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Nicole Hassoun [71]Nicole J. Hassoun [1]
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Nicole Hassoun
State University of New York at Binghamton
  1.  23
    Globalization and Global Justice: Shrinking Distance, Expanding Obligations.Nicole Hassoun - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    The face of the world is changing. The past century has seen the incredible growth of international institutions. How does the fact that the world is becoming more interconnected change institutions' duties to people beyond borders? Does globalization alone engender any ethical obligations? In Globalization and Global Justice, Nicole Hassoun addresses these questions and advances a new argument for the conclusion that there are significant obligations to the global poor. First, she argues that there are many coercive international institutions and (...)
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  2. Global Health Impact: Extending Access to Essential Medicines.Nicole Hassoun - 2020 - Oup Usa.
    Nicole Hassoun here makes a philosophical argument for health, and access to essential medicines, as essential human rights, and she proposes the Global Health Impact system as a way to ensure those rights. She reports how life-saving medicines are inaccessible and costly for the global poor, and that rather than focusing on treatments for critical, deadly global health problems, pharmaceutical companies instead invest in more profitable drugs. To address this problem, Hassoun's proposal will rate pharmaceutical companies based on their medicines' (...)
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  3.  28
    Against Vaccine Nationalism.Nicole Hassoun - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (11):773-774.
    While rich countries like the USA and UK are starting to vaccinate their populations against COVID-19, poor countries may lack access to a vaccine for years. A global effort to provide vaccines through the COVAX facility Accelerator) aims to distribute 2 billion vaccinations by the end of next year, but the USA has refused to join and even those rich countries that have joined are entering into bilateral deals with pharmaceutical companies to buy up the supply. Canada, for instance, has (...)
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  4.  84
    New Data on the Representation of Women in Philosophy Journals: 2004–2015.Isaac Wilhelm, Sherri Lynn Conklin & Nicole Hassoun - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (6):1441-1464.
    This paper presents new data on the representation of women who publish in 25 top philosophy journals as ranked by the Philosophical Gourmet Report for the years 2004, 2014, and 2015. It also provides a new analysis of Schwitzgebel’s 1955–2015 journal data. The paper makes four points while providing an overview of the current state of women authors in philosophy. In all years and for all journals, the percentage of female authors was extremely low, in the range of 14–16%. The (...)
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  5. 10. Robert S. Taylor, Reconstructing Rawls: The Kantian Foundations of Justice as Fairness Robert S. Taylor, Reconstructing Rawls: The Kantian Foundations of Justice as Fairness (Pp. 632-637). [REVIEW]Mark Schroeder, Jonathan Way, Gregg Strauss, Tim Willenken, Matthew Talbert, Angela M. Smith, James A. Montmarquet, Nicole Hassoun, Virginia Held & Nicholas Wolterstorff - 2012 - Ethics 122 (3).
  6. Meeting Need.Nicole Hassoun - 2009 - Utilitas 21 (3):250-275.
    This paper considers the question ‘How should institutions enable people to meet their needs in situations where there is no guarantee that all needs can be met?’ After considering and rejecting several simple principles for meeting needs, it suggests a new effectiveness principle that 1) gives greater weight to the needs of the less well off and 2) gives weight to enabling a greater number of people to meet their needs. The effectiveness principle has some advantage over the main competitors (...)
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  7.  96
    Raz on the Right to Autonomy.Nicole Hassoun - 2014 - European Journal of Philosophy 22 (1):96-109.
    : In The Morality of Freedom, Joseph Raz argues against a right to autonomy. This argument helps to distinguish his theory from his competitors'. For, many liberal theories ground such a right. Some even defend entirely autonomy-based accounts of rights. This paper suggests that Raz's argument against a right to autonomy raises an important dilemma for his larger theory. Unless his account of rights is limited in some way, Raz's argument applies against almost all (purported) rights, not just a right (...)
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  8. Consciousness and the Moral Permissibility of Infanticide 1.Nicole Hassoun - 2008 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (1):45-55.
    In this paper, we present a conditional argument for the moral permissibility of some kinds of infanticide. The argument is based on a certain view of consciousness and the claim that there is an intimate connection between consciousness and infanticide. In bare outline, the argument is this: it is impermissible to intentionally kill a creature only if the creature is conscious; it is reasonable to believe that there is some time at which human infants are conscious; therefore, it is reasonable (...)
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  9. Free Trade, Poverty, and Inequality.Nicole Hassoun - 2011 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (1):5-44.
    Anyone familiar with The Economist knows the mantra: Free trade will ameliorate poverty by increasing growth and reducing inequality. This paper suggests that problems underlying measurement of poverty, inequality, and free trade provide reason to worry about this argument. Furthermore, the paper suggests that better evidence is necessary to establish that free trade is causing inequality and poverty to fall. Experimental studies usually provide the best evidence of causation. So, the paper concludes with a call for further research into the (...)
