Results for 'sociobiology'

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  1. Sociobiology.Robert A. Wilson - 2014 - Eugenics Archives.
    This is an introductory article on sociobiology, particularly its relationship to eugenics. Sociobiology developed in the 1960s as a field within evolutionary biology to explain human social traits and behaviours. Although sociobiology has few direct connections to eugenics, it shares eugenics’ optimistic enthusiasm for extending biological science into the human domain, often with reckless sensationalism. Sociobiology's critics have argued that sociobiology also propagates a kind of genetic determinism and represents the zealous misapplication of science beyond (...)
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  2.  49
    Sociobiology and the Preemption of Social Science.Alexander Rosenberg - 2019 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Although largely conceptual, the book is an unequivocal defense of this new theory in the explanation of human behavior.
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  3.  8
    Sociobiology: Sense Or Nonsense?Michael Ruse - 1979 - Dordrecht: Reidel.
    In June 1975, the distinguished Harvard entomologist Edward O. Wilson published a truly huge book entitled, Sociobiology: The New Synthesis. In this book, drawing on both fact and theory, Wilson tried to present a com prehensive overview of the rapidly growing subject of 'sociobiology', the study of the biological nature and foundations of animal behaviour, more precisely animal social behaviour. Although, as the title rather implies, Wilson was more surveying and synthesising than developing new material, he com pensated (...)
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  4.  63
    Sociobiology and Human Nature: A Perspective from Catholic Theology.Stephen J. Pope - 1998 - Zygon 33 (2):275-291.
    This paper addresses a nonspecialist audience on how sociobiological accounts of human nature might be relevant to Christian theology. I begin with some confessional remarks to clarify what I mean by Christian theology and how I understand it to be related to science. I indicate briefly why sociobiology might be of interest to theology and then move on to sketch some ways in which sociobiology might relate to theological ethics. My basic point is that sociobiology is directly (...)
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  5.  6
    The Sociobiology Debate: Readings on Ethical and Scientific Issues.Arthur L. Caplan - 1978 - HarperCollins Publishers.
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  6. Ethology, sociobiology and evolutionary psychology.Paul Edmund Griffiths - 2008 - In Sahorta Sarkar & Anya Plutynski (eds.), Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Blackwell. pp. 393-414.
    In the years leading up to the Second World War the ethologists Konrad Lorenz and Nikolaas Tinbergen, created the tradition of rigorous, Darwinian research on animal behavior that developed into modern behavioral ecology. At first glance, research on specifically human behavior seems to exhibit greater discontinuity that research on animal behavior in general. The 'human ethology' of the 1960s appears to have been replaced in the early 1970s by a new approach called ‘sociobiology’. Sociobiology in its turn appears (...)
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  7.  10
    Sociobiology: The New Synthesis.Edward O. Wilson - 1975 - Harvard University Press.
    welcomed by a new generation of students and scholars in all branches of learning.
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  8.  5
    Sociobiology and Epistemology.J. H. Fetzer - 1985 - Springer Verlag.
    The papers presented in this special collection focus upon conceptual, the oretical and epistemological aspects of sociobiology, an emerging discipline that deals with the extent to which genetic factors influence or control patterns of behavior as well as the extent to which patterns of behavior, in turn, influence or control genetic evolution. The Prologue advances a compre hensive acco/unt of the field of gene-culture co-evolution, where Lumsden and Gushurst differentiate between "classical" sociobiology (represented especially by Wilson's early work) (...)
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  9. Sociobiology.Edward O. Wilson - 1976 - Philosophy of Science 43 (2):305-306.
  10. The sociobiology of sociopathy: An integrated evolutionary model.Linda Mealey - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18:523-541.
    Sociopaths are “outstanding” members of society in two senses: politically, they draw our attention because of the inordinate amount of crime they commit, and psychologically, they hold our fascination because most ofus cannot fathom the cold, detached way they repeatedly harm and manipulate others. Proximate explanations from behavior genetics, child development, personality theory, learning theory, and social psychology describe a complex interaction of genetic and physiological risk factors with demographic and micro environmental variables that predispose a portion of the population (...)
