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Peter Stone [61]Peter G. Stone [1]
  1.  72
    Why Lotteries Are Just.Peter Stone - 2007 - Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (3):276–295.
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  2.  14
    Why Lotteries Are Just.Peter Stone - 2007 - Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (3):276-295.
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  3.  41
    The Logic of Random Selection.Peter Stone - 2009 - Political Theory 37 (3):375-397.
    This essay lays out the common reasoning underlying a diversity of arguments for decision making using lotteries. This reasoning appeals to the sanitizing effects of ignorance. Lotteries ensure that bad reasons are unable to affect a decision. (They also ensure that good reasons have no effect as well, which is why care must be applied in deciding to use them.) All arguments for or against the use of a lottery to make a particular decision will thus appeal to the same (...)
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  4.  2
    Autonomous Agents Modelling Other Agents: A Comprehensive Survey and Open Problems.Stefano V. Albrecht & Peter Stone - 2018 - Artificial Intelligence 258:66-95.
  5.  43
    Sortition, Voting, and Democratic Equality.Peter Stone - 2016 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 19 (3):339-356.
  6.  18
    Non-Reasoned Decision-Making.Peter Stone - 2014 - Economics and Philosophy 30 (2):195-214.
  7.  16
    The Nature of Belief-Directed Exploratory Choice in Human Decision-Making.W. Bradley Knox, A. Ross Otto, Peter Stone & Bradley C. Love - 2011 - Frontiers in Psychology 2.
  8.  28
    Introducing Difference Into the Condorcet Jury Theorem.Peter Stone - 2015 - Theory and Decision 78 (3):399-409.
    This paper explores the role that difference plays in collective decision-making using the Condorcet jury theorem. Agents facing a dichotomous decision might prove biased toward one of the options facing them. That is, they may be more likely to decide correctly when one of the options is correct than when the other option is. A juror might be more likely to convict a guilty defendant than to acquit an innocent one. Agents may display opposing biases. This paper identifies the optimal (...)
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  9.  14
    In the Shadow of Rawls: Egalitarianism Today.Peter Stone - 2022 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 25 (1):157-168.
    Two recent collections of papers—Social Equality: On What It Means to Be Equals, edited by Carina Fourie, Fabian Schuppert, and Ivo Wallimann-Helmer and The Equal Society: Essays on Equality in Theory and Practice, edited by George Hull —demonstrate well the wide diversity of perspectives on egalitarianism within political theory today. But there are unifying themes amidst all this diversity. In particular, these collections make plain the extent to which contemporary egalitarianism in all forms is indebted to Rawls. This debt is (...)
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  10.  31
    On Fair Lotteries.Peter Stone - 2008 - Social Theory and Practice 34 (4):573-590.
  11.  3
    Task Decomposition, Dynamic Role Assignment, and Low-Bandwidth Communication for Real-Time Strategic Teamwork.Peter Stone & Manuela Veloso - 1999 - Artificial Intelligence 110 (2):241-273.
  12.  7
    Three Arguments for Lotteries.Peter Stone - 2010 - Social Science Information 49 (2):147-163.
    Philosophers and social scientists have offered a variety of arguments for making certain types of decisions by lot. This paper examines three such arguments. These arguments identify indeterminacy, fairness and incentive effects as the major reasons for using lotteries to make decisions. These arguments are central to Jon Elster’s study of lottery use, Solomonic judgments, and so the paper focuses upon their treatment in this work. Upon closer examination, all three arguments have the same basic structure, in that they appeal (...)
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  13.  8
    Russell Blackford: The Tyranny of Opinion: Conformity and the Future of Liberalism: London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2019. Paperback (ISBN 9781350056008). US$30.95. 244 + ix pp.Peter Stone - 2022 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 25 (2):389-391.
  14.  4
    Decision Mechanisms Underlying Mood-Congruent Emotional Classification.Corey N. White, Elad Liebman & Peter Stone - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (2):249-258.
    There is great interest in understanding whether and how mood influences affective processing. Results in the literature have been mixed: some studies show mood-congruent processing but others do not. One limitation of previous work is that decision components for affective processing and responses biases are not dissociated. The present study explored the roles of affective processing and response biases using a drift-diffusion model of simple choice. In two experiments, participants decided if words were emotionally positive or negative while listening to (...)
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  15.  10
    Allotted Chambers as Defenders of Democracy.Peter Stone & Anthoula Malkopoulou - forthcoming - Constellations.
  16.  1
    Intrinsically Motivated Model Learning for Developing Curious Robots.Todd Hester & Peter Stone - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence 247:170-186.
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  17.  2
    A Synthesis of Automated Planning and Reinforcement Learning for Efficient, Robust Decision-Making.Matteo Leonetti, Luca Iocchi & Peter Stone - 2016 - Artificial Intelligence 241:103-130.
