Results for ' Ethics Committees'

988 found
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  1.  85
    Clinical Ethics Committee in an Oncological Research Hospital: two-years Report.Marta Perin, Ludovica De Panfilis & on Behalf of the Clinical Ethics Committee of the Azienda Usl-Irccs di Reggio Emilia - 2023 - Nursing Ethics 30 (7-8):1217-1231.
    Research question and aimClinical Ethics Committees (CECs) aim to support healthcare professionals (HPs) and healthcare organizations to deal with the ethical issues of clinical practice. In 2020,...
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  2.  59
    Ethical Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research (A Recommended Manuscript).Chinese National Human Genome Center at Shanghai Ethics Committee - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (1):47-54.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14.1 (2004) 47-54 [Access article in PDF] Ethical Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research*(A Recommended Manuscript) Adopted on 16 October 2001Revised on 20 August 2002 Ethics Committee of the Chinese National Human Genome Center at Shanghai, Shanghai 201203 Human embryonic stem cell (ES) research is a great project in the frontier of biomedical science for the twenty-first century. Be- cause the (...)
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  3.  57
    A Code of Ethics for Health Care Ethics Consultants: Journey to the Present and Implications for the Field.Anita J. Tarzian, Lucia D. Wocial & the Asbh Clinical Ethics Consultation Affairs Committee - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (5):38-51.
    For decades a debate has played out in the literature about who bioethicists are, what they do, whether they can be considered professionals qua bioethicists, and, if so, what professional responsibilities they are called to uphold. Health care ethics consultants are bioethicists who work in health care settings. They have been seeking guidance documents that speak to their special relationships/duties toward those they serve. By approving a Code of Ethics and Professional Responsibilities for Health Care Ethics Consultants, (...)
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  4.  31
    Hospital Ethics Committees in Poland.Marek Czarkowski, Katarzyna Kaczmarczyk & Beata Szymańska - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (6):1525-1535.
    According to UNESCO guidelines, one of the four forms of bioethics committees in medicine are the Hospital Ethics Committees. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how the above guidelines are implemented in real practice. There were 111 hospitals selected out of 176 Polish clinical hospitals and hospitals accredited by Center of Monitoring Quality in Health System. The study was conducted by the survey method. There were 56 hospitals that responded to the survey. The number of (...)
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  5.  95
    Guidelines for Research Ethics in Science and Technology.National Committee For Research Ethics In Science And Technology - 2009 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 14 (1):255-266.
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  6. Clinical Ethics Committees and Pediatrics. An Evaluation of Case Consultations.Tanja Ramsauer & Andreas Frewer - 2009 - Diametros 22:90 – 104.
    Since Clinical Ethics Consultation has become important in the public health sector in the last decade in Germany, there are on-going questions about effectiveness. Targets have been established by the Ethics Committees, in regard to assisting patients, families and health care teams at times of ethical conflicts during the decision-making process in medical care. Of all the ethics consultations over the last eight years at Erlangen University Hospital the consultations carried out in the pediatric department were (...)
     
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  7.  46
    Research ethics committees and paternalism.S. J. L. Edwards - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (1):88-91.
    In this paper the authors argue that research ethics committees should not be paternalistic by rejecting research that poses risk to people competent to decide for themselves. However it is important they help to ensure valid consent is sought from potential recruits and protect vulnerable people who cannot look after their own best interests. The authors first describe the tragic deaths of Jesse Gelsinger and Ellen Roche. They then discuss the following claims to support their case: competent individuals (...)
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  8.  12
    Institutional ethics committees and health care decision making.Ronald E. Cranford & A. Edward Doudera (eds.) - 1984 - Ann Arbor, Mich.: Health Administration Press.
    This text provides a comprehensive and timely examination of the most pertinent factors affecting institutional ethics committees, for ethicists, trustees, administrators, physicians, clergy, nurses, social workers, attorneys and others with an interest in ethics committees.
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  9.  6
    Ethics Committees and Ethics Consultants.Jonathan D. Moreno - 1998 - In Helga Kuhse & Peter Singer (eds.), A Companion to Bioethics. Malden, Mass., USA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 571–583.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Origins and Development The Functions of Ethics Committees and Ethics Consultants The Significance of Ethics Committees and Ethics Consultation for Bioethics Conclusion Acknowledgments References Further reading.
