30 found
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  1.  24
    The Socio-Political Roles of Neuroethics and the Case of Klotho.Veljko Dubljević, Katharina Trettenbach & Robert Ranisch - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 13 (1):10-22.
    An increasing amount of very diverse scholarship self-identifies as belonging to the field of neuroethics, illuminating a need to provide some reference points for what that field actually entails. We argue that neuroethics is a single field with distinct perspectives, roles, and subspecialties. We propose that—in addition to the three traditional perspectives delineated by Eric Racine—a fourth, socio-political perspective, must be recognized in neuroethics. The socio-political perspective in neuroethics focuses on the interplay between the behavioral as well as the brain (...)
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  2.  8
    Liberale Eugenik?: Kritik der Selektiven Reproduktion.Robert Ranisch - 2021 - J.B. Metzler.
    Anwendungen der Gendiagnostik und Reproduktionsmedizin erlauben es Wunscheltern, immer weiter auf das Erbgut ihrer Nachkommen Einfluss zu nehmen. Eine solche „liberale Eugenik“ wird mittlerweile auch in der Philosophie und Bioethik befürwortet. Wo liegen aber die Ursprünge eines solchen Denkens und wie ist eine umfassende Fortpflanzungsfreiheit zu bewerten? Ausgehend von einer freiheitlichen Ethik leistet die Studie eine immanente Kritik an der liberalen Eugenik und entwirft dabei eine eigene Position zum Umgang mit neuen gentechnischen Möglichkeiten.
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  3.  41
    Germline genome editing versus preimplantation genetic diagnosis: Is there a case in favour of germline interventions?Robert Ranisch - 2019 - Bioethics 34 (1):60-69.
    CRISPR is widely considered to be a disruptive technology. However, when it comes to the most controversial topic, germline genome editing (GGE), there is no consensus on whether this technology has any substantial advantages over existing procedures such as embryo selection after in vitro fertilization (IVF) and preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). Answering this question, however, is crucial for evaluating whether the pursuit of further research and development on GGE is justified. This paper explores the question from both a clinical and (...)
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  4.  22
    Saving the most lives—A comparison of European triage guidelines in the context of the COVID‐19 pandemic.Hans-Jörg Ehni, Urban Wiesing & Robert Ranisch - 2021 - Bioethics 35 (2):125-134.
    In March 2020, the rapid increase in severe COVID‐19 cases overwhelmed the healthcare systems in several European countries. The capacities for artificial ventilation in intensive care units were too scarce to care for patients with acute respiratory disorder connected to the disease. Several professional associations published COVID‐19 triage recommendations in an extremely short time: in 21 days between March 6 and March 27. In this article, we compare recommendations from five European countries, which combine medical and ethical reflections on this (...)
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  5.  23
    Digital contact tracing and exposure notification: ethical guidance for trustworthy pandemic management.Robert Ranisch, Niels Nijsingh, Angela Ballantyne, Anne van Bergen, Alena Buyx, Orsolya Friedrich, Tereza Hendl, Georg Marckmann, Christian Munthe & Verina Wild - 2020 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (3):285-294.
    There is growing interest in contact tracing apps for pandemic management. It is crucial to consider ethical requirements before, while, and after implementing such apps. In this paper, we illustrate the complexity and multiplicity of the ethical considerations by presenting an ethical framework for a responsible design and implementation of CT apps. Using this framework as a starting point, we briefly highlight the interconnection of social and political contexts, available measures of pandemic management, and a multi-layer assessment of CT apps. (...)
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  6.  11
    Public Engagement With Brain Organoid Research and Application: Lessons From Genome Editing.Corinna Klingler, Lara Wiese, Gardar Arnason & Robert Ranisch - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 13 (2):98-100.
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  7.  16
    Consultation with Doctor Twitter: Consent Fatigue, and the Role of Developers in Digital Medical Ethics.Robert Ranisch - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (7):24-25.
    Laacke et al. investigate the ethical implications of possible artificial intelligence systems that automatically detect signs of depression by analyzing data from social media. The art...
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  8.  51
    Germline Gene Editing and Genetic Enhancement: The Value of(Non-)Positional Goods.Robert Ranisch - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (7):45-47.
