Results for 'Honesty'

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  1. Honesty.Christian Miller - 2017 - In Walter Sinnott-Armstrong & Christian Miller (eds.), Moral Psychology, Volume V: Virtue and Character. Cambridge: MIT Press. pp. 237-273.
    No one in philosophy has paid much attention to the virtue of honesty in recent years. Here is a trait for which it is easy to find consensus that it is a virtue, and furthermore, a very important virtue. It also has obvious relevance to what we see going on in contemporary politics, for instance, or in sports, the entertainment world, and education. Yet as far as I can tell, only one article in a philosophy journal has appeared in (...)
     
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  2.  55
    Honesty, Individualism, and Pragmatic Business Ethics: Implications for Corporate Hierarchy. [REVIEW]J. Kevin Quinn, J. David Reed, M. Neil Browne & Wesley J. Hiers - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (12-13):1419-1430.
    The boundaries of honesty are the focal point of this exploration of the individualistic origins of modernist ethics and the consequent need for a more pragmatic approach to business ethics. The tendency of modernist ethics to see honesty as an individual responsibility is described as a contextually naive approach, one that fails to account for the interactive effects between individual choices and corporate norms. By reviewing the empirical accounts of managerial struggles with ethical dilemmas, the article arrives at (...)
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  3.  53
    Honesty as a Virtue.Alan T. Wilson - 2018 - Metaphilosophy 49 (3):262-280.
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  4.  7
    Integrity, Honesty, and Truth Seeking.Christian B. Miller & Ryan West (eds.) - 2020 - Oup Usa.
    Integrity, honesty, and truth seeking are important virtues that most people care about and want to see promoted in society. Yet surprisingly, there has been relatively little work among scholars today aimed at helping us better understand this cluster of virtues related to truth. This volume incorporates the insights and perspectives of experts working in a variety of disciplines, including philosophy, law, communication and rhetorical studies, theology, psychology, history, and education. For each virtue, there is a conceptual chapter, an (...)
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  5.  96
    Promoting Honesty in Negotiation: An Exercise in Practical Ethics.J. Gregory Dees - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (4):359-394.
    In a competitive and morally imperfect world, business people are often faced with serious ethical challenges. Harboring suspicions about the ethics of others, many feel justified in engaging in less-than-ideal conduct to protect their own interests. The most sophisticated moral arguments are unlikely to counteract this behavior. We believe that this morally defensive behavior is responsible, in large part, for much undesirable deception in negotiation. Drawing on recent work in the literature of negotiations, we present some practical guidance on how (...)
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  6. Intellectual Honesty.Louis M. Guenin - 2005 - Synthese 145 (2):177-232.
    Engaging a listener’s trust imposes moral demands upon a presenter in respect of truthtelling and completeness. An agent lies by an utterance that satisfies what are herein defined as signal and mendacity conditions; an agent deceives when, in satisfaction of those conditions, the agent’s utterances contribute to a false belief or thwart a true one. I advert to how we may fool ourselves in observation and in the perception of our originality. Communication with others depends upon a convention or practice (...)
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  7.  19
    Honesty Speaks a Second Language.Yoella Bereby‐Meyer, Sayuri Hayakawa, Shaul Shalvi, Joanna D. Corey, Albert Costa & Boaz Keysar - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (2):632-643.
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  8.  75
    Honesty and Intimacy in Kant’s Duty of Friendship.Patricia C. Flynn - 2007 - International Philosophical Quarterly 47 (4):417-424.
    The relationship between intimacy and honesty seems a paradoxical one. While intimate relationships would seem to demand a high level of honesty, this same intimacy might make us more likely to shield the other or protect ourselves through benevolent lying or the withholding of information. It would seem that honesty may not always be the best policy in intimate relationships. The purpose of this article is to examine the tension between honesty and intimacy in Kant’s duty (...)
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  9.  38
    Honesty and Inquiry: W.K. Clifford’s Ethics of Belief.Nikolaj Nottelmann & Patrick Fessenbecker - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 28 (4):797-818.
    ABSTRACTW.K. Clifford is widely known for his emphatic motto that it is wrong, always everywhere, and for anyone, to believe anything upon insufficient evidence. In fact, that dictum and Clifford’s...