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  11.  15
    The sociobiology of genes: the gene’s eye view as a unifying behavioural-ecological framework for biological evolution.Alexis De Tiège, Yves Van de Peer, Johan Braeckman & Koen B. Tanghe - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (1):1-26.
    Although classical evolutionary theory, i.e., population genetics and the Modern Synthesis, was already implicitly ‘gene-centred’, the organism was, in practice, still generally regarded as the individual unit of which a population is composed. The gene-centred approach to evolution only reached a logical conclusion with the advent of the gene-selectionist or gene’s eye view in the 1960s and 1970s. Whereas classical evolutionary theory can only work with (genotypically represented) fitness differences between individual organisms, gene-selectionism is capable of working with fitness differences (...)
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  12.  42
    Sociobiology, God, and understanding.Charles J. Lumsden - 1989 - Zygon 24 (1):83-108.
    This article presents the rationale of a new approach to the debate between sociobiology and religion. In it, I outline a sociobiology that may generate alternative and competing hypotheses about the existence of gods as beings (theisms) and the nature of their participation in the universe. I examine the central theoretical issues of this sociobiology and discuss the strengths and weaknesses of a sociobiological approach to theological issues, including problems pertinent to nontheistic theologies. A concluding case is (...)
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  13.  20
    The sociobiology of everyday life.Del Thiessen & Yoko Umezawa - 1998 - Human Nature 9 (3):293-320.
    The 1000-year-old novel The Tale of Genji, written by Murasaki Shikibu around 1002 CE, shows the operation of general principles of sociobiology. Isolated from western influences and cloaked in Japanese traditions, the common traits associated with reproductive processes are clearly evident. The novel depicts the differential investment of males and females in offspring, male competitive behaviors, and concerns for paternity, kin selection, reciprocal social exchange, species-typical emotional expression, female mate choice, positive assortative mating, and acknowledgment of hereditary transmission of (...)
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  14. Sociobiology and human politics.Patrick Bateson - 1986 - In Steven P. R. Rose & Lisa Appignanesi (eds.), Science and Beyond. B. Blackwell in Association with the Institute of Contemporary Arts. pp. 79--99.
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  15.  8
    Sociobiology, sociology, and pseudoevolutionary reasoning.Bruce Waldman - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (3):547-548.
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  16.  64
    The sociobiology of genes: the gene’s eye view as a unifying behavioural-ecological framework for biological evolution.Alexis De Tiège, Yves Van de Peer, Johan Braeckman & Koen B. Tanghe - 2017 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (1):6.
    Although classical evolutionary theory, i.e., population genetics and the Modern Synthesis, was already implicitly ‘gene-centred’, the organism was, in practice, still generally regarded as the individual unit of which a population is composed. The gene-centred approach to evolution only reached a logical conclusion with the advent of the gene-selectionist or gene’s eye view in the 1960s and 1970s. Whereas classical evolutionary theory can only work with fitness differences between individual organisms, gene-selectionism is capable of working with fitness differences among genes (...)
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  17. Précis of Vaulting Ambition: Sociobiology and the Quest for Human Nature.Philip Kitcher - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (1):61-71.
    The debate about the credentials of sociobiology has persisted because scholars have failed to distinguish the varieties of sociobiology and because too little attention has been paid to the details of the arguments that are supposed to support the provocative claims about human social behavior. I seek to remedy both deficiencies. After analysis of the relationships among different kinds of sociobiology and contemporary evolutionary theory, I attempt to show how some of the studies of the behavior of (...)
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  18.  37
    Sociobiology - A Caricature of Darwinism.R. C. Lewontin - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:22 - 31.
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  19.  30
    The sociobiology of human mate preference: On testing evolutionary hypotheses.Nadav Nur - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (1):28-29.
