Results for 'Scott L. Althaus'

996 found
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  1.  37
    False starts, dead ends, and new opportunities in public opinion research.Scott L. Althaus - 2006 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 18 (1-3):75-104.
    Empirical research on public opinion has tended to misjudge the normative rationales for modern democracy. Although it is often presumed that citizens' policy preferences are the opinions of interest to democratic theorists, and that democracy requires a highly informed citizenry, neither of these premises represents a dominant position in mainstream democratic theory. Besides incorrect assumptions about major tenets of democratic theory, empirical research on civic engagement is running into dead ends that will require normative analysis to overcome. Bringing political philosophy (...)
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  2.  52
    Decolonizing “Natural Logic”.Scott L. Pratt - 2021 - In Julie Brumberg-Chaumont & Claude Rosental (eds.), Logical Skills: Social-Historical Perspectives. Springer Verlag. pp. 23-50.
    “Natural logic” was proposed by Lewis Henry Morgan as the engine of cultural evolution, concluding that the “course and manner” of cultural development “was predetermined, as well as restricted within narrow limits of divergence, by the natural logic of the human mind.” This essay argues that Morgan’s conception of natural logic aids the project of settler colonialism. Rather than being a false account of human agency, however, it is a conception of natural logic that is produced through the systematic narrowing (...)
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  3.  18
    The Intercorporeal Self: Merleau-Ponty on Subjectivity.Scott L. Marratto - 2012 - Albany: State University of New York Press.
    An original interpretation of Merleau-Ponty on subjectivity, drawing from and challenging both the continental and analytic traditions.
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  4.  50
    Native Pragmatism: Rethinking the Roots of American Philosophy.Scott L. Pratt - 2002 - Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Pragmatism is America’s most distinctive philosophy. Generally it has been understood as a development of European thought in response to the "American wilderness." A closer examination, however, reveals that the roots and central commitments of pragmatism are indigenous to North America. Native Pragmatism recovers this history and thus provides the means to re-conceive the scope and potential of American philosophy. Pragmatism has been at best only partially understood by those who focus on its European antecedents. This book casts new light (...)
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  5.  62
    Realizing the spirit and impact of Adam Smith's capitalism through entrepreneurship.Scott L. Newbert - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 46 (3):251-261.
    Adam Smith argued in The Wealth of Nations and The Theory of Moral Sentiments that in order to create an effective and productive capitalist system, individuals must pursue interests of both the self and society. Despite this assertion, modern economic theory has become tightly focused on the pursuit of economic self-interests at the expense of other, higher order motives. This paper will argue that the tendency to employ such an egocentric strategy often generates externalities and inequalities that serve to detract (...)
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  6.  7
    The Intercorporeal Self: Merleau-Ponty on Subjectivity.Scott L. Marratto - 2012 - Albany: State University of New York Press.
    _An original interpretation of Merleau-Ponty on subjectivity, drawing from and challenging both the continental and analytic traditions._.
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  7.  17
    Sound Clocks and Sonic Relativity.Scott L. Todd & Nicolas C. Menicucci - 2017 - Foundations of Physics 47 (10):1267-1293.
    Sound propagation within certain non-relativistic condensed matter models obeys a relativistic wave equation despite such systems admitting entirely non-relativistic descriptions. A natural question that arises upon consideration of this is, “do devices exist that will experience the relativity in these systems?” We describe a thought experiment in which ‘acoustic observers’ possess devices called sound clocks that can be connected to form chains. Careful investigation shows that appropriately constructed chains of stationary and moving sound clocks are perceived by observers on the (...)
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  8.  38
    Neural correlates of object indeterminacy in art compositions.Scott L. Fairhall & Alumit Ishai - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):923-932.
    Indeterminate art invokes a perceptual dilemma in which apparently detailed and vivid images resist identification. We used event-related fMRI to study visual perception of representational, indeterminate and abstract paintings. We hypothesized increased activation along a gradient of posterior-to-anterior ventral visual areas with increased object resolution, and postulated that object resolution would be associated with visual imagery. Behaviorally, subjects were faster to recognize familiar objects in representational than in both indeterminate and abstract paintings. We found activation within a distributed cortical network (...)
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  9.  6
    Questioning geopolitics: political projects in a changing world-system.Georgi M. Derluguian & Scott L. Greer (eds.) - 2000 - Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.
    Annotation Redefines globalization as merely the framework of the current political debate on the future of world power.
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  10.  27
    “So much has been destroyed”: Genocide and American Philosophy.Scott L. Pratt - 2019 - The Pluralist 14 (1):1-20.
    i am humbled by the opportunity to address you today as the President of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy. From my first experience at the annual meeting in Boston in 1995 to this meeting more than two decades later, SAAP has been my philosophical home. Here I have come to know many of the philosophers who have most influenced me: John Lachs, Peter Hare, John Ryder, Charlene Haddock Seigfried, Jim Campbell, Marilyn Fischer, Erin McKenna, and John McDermott, (...)