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  18.  24
    Social Contract Theory in the Global Context.Peter Stone - unknown
    Nicole Hassoun’s Globalization and Global Justice: Shrinking Distance,Expanding Obligations offers a novel argument for the existence ofpositive rights for the world’s poor, and explores institutional alternativessuitable for the realization of those rights. Hassoun’s argument is contractualist, and makes the existence of positive rights dependupon the conditions necessary for meaningful consent to the global order. Itthus provides an interesting example of social contract theory in the globalcontext. But Hassoun’s argument relies crucially upon the ambiguous natureof the concept of consent. Drawing broadly (...)
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  19.  17
    Ideal Theory: True and False. [REVIEW]Peter Stone - 2021 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (1):375-380.
    In The Tyranny of the Ideal, Gerald Gaus offers a critique of ideal theory, as practiced by political philosophers from Plato to the present day. This critique rests upon a formal model Gaus develops of a theory of the ideal. This model supposedly captures the essential features of any theory that both identifies an ideal society and uses that society to orient political activity. A theory must do the former or fail to count as an ideal theory; a theory must (...)
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  20.  1
    Framing Reinforcement Learning From Human Reward: Reward Positivity, Temporal Discounting, Episodicity, and Performance.W. Bradley Knox & Peter Stone - 2015 - Artificial Intelligence 225:24-50.
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  21.  14
    Sophomoric [Review of Jyotish Ch. Basak, Bertrand Russell’s Socio-Political Ideas].Peter Stone - 2010 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 30 (1).
  22.  72
    The Political Potential of Sortition.Peter Stone - 2010 - Philosophical Quarterly 60 (240):664-666.
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  23.  5
    Bertrand Russell’s Life and Legacy.Peter Stone (ed.) - 2016 - Vernon Press.
    Almost five decades after his death, there is still ample reason to pay attention to the life and legacy of Bertrand Russell. This is true not only because of his role as one of the founders of analytic philosophy, but also because of his important place in twentieth-century history as an educator, public intellectual, critic of organized religion, humanist, and peace activist. The papers in this anthology explore Russell’s life and legacy from a wide variety of perspectives. This is altogether (...)
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  24. Chomsky and Russell Revisited: Review of Three Recent Works by Noam Chomsky. [REVIEW]Peter Stone - 2006 - The Bertrand Russell Society Quarterly 132.
  25.  11
    Cultural Heritage, Ethics and the Military.Peter G. Stone (ed.) - 2011 - Boydell Press.
    Faced with this divergence of views, the studies in this book therefore focus on the broader issue of whether archaeologists and other cultural heritage experts should ever work with the military, and if so, under what guidelines and ...
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  26. Teaching and Leading an Ad Hoc Teammate: Collaboration Without Pre-Coordination.Peter Stone, Gal A. Kaminka, Sarit Kraus, Jeffrey S. Rosenschein & Noa Agmon - 2013 - Artificial Intelligence 203:35-65.
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  27. The Salmon of Doubt. [REVIEW]Peter Stone - 2006 - The Bertrand Russell Society Quarterly 130.
     
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  28. Why Does Inequality Matter? By T.M. Scanlon. [REVIEW]Peter Stone - 2022 - Philosophy Now 150:49-50.
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  29. The Wisdom of the Multitude: Diversity Versus Size.Koji Kagotani & Peter Stone - 2017 - In Gillman Payette & Rafal Urbaniak (eds.), Applications of Formal Philosophy. The Road Less Travelled. Springer Verlag.
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  30.  16
    Deane-Peter Baker: Citizen Killings; Liberalism, State Policy and Moral Risk: London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2016. Paperback . US$26.95. 156 + Ix Pp.Kevin Lacourse & Peter Stone - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (4):1013-1014.
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  31.  7
    Uncovering Social Structures and Informational Prejudices to Reduce Inequity in Delivery and Uptake of New Molecular Technologies.Sara Filoche, Peter Stone, Fiona Cram, Sondra Bacharach, Anthony Dowell, Dianne Sika-Paotonu, Angela Beard, Judy Ormandy, Christina Buchanan, Michelle Thunders & Kevin Dew - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (11):763-767.
    Advances in molecular technologies have the potential to help remedy health inequities through earlier detection and prevention; if, however, their delivery and uptake are not more carefully considered, there is a very real risk that existing inequities in access and use will be further exacerbated. We argue this risk relates to the way that information and knowledge about the technology is both acquired and shared, or not, between health practitioners and their patients.A healthcare system can be viewed as a complex (...)
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  32. Power: A New Social Analysis. [REVIEW]George Orwell & Peter Stone - 2006 - The Bertrand Russell Society Quarterly 130.
  33.  45
    The Impossibility of Rational Politics?Peter Stone - 2003 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (2):239-263.
    Jon Elster denies that collectives can behave rationally. Rational behavior requires action in conformity with preferences and beliefs. According to Elster, however, social choice theory demonstrates that collectives cannot have preferences, even in principle, and this precludes them from behaving either rationally or irrationally. (Irrationality, after all, is a property that can only be possessed by something that could in theory be rational.) Elster, however, does not fully accept this refutation of the possibility of collective rationality. For in exploring the (...)