  20.  7
    Sociobiology and Human Nature.Michael Steven Gregory & Anita Silvers (eds.) - 1978 - Jossey-Bass.
    Result of a conference, "Sociobiology: implications for human studies", held at San Francisco State University on June 14-15, 1977. Includes index. Bibliography: p. 295-316.
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  21. Sociobiology.Harmon Holcomb & Jason M. Byron - 2005 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The term 'sociobiology' was introduced in E. O. Wilson's Sociobiology: The New Synthesis (1975) as the application of evolutionary theory to social behavior. Sociobiologists claim that many social behaviors have been shaped by natural selection for reproductive success, and they attempt to reconstruct the evolutionary histories of particular behaviors or behavioral strategies. This survey attempts to clarify and evaluate the aim of sociobiology. Given that a neutral account is impossible, this entry does the next best thing. It (...)
     
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  22.  70
    Sociobiology: Sense or Nonsense?J. L. Mackie - 1979 - Erkenntnis 15 (2):189-194.
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  23.  22
    Sociobiology.Paul Gross & Harmon Holcomb - unknown
    The term ‘sociobiology’ was introduced in E. O. Wilson's Sociobiology: The New Synthesis (1975) as the application of evolutionary theory to social behavior. Sociobiologists claim that many social behaviors have been shaped by natural selection for reproductive success, and they attempt to reconstruct the evolutionary histories of particular behaviors or behavioral strategies.
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  24. Human Sociobiology and Genetic Determinism.Richard M. Burian - 1981 - Philosophical Forum 13 (2):43.
     
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  25.  84
    Evolution, Sociobiology, and the Atonement.Patricia A. Williams - 1998 - Zygon 33 (4):557-570.
    This essay views Christian doctrines of the atonement in the light of evolution and sociobiology. It argues that most of the doctrines are false because they use a false premise, the historicity of Adam and the Fall. However, two doctrines are not false on those grounds: Abelard’s idea that Jesus’ life is an example and Athanasius’s concept that the atonement changes human nature. Employing evolution’s and sociobiology’s concepts of the egocentric and ethnocentric nature of humanity and the synergy (...)
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  26.  54
    Sociobiology and Original Sin.Patricia A. Williams - 2000 - Zygon 35 (4):783-812.
    This paper argues that the creation narrative of the Fall in Genesis 2:4b–3:24 is not history and does not contain a doctrine of original sin. The doctrine of original sin as a theory of human nature needs a new foundation. The contemporary science of sociobiology has a theory of human nature that is remarkably similar to major versions of the Christian doctrines of original sin. To incorporate sociobiology's theory of human nature into Christianity is to lay the foundation (...)
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  27.  44
    A multiple-level model of evolution and its implications for sociobiology.H. C. Plotkin & F. J. Odling-Smee - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):225-235.
    The fundamental tenet of contemporary sociobiology, namely the assumption of a single process of evolution involving the selection of genes, is critically examined. An alternative multiple-level, multiple-process model of evolution is presented which posits that the primary process that operates via selection upon the genes cannot account for certain kinds of biological phenomena, especially complex, learned, social behaviours. The primary process has evolved subsidiary evolutionary levels and processes that act to bridge the gap between genes and these complex behaviours. (...)
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  28.  36
    Sociobiology, ethics, and theology.Philip Hefner - 1984 - Zygon 19 (2):185-207.
    The topic of sociobiology and ethics opens up a range of questions that have to do with important relationships: between the history of nature and human being, between biological evolution and psychosocial evolution, between is and ought, between language usages in one domain and another. The task of ethics is properly to discern what sociobiology has to tell us about the fundamentals of life and persuasively to direct our actions in accord with those fundamentals, in a manner that (...)
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  29.  56
    Sociobiology and Moral Discourse.Loyal Rue - 1998 - Zygon 33 (4):525-533.