    Volume 19, Issue 7, July 2019, Page 45-47.
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  9.  13
    Ethics of sleep tracking: techno-ethical particularities of consumer-led sleep-tracking with a focus on medicalization, vulnerability, and relationality.Nadia Primc, Jonathan Hunger, Robert Ranisch, Eva Kuhn & Regina Müller - 2023 - Ethics and Information Technology 25 (1):1-12.
    Consumer-targeted sleep tracking applications (STA) that run on mobile devices (e.g., smartphones) promise to be useful tools for the individual user. Assisted by built-in and/or external sensors, these apps can analyze sleep data and generate assessment reports for the user on their sleep duration and quality. However, STA also raise ethical questions, for example, on the autonomy of the sleeping person, or potential effects on third parties. Nevertheless, a specific ethical analysis of the use of these technologies is still missing (...)
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  10.  10
    Initial heritable genome editing: mapping a responsible pathway from basic research to the clinic.Robert Ranisch, Katharina Trettenbach & Gardar Arnason - 2023 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 26 (1):21-35.
    Following the Second Summit on Human Gene Editing in Hong Kong in 2018, where the birth of two girls with germline genome editing was revealed, the need for a responsible pathway to the clinical application of human germline genome editing has been repeatedly emphasised. This paper aims to contribute to the ongoing discussion on research ethics issues in germline genome editing by exploring key issues related to the initial applications of CRISPR in reproductive medicine. Following an overview of the current (...)
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  11.  8
    Ethical, legal, and social aspects of symptom checker applications: a scoping review.Regina Müller, Malte Klemmt, Hans-Jörg Ehni, Tanja Henking, Angelina Kuhnmünch, Christine Preiser, Roland Koch & Robert Ranisch - 2022 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 25 (4):737-755.
    Symptom Checker Applications (SCA) are mobile applications often designed for the end-user to assist with symptom assessment and self-triage. SCA are meant to provide the user with easily accessible information about their own health conditions. However, SCA raise questions regarding ethical, legal, and social aspects (ELSA), for example, regarding fair access to this new technology. The aim of this scoping review is to identify the ELSA of SCA in the scientific literature. A scoping review was conducted to identify the ELSA (...)
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  12.  22
    Clinical Ethics Consultation and the Challenge to Implement What Is Right.Robert Ranisch & Cordula Brand - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (9):38-39.
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  13.  57
    Germline Genome Editing and the Functions of Consent.Robert Ranisch - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (12):27-29.
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  14.  23
    “Clock Shock,” Motivational Enhancement, and Performance Maintenance in Adderall Use.Robert Ranisch, Duilio Garofoli & Veljko Dubljevic - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 4 (1):13-14.
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  15.  9
    Das Tübinger Modell der „Ethikbeauftragten der Station“: Ein Pilotprojekt zum Aufbau dezentraler Strukturen der Ethikberatung an einem Universitätsklinikum.Robert Ranisch, Annette Riedel, Friedemann Bresch, Hiltrud Mayer, Klaus-Dieter Pape, Gerda Weise & Petra Renz - 2021 - Ethik in der Medizin 33 (2):257-274.
    Ethik-Komitees gehören zum festen Bestandteil des Ethikmanagements und der Organisationsethik in klinischen Einrichtungen des Gesundheitswesens. Entsprechende Ethikstrukturen und die damit verbundenen Angebote stoßen hinsichtlich ihrer Wirksamkeit allerdings an ihre Grenzen. Ihre Arbeitsweisen sind häufig reaktiv und eine Verankerung in den entsprechenden Organisationsebenen fehlt. Ausgehend von diesen Limitationen der klinischen Ethikberatung hat sich die multiprofessionelle „Arbeitsgruppe Ethik“ am Universitätsklinikum Tübingen um die Konzeption und Implementierung eines neuen Ansatzes zur nachhaltigen Integration von ethischen Reflexions- und Entscheidungsprozessen auf den Stationen des UKT bemüht. (...)
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  16.  15
    Post- and transhumanism: an introduction.Robert Ranisch (ed.) - 2014 - New York: Peter Lang.