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  11.  31
    The Relevance of Addams’s Democracy and Social Ethics.Scott L. Pratt - 2021 - The Pluralist 16 (1):128-136.
    marilyn fischer's book Jane Addams's Evolutionary Theorizing sets a new standard for reading the central works of American philosophy. By situating Addams's Democracy and Social Ethics in the context of late nineteenth-century evolutionary theory, the text takes on meanings different from some that have become canonical. Context, in this case, is not simply historical context, but also the intellectual context in which Addams's work was written and read. Fischer argues that the meanings of terms such as "evolution," "democracy," "sympathy," and (...)
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  12.  41
    American Power: Mary Parker Follett and Michel Foucault.Scott L. Pratt - 2011 - Foucault Studies 11:76-91.
    Classical pragmatism, despite its recognized concern for questions of freedom and democracy, has little to say directly about questions of power. Some commentators have found Dewey’s notion of habit to be a resource for taking up issues of power while others have argued that pragmatism does not provide a sufficiently critical tool to challenge systematic oppression. Still others have proposed to shore up pragmatism by using resources found in post-structuralism, particularly in the work of Foucault. This paper begins with this (...)
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  13.  29
    Temporal dynamics of masked word reading.Scott L. Fairhall, Jeff P. Hamm & Ian J. Kirk - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (1):112-123.
    The repercussions of unconscious priming on the neural correlates subsequent cognition have been explored previously. However, the neural dynamics during the unconscious processing remains largely uncharted. To assess both the complexity and temporal dynamics of unconscious cognition the present study contrasts the evoked response from classes of masked stimuli with three different levels of complexity; words, consonant strings, and blanks. The evoked response to masked word stimuli differed from both consonant strings and blanks, which did not differ from each other. (...)
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  14.  15
    Good governance, bad governance: a refinement and application of key governance concepts.Scott L. Mitchell, Mark D. Packard & Brent B. Clark - 2023 - International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 17 (4):471-494.
    Understanding what makes governance 'good' or 'bad' has been impeded by construct ambiguity. Contemporary governance research has struggled to define 'governance' and related constructs such as 'ownership', 'agency', and 'management' in a way that clearly separates and distinguishes them. Often, the line between governance and management is so blurred that it is impossible to say what is good or bad 'governance' versus 'management'. Here we provide a systematic classification of key governance concepts in terms of their distinct economic functions. 'Governance', (...)
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  15.  55
    American philosophies: an anthology.Leonard Harris, Scott L. Pratt & Anne Waters (eds.) - 2002 - Malden, MA: Blackwell.
    This anthology promotes a new vision: American Philosophy as complex and constantly changing, enlivened by historically marginalized, yet never silent, voices.
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  16.  17
    Kathleen Wallace and the Network Self.Scott L. Pratt - 2020 - Metaphilosophy 51 (5):657-663.
    Kathleen Wallace makes an important contribution to the theoretical frameworks available to understanding the nature of selves. Drawing on the theory of natural complexes proposed by Justus Buchler, Wallace proposes the “cumulative network model” (CNM) of selves. This article provides an overview of CNM, suggests its relation to recent New Materialist theories of agency, ideas of power, and the American philosophical tradition, and proposes that it can serve as a new resource in discussions of pressing problems faced in today’s world.
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  17.  95
    The Politics of Disjunction.Scott L. Pratt - 2010 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 46 (2):202-220.
    In his 1905 work on the logical foundations of geometry, Royce proposed a logic based on the “obverse” or O-relation that could provide a means of understanding any system of order. Royce explains that this relation, which he calls the O-relation, “in logical terms,... is the relation in which (if we were talking of the possible chances [choices] open to one who had to decide upon a course of action) any set of exhaustive but, in their entirety, inconsistent choices would (...)
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  18.  6
    Conversing Brokeback Mountain’s Varied Spaces and Contested Desires.Scott L. Baugh, Donovan Gwinner, Sara L. Spurgeon & O. Alan Weltzien - 2006 - Intertexts 10 (2):155-179.
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  19.  15
    Mobilities of Science: The Era of Translation into Arabic.Scott L. Montgomery - 2018 - Isis 109 (2):313-319.
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  20.  10
    The Advancement of Science, and Its Burdens. Gerald HoltonThe Scientific Imagination. Gerald Holton.Scott L. Montgomery - 2000 - Isis 91 (3):577-578.
  21.  17
    The Necessity of Experience. Edward S. Reed.Scott L. Montgomery - 1998 - Isis 89 (3):586-587.
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  22.  18
    Indigenous Agencies and the Pluralism of Empire.Scott L. Pratt - 2013 - Philosophical Topics 41 (2):13-30.