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  10.  7
    Research ethics committee members’ perspectives on paediatric research: a qualitative interview study.Kajsa Norberg Wieslander, Anna T. Höglund, Sara Frygner-Holm & Tove Godskesen - 2023 - Research Ethics 19 (4):494-518.
    Research ethics committees (RECs) have a crucial role in protecting children in research. However, studies on REC members’ perspectives on paediatric research are scarce. We conducted a qualitative study to explore Swedish scientific REC members’ perspectives on ethical aspects in applications involving children with severe health conditions. The REC members considered promoting participation, protecting children and regulatory adherence to be central aspects. The results underscored the importance of not neglecting ill children’s rights to adapted information and participation. REC (...)
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  11.  25
    Clinical ethics committees – also for mental health care? The Norwegian experience.Irene Syse, Reidun Førde & Reidar Pedersen - 2016 - Clinical Ethics 11 (2-3):81-86.
    Background The aim was to explore how the clinical ethics committees in Norway have worked and functioned within mental health care and addiction treatment services. Methods Analysis of 256 annual reports from clinical ethics committees from 2003 to 2012 and a survey to clinicians who had used a clinical ethics committee. Results Dilemmas related to coercion, confidentiality, information, and patient autonomy dominated. The committees established only for psychiatric hospitals, had received more cases from mental (...)
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  12.  39
    Research ethics committees: Differences and moral judgement.Sarah J. L. Edwards, Richard Ashcroft & Simon Kirchin - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (5):408–427.
    ABSTRACT Many people argue that disagreements and inconsistencies between Research Ethics Committees are morally problematic and there has been much effort to ‘harmonise’ their judgements. Some inconsistencies are bad because they are due to irrationality, or carelessness, or the operation of conflicting interests, and so should be reduced or removed. Other inconsistencies, we argue, are not bad and should be left or even encouraged. In this paper we examine three arguments to reject the view that we should strive (...)
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  13.  6
    An Ethics Committee’s Evaluation of Normothermic Regional Perfusion (NRP) in 2018–Unsatisfactory Answers Then—and Now.Arthur R. Derse - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (6):34-37.
    An adult university hospital ethics committee evaluated a proposed TA-NRP protocol in the fall of 2018. The protocol raised ethical concerns about violation of the Uniform Determination of Death Act and the prohibition known as the Dead Donor Rule, with potential resultant legal consequences. An additional concern was the potential for increased mistrust by the community of organ donation and transplantation. The ethics committee evaluated the responses to these concerns as unable to surmount the ethical and legal boundaries (...)
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  14.  31
    Ethics committees, principles and consequences.M. Hayry - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (2):81-85.
    When ethics committees evaluate the research proposals submitted to them by biomedical scientists, they can seek guidance from laws and regulations, their own beliefs, values and experiences, and from the theories of philosophers. The starting point of this paper is that philosophers can only be helpful to the members of ethics committees if they take into account in their models both the basic moral intuitions that most of us share and the consequences of people's choices. A (...)
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  15.  54
    Harm, ethics committees and the gene therapy death.Julian Savulescu - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (3):148-150.
    The recent tragic and widely publicised death of Jesse Gelsinger in a gene therapy trial has many important lessons for those engaged in the ethical review of research. One of the most important lessons is that ethics committees can give too much weight to ensuring informed consent and not enough attention to minimising the harm associated with participation in research. The first responsibility of ethics committees should be to ensure that the expected harm associated with participation (...)
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  16.  54
    Clinical Ethics Committees in Norway: What Do They Do, and Does It Make a Difference?Reidun Førde & Reidar Pedersen - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (3):389-395.
    The first clinical ethics committees in Norway were established in 1996. This started as an initiative from hospital clinicians, the Norwegian Medical Association, and health authorities and politicians. Norwegian hospitals are, by and large, publicly funded through taxation, and all inpatient treatment is free of charge. Today, all the 23 hospital trusts have established at least one committee. Center for Medical Ethics , University of Oslo, receives an annual amount of US$335,000 from the Ministry of Health and (...)
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  17.  48
    Ethics committee consultation due to conflict over life-sustaining treatment: A sociodemographic investigation.Andrew M. Courtwright, Frederic Romain, Ellen M. Robinson & Eric L. Krakauer - 2016 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 7 (4):220-226.
    Background: The bioethics literature contains speculation but little data about sociodemographic differences between patients for whom ethics committees (EC) are consulted for conflict about life-sustaining treatment (LST) and the broader hospital population that these committees serve. To provide an empirical context for this discussion, we examined differences in five sociodemographic factors between patients for whom an EC was consulted for conflict over LST and the general inpatient population, hypothesizing that nonwhite patients were most likely to be disproportionately (...)