    In the intellectual lineage of sociobiology (understood as evolutionary social science), this article considers the place of moral discourse in the evolution of emergent systems for mediating behavior. Given that humans share molecular systems, reflex systems, drive systems, emotional systems, and cognitive systems with chimpanzees, why is it that human behavior is so radically different from chimpanzee behavior? The answer is that, unlike chimps, humans possess symbolic systems, empowering them to override chimplike default morality in favor of symbolically mediated (...)
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  30.  4
    Sociobiology and the 'Escalator' of Reason.James Rachels - 1981 - Hastings Center Report 11 (5):45-46.
    Book reviewed in this article: The Expanding Circle: Ethics and Sociobiology. By Peter Singer.
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  31.  17
    A sociobiological account of indirect speech.Viviana Masia - 2017 - Latest Issue of Interaction Studies 18 (1):142-160.
    Indirect speech is a remarkable trait of human communication. The present paper tackles the sociobiological underpinnings of communicative indirectness discussing both socio-interactional and cognitive rationales behind its manifestation in discourse. From a social perspective, the use of indirect forms in interactions can be regarded as an adaptive response to the epistemic implications of transacted new information in small primary groups, representing – in Givón’s terms – our “bio-cultural” descent. The design features of indirect strategies today may therefore be explained in (...)
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  32.  5
    A sociobiological account of indirect speech.Viviana Masia - 2017 - Interaction Studies 18 (1):142-160.
    Indirect speech is a remarkable trait of human communication. The present paper tackles the sociobiological underpinnings of communicative indirectness discussing both socio-interactional and cognitive rationales behind its manifestation in discourse. From a social perspective, the use of indirect forms in interactions can be regarded as an adaptive response to the epistemic implications of transacted new information in small primary groups, representing – in Givón’s terms – our “bio-cultural” descent. The design features of indirect strategies today may therefore be explained in (...)
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  33.  41
    Sociobiology and its theological implications.Arthur Peacocke - 1984 - Zygon 19 (2):171-184.
    The broad character of the arguments used by sociobiologists is assessed, particularly in relation to criticisms coming from anthropology. The implications of sociobiology for theology are developed with respect to the general impact of evolutionary ideas, the reductionist assumptions of sociobiologists, whether or not “survival” can be a value, and more holistic accounts of the physical and biological grounding of the mental and spiritual lives of human beings.
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  34.  19
    Sociobiology on Screen. The Controversy Through the Lens of Sociobiology: Doing What Comes Naturally.Cora Stuhrmann - 2023 - Journal of the History of Biology 56 (2):365-397.
    When the sociobiology debate erupted in 1975, there were almost too many contributions to the heated exchanges between sociobiologists and their critics to count. In the fall of 1976, a Canadian educational film entitled _Sociobiology: Doing What Comes Naturally_ sparked further controversy due to its graphic visuals and outrageous narration. While critics claimed the film was a promotional tool to further the sociobiological agenda in educational settings, sociobiologists quickly distanced themselves from the film and, in turn, accused the critics (...)
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  35.  7
    Sociobiological metaphor, the rules of evidence, and matrilineal inheritance.Irwin S. Bernstein - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):670-670.
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  36.  33
    Sociobiology, morality and feminism.A. T. Nuyen - 1985 - Human Studies 8 (2):169 - 181.
  37.  3
    Sociobiology and the Semantic View of Theories.Barbara L. Horan - 1986 - PSA Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986 (1):322-330.
    The semantic view of scientific theories has been defended as more adequate than the “received” view, especially with respect to biological theories (Beatty 1980, 1981; Thompson 1983). However, the semantic view has not been evaluated on its own terms. In this paper I first show how the theory of sociobiology propounded by E.O. Wilson (1975) can be understood on the semantic approach. I then discuss the criticism that Wilson’s theory is beset by the problem of unreliable generalizations. I suggest (...)
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  38.  72
    Sociobiology.Vittorio Hösle - 2012 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 16 (1):112-128.
