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Gerald J. Postema [55]Gerald Postema [6]Gerald Jay Postema [1]
  1.  31
    Essays on Bentham: Jurisprudence and Political Theory.Gerald J. Postema - 1982 - Philosophical Review 94 (4):571-574.
  2. Bentham and the Common Law Tradition.Gerald J. Postema (ed.) - 1986 - Oxford University Press.
    This book offers a philosophical interpretation of the historical debate between Bentham and classical Common Law Theory, a debate that is fundamental to philosophical thought and has shaped contemporary conceptions of nature, tasks, and limits of law and adjudication. The author explores the philosophical foundations of Common Law theory, focusing particularly on the writings of Sir Mathew Hale and David Hume.
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  3.  40
    Public Practical Reason: An Archeology.Gerald J. Postema - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (1):43-86.
    Kant argues that the “discipline” of reason holds us topublicargument and reflective thought. When we speak the language of reasoned judgment, Kant maintains, we “speak with a universal voice,” expecting and claiming the assent of all other rational beings. This language carries with it a discipline requiring us to submit our judgments to the forum of our rational peers. Remarkably, Kant does not restrict this thought to the realm of politics, but rather treats politics as the model for reason's authority (...)
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  4.  55
    “Cemented with Diseased Qualities”: Sympathy and Comparison in Hume’s Moral Psychology.Gerald J. Postema - 2005 - Hume Studies 31 (2):249-298.
    Mandeville writes that it was said of Montaigne “that he was pretty well vers’d in the Defects of Man-kind, but unacquainted with the Excellencies of human Nature,” adding, “If I fare no worse, I shall think my self well used.” Mandeville transformed Montaigne’s suggestion into a methodology for his systematic attempt to “anatomize the invisible Parts of Man”. His tale of “the grumbling hive,” and his extensive commentary on it, were designed to demonstrate that “if Mankind could be cured of (...)
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  5.  27
    Public Practical Reason: An Archeology*: GERALD J. POSTEMA.Gerald J. Postema - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (1):43-86.
    Kant argues that the “discipline” of reason holds us to public argument and reflective thought. When we speak the language of reasoned judgment, Kant maintains, we “speak with a universal voice,” expecting and claiming the assent of all other rational beings. This language carries with it a discipline requiring us to submit our judgments to the forum of our rational peers. Remarkably, Kant does not restrict this thought to the realm of politics, but rather treats politics as the model for (...)
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  6.  61
    Morality in the First Person Plural.Gerald J. Postema - 1995 - Law and Philosophy 14 (1):35 - 64.
  7. Philosophy of the Common Law.Gerald J. Postema - 2002 - In Jules Coleman & Scott J. Shapiro (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence & Philosophy of Law. Oxford University Press.
     
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  8.  54
    Jurisprudence as Practical Philosophy: Gerald J. Postema.Gerald J. Postema - 1998 - Legal Theory 4 (3):329-357.
    Nowhere has H.L.A. Hart's influence on philosophical jurisprudence in the English-speaking world been greater than in the way its fundamental project and method are conceived by its practitioners. Disagreements abound, of course. Philosophers debate the extent to which jurisprudence can or should proceed without appeal to moral or other values. They disagree about which participant perspective—that of the judge, lawyer, citizen, or “bad man”—is primary and about what taking up the participant perspective commits the theorist to. However, virtually unchallenged is (...)
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  9. Salience Reasoning.Gerald J. Postema - 2008 - Topoi 27 (1-2):41-55.
    The thesis of this essay is that social conventions of the kind Lewis modeled are generated and maintained by a form of practical reasoning which is essentially common. This thesis is defended indirectly by arguing for an interpretation of the role of salience in Lewis’s account of conventions. The remarkable ability of people to identify salient options and appreciate their practical significance in contexts of social interaction, it is argued, is best explained in terms of their exercise of what I (...)
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  10.  49
    Implicit Law.Gerald J. Postema - 1994 - Law and Philosophy 13 (3):361 - 387.
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  11.  26
    Time in Law's Domain.Gerald J. Postema - 2018 - Ratio Juris 31 (2):160-182.
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  12.  59
    Hume’s Reply to the Sensible Knave.Gerald J. Postema - 1988 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 5 (1):23 - 40.
  13. Interests, Universal and Particular: Bentham's Utilitarian Theory of Value.Gerald J. Postema - 2006 - Utilitas 18 (2):109-133.
    The basic concept of Bentham's moral and political philosophy was public utility. He linked it directly with the concept of the universal interest, which comprises a distinctive partnership of the interests of all members of the community. The ultimate end of government and aim of all of morality is ‘the advancement of the universal interest’. This essay articulates the structure of Bentham's notion of universal interest and locates it in his theory of value.
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  14.  2
    Handbook of Legal Reasoning and Argumentation.Giorgio Bongiovanni, Gerald Postema, Antonino Rotolo, Giovanni Sartor, Chiara Valentini & Douglas Walton (eds.) - 2011 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer.
    This handbook offers a deep analysis of the main forms of legal reasoning and argumentation from both a logical-philosophical and legal perspective. These forms are covered in an exhaustive and critical fashion, and the handbook accordingly divides in three parts: the first one introduces and discusses the basic concepts of practical reasoning. The second one discusses the main general forms of reasoning and argumentation relevant for legal discourse. The third one looks at their application in law as well as at (...)
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  15. Integrity : Justice in Workclothes.Gerald J. Postema - 2004 - In Ronald Dworkin & Justine Burley (eds.), Dworkin and His Critics: With Replies by Dworkin. Blackwell. pp. 291--318.
  16.  67
    Collective Evils, Harms, and the Law:The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law, Vol 1. Harm to