    Post- and Transhumanism are being introduced with respect to foundational questions, utopian issues, normative and evaluative elements, ontological perspectives and arts. The topics are divided up into five sections with the following titles: Confessions, Lands of Cockaygne, Neo-Socratic Reflections, Ontologies of Becoming and Paragone of the Arts.
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  17.  38
    ‘Eugenics is Back’? Historic References in Current Discussions of Germline Gene Editing.Robert Ranisch - 2019 - NanoEthics 13 (3):209-222.
    Comparisons between germline gene editing using CRISPR technology and a renewal of eugenics are evident in the current bioethical discussions. This article examines the different roles of such references to the past. In the first part, the alleged parallels between gene editing of the germline and eugenics are addressed from three perspectives: First, the historical adequacy of such comparisons is questioned. Second, it is asked whether the evils of the past can in fact be attributed to (future) practices of germline (...)
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  18.  5
    “That’s just Future Medicine” - a qualitative study on users’ experiences of symptom checker apps.Regina Müller, Malte Klemmt, Roland Koch, Hans-Jörg Ehni, Tanja Henking, Elisabeth Langmann, Urban Wiesing & Robert Ranisch - 2024 - BMC Medical Ethics 25 (1):1-19.
    Background Symptom checker apps (SCAs) are mobile or online applications for lay people that usually have two main functions: symptom analysis and recommendations. SCAs ask users questions about their symptoms via a chatbot, give a list with possible causes, and provide a recommendation, such as seeing a physician. However, it is unclear whether the actual performance of a SCA corresponds to the users’ experiences. This qualitative study investigates the subjective perspectives of SCA users to close the empirical gap identified in (...)
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  19.  10
    The Socio-political Perspective in Neuroethics: Applications, Clarifications & Extensions.Katharina Trettenbach, Robert Ranisch & Veljko Dubljević - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 14 (3):1-3.
    In the article “The Socio-Political Roles of Neuroethics and the Case of Klotho,” we proposed a socio-political approach to neuroethics, inspired by John Rawls’s roles for political philosophy. In...
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  20.  15
    Tools, Agents or Something Different? – The Importance of Techno-Philosophical Premises in Analyzing Health Technology.Joschka Haltaufderheide & Robert Ranisch - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (5):19-22.
    In their careful analysis of conversational artificial intelligence (CAI) in psychotherapy, Sedlakova and Trachsel (2023) propose a framework for the ethical evaluation of such technologies that lo...
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  21.  13
    Cognitive Enhancement to Overcome Laziness: Ethically Wrong or Just Stupid?Robert Ranisch - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (1):42-43.
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  22.  5
    Konsensuale Entwicklung und Anwendung einer Strategie zur Impfstoffverteilung bei Krankenhauspersonal während der COVID-19 Pandemie: Bericht aus einem südwestdeutschen Klinikverbund.Stefan Bushuven, Michael Bentele, Frank Hinder, Marcus Schuchmann, Peter Buchal & Robert Ranisch - 2023 - Ethik in der Medizin 35 (4):507-528.
    Zusammenfassung Die Einführung von Impfprogrammen bei einer immun-naiven Bevölkerung in Europa spielte eine wesentliche Rolle für den Verlauf der COVID-19 Pandemie. Vor allem zu Beginn waren Impfprogramme jedoch durch einen Mangel an Impfdosen gekennzeichnet. Bei einer Zuteilung geringer Dosen an Krankenhäuser in der Initialphase, waren Krankenhausleitungen durch eine möglichst faire Verteilung dieser Impfdosen unter dem Krankenhauspersonal gefordert. Der Beitrag dokumentiert das Vorgehen im ersten Quartal 2021 an fünf deutschen Krankenhäusern in einem Klinikverbund. Wir berichten über einen regel-konsequentialistischen Ansatz auf der (...)
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  23.  7
    Ethical Issues in Cerebral Organoid Research.Gardar Arnason, Anja Pichl & Robert Ranisch - 2023 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 32 (4):515-517.
    About ten years ago, reports of lab-grown “mini brains” or “brains in a dish” appeared in the media, falling somewhere between the curious and the alarming. The trigger of these reports was a new method to grow three-dimensional neural tissue from human stem cells that recapitulates, to some degree, the early development of brain tissue. Despite their relatively small size and other limitations, such model systems capture in part the structure and functions of regions of the human brain and can (...)
