59 found
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  1.  70
    Cognitive Neuroenhancement: False Assumptions in the Ethical Debate.Andreas Heinz, Roland Kipke, Hannah Heimann & Urban Wiesing - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (6):372-375.
    The present work critically examines two assumptions frequently stated by supporters of cognitive neuroenhancement. The first, explicitly methodological, assumption is the supposition of effective and side effect-free neuroenhancers. However, there is an evidence-based concern that the most promising drugs currently used for cognitive enhancement can be addictive. Furthermore, this work describes why the neuronal correlates of key cognitive concepts, such as learning and memory, are so deeply connected with mechanisms implicated in the development and maintenance of addictive behaviour so that (...)
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  2.  10
    Saving the Most Lives—A Comparison of European Triage Guidelines in the Context of the COVID‐19 Pandemic.Hans-Jörg Ehni, Urban Wiesing & Robert Ranisch - 2021 - Bioethics 35 (2):125-134.
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  3.  12
    Egg Freezing: A New Medical Technology and the Challenges of Modernity.Urban Wiesing - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (5):538-539.
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  4.  25
    From Art to Science: A New Epistemological Status for Medicine? On Expectations Regarding Personalized Medicine.Urban Wiesing - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (4):457-466.
    Personalized medicine plays an important role in the development of current medicine. Among the numerous statements regarding the future of personalized medicine, some can be found that accord medicine a new scientific status. Medicine will be transformed from an art to a science due to personalized medicine. This prognosis is supported by references to models of historical developments. The article examines what is meant by this prognosis, what consequences it entails, and how feasible it is. It refers to the long (...)
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  5.  50
    Durfte der Kieler Ärztetag den ärztlich assistierten Suizid verbieten? Nein!Urban Wiesing - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (1):67-71.
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  6.  15
    Medical Oath: Use and Relevance of the Declaration of Geneva. A Survey of Member Organizations of the World Medical Association.Zoé Rheinsberg, Ramin Parsa-Parsi, Otmar Kloiber & Urban Wiesing - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (2):189-196.
    The Declaration of Geneva is one of the core documents of medical ethics. A revision process was started by the World Medical Association in 2016. The WMA has also used this occasion to examine how the Declaration of Geneva is used in countries throughout the world by conducting a survey of all WMA constituent members. The findings are highly important and raise urgent questions for the World Medical Association and its National Medical Associations : The Declaration of Geneva is only (...)
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  7. Kunst Oder Wissenschaft? Konzeptionen der Medizin in der Deutschen Romantik.Urban Wiesing - 1995
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  8.  3
    The Hippocratic Oath and the Declaration of Geneva: Legitimisation Attempts of Professional Conduct.Urban Wiesing - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (1):81-86.
    The Hippocratic Oath and the Declaration of Geneva of the World Medical Association are compared in terms of content and origin. Their relevance for current medical practice is investigated. The status which is ascribed to these documents will be shown and the status which they can reasonably claim to have will be explored. Arguments in favor of the Hippocratic Oath that rely on historical stability or historical origin are being examined. It is demonstrated that they get caught up in paradoxes. (...)
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  9.  39
    Soll man Doping im Sport unter ärztlicher Kontrolle freigeben?Should doping in sports be permitted under medical supervision?Urban Wiesing - 2010 - Ethik in der Medizin 22 (2):103-115.
    Der Artikel untersucht die Frage, ob es sinnvoll ist, Doping im Sport unter ärztlicher Kontrolle freizugeben. Dazu werden die Auswirkungen einer Freigabe untersucht, die stets nur eine begrenzte Freigabe wäre, allein wegen der Risiken. Die unangenehmen Begleiterscheinungen der Dopingkontrollen würden nicht entfallen. Die Auswirkungen einer Freigabe von Doping im Wettkampfsport wären entweder unsinnig oder aber mit Nachteilen behaftet. Es ist nicht notwendig, die Frage zu klären, was die „Idee des Sportes“ ausmacht und ob sie verändert werden darf. Allein unter praktischen (...)
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  10.  61
    Genetic Screening and Ethics: European Perspectives.Ruth Chadwick, Henk ten Have, Jfrgen Husted, Mairi Levitt, Tony McGleenan, Darren Shickle & Urban Wiesing - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (3):255 – 273.