    In 1914, Francis E. Leupp, former commissioner of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, presented an answer to the so-called Indian Problem that some have called pluralist. This paper examines the development of Leupp’s pluralism as part of the policies and practices of the genocide of American Indians as it was carried out in the years following the US Civil War. Rather than being a singular event in the history of US-Indian relations, I argue that Leupp’s pluralism is part of the (...)
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  23.  35
    Ancient use and manipulation of landscape in the Yalahau region of the northern Maya lowlands.Scott L. Fedick & Bethany A. Morrison - 2004 - Agriculture and Human Values 21 (2/3):207-219.
    The tropical lowlands of southern Mexico and Central America are composed of a complex mosaic of landscapes that presented a variety of possibilities and challenges to the subsistence practices of the ancient Maya. The Yalahau Regional Human Ecology Project has been investigating ancient Maya agricultural practices and use of resources in a unique fresh-water wetland zone located in the northeast corner of the Yucatán Peninsula. While containing only a sparse population today, the Yalahau region once supported numerous Maya communities and (...)
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  24.  33
    The uncovered set in spatial voting games.Scott L. Feld, Bernard Grofman, Richard Hartly, Marc Kilgour & Nicholas Miller - 1987 - Theory and Decision 23 (2):129-155.
  25.  24
    Jane addams: Patriotism in time of war.Scott L. Pratt - 2004 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 28 (1):102–118.
  26.  15
    Geography, History, and the Aims of Education: The Possibility of Multiculturalism in Democracy and Education.Scott L. Pratt - 2016 - Educational Theory 66 (1-2):199-210.
    In this essay, Scott Pratt develops the tension at work in Democracy and Education between conceptions of multiculturalism that emerge from Dewey's commitment to progress as a process of civilization and from his contrasting commitment to a vision of progress as a localized process that requires respect for boundaries and limits. The first is related to what Patrick Wolfe has called “settler colonialism.” The second conception of multiculturalism, framed by the aims of education and the conception of growth, avoids (...)
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  27.  34
    Volition and the idle cortex: Beta oscillatory activity preceding planned and spontaneous movement.Scott L. Fairhall, Ian J. Kirk & Jeff P. Hamm - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):221-228.
    Prior to the initiation of spontaneous movement, evoked potentials can be seen to precede awareness of the impending movement by several hundreds of milliseconds, meaning that this recorded neural activity is the result of unconscious processing. This study investigates the neural representations of impending movement with and without awareness. Specifically, the relationship between awareness and ‘idling’ cortical oscillations in the beta range was assessed. It was found that, in situations where there was awareness of the impending movement, pre-movement evoked potentials (...)
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  28.  25
    Lessons in place: Thoreau and Indigenous philosophy.Scott L. Pratt - 2022 - Metaphilosophy 53 (4):371-384.
    Metaphilosophy, Volume 53, Issue 4, Page 371-384, July 2022.
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  29.  44
    Opera as experience.Scott L. Pratt - 2009 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 43 (4):pp. 74-87.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Opera as ExperienceScott L. Pratt (bio)There is a long history of debate over what opera is. Since its more or less formal beginning in the sixteenth century as a reconstruction of ancient drama, opera as an art form has been controversial. The received understanding—emphasized by the genre's founders and in periodic efforts at reforming the standards of composition and production—is that opera is musical drama. In his book Opera (...)
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  30.  17
    Jane Addams's Evolutionary Theorizing: Constructing “Democracy and Social Ethics.” Marilyn Fischer. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2019.Scott L. Pratt - 2021 - Hypatia 36 (4).
  31.  52
    A Reply to Christopher Kulp's "Dewey, Indeterminacy, and the Spectator Theory of Knowledge".Scott L. Pratt - 1994 - Modern Schoolman 72 (1):67-76.
  32.  30
    A Reply to Christopher Kulp's.Scott L. Pratt - 1994 - Modern Schoolman 72 (1):67-76.
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  33.  25
    "A Sailor in a Storm": Dewey on the Meaning of Language.Scott L. Pratt - 1997 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 33 (4):839 - 862.
  34.  18
    Commentaries.Scott L. Pratt, Donald A. Grinde, Woody Holton, Shari Huhndorf, John Mohawk, John Carlos Rowe & Neil Schmitz - 2003 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 39 (4):557 - 589.
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  35.  33
    History in place: A response to Thomas Alexander and Woody Holton.Scott L. Pratt - 2003 - Philosophy and Geography 6 (2):247 – 262.
    (2003). History in place: A response to Thomas Alexander and Woody Holton. Philosophy & Geography: Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 247-262.
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  36.  42
    Inquiry and Analysis: Dewey and Russell on Philosophy.Scott L. Pratt - 1998 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 17 (2/3):101-122.