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  10.  2
    Accessibility, Pluralism, and Honesty: A Defense of the Accessibility Requirement in Public Justification.Baldwin Wong - 2022 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 25 (2):235-259.
    Political liberals assume an accessibility requirement, which means that, for ensuring civic respect and non-manipulation, public officials should offer accessible reasons during political advocacy. Recently, critics have offered two arguments to show that the accessibility requirement is unnecessary. The first is the pluralism argument: Given the pluralism in evaluative stan- dards, when officials offer non-accessible reasons, they are not disrespectful because they may merely try to reveal their strongest reason. The second is the honesty argument: As long as officials (...)
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  11. Honesty and Intimacy.Hugh LaFollette & George Graham - 1986 - Journal of Social and Personal Relationships:3-18.
    Current profess ional and la y lore ove rlook the ro le of hone sty in develop ing and s ustaining intimate relationships. We w ish to ass ert its importa nce. W e begin b y analyz ing the no tion of intimac y. An intim ate encounter or exchange, we argue, is one in which one verbally or non-verbally privately reveals something about oneself, and does so in a sensitive, trusting way. An intimate relationship is one marked by (...)
     
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  12.  8
    Academic Honesty, Linguistic Dishonesty: Analyzing the Readability and Translation of Academic Integrity and Honesty Policies at U.S. Postsecondary Institutions.Zachary W. Taylor & Ibrahim Bicak - 2019 - Journal of Academic Ethics 17 (1):1-15.
    A large body of research has indicated international students in the United States and abroad experience difficulties understanding what academic integrity is and how to avoid academic misconduct, 159–172 2011; Brown & Howell, 2001; Gullifer and Tyson Studies in Higher Education, 39, 1202-1218 2014). While most studies focus on academic misconduct and academic corruption in research ethics, 339-358 2014), this study analyzes the length, English-language readability, and translation of academic integrity policies of 453 four-year U.S. institutions of higher education. Findings (...)
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  13.  26
    Does Honesty Result From Moral Will or Moral Grace? Why Moral Identity Matters.Zhi Xing Xu & Hing Keung Ma - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (2):371-384.
    Does honesty result from the absence of temptation or the active resistance of temptation? The “will’’ hypothesis suggests that honesty results from the active resistance of temptation, while the ”grace” hypothesis argues that honesty results from the absence of temptation. We examined reaction time and measured the cheating behavior of individuals who had a chance to lie for money. In study 1, we tested the “grace” hypothesis that honesty results from the absence of temptation and found (...)
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  14.  43
    Honesty, Cheating, and Character in College.Christian Miller - 2013 - Journal of College and Character:213-222.
    Colleges and universities need to first develop an empirically informed understanding of their students when it comes to their honesty and cheating, so as to be in a better position to develop policies which can try to help them not become more disposed to cheat during their college years. In section one of this paper, I review some of the leading research on cheating behavior, and in section two I do the same for cheating motivation. Section three then draws (...)
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  15.  42
    Sincerity, Honesty, and Communicative Truthfulness.Anne Ozar - 2013 - Philosophy Today 57 (4):343-357.
    The practice of ascribing dispositions of communicative truthfulness to others is necessary if language-use is to be effective. In this article, through a phenomenological analysis of everyday judgments about the sincerity and honesty of others, the author shows that, in learning to employ these two distinct concepts correctly, users of language are learning that communicative truthfulness is morally significant insofar as it manifests fairness (in the case of honesty) and the goods of affective human connectedness (in the case (...)
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  16.  92
    Accessibility, Pluralism, and Honesty: A Defense of the Accessibility Requirement in Public Justification.Baldwin Wong - 2019 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-25.
    Political liberals assume an accessibility requirement, which means that, for ensuring civic respect and non-manipulation, public officials should offer accessible reasons during political advocacy. Recently, critics have offered two arguments to show that the accessibility requirement is unnecessary. The first is the pluralism argument: Given the pluralism in evaluative standards, when officials offer non-accessible reasons, they are not disrespectful because they may merely try to reveal their strongest reason. The second is the honesty argument: As long as officials honestly (...)
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  17.  7
    Is Honesty Rational?Giorgio Sbardolini - forthcoming - Philosophical Quarterly.
