A multiple-level model of evolution and its implications for sociobiology

Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):225-235 (1981)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

The fundamental tenet of contemporary sociobiology, namely the assumption of a single process of evolution involving the selection of genes, is critically examined. An alternative multiple-level, multiple-process model of evolution is presented which posits that the primary process that operates via selection upon the genes cannot account for certain kinds of biological phenomena, especially complex, learned, social behaviours. The primary process has evolved subsidiary evolutionary levels and processes that act to bridge the gap between genes and these complex behaviours. The subsidiary levels are development, individual animal learning, and socioculture itself. It is argued that individual learning is pivotal to the derivation and biological analysis of culture. The differences between cultural and noncultural societies are stressed. It is concluded that such a multiple-level model of evolution can form the basis for reconciling opposing sides in the sociobiology debate.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 89,621

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Sociobiology.Harmon Holcomb & Jason M. Byron - 2005 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Précis of Genes, Mind, and Culture.Charles J. Lumsden & Edward O. Wilson - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (1):1-7.
The sociology of sociobiology.Ronald de Sousa - 1990 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 4 (3):271 – 283.
Is sociobiology a new paradigm?Michael Ruse - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (1):98-104.
Game theory and the evolution of behaviour.John Maynard Smith - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (1):95.
Evolution.Roberta L. Millstein - 2001 - In Peter Machamer Michael Silberstein (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Science. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 227–251.

Analytics

Added to PP
2014-01-20

Downloads
41 (#335,367)

6 months
3 (#433,579)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?