    Analysis and comparison of genetic screening programs shows that the extent of development of programs varies widely across Europe. Regional variations are due not only to genetic disease patterns but also reflect the novelty of genetic services. In most countries, the focus for genetic screening programs has been pregnant women and newborn children. Newborn children are screened only for disorders which are treatable. Prenatal screening when provided is for conditions for which termination may be offered. The only population screening programs (...)
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  11.  4
    Theranostics: Is It Really a Revolution? Evaluating a New Term in Medicine.Urban Wiesing - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (4):593-597.
    Theranostics or theragnostics are new terms which start to appear occasionally in publications from 2001 onwards, with a marked increase in references from 2011. In the last few years more than 1100 articles using this term were published each year. In 2011 the journal Theranostics was founded. This paper addresses the question of whether this new term is appropriate. The etymology of the term is analysed. A literature search for definitions of “theranostics” is carried out and the definitions examined as (...)
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  12.  22
    Zum Verhältnis von Geschichte und Ethik in der Medizin.Urban Wiesing - 1995 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 3 (1):129-144.
    The article tries to clarify the relation between history of medicine and medical ethics. Therefore it distinguishes between the double meaning of the german word Geschichte , which means both: development of events and story . For the first option no systematic relation between history and ethics can be reconstructed. In the second sense historical knowledge can be a readable and worth reading text for the ethical debate. Therefore the methodological professionality of the historian is required.
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  13.  30
    International Ethical Regulations on Placebo-Use in Clinical Trials: A Comparative Analysis.Hans-jörg Ehni & Urban Wiesing - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (1):64–74.
  14.  22
    The World Medical Association Launches A Revision of the Declaration of Geneva.Urban Wiesing & Ramin Parsa-Parsi - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (3):140-140.
  15.  30
    German Law on Circumcision and its Debate: How an Ethical and Legal Issue Turned Political.Diana Aurenque & Urban Wiesing - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (3):203-210.
    The article aims to illuminate the recent debate in Germany about the legitimacy of circumcision for religious reasons. The aim is both to evaluate the new German law allowing religious circumcision, and to outline the resulting conflict between the surrounding ethical and legal issues. We first elucidate the diversity of legal and medical views on religious circumcision in Germany. Next we examine to what extent invasive and irreversible physical interventions on infant boys unable to given their consent should be carried (...)
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  16. Der Hippokratische Eid.Urban Wiesing - forthcoming - Ethik in der Medizin. Ein Studienbuch. Reclam, Stuttgart.
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  17.  30
    The Clinical Research of Nanomedicine: A New Ethical Challenge?Urban Wiesing & Jens Clausen - 2014 - NanoEthics 8 (1):19-28.
    Nanomedicine promises unprecedented innovations for diagnosis and therapy as well as for predicting and preventing diseases. On the other hand it raises fears linked to new and unknown characteristics of nanoscale materials. Both, promises and fears, are closely linked to the realm of uncertainty. To a large extent it is currently not known which expectations could become reality and which suspected adverse events might come true. Medicine is quite familiar with decision-making under uncertainty. Rules and regulations for clinical research have (...)
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  18.  17
    Die Neue Deklaration von Helsinki, Verabschiedet in Fortaleza 2013.Urban Wiesing & Ramin Parsa-Parsi - 2014 - Ethik in der Medizin 26 (2):161-166.
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  19.  15
    Der Tod der Auguste Böhmer. Chronik eines medizinischen Skandals, seine Hintergründe und seine historische Bedeutung.Urban Wiesing - 1989 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 11 (2):275 - 295.
    When the 15-year-old Auguste Böhmer, daughter of Caroline Schlegel and stepdaughter of August Wilhelm Schlegel, died on 12th July 1800, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling was accused of being responsible for this tragic event, because he tried to treat her according to the medical system of John Brown. The ensuing scandal became a symbol for the danger of every progressive movement of that time: the Romantic literature, the natural philosophy of Schelling and Brownianism in its German version, represented by Andreas Röschlaub. (...)
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  20.  45
    Genetische Analysen an ArbeitnehmernGenetic Testing in the Workplace.Dagmar Schmitz & Urban Wiesing - 2005 - Ethik in der Medizin 17 (2):114-126.