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  18.  47
    Research ethics committee audit: differences between committees.M. E. Redshaw, A. Harris & J. D. Baum - 1996 - Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (2):78-82.
    The same research proposal was submitted to 24 district health authority (DHA) research ethics committees in different parts of the country. The objective was to obtain permission for a multi-centre research project. The study of neonatal care in different types of unit (regional, subregional and district), required that four health authorities were approached in each of six widely separated health regions in England. Data were collected and compared concerning aspects of processing, including application forms, information required, timing and (...)
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  19.  16
    Ethics Committee or Community? examining the identity of Czech Ethics Committees in the period of transition.J. Simek, L. Zamykalova & M. Mesanyova - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (9):548-552.
    Reflecting on a three year long exploratory research of ethics committees in the Czech Republic authors discuss the current role and identity of research ethics committees. The research of Czech ethics committees focused on both self-presentation and self-understanding of ECs members, and how other stakeholders (representatives of the pharmaceutical industry) view them. The exploratory research was based on formal and informal communication with the members of the ethics committees. Members of the research (...)
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  20.  19
    Ethics Committees in Western and Central Africa: Concrete Foundations.Pierre Effa, Achille Massougbodji, Francine Ntoumi, François Hirsch, Henri Debois, Marissa Vicari, Assetou Derme, Jacques Ndemanga-Kamoune, Joseph Nguembo, Benido Impouma, Jean-Paul Akué, Armand Ehouman, Alioune Dieye & Wen Kilama - 2007 - Developing World Bioethics 7 (3):136-142.
    The involvement of developing countries in international clinical trials is necessary for the development of appropriate medicines for local populations. However, the absence of appropriate structures for ethical review represents a barrier for certain countries. Currently there is very little information available on existing structures dedicated to ethics in western and central Africa. This article briefly describes historical milestones in the development of networks dedicated to capacity building in ethical review in these regions and outlines the major conclusions of (...)
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  21.  4
    Of ethics committees, protocols, and behaving ethically in the field: a case study of research with elderly residents in a nursing home.Irena Madjar & Isabel Higgins - 1996 - Nursing Inquiry 3 (3):130-137.
    In this paper we discuss differing discourses of research ethics committees and the clinical research field. Reflections on our experience of conducting research in a nursing home are used to highlight the tensions and inconsistencies that arise from these discourses and the need to behave ethically in the field. While accepting the need for adherence to guiding principles of duty based ethics, we have found that practical moral decisions in the field required that, as individual researchers, we (...)
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  22.  19
    Science review in research ethics committees: Double jeopardy?Stephen Humphreys, Hilary Thomas & Robyn Martin - 2014 - Research Ethics 10 (4):227-237.
    Research ethics committees ‘(RECs) members’ perceptions of their role in regard to the science of research proposals are discussed. Our study, which involved the interviewing of 20 participants from amongst the UK’s independent (Phase I) ethics committees, revealed that the members consider that it is the role of the REC to examine and approve the scientific adequacy of the research – and this notwithstanding the fact that a more competent body will already have done this and (...)
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  23.  27
    Research ethics committees in Europe: implementing the directive, respecting diversity.A. Hedgecoe - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (8):483-486.
    With the recent Clinical Trials Directive, a degree of harmonisation into research ethics committees across Europe, including the time taken to assess a trial proposal and the kinds of issues a committee should take into account, has been introduced by the European Union . How four different member states—Hungary, Portugal, Sweden and the UK—have chosen to implement the directive is shown. Although this has resulted in four very different ways of structuring RECs, similar themes are present in all (...)
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  24.  17
    The Ethics Committee as Gatekeeper, Enemy, Censor, or Partner? The Process of the Ethical Evaluation of Social Research with Sex Workers.Izabela Ślęzak - 2023 - Diametros 19 (76):30-47.
    The purpose of the paper is to present the challenges and difficulties that may be encountered in the process of the evaluation of qualitative research on sex workers by ethics committees. Such research is usually subject to review by ethics committees because of the risk of harm to participants, who are considered “vulnerable”. At the same time, due to the social stigma arising from the provision of sex services, researchers, research participants, and ethics committee members (...)
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  25. Clinical ethics committees: a worldwide development.Slowther Anne, Hope Tony & Ashcroft Richard - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (suppl 1):1-1.