    According to the Maxim of Quality, rational agents tend to speak honestly. Due to the influence of Grice, a connection between linguistic rationality and honesty is often taken for granted. However, the connection is not obvious: structural rationality in language use does not require honesty, any more than it requires dishonesty. In particular, Quality does not follow from the Cooperative Principle and structural rationality. But then what is honest rational speech? I propose to move the discussion in the (...)
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  18.  18
    Honesty Biases Trustworthiness Impressions.Gabriele Bellucci & Soyoung Q. Park - 2020 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 149 (8):1567-1586.
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  19.  5
    Intellectual Honesty and Intellectual Transparency.T. Ryan Byerly - forthcoming - Episteme:1-19.
    The purpose of this paper is to advance understanding of intellectually virtuous honesty, by examining the relationship between a recent account of intellectual honesty and a recent account of intellectual transparency. The account of intellectual honesty comes from Nathan King, who adapts the work of Christian Miller on moral honesty, while the account of intellectual transparency comes from T. Ryan Byerly. After introducing the respective accounts, I identify four potential differences between intellectual honesty and intellectual (...)
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  20.  66
    Honesty and Curiosity in Nietzsche's Free Spirits.Bernard Reginster - 2013 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (3):441-463.
  21.  50
    Honesty and Dishonesty: Unpacking Two Character Traits Neglected by Philosophers.Christian B. Miller - 2020 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 76 (1):343-362.
    There has been almost nothing written in philosophy on honesty in the past fifty years. This paper contributes one piece to a larger project of trying to change this unfortunate state of affairs. In section one, I outline an original account of the behavioural component of honesty as involving being disposed to not intentionally distort the facts as the person sees them. Section two turns to the vice of deficiency, namely dishonesty, which I suggest is the only vice (...)
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  22. Honesty Revisited: More Conceptual and Empirical Reflections.Christian Miller - 2017 - In Walter Sinnott-Armstrong & Christian Miller (eds.), Moral Psychology, Volume V: Virtue and Character. Cambridge: MIT Press. pp. 295-307.
    I am very grateful to Jason Baehr and Bella DePaulo for the careful attention they have paid to my chapter. As I noted, this is my initial foray into providing a conceptual account of the virtue of honesty, and for that matter it is about the only such attempt any philosopher has offered in the past forty years. If others start to go down this road too, I would be thrilled. -/- Following the structure of my paper, I will (...)
     
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  23.  92
    Nietzsche's Thumbscrew: Honesty as Virtue and Value Standard.Aaron Harper - 2015 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 46 (3):367-390.
    ABSTRACT Much has been made of the apparent tensions in Nietzsche's ethical and metaethical views. In this essay I examine a kind of value standard available to Nietzsche that is present in his work. I offer an interpretation of honesty as both a Nietzschean virtue and a means of ethical assessment. Despite Nietzsche's well-known criticisms of truth, he upholds honesty as the only remaining virtue of his free spirits. Honesty has been treated in the literature primarily in (...)
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  24.  48
    Honesty in Marketing.Jennifer Jackson - 1990 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 7 (1):51-60.
    ABSTRACT To what extent is honesty or truthfulness morally obligatory in trade and advertising practices? It is argued here what while we have a general right, in business as elsewhere, not to be lied to, we have no general right, either in our business or other pursuits, not to be deliberately deceived. Certain restrictions on deceptive practices in trade and advertising, even unintentionally deceptive practices, are, even so, morally defensible: viz. where the practice would mislead reasonable people to a (...)
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  25. Spirituality and Intellectual Honesty.Thomas Metzinger - 2013 - Self-Published.
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  26.  53
    Honesty and Discretion.P. Quinn White - 2022 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 50 (1):6-49.
    Philosophy & Public Affairs, Volume 50, Issue 1, Page 6-49, Winter 2022.
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  27.  23
    Priming Honesty Reduces Subjective Bias in Self-Report Measures of Mind Wandering.Melaina T. Vinski & Scott Watter - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):451-455.
