of Ethical Documents and Principles.Carlo Petrini - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):54-55.
  25.  3
    Therapeutic Misconception in Early Phase Trials: Relation is the Cure.Sabina Gainotti & Carlo Petrini - 2011 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 2 (3).
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  26.  3
    Codes for Health Care Consultation: Which Definitions? Which Experiences?Carlo Petrini - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (5):67-69.