    Clinical ethics committees (CECs) are well established in North America where they are known as hospital or health care ethics committees. Similar groups and other kinds of clinical ethics support are now developing in Europe. This supplement to the Journal of Medical Ethics provides an overview of the issues arising from the provision of clinical ethics support services, and clinical ethics committees in particular. Its primary focus is the UK but contributors (...)
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  26.  22
    The views of ethics committee members and medical researchers on the return of individual research results and incidental findings, ownership issues and benefit sharing in biobanking research in a South Indian city.Manjulika Vaz, Mario Vaz & Srinivasan K. - 2018 - Developing World Bioethics:321-330.
    The return of individual research results and incidental findings from biobanking research is a much debated ethical issue globally but has extensive relevance in India where the burden of out of pocket health care expenses is high for the majority. The views of 21 ethics committee (EC) members and 22 researchers from Bengaluru, India, concerning the ethics of biobanking research were sought through in‐depth interviews using an unfolding case vignette with probes. A shared view among most was that (...)
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  27.  34
    Ethics Committees: Group Process Concerns and the Need for Research.Gregory J. Hayes - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (1):83.
    Few ethics committees were in place when the New Jersey Supreme Court announced its ruling on the Quinlan case in 1976. Today, the vast majority of hospitals have formed ethics committees and their use in nursing homes and other healthcare facilities is growing. Given the increasing commitment to the use of ethics committees and their increasing influence on healthcare decision making, the careful evaluation of committee performance should be a high priority. Yet to date (...)
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  28.  17
    Ethics committees. Research ethics: beyond the guidelines.Cheryl Cox Macpherson - 2001 - Developing World Bioethics 1 (1):57.
    There is international recognition of the need for sustainable research ethics committees to provide ethical review of human subjects.
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  29.  80
    Institutional Challenges for Clinical Ethics Committees.Andrea Dörries, Pierre Boitte, Ana Borovecki, Jean-Philippe Cobbaut, Stella Reiter-Theil & Anne-Marie Slowther - 2011 - HEC Forum 23 (3):193-205.
    Clinical ethics committees (CECs) have been developing in many countries since the 1980s, more recently in the transitional countries in Eastern Europe. With their increasing profile they are now faced with a range of questions and challenges regarding their position within the health care organizations in which they are situated: Should CECs be independent bodies with a critical role towards institutional management, or should they be an integral part of the hospital organization? In this paper, we discuss the (...)
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  30. Hospital ethics committees: One of many centers of responsibility.John W. Glaser - 1989 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (4).
    Ethical reality is coextensive with human dignity. Therefore, one essential way to understand ethics is as the systematic effort to discern the imperatives of human dignity. Seeing ethics in this way highlights the fact that health care institutions have many centers of ethical responsibility (CERs) — the Chief Executive Officer, Board of Trustees, senior management team, etc. The Ethics Committee is only one such CER and not the most important one. These other CERs will benefit from identifying: (...)
     
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  31.  60
    Can UK Clinical Ethics Committees Improve Quality of Care?Leah McClimans, Anne-Marie Slowther & Michael Parker - 2012 - HEC Forum 24 (2):139-147.
    Failings in patient care and quality in NHS Trusts have become a recurring theme over the past few years. In this paper, we examine the Care Quality Commission’s Guidance about Compliance: Essential Standards of Quality and Safety and ask how NHS Trusts might be better supported in fulfilling the regulations specified therein. We argue that clinical ethics committees (CECs) have a role to play in this regard. We make this argument by attending to the many ethical elements that (...)
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  32.  25
    A Role for Research Ethics Committees in Exchanges of Human Biospecimens Through Material Transfer Agreements.Donald Chalmers, Dianne Nicol, Pilar Nicolás & Nikolajs Zeps - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (3):301-306.
    International transfers of human biological material (biospecimens) and data are increasing, and commentators are starting to raise concerns about how donor wishes are protected in such circumstances. These exchanges are generally made under contractual material transfer agreements (MTAs). This paper asks what role, if any, should research ethics committees (RECs) play in ensuring legal and ethical conduct in such exchanges. It is recommended that RECs should play a more active role in the future development of best practice MTAs (...)
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  33.  11
    Research Ethics Committees and the Law: Indemnity and Independence.Desmond R. Laurence - 2006 - Research Ethics 2 (4):140-143.