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  10.  50
    Global Health Impact: A Basis for Labeling and Licensing Campaigns?Nicole Hassoun - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (3):121-134.
    Most of the world's health problems afflict poor countries and their poorest inhabitants. There are many reasons why so many people die of poverty-related causes. One reason is that the poor cannot access many of the existing drugs and technologies they need. Another, is that little of the research and development (R&D) done on new drugs and technologies benefits the poor. There are several proposals on the table that might incentivize pharmaceutical companies to extend access to essential drugs and technologies (...)
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  11.  90
    Human Rights and the Minimally Good Life.Nicole Hassoun - 2013 - Res Philosophica 90 (3):413-438.
    All people have human rights and, intuitively, there is a close connection between human rights, needs, and autonomy. The two main theories about the natureand value of human rights often fail to account for this connection. Interest theories, on which rights protect individuals’ important interests, usually fail to capturethe close relationship between human rights and autonomy; autonomy is not constitutive of the interests human rights protect. Will theories, on which human rights protect individuals’ autonomy, cannot explain why the nonautonomous have (...)
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  12. The Human Right to Health.Nicole Hassoun - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (4):275-283.
    Is there a human right to health? If so, what are its grounds? Can a legal or moral human right to health provide any practical guidance when it comes to making decisions about, for instance, the allocation of scarce health resources? There are many possible answers to these questions in the literature. This article surveys some of these replies. First, however, it examines the distinctions between legal and moral human rights and rights to health vs. health care. It then surveys (...)
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  13. Eternally Separated Lovers: The Argument From Love.Nicole Hassoun - 2015 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93 (4):633-643.
    A message scribbled irreverently on the mediaeval walls of the Nonberg cloister says this: ‘Neither of us can go to heaven unless the other gets in.’ It suggests an argument against the view that those who love people who suffer in hell can be perfectly happy, or even free from all suffering, in heaven. This paper considers the challenge posed by this thought to the coherence of the traditional Christian doctrine on which there are some people in hell who are (...)
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  14. How People Think About Distributing Aid.Nicole Hassoun, Nathan Lubchenco & Emir Malikov - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (7):1029-1044.
    This paper examines how people think about aiding others in a way that can inform both theory and practice. It uses data gathered from Kiva, an online, non-profit organization that allows individuals to aid other individuals around the world, to isolate intuitions that people find broadly compelling. The central result of the paper is that people seem to give more priority to aiding those in greater need, at least below some threshold. That is, the data strongly suggest incorporating both a (...)
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  15.  30
    Measuring Global Health Impact: Incentivizing Research and Development of Drugs for Neglected Diseases.Nicole Hassoun - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (3):121-134.
  16.  84
    Free Trade and the Environment.Nicole Hassoun - 2009 - Environmental Ethics 31 (1):51-66.
    What should environmentalists say about free trade? Many environmentalists object to free trade by appealing the “Race to the Bottom Argument.” This argument is inconclusive, but there are reasons to worry about unrestricted free trade’s environmental effects nonetheless; the rules of trade embodied in institutions such as the World Trade Organization may be unjustifiable. Programs to compensate for trade-related environmental damage, appropriate trade barriers, and consumer movements may be necessary and desirable. At least environmentalists should consider these alternatives to unrestricted (...)
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  17. World Poverty and Individual Freedom.Nicole Hassoun - 2008 - American Philosophical Quarterly 45 (2): 191-198.
  18.  19
    Individual Responsibility for Promoting Global Health: The Case for a New Kind of Socially Conscious Consumption.Nicole Hassoun - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (2):319-331.
    The problems of global health are truly terrible. Millions suffer and die from diseases like tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, and malaria. One way of addressing these problems is via a Global Health Impact labeling campaign. If even a small percentage of consumers promote global health by purchasing Global Health Impact products, the incentive to use this label will be substantial. One might wonder, however, whether consumers are morally obligation to purchase any these goods or whether doing so is even morally permissible. This (...)
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  19. Nanotechnology, Enhancement, and Human Nature.Nicole Hassoun - 2008 - NanoEthics 2 (3):289-304.
    Is nanotechnology-based human enhancement morally permissible? One reason to question such enhancement stems from a concern for preserving our species. It is harder than one might think, however, to explain what could be wrong with altering our own species. One possibility is to turn to the environmental ethics literature. Perhaps some of the arguments for preserving other species can be applied against nanotechnology-based human enhancements that alter human nature. This paper critically examines the case for using two of the strongest (...)
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  20. Coercion, Legitimacy, and Individual Freedom: A Reply to Sondernholm.Nicole Hassoun - 2008 - American Philosophical Quarterly 45 (2):191-198.