    ZusammenfassungDie Zulässigkeit genetischer Untersuchungen an Arbeitnehmern wird in Deutschland neu diskutiert, nachdem einer hessischen Lehrerin die Verbeamtung auf Probe zunächst verweigert wurde, weil ihr Vater an der Huntington-Krankheit leidet. Es soll untersucht werden, ob eine gesetzliche Regelung genetischer Untersuchungen in der Arbeitsmedizin wünschenswert ist und welche ethischen Maßstäbe dabei zu berücksichtigen wären. Gendiagnostische Untersuchungsverfahren im engeren Sinn finden noch keine breite Anwendung in der Arbeits- und Betriebsmedizin. Die Nutzung genetischer Informationen gehört aber auch hier zum Standard. Damit sind verschiedene ethische (...)
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  21.  62
    Placebos in klinischen Versuchsreihen: Eine vergleichende Analyse der internationalen Richtlinien.Hans-Jörg Ehni & Urban Wiesing - 2006 - Ethik in der Medizin 18 (3):223-237.
    Die ethischen Aspekte der Verwendung von Placebos in klinischen Versuchsreihen wurden im letzten Jahrzehnt ausführlich und kontrovers diskutiert. Es fehlt dennoch eine gründliche vergleichende Analyse der verschiedenen internationalen Richtlinien, ihrer Terminologien und ihrer auf Placebo bezogenen Prinzipien. Das zentrale Problem ist die Rechtfertigung von Placebo bei einer nachgewiesen wirksamen Therapie. Alle aktuellen Versionen der untersuchten Richtlinien schlagen solche Rechtfertigungen vor, unterscheiden sich hierbei jedoch beträchtlich. Zunächst werden wir ein formales allgemeines Prinzip herausarbeiten. Dann werden wir drei verschiedene Kategorien von Kriterien (...)
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  22. Editorial.Jos V. M. Welie & Urban Wiesing - 1994 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (3).
     
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  23.  38
    Immanuel Kant, His Philosophy and Medicine.Urban Wiesing - 2008 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (2):221-236.
    The article examines the statements made by Immanuel Kant with reference to medicine as well as the impact of his philosophy on medicine. It describes the initial reaction of Kantian philosophy on medicine in the late 18th and early 19th century and its influence in the late 20th century.
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  24.  42
    Die erneut revidierte Deklaration von Helsinki, verabschiedet in Seoul 2008.Urban Wiesing & Ramin W. Parsa-Parsi - 2009 - Ethik in der Medizin 21 (1):45-67.
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  25.  4
    Climate Change and the Different Roles of Physicians: A Critical Response to "A Planetary Health Pledge for Health Professionals in the Anthropocene".Urban Wiesing - 2022 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 25 (1):161-164.
    The article critically responds to "A Planetary Health Pledge for Health Professionals in the Anthropocene" which was published by Wabnitz et al. in The Lancet in November 2020. It focuses on the different roles and responsibilities of a physician. The pledge is criticised because it neglects the different roles, gives no answers in case of conflicting goals, and contains numerous inconsistencies. The relationship between the Planetary Health Pledge and the Declaration of Geneva is examined. It is argued that the Planetary (...)
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  26.  21
    Illegitimate Authorship and Flawed Procedures: Fundamental, Formal Criticisms of the Declaration of Helsinki.Hans‐Joerg Ehni & Urban Wiesing - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (3):319-325.
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  27.  36
    Euroscreen 2: Zu einer gemeinsamen Versicherungs- und Kommerzialisierungspolitik und zu einer Politik des öffentlichen Bewusstseins über Genetik. [REVIEW]Ruth Chadwick, Henk ten Have, Rogeer Hoedemaekers, Jørgen Husted, Mairi Levitt, Tony McGleenan, Darren Shickle & Urban Wiesing - 2000 - Ethik in der Medizin 12 (4):269-273.
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  28.  37
    Issues in Medical Research Ethics.Jürgen Boomgaarden, Pekka Louhiala & Urban Wiesing (eds.) - 2003 - Berghahn Books.
    Introduction TEMPE (Teaching Ethics: Material for Practitioner Education) is a two-year research project (2000-2002) funded by the European Commission ...