    Using self-report as a measure of conscious experience has been a point of contention in mind wandering research. Whereas prior work has focused on the introspective component of self-report validity, the current research introduces an honesty prime task to the current paradigm in order to assess the role of goal states and social factors on self-report accuracy. Findings provide evidence for an inflated report of mind wandering frequency arising from demand characteristics, intensified by the divergent properties of the subjective (...)
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  28. Honesty as the Best Policy : Nietzsche on Redlichkeit and the Contrast Between Stoic and Epicurean Strategies of the Self.Melissa Lane - 2007 - In Mark Bevir, Jill Hargis & Sara Rushing (eds.), Histories of Postmodernism. Routledge.
     
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  29.  53
    Honesty and Intimacy in Kant’s Duty of Friendship.R. Patricia C. Flynn - 2007 - International Philosophical Quarterly 47 (4):417-424.
    The relationship between intimacy and honesty seems a paradoxical one. While intimate relationships would seem to demand a high level of honesty, this same intimacy might make us more likely to shield the other or protect ourselves through benevolent lying or the withholding of information. It would seem that honesty may not always be the best policy in intimate relationships. The purpose of this article is to examine the tension between honesty and intimacy in Kant’s duty (...)
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  30. Honesty, Humility, Courage, & Strength: Later Wittgenstein on the Difficulties of Philosophy and the Philosophical Virtues.Gabriel Citron - 2019 - Philosophers' Imprint 19.
    What qualities do we need in order to be good philosophers? Wittgenstein insists that virtues of character – such as honesty, humility, courage, and strength – are more important for our philosophizing than the relevant intellectual talents and skills. These virtues are essential because doing good philosophy demands both knowing and overcoming the deep-seated desires and inclinations which lead us astray in our thinking, and achieving such self-knowledge and self-overcoming demands all of these virtues working in concert. In this (...)
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  31.  53
    Honesty in Shared Decision Making When Last-Ditch Efforts Fail.Alexander A. Kon & Mary Devereaux - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (1):12-14.
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  32.  20
    Politicians, Honesty and the Higher Amorality of Politics.Niklas Luhmann - 1994 - Theory, Culture and Society 11 (2):25-36.
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  33.  2
    The Value of Honesty the Story of Confucius.Spencer Johnson - 1979
    A biography of the Chinese philosopher and teacher emphasizing his ideas about the value of honesty.
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  34.  22
    Honesty in Partial Logic.Wiebe Hoek, Jan Jaspars & Elias Thijsse - 1996 - Studia Logica 56 (3):323-360.
    We propose an epistemic logic in which knowledge is fully introspective and implies truth, although truth need not imply epistemic possibility. The logic is presented in sequential format and is interpreted in a natural class of partial models, called balloon models. We examine the notions of honesty and circumscription in this logic: What is the state of an agent that only knows and which honest enable such circumscription? Redefining stable sets enables us to provide suitable syntactic and semantic criteria (...)
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  35.  94
    Honesty, Competence, and Trust for Systems Design.Giuseppe Primiero - 2013 - Philosophy and Technology 26 (4):431-435.
    We briefly present three problems related to promiscuous trust in connection to germane notions of honesty and competence in systems design.
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  36.  12
    Peer Influence on Managerial Honesty: The Role of Transparency and Expectations.Markus Brunner & Andreas Ostermaier - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 154 (1):127-145.
    We investigate peer influence on managerial honesty under varying levels of transparency. In a laboratory experiment, managers report their costs to a superior to request budget. We manipulate whether the managers learn each other’s report and cost or the report but not the cost. The results show, first, that managers are susceptible to peer influence, as they join peers in reporting honestly and dishonestly both under full and partial transparency. Second, however, the effect of peer influence is asymmetric. While (...)
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  37.  18
    Grit or Honesty-Humility? New Insights Into the Moderating Role of Personality Between the Health Impairment Process and Counterproductive Work Behavior.Andrea Ceschi, Riccardo Sartori, Stephan Dickert & Arianna Costantini - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  38. Collective Honesty? Experimental Evidence on the Effectiveness of Honesty Nudging for Teams.Yuri Dunaiev & Menusch Khadjavi - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    A growing literature in economics studies ethical behavior and honesty, as it is imperative for functioning societies in a world of incomplete information and contracts. A majority of studies found more pronounced dishonesty among teams compared to individuals. Scholars identified certain nudges as effective and cost-neutral measures to curb individuals' dishonesty, yet little is known about the effectiveness of such nudges for teams. We replicate a seminal nudge treatment effect, signing on the top of a reporting form vs. no (...)