    In “World Poverty and Individual Freedom” (WPIF) I argue that the global order – because it is coercive – is obligated to do what it can to ensure that its subjects are capable of autonomously agreeing to its rule. This requires helping them meet their basic needs. In “World Poverty and Not Respecting Individual Freedom Enough” Jorn Sonderholm asserts that this argument is invalid and unsound, in part, because it is too demanding. This article explains why Sonderholm’s critique is mistaken (...)
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  21.  93
    Free Trade, Poverty, and the Environment.Nicole Hassoun - 2008 - Public Affairs Quarterly 22 (4):353-380.
  22.  38
    Conserving Nature; Preserving Identity.Nicole J. Hassoun & David B. Wong - 2015 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 42 (1-2):176-196.
    There are two broad approaches to environmental ethics. The “conservationist” approach on which we should conserve the environment when it is in our interest to do so and the “preservationist” approach on which we should preserve the environment even when it is not in our interest to do so. We propose a new “relational” approach that tells us to preserve nature as part of what makes us who we are or could be. Drawing from Confucian and Daoist texts, we argue (...)
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  23.  5
    Thoughts on Philosophy and the Science of Well-Being.Nicole Hassoun - 2019 - Res Philosophica 96 (4):521-528.
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  24.  10
    Making Free Trade Fair.Nicole Hassoun - 2011 - New Waves in Ethics.
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  25.  32
    Human Rights, Needs, and Autonomy.Nicole Hassoun - manuscript
    All people have human rights and there is a close connection between human rights, needs, and autonomy. Accounting for this connection is difficult on many of the traditional rights theories. On many traditional theories, human rights protect individuals’ important interests. These theories are well suited to account for the fact that human rights protect individuals from dire need. Even the non-autonomous have some needs, which constitute some of their important interests. But because these theories sometimes say autonomy is not constitutive (...)
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  26.  32
    The Problem of Debt‐for‐Nature Swaps From a Human Rights Perspective.Nicole Hassoun - 2012 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (4):359-377.
    At first blush, debt‐for‐nature swaps seem to provide win‐win solutions to the looming problems of environmental degradation and extreme poverty. So, one might naturally assume that they are morally permissible, if not obligatory. This article will argue, however, that debt‐for‐nature swaps are sometimes morally questionable, if not morally impermissible. It suggests that some criticisms of traditional conditions placed on loans to poor countries also apply to the conditionality implicit in such swaps. The article's main theoretical contribution is to suggest a (...)
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  27.  17
    The Minimally Good Human Life Account of Needs.Nicole Hassoun - manuscript
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  28.  44
    Empirical Evidence and the Case for Foreign Aid.Nicole Hassoun - 2010 - Public Affairs Quarterly 24 (1):1-20.
    In his groundbreaking article “Famine, Affluence, and Morality,” Peter Singer gave the following argument: Suffering and death from lack of food and shelter and medicine are bad. If we can do something to help prevent suffering and death from lack of food and shelter and medicine without sacrificing anything morally significant , then we should. So we should help prevent this suffering and death by giving foreign aid.
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  29.  16
    The Duty to Disclose (Even More) Adverse Clinical Trial Results.Nicole Hassoun - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):33-34.
  30.  65
    An Aspect of Variable Population Poverty Comparisons: Does Adding a Rich Person to a Population Reduce Poverty?Nicole Hassoun - 2014 - Economics and Philosophy 30 (2):163-174.
  31.  6
    Measuring Health Burden Without Discriminating Against the Disabled.Nicole Hassoun & Lucio Esposito - 2016 - Journal of Public Health 39 (3):633-639.
  32.  32
    Some Reflections on The Moral Dimensions of Human Rights: A Review of Carl Wellman's The Moral Dimensions of Human Rights by Nicole Hassoun. [REVIEW]Nicole Hassoun - 2012 - Jurisprudence 3 (1):253-262.
  33. Globalization, Global Justice, and Global Health Impact.Nicole Hassoun - 2014 - Public Affairs Quarterly 28 (3):231-258.
  34.  12
    Sufficiency and the Minimally Good Life.Nicole Hassoun - forthcoming - Utilitas:1-16.
    What, if anything, do we owe others as a basic minimum? Sufficiency theorists claim that we must provide everyone with enough – but, to date, few well-worked-out accounts of the sufficiency threshold exist, so it is difficult to evaluate this proposition. Previous theories do not provide plausible, independent accounts of resources, capabilities, or welfare that might play the requisite role. Moreover, I believe existing accounts do not provide nearly enough guidance for policymakers. So, this article sketches a mechanism for arriving (...)
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  35.  8
    Institutional Theories and International Development.Nicole Hassoun - 2014 - Global Justice Theory Practice Rhetoric 7:12-27.