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  29. International Ethical Regulations on Placebo-Use in Clinical Trials: A Comparative Analysis.Hans-jörg Ehni & Urban Wiesing - 2007 - Bioethics:071027164932004-???.
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  30. Pluralität in der Medizin: Werte, Methoden, Theorien.Susanne Michl, Thomas Potthast & Urban Wiesing (eds.) - 2008 - Alber.
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  31. Euroscreen 2: Zu einer gemeinsamen Versicherungs- und Kommerzialisierungspolitik und zu einer Politik des oeffentlichen Bewusstseins ueber Genetik.Urban Wiesing, Ruth Chadwick, Henk ten Have, Rogeer Hoedemaekers, Joergen Husted, Mairi Levitt, Tony McGleenan & Darren Shickle - 2000 - Ethik in der Medizin 12 (4):269-273.
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  32.  37
    Ethische Aspekte einer Begrenzung der ärztlichen Arbeitszeit.Urban Wiesing - 2005 - Ethik in der Medizin 17 (3):220-228.
    Der Beitrag untersucht die ethischen Konflikte, die einer Regelung der Arbeitszeit von Ärzten zugrunde liegen. Als oberstes ethisches Prinzip ist die Vermeidung von Schäden zu beachten, die durch Überarbeitung der Ärzte sowie durch übermäßige Aufteilung der Arbeit entstehen. Zudem sind andere ethische Prinzipien zu berücksichtigen, insbesondere die Schadensvermeidung und Nutzenmehrung für zukünftige Patienten sowie für die Ärzte. Der Beitrag begründet Präferenzen bei konfligierenden ethischen Prinzipien und untersucht überdies die strukturellen Schwierigkeiten, die unvermeidlich bei der Regelung einer komplexen Tätigkeit, wie der (...)
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  33. Style and Responsibility: Medicine in Postmodernity.Urban Wiesing - 1994 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (3).
    To what extent can postmodern developments be observed in modern medicine and which theories of postmodern philosophy can we draw on with regard to medicine's theoretical problem? This article explores these questions with special emphasis on the epistemological status of medicine, the concept of disease, and the anthropological model. It is examined whether medicine's inherent duty to act can be questioned in the light of the plurality that characterizes postmodernity. It is concluded that, according to postmodern philosophy, medicine should be (...)
     
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  34. Book Review. [REVIEW]Urban Wiesing - 1990 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 11 (1).
     
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  35.  37
    Ethics Committees in Germany.Urban Wiesing - 1991 - HEC Forum 3 (4):221-226.
  36.  25
    Wozu bedarf es eines Medizinethikers?Urban Wiesing - 2001 - Ethik in der Medizin 13 (4):258-266.
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  37.  28
    True and False Concerns About Neuroenhancement: A Response to 'Neuroenhancers, Addiction and Research Ethics', by D M Shaw.Andreas Heinz, Roland Kipke, Sabine Müller & Urban Wiesing - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (4):286-287.
    In his critical comment on our paper in this journal, Shaw argues that ‘false assumptions’ which we have criticised are in fact correct . He suggests that the risk of addiction to neuroenhancers may not be relevant, and that safety and research in regard to neuroenhancement do not pose unique ethical problems. Here, we demonstrate that Shaw ignores key empirical research results, trivialises addiction, commits logical errors, confuses addictions and passions, argues on a speculative basis, and fails to distinguish the (...)
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  38.  8
    Héctor Wittwer (2020) Das Leben beenden. Über eine Ethik der Selbsttötung: Mentis Verlag, Paderborn, 281 Seiten, 34,90 €, ISBN 978-3-95743-138-7.Urban Wiesing - 2020 - Ethik in der Medizin 32 (2):225-227.
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  39.  21
    Andrea Dörries, Volker Lipp Medizinische Indikation. Ärztliche, ethische und rechtliche Perspektiven. Grundlagen und Praxis: Kohlhammer, Stuttgart, 282 Seiten, 44,99 €, ISBN 978-3-17-026084-9.Urban Wiesing - 2016 - Ethik in der Medizin 28 (1):85-86.
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  40.  22
    Wolfgang U. Eckart/Robert Jütte : Das europäische Gesundheitssystem. Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede in historischer Perspektive. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag 1994. [REVIEW]Urban Wiesing - 1997 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 20 (4):295-296.