    In an environment characterized by the emergence of new and diverse (and often opposed) philosophical efforts, there is a need for a conception of philosophy that will promote the exchange and critical consideration of divergent insights. Depending upon the operative conception, philosophical efforts can be viewed as significant, insightful and instructive, or unimportant, misguided and not real philosophy. This paper develops John Dewey's conception of philosophy as a mode of inquiry in contrast with Bertrand Russell's conception of philosophy as a (...)
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  37.  21
    Imperial Irony: Rorty, Richard Henry Pratt and the American Indian Genocide.Scott L. Pratt - 2016 - Pragmatism Today 7 (2):48-58.
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  38.  15
    Knowledge and Action: American Epistemology.Scott L. Pratt - 2004 - In Armen T. Marsoobian & John Ryder (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to American Philosophy. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 306–324.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Eighteenth‐Century Beginnings: Cadwallader Colden and Benjamin Franklin Transcendentalism: Ralph Waldo Emerson and Lydia Maria Child The Rise of Pragmatism: Peirce, James, and Dewey Interaction in Practice: Jane Addams and W. E. B. Du Bois The Challenge of Logical Positivism: Quine and Contemporary Voices.
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  39.  43
    Logic: Inquiry, Argument, and Order.Scott L. Pratt - 2009 - Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley.
    _An enlightening introduction to the study of logic: its history, philosophical foundations, and formal structures_ _Logic: Inquiry, Argument, and Order_ is the first book of its kind to frame the study of introductory logic in terms of problems connected to wider issues of knowledge and judgment that arise in the context of racial, cultural, and religious diversity. With its accessible style and integration of philosophical inquiry and real-life concerns, this book offers a novel approach to the theory of logic and (...)
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  40.  11
    (Mis)Trust and Pragmatism as Grounded Normativity.Scott L. Pratt - 2023 - The Pluralist 18 (1):41-48.
  41.  20
    Philosophy in the "Middle Ground": A Reply to My Critics.Scott L. Pratt - 2003 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 39 (4):591 - 616.
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  42.  53
    Rebuilding babylon: The pluralism of Lydia Maria child.Scott L. Pratt - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (2):92-104.
    : One of the most influential branches of nineteenth-century American feminism was a resistance movement committed to the idea that the key to social reform was the recognition and maintenance of human differences. This approach, which became central to American pragmatism, had its roots in a tradition of American women writers including Lydia Maria Child. This paper examines Child's work and focuses on her conception of pluralism and its role in sustaining diverse communities.
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  43.  11
    Rebuilding Babylon: The Pluralism of Lydia Maria Child.Scott L. Pratt - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (2):92-104.
    One of the most influential branches of nineteenth-century American feminism was a resistance movement committed to the idea that the key to social reform was the recognition and maintenance of human differences. This approach, which became central to American pragmatism, had its roots in a tradition of American women writers including Lydia Maria Child. This paper examines Child's work and focuses on her conception of pluralism and its role in sustaining diverse communities.
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  44.  23
    Spirits and the Limits of Pragmatism: A Response to “Against Discursive Colonialism”.Scott L. Pratt - 2021 - The Pluralist 16 (1):75-83.
    in her address, R. Aída Hernández Castillo considers "two experiences of intercultural dialogue" as a means of decolonizing her own feminist views and methodological commitments. These cases and others led her to "confront both the idealizing discourses on Indigenous culture of an important sector of Mexican anthropology and the ethnocentrism of liberal feminism". The first case is a dialogue with the Continental Network of Indigenous Women of the Americas, whose participants seek to recover Indigenous spirituality as an act of resistance (...)
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  45.  23
    Symposia on Gender, Race and Philosophy.Scott L. Pratt - 2007 - Philosophy 3 (3).
  46.  24
    Two Cases Against Spectator Theories of Knowledge.Scott L. Pratt - 1994 - Southwest Philosophy Review 10 (1):105-115.
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  47.  13
    Two Cases Against Spectator Theories of Knowledge.Scott L. Pratt - 1994 - Southwest Philosophy Review 10 (1):105-115.
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  48. The experience of pluralism.Scott L. Pratt - 2007 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 21 (2):106 - 114.
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  49.  37
    The given land: Black Hawk's conception of place.Scott L. Pratt - 2001 - Philosophy and Geography 4 (1):109 – 125.
    In the wake of a war against the United States and the displacement of his people from their lands at the confluence of the Rock and Mississippi Rivers, the Sauk leader, Black Hawk, prepared an autobiography published in 1833. At the center of his work was an attempt to offer his readers a strategy that would make it possible for the Sauk and other Native peoples to coexist with the Americans of European descent who had come to the Mississippi valley. (...)
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  50.  30
    The Influence of the Iroquois on Early American Philosophy.Scott L. Pratt - 1996 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 32 (2):274 - 314.
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