    Members of a National Health Service, or other recognised Research Ethics Committee, in deciding whether or not to withhold their assent for a clinical trial, must obey the law. If they do not do so, then they may become liable to pay personally negligence claims made by injured trials subjects. It could be no defence to say that members had consulted their own lower ethical standards; or merely that they had acted in good faith; or that they had followed (...)
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  34.  8
    Hospital Ethics Committees in accredited hospitals in Poland—availability of information.Patrycja Zurzycka, Grażyna Puto, Katarzyna Czyżowicz & Iwona Repka - 2021 - International Journal of Ethics Education 7 (1):73-85.
    The role of Hospital Ethics Committees is to support patients and their relatives as well as medical staff in solving ethical issues that arise in relation to the implementation of medical care. In Poland there are no clearly formulated legal regulations concerning the establishment and functioning of hospital ethics committees. Hospitals applying for accreditation are obliged to present solutions defining the way of solving ethical issues in a given institution, some of them appoint HECs for this (...)
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  35.  42
    Research Ethics Committee and Integrity Board Members’ Collaborative Decision Making in Cases in a Training Setting.E. Löfström, H. Pitkänen, A. Čekanauskaitė, V. Lukaševičienė, S. Kyllönen & E. Gefenas - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-25.
    This research focuses on how research ethics committee and integrity board members discuss and decide on solutions to case scenarios that involve a dimension of research ethics or integrity in collaborative settings. The cases involved issues around authorship, conflict of interest, disregard of good scientific practice and ethics review, and research with vulnerable populations (children and neonates). The cases were set in a university, a hospital, or a research institute. In the research, we used a deductive qualitative (...)
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  36.  34
    Research ethics committees: the role of ethics in a regulatory authority.S. McGuinness - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):695-700.
    This paper is an examination of how research ethics committees have evolved from being advisory committees to more formal regulatory authorities. It is argued that the role of ethics committees should be broader than simple ethical review. Inconsistency in outcome should not be taken to signal failure. Procedural fairness is of the utmost importance. Nor should ethics committees be seen to diminish the ethical responsibilities of researchers themselves.
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  37.  9
    Ethics Committee Membership Selection: A Moral Preference Tool.Stephen J. Humphreys - 2010 - Research Ethics 6 (2):37-42.
    How the diversity of membership of research ethics committees is arrived at has, to date, largely been fairly arbitrary. However, a tool to help determine one's moral preference is now available and it is introduced here as, arguably, having the potential to assist with ensuring a more meaningful diversity amongst an ethics committee's membership. The tool is seen to be easily applied – but, it is argued, may be conceived on at least two false premises. Firstly, despite (...)
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  38.  16
    Clinical Ethics Committees in Africa: lost in the shadow of RECs/IRBs?Keymanthri Moodley, Siti Mukaumbya Kabanda, Leza Soldaat, Anita Kleinsmidt, Adetayo Emmanuel Obasa & Sharon Kling - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-10.
    Background Clinical Ethics Committees are well established at healthcare institutions in resource-rich countries. However, there is limited information on established CECs in resource poor countries, especially in Africa. This study aimed to establish baseline data regarding existing formal CECs in Africa to raise awareness of and to encourage the establishment of CECs or Clinical Ethics Consultation Services on the continent. Methods A descriptive study was undertaken using an online questionnaire via SunSurveys to survey healthcare professionals and bioethicists (...)
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  39.  40
    Hospital ethics committees in Israel: structure, function and heterogeneity in the setting of statutory ethics committees.N. S. Wenger - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (3):177-182.
    Objectives: Hospital ethics committees increasingly affect medical care worldwide, yet there has been little evaluation of these bodies. Israel has the distinction of having ethics committees legally required by a Patients' Rights Act. We studied the development of ethics committees in this legal environment.Design: Cross-sectional national survey of general hospitals to identify all ethics committees and interview of ethics committee chairpersons.Setting: Israel five years after the passage of the Patients' Rights Act.Main (...)
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  40.  13
    Ethics Committees and Social Issues: Potentials and Pitfalls.Daniel Callahan - 1992 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1 (1):5.
    When the Karen Ann Quinlan case emerged in the mid-1970s and the New Jersey Supreme Court made mention of the role that ethics committees might play in such cases, no one could have predicted at the time what the consequences of that observation might be. It took a while for momentum to build, but we are now seeing the flowering of what is an important movement in the field of bioethics: the interplay of ethics committees and (...)