    A recent trend in international development circles is ‘New Institutionalism’. In a slogan, the idea is just that good institutions matter. The slogan itself is so innocuous as to be hardly worth comment. But the push to improve institutional quality has the potential to have a much less innocuous impact on aid efforts and other aspects of international development. This paper provides a critical introduction to some of the literature on institutional quality. It looks, in particular, at an argument for (...)
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  36.  23
    Global Justice in a Globalizing World.Nicole Hassoun - forthcoming - New Waves in Ethics.
  37.  65
    The State of the Discipline: New Data on Women Faculty in Philosophy.Sherri Lynn Conklin, Irina Artamonova & Nicole Hassoun - 2019 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 6.
    This paper presents data on the representation of women at 98 philosophy departments in the United States, which were ranked by the Philosophical Gourmet Report (PGR) in 2015 as well as all of those schools on which data from 2004 exist. The paper makes four points in providing an overview of the state of the field. First, all programs reveal a statistically significant increase in the percentage of women tenured/tenure-track faculty, since 2004. Second, out of the 98 US philosophy departments (...)
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  38.  31
    On Human Rights by James Griffin.Nicole Hassoun - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy 109 (7):462-468.
  39.  10
    Libertarian Welfare Rights.Nicole Hassoun - manuscript
  40.  9
    Another Mere Addition Paradox? Some Reflections on Variable Population Poverty Measurement.Nicole Hassoun - manuscript
  41.  9
    Coercion, Legitimacy, and Global Justice.Nicole Hassoun - manuscript
  42. The Anthropocentric Advantage? Environmental Ethics and Climate Change Policy.Nicole Hassoun - 2011 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 14 (2):235-257.
    Environmental ethicists often criticize liberalism. For many liberals embrace anthropocentric theories on which only humans have non?instrumental value. Environmental ethicists argue that such liberals fail to account for many things that matter or provide an ethic sufficient for addressing climate change. These critics suggest that many parts of nature ? e.g. non?human individuals, other species, ecosystems and the biosphere ? often these critics also hold that concern for some parts of nature does not always trump concern for others. This article (...)
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  43.  42
    The Human Right to Health: A Defense.Nicole Hassoun - 2020 - Journal of Social Philosophy 51 (2):158-179.
  44. Making the Case for Foreign Aid.Nicole Hassoun - 2010 - Public Affairs Quarterly 24 (1):1-20.
    This paper addresses an important methodological question for a recent debate in global justice: What types of data are necessary for settling normative debates about foreign aid? Recently, several philosophers have considered the case for foreign aid and have concluded that foreign aid is either ineffective or counter-productive. This paper considers what kinds of evidence those doing applied philosophy must use to support different claims about aid’s efficacy. Then, using some of the best available data, this paper makes a strong (...)
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  45.  3
    Institutional Theories and International Development.Nicole Hassoun - 2014 - Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric 7:12-27.
    A recent trend in international development circles is ‘New Institutionalism’. In a slogan, the idea is just that good institutions matter. The slogan itself is so innocuous as to be hardly worth comment. But the push to improve institutional quality has the potential to have a much less innocuous impact on aid efforts and other aspects of international development. This paper provides a critical introduction to some of the literature on institutional quality. It looks, in particular, at an argument for (...)
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  46.  21
    Distributing Global Health Resources: Contemporary Issues in Political Philosophy.Nicole Hassoun & Anders Herlitz - 2019 - Philosophy Compass 14 (11).
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  47.  59
    Global Justice and Charity: A Brief for a New Approach to Empirical Philosophy.Nicole Hassoun - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (12):884-893.
    What does global justice or charity requires us to give to other people? There is a large theoretical literature on this question. There is much less experimental work in political philosophy relevant to answering it. Perhaps for this reason, this literature has yet to have any major impact on theoretical discussions of global justice or charity. There is, however, some experimental research in behavioral economics that has helped to shape the field and a few relevant studies by political philosophers. This (...)
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  48.  36
    Erratum To: New Data on the Representation of Women in Philosophy Journals: 2004–2015.Isaac Wilhelm, Sherri Lynn Conklin & Nicole Hassoun - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (6):1465-1466.
  49.  43
    Globalization and Global Justice in Review.Nicole Hassoun - 2014 - Law, Ethics and Philosophy 2.
    Globalization connects everyone, from the world’s poorest slum dweller tothe richest billionaire. Globalization and Global Justice starts by giving a newargument for the conclusion that coercive international institutions —whosesubjects who are likely to face sanctions for violation of their rules— mustensure that everyone they coerce secures basic necessities like food, waterand medicines. It then suggests that it is possible for coercive institutionsto fulfill their obligations by, for instance, providing international aid andmaking free trade fair. This overview sketches the argument in (...)
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  50. The Case for Renewable Energy and a New Energy Plan.Nicole Hassoun - 2005 - International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic andSocial Sustainability 1 (5):197-208.
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