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  39.  99
    Trust, Honesty, and the Authority of Science.Steven Shapin - 1995 - In Ruth Ellen Bulger, Elizabeth Meyer Bobby & Harvey V. Fineberg (eds.), Society's Choices: Social and Ethical Decision Making in Biomedicine. National Academy Press. pp. 388--408.
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  40.  57
    Public Reason—Honesty, Not Sincerity.Brian Carey - 2018 - Journal of Political Philosophy 26 (1):47-64.
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  41.  28
    Nietzsche on Honesty and the Will to Truth.Daniel I. Harris - 2020 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 51 (3):247-258.
    Nietzsche values intellectual honesty, but is dubious about what he calls the will to truth. This is puzzling since intellectual honesty is a component of the will to truth. In this paper, I show that this puzzle tells us something important about how Nietzsche conceives of our pursuit of truth. For Nietzsche, those who pursue truth occupy unstable ground, since being honest about the ultimate reasons for that pursuit would mean that truth could no longer satisfy the important (...)
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  42.  41
    The Human and Educational Significance of Honesty as an Epistemic and Moral Virtue.David Carr - 2014 - Educational Theory 64 (1):1-14.
    While honesty is clearly a virtue of some educational as well as moral significance, its virtue-ethical status is far from clear. In this essay, following some discussion of latter-day virtue ethics and virtue epistemology, David Carr argues that honesty exhibits key features of both moral and epistemic virtue, and, more precisely, that honesty as a virtue might best be understood as the epistemic component of Aristotelian practical wisdom. In the wake of arguments to be found in Plato's (...)
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  43.  39
    Honesty in Partial Logic.Wiebe van der Hoek, Jan Jaspars & Elias Thijsse - 1996 - Studia Logica 56 (3):323-360.
    We propose an epistemic logic in which knowledge is fully introspective and implies truth, although truth need not imply epistemic possibility. The logic is presented in sequential format and is interpreted in a natural class of partial models, called balloon models. We examine the notions of honesty and circumscription in this logic: What is the state of an agent that 'only knows φ' and which honest φ enable such circumscription? Redefining stable sets enables us to provide suitable syntactic and (...)
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  44.  12
    The Honesty Effect.Bette-Jane Crigger & Matthew K. Wynia - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 42 (3):3-3.
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  45.  12
    Can Honesty Oaths, Peer Interaction, or Monitoring Mitigate Lying?Tobias Beck, Christoph Bühren, Björn Frank & Elina Khachatryan - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 163 (3):467-484.
    We introduce several new variants of the dice experiment by Fischbacher and Föllmi-Heusi :525–547, 2013) to investigate measures to reduce lying. Hypotheses on the relative performance of these treatments are derived from a straightforward theoretical model. In line with previous research, we find that groups of two subjects lied at least to the same extent as individuals—even in a novel treatment where we assigned to one subject the role of being the other’s monitor. However, we find that our participants hardly (...)
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  46.  10
    Honesty in Negotiation.Chris Provis - 2000 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 9 (1):3-12.
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  47.  14
    Honesty in Negotiation.Chris Provis - 2000 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 9 (1):3–12.
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  48.  16
    Self-Honesty and Grammatical Appeals.John H. Whittaker - 2011 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 85 (4):529-546.
    One persistent element of Wittgenstein’s philosophical work is his insistence on self-honesty as a condition for doing logical or sense-oriented philosophy.This gives his work a spiritual weight that is not often appreciated. Yet the connection between self-honesty and logical insights is unclear, and this paper attemptsto clarify it. The paper includes brief introductions to Wittgenstein’s earlier and later thought, along with some religiously relevant examples.
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  49. Honesty in Medicine: Should Doctors Tell the Truth.James F. Drane & G. H. Reich - unknown
     
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  50.  37
    Higher Status Honesty Is Worth More: The Effect of Social Status on Honesty Evaluation.Philip R. Blue, Jie Hu & Xiaolin Zhou - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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