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  41.  33
    Animal Ethics Committee Guidelines and Shark Research: Comment on “Ethics of Species Research and Preservation” by Rob Irvine.Denise Russell - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (4):541-542.
  42.  35
    Ethics Committees in Community Mental Health Settings?Larry Gottlieb - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (4):566-567.
    I am in the process of trying to organize an ethics committee at a large community mental health center in Central Massachusetts and am seeking advice from anyone with experience in this or a similar milieu. The agency is a large (almost 700 employees), nonprofit, community-based program that operates under the auspices of a broad, academically affiliated, behavioral health system. An independent board of trustees, responsible to the parent organization governs the agency. The agency primarily provides outpatient care and (...)
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  43.  85
    Health Research Ethics Committees in South Africa 12 years into democracy.Myer Landon & Moodley Keymanthri - 2007 - BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-8.
    Background Despite the growth of biomedical research in South Africa, there are few insights into the operation of Research Ethics Committees (RECs) in this setting. We investigated the composition, operations and training needs of health RECs in South Africa against the backdrop of national and international guidelines. Methods The 12 major health RECs in South Africa were surveyed using semi-structured questionnaires that investigated the composition and functions of each REC as well as the operational issues facing committees. (...)
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  44.  5
    Medical ethics committees: a selective bibliography of recent references.John O. Christensen - 1991 - Monticello, Ill., USA: Vance Bibliographies.
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  45.  58
    The ethics committee as ghost author.David Shaw - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (12):706-706.
    Ethics committees have a bad reputation for impeding, rather than facilitating research. Here, I argue that many committees actually improve the quality of the research proposal to such an extent that they deserve credit as authors in any resulting publications, or at least an acknowledgement of the contribution made.
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  46.  26
    Ethics committees for biomedical research in some African emerging countries: which establishment for which independence? A comparison with the USA and Canada.J. -P. Rwabihama, C. Girre & A. -M. Duguet - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (4):243-249.
    Context The conduct of medical research led by Northern countries in developing countries raises ethical questions. The assessment of research protocols has to be twofold, with a first reading in the country of origin and a second one in the country where the research takes place. This reading should benefit from an independent local ethical review of protocols. Consequently, ethics committees for medical research are evolving in Africa. Objective To investigate the process of establishing ethics committees (...)
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  47.  31
    Ethical ethics committees?: a response.G. J. Tildsley - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (4):289-a-290.
    sirFollowing Dr Barber's letter1 relating to the mechanism for approval of Local Research Ethics Committees , I have also had concerns over the intense pressure for a fast turn around for local approval. Projects may have been six months or more in the Multicentre Research Ethics Committe process and then arrive on my desk with multiple telephone calls requiring ….
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  48.  20
    Mapping research ethics committees in Africa: Evidence of the growth of ethics review of health research in Africa.Boitumelo Mokgatla, Carel IJsselmuiden, Doug Wassenaar & Mary Kasule - 2017 - Developing World Bioethics 18 (4):341-348.
    Health research initiatives worldwide are growing in scope and complexity, particularly as they move into the developing world. Expanding health research activity in low- and middle-income countries has resulted in a commensurate rise in the need for sound ethical review structures and functions in the form of Research Ethics Committees. The urgent need for continued capacity development in Africa has necessitated research initiatives to identify existing capacity. This discussion paper describes the mapping of RECs in Africa through MARC (...)
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  49.  30
    Moral Principles and Ethics Committees: A Case against Bioethical Theories.Anna C. Zielinska - 2015 - Ethics and Social Welfare 9 (3):269-279.
    This paper argues that the function of moral education in the biomedical context should be exactly the same as in a general, philosophical framework: it should not provide ready-to-use kits of moral principles; rather, it must show the history, epistemology and conceptual structure of moral theories that would enable those who have to make decisions to be as informed and as responsible as possible. If this complexity cannot be attained, an incomplete product—i.e. bioethics or bioethical principles—should not be seen as (...)
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  50.  6
    Research Ethics Committees in Europe — Living with Diversity.Frank Wells - 2007 - Research Ethics 3 (3):101-102.
    This paper presents a review, conducted by the ethics working party of the European Forum for Good Clinical Practice, of the structures and functions of research ethics committees across the member states of the EU. The findings demonstrate widespread differences, and further working groups have been established to develop thinking across Europe, in respect of the training of REC members, ethics committee quality assurance and the involvement of vulnerable subjects in research. In practical terms the differences (...)
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