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  34.  24
    Nicole Hassoun. Globalization and Global Justice: Shrinking Distance, Expanding Obligations. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012. US$88 Hardcover. Pp. 235. ISBN 9781107010307. [REVIEW]Peter Stone - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (2):417-419.
    The title of Nicole Hassoun’s recently-published book, Globalization and Global Justice: Shrinking Distance, Expanding Obligations, is a bit misleading. It implies that the book will demonstrate that globalization is leading to increased interconnectedness and interdependence , and that as a result a more demanding set of principles of justice have become applicable in the global context . But while the book does address questions of globalization and global justice, its primary contribution is a novel argument for the existence of positive (...)
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  35.  7
    Rethinking the Foundations of Just War Theory. [REVIEW]Kevin Lacourse & Peter Stone - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 23 (2):475-481.
    Kai Draper’s War and Individual Rights: The Foundations of Just War Theory seeks to “give birth to an alternative approach” to traditional just war theory. This review seeks to analyse and evaluate this alternative approach. Draper’s approach to just war theory differs from other approaches in three ways. First, it is “highly individualistic.” Second, Draper’s approach avoids reliance upon the principle of double effect. Third, this approach is “largely rights-based”—it seeks “to understand the ethics of war mostly by way of (...)
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  36.  25
    Zombie Movie Morals.Peter Stone - 2013 - Philosophy Now 96:44-46.
  37.  4
    Allotted Chambers as Defenders of Democracy.Peter Stone & Anthoula Malkopoulou - forthcoming - Constellations.
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  38.  14
    Ray Monk and the Politics of Bertrand Russell [Review of Ray Monk, Bertrand Russell_, [Vol. 2:] _The Ghost of Madness, 1921–1970]. [REVIEW]Peter Stone - 2003 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 23 (1).
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  39.  9
    From Bacteria to Bach and Back. [REVIEW]Peter Stone - 2018 - Philosophy Now 129:44-46.
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  40.  11
    The Demarchy Manifesto: For Better Public Policy. How to Enlighten, Articulate, and Give Effect to Public Opinion.Peter Stone - 2018 - Contemporary Political Theory 17 (S1):26-29.
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  41.  3
    Special Issue on Autonomous Agents Modelling Other Agents: Guest Editorial.Stefano V. Albrecht, Peter Stone & Michael P. Wellman - 2020 - Artificial Intelligence 285:103292.
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  42.  11
    Tietjens Meyers, Diana, Ed. Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights.New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. Pp. 376. $99.00 ; $39.95. [REVIEW]Julian Culp, Nicole Hassoun & Peter Stone - 2015 - Ethics 126 (1):234-238.
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  43.  9
    Hanging Out with Russell, Brando and Lennon [Review of Tariq Ali, Street Fighting Years].Peter Stone - 2005 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 25 (1).
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  44.  16
    Book Review: Microfoundations, Method, and Causation: On the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. [REVIEW]Peter Stone - 2002 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 32 (1):120-126.
  45.  9
    Optimal Committee Composition: Diversity, Bias, and Size.Peter Stone & Koji Kagotani - unknown
    The Condorcet Jury Theorem, together with a large and growing literature of ancillary results, suggests two conclusions. First, large committees outperform small committees, other things equal. Second, heterogeneous committees can, under the right circumstances, outperform homogeneous ones, again other things equal. But this literature has done little to bring these two conclusions together. This paper compares the respective contributions of size and difference to optimal committee performance, and draws policy recommendations using these comparisons.
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  46.  7
    Russell in the Philippines [Review of Ramon Suzara, Bertrand Russell to the Rescue: Can the Wit and Wisdom of Bertrand Russell Save the Philippines?].Peter Stone - 2003 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 23 (2).
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  47.  23
    Adrift at Armageddon [Review of Peter H. Denton, The ABC of Armageddon: Bertrand Russell on Science, Religion and the Next War, 1919-1938]. [REVIEW]Peter Stone - 2001 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 21 (2).
  48.  7
    An Aristotle’s Eye View. [REVIEW]Peter Stone - 2010 - Radical Philosophy Review 13 (2):223-226.
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  49.  8
    Optimal Committee Performance: Size Versus Diversity.Peter Stone & Koji Kagotani - unknown
    The Condorcet Jury Theorem, together with a large and growing literature of ancillary results, suggests two conclusions. First, large committees outperform small committees, other things equal. Second, heterogeneous committees can, under the right circumstances, outperform homogeneous ones, again other things equal. But this literature has done little to bring these two conclusions together. This paper employs simulations to compare the respective contributions of size and difference to optimal committee performance. It demonstrates that the contributions depend dramatically upon bias. In the (...)
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  50.  12
    An Aristotle’s Eye View.Peter Stone - 2010 - Radical Philosophy Review 13 (2):223-226.
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