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  41.  23
    Euroscreen 2: Towards Community Policy on Insurance, Commercialization and Public Awareness.Ruth Chadwick, Henk ten Have, Rogeer Hoedemaekers, Jrgen Husted, Mairi Levitt, Tony McGleenan, Darren Shickle & Urban Wiesing - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (3):263-272.
    The project Euroscreen 2 has examined genetic screening and testing with particular reference to implications for insurance, commercialization through marketing of genetic tests direct to the public, and issues surrounding raising public awareness of these and other developments in genetics, including the practical experiment of a Gene Shop. This paper provides a snapshot of the three year project. The study groups work included monitoring developments in different European countries and exploring possibilities for regulation in insurance and commercialization together with public (...)
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  42.  18
    Genetisches Screening und Ethik: Europische Perspektiven Ein Bericht ber das EUROSCREEN I Projekt.Ruth Chadwick, Henk ten Have, Jorgen Husted, Mairi Levit, Tony McGleenan, Darren Shickle & Urban Wiesing - 1998 - Ethik in der Medizin 3 (3):195-202.
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  43.  18
    Gnther Pltner (2002) Grundkurs Medizin-EthikFacultas (UTB fr Wissenschaft; 2177), Wien; ISBN 3-85076-512-1 (Facultas); ISBN 3-8252-2177-6 (UTB). [REVIEW]Urban Wiesing - 2003 - Ethik in der Medizin 1.
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  44.  19
    Genetisches Screening und Ethik: Europäische Perspektiven : Ein Bericht über das EUROSCREEN I Projekt. [REVIEW]Ruth Chadwick, Henk ten Have, Jorgen Husted, Mairi Levit, Tony McGleenan, Darren Shickle & Urban Wiesing - 1998 - Ethik in der Medizin 10 (3):195-202.
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  45.  11
    Neufassung des Genfer Gelöbnisses: Urban Wiesing im Interview.Urban Wiesing & Dieter Birnbacher - 2018 - Ethik in der Medizin 30 (1):71-74.
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  46.  17
    Die neue Deklaration von Helsinki.Urban Wiesing & Ramin Parsa-Parsi - 2014 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 18 (1).
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  47.  16
    Die neue Deklaration von Helsinki.Urban Wiesing & Ramin Parsa-Parsi - 2015 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 19 (1):253-276.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft und Ethik Jahrgang: 19 Heft: 1 Seiten: 253-276.
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  48.  28
    In Vitro Fertilization: Regulations in Germany.Urban Wiesing - 1993 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (3):321.
    In Germany — as probably worldwide — in vitro fertilization has provoked disapproval, fears, and dread, but it also raises hope and gives feelings of pride and satisfaction in a new scientific achievement. Critics look for convincing argu- ments that could ban IVF completely or at least restrict it considerably. Some of the most important arguments are outlined below.The main aspect of IVF that was new to society was that conception could take place outside the female body. Although this fact (...)
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  49.  14
    Udo Benzenhöfer: Psychiatrie und Anthropologie in der ersten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts. . Hürtgenwald: Guido Pressler Verlag 1993, 215 Seiten. [REVIEW]Urban Wiesing - 1994 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 17 (3):200.
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  50.  7
    Placebos in Klinischen VersuchsreihenPlacebos in Clinical Trials. A Comparative Analysis of International Guidelines.Hans-Jörg Ehni & Urban Wiesing - 2006 - Ethik in der Medizin 18 (3):223-237.
    ZusammenfassungDie ethischen Aspekte der Verwendung von Placebos in klinischen Versuchsreihen wurden im letzten Jahrzehnt ausführlich und kontrovers diskutiert. Es fehlt dennoch eine gründliche vergleichende Analyse der verschiedenen internationalen Richtlinien, ihrer Terminologien und ihrer auf Placebo bezogenen Prinzipien. Das zentrale Problem ist die Rechtfertigung von Placebo bei einer nachgewiesen wirksamen Therapie. Alle aktuellen Versionen der untersuchten Richtlinien schlagen solche Rechtfertigungen vor, unterscheiden sich hierbei jedoch beträchtlich. Zunächst werden wir ein formales allgemeines Prinzip herausarbeiten. Dann werden wir drei verschiedene Kategorien von Kriterien (...)
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