    The essay explores the development of sociobiology, its basic tenets, and its contributions to the study of human nature as well as ethics. It insists that Darwinism is more than a biological theory and presents a possibility of interpreting sociobiology as manifesting not the triumph of the selfish gene but, on the contrary, the only way in which the expansion of altruism was possible.
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  39.  17
    Sociobiology and Concern for the Future.Andrew Johnson - 1989 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 6 (2):141-148.
    ABSTRACT Despite its excesses, sociobiology can make a useful contribution to ethics, if it is recognised that it need not impinge on free‐will, and if the ‘naturalistic fallacy’ can be avoided. This contribution is the central concept of evolutionary stability, and the implication which can be drawn from it, that concern for the future is a basic part of human nature. In stable societies, such concern is manifested as fear of change, or strict adherence to tradition, but modern ideas (...)
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  40.  66
    Is Sociobiology Amendable? Feminist and Darwinian women biologists confront the paradigm of sexual selection.Thierry Hoquet - 2010 - Diogenes 57 (1):113-126.
    Is it possible to be a socio-biologist and a feminist? Socio-biology has been accused of being a macho ideological arsenal, which seems to exclude in advance any possibility of amending it. However that was the project of several female researchers (in particular S. B. Hrdy and P. A. Gowaty), who suggested adopting the science’s theoretical framework in order to change it from within. This has been expressed in a change of focus: an appeal to take account of female strategies and (...)
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  41. Human sociobiology and archaeology.J. Chapman - 1986 - In John L. Bintliff & Chris F. Gaffney (eds.), Archaeology at the Interface: Studies in Archaeology's Relationships with History, Geography, Biology, and Physical Science. B.A.R..
  42. The sociobiology of rape: A critique.Hugh Clark - 1991 - Nexus 9 (1):10.
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  43.  21
    Amplifying sociobiology's hollow ring.Timothy D. Johnston - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (1):78-79.
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  44. Sociobiology. The New Synthesis.Hans Kalmus - 1976 - Journal of Biosocial Science 8 (4):367.
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  45.  22
    Can Sociobiology Adapt to Cultural Selection?Sandra D. Mitchell - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:87 - 96.
    Sociobiologists explain human social behavior as genetically adapative. The intervention of cultural learning into the processes of the acquisition and transmission of human behavior makes such explanation prima facie unjustified. William Durham has developed a theory of coevolution which claims that although the processes of genetic evolution and cultural evolution are independent, the results of the two processes are "functionally complementary." In this paper I characterize the conditions necessary for giving an explanation by adaptation of human behavior and argue that (...)
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  46.  11
    Sociobiology: The Debate Continues.Robert S. Morison, Bernard D. Davis & Larry Miller - 1976 - Hastings Center Report 6 (5):18.
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  47. Sociobiology and.Julio Muñoz-Rubio - 2004 - Ludus Vitalis 12 (22):91-115.
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  48.  7
    The Sociobiological Imagination.Mary Maxwell (ed.) - 1991 - State University of New York Press.
    Paper edition (0768-3), $14.95. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
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  49.  34
    Is Sociobiology a Pseudoscience?R. Paul Thompson - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:363 - 370.
    Among the numerous criticisms of sociobiology is the criticism that it is not genuine science. This paper defends sociobiology against this criticism. There are three aspects to the defense. First, it is argued that the testability criterion of pseudoscience is generally problematic as a criterion and that even if accepted it fails to mark sociobiology as a pseudoscience. Second, it is argued that Thagard's more comprehensive and sophisticated criterion of pseudoscience fails to mark sociobiology as a (...)
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  50.  37
    Sociobiology, sociopathy, and social policy.Richard Machalek - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):564-564.
    Evolutionary analysis suggests that policies based on deterrence may cope effectively with primary sociopathy if the threat of punishment fits the crime in the cost/benefit calculus of the sociopath, not that of the public. On the other hand, policies designed to offset serious disadvantage in social competition may help inhibit the development of secondary sociopathy, rather than deter its expression.
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