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  24.  16
    Jahrestagung des Deutschen Ethikrats 2016: Zugriff auf das menschliche Erbgut. Neue Möglichkeiten und ihre ethische Beurteilung: Berlin, 22. Juni 2016.Christiane Burmeister & Robert Ranisch - 2017 - Ethik in der Medizin 29 (2):167-172.
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  25.  6
    Jenseits der Klinik: Konzeptionelle Überlegungen zum Ethiktransfer in dezentralen Einrichtungen des Gesundheitswesens am Beispiel der BruderhausDiakonie Reutlingen.Christiane Burmeister, Ariane Iller, Robert Ranisch, Cordula Brand, Tobias Staib & Uta Müller - 2021 - Ethik in der Medizin 33 (2):275-292.
    Unser Beitrag stellt ein interaktives Ethik-Konzept vor, das in Zusammenarbeit der BruderhausDiakonie Reutlingen und der Universität Tübingen entwickelt wurde, um den Eigenheiten und Bedarfen einer komplexen Organisationsstruktur gerecht zu werden, die mehrere Geschäftsfelder und Standorte unter sich vereint. Wir skizzieren die Grundzüge des interaktiven Nijmegener Modells, in dem die Kooperation eines auf Leitungsebene angesiedelten Komitees und situationsbezogener Fallbesprechungen ein fruchtbares Zusammenspiel zweier unverzichtbarer Reflexionsweisen bewirken soll. Wir zeigen auf, welche Herausforderungen sich bei der Implementierung dieses Modells in die konkrete Aufbauorganisation (...)
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  26.  6
    Beyond the clinic. Conceptual considerations on transferring ethics to decentralized health care facilities using the example of the BruderhausDiakonie Reutlingen.Christiane Burmeister, Ariane Iller, Robert Ranisch, Cordula Brand, Tobias Staib & Uta Müller - 2021 - Ethik in der Medizin 33 (2):275-292.
    Definition of the problemMedical and nursing care often takes place within complex organizational structures that comprise numerous facilities at numerous locations. We introduce an interactive ethical concept, designed in cooperation with the diaconal foundation BruderhausDiakonie Reutlingen and the International Centre for Ethics in Science, University of Tübingen, to address the particular needs of such organizations.ArgumentsTherefore we portray the interactive Nijmegen Model which combines an ethics committee located at the management level and situational ethical case deliberations on the ward in order (...)
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  27.  13
    Organisationsethik in Einrichtungen des Gesundheitswesens.Uta Müller, Cordula Brand, Robert Ranisch & Christiane Burmeister - 2021 - Ethik in der Medizin 33 (2):153-158.
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  28.  18
    Impersonalism in Bioethics.Robert Ranisch - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (8):40 - 41.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 8, Page 40-41, August 2012.
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  29.  13
    Procreative Beneficence and Genome Editing.Robert Ranisch - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (9):20-22.
    Procreative Beneficence (PB) states that couples should have “the best child” they can, that means, they have a moral obligation to select the child, that “can be expected to enjoy the most well-be...
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  30.  21
    Selbstgestaltung des Menschen durch Biotechniken.Robert Ranisch, Sebastian Schuol & Marcus Rockoff - 2015 - Francke Verlag.
    Entwicklungen der Lebenswissenschaften versprechen nicht mehr nur Heilerfolge, sondern auch die Optimierung des Menschen. Stichworte wie „Hirndoping“ und „Designer-Babys“ verweisen dabei auf Potenziale und Gefahren einer solchen Selbstgestaltung durch Biotechniken. Diese neuen Handlungsoptionen fordern unser Normensystem heraus und bedürfen einer bioethischen Reflexion. Der Band zeigt aus interdisziplinärer Perspektive Wege auf, die Herausforderungen insbesondere der Genetik und Neurowissenschaften anzunehmen. Dabei werden sowohl ethische Grundlagen als auch die gesellschaftliche Auseinandersetzung mit der Selbstgestaltung des Menschen in den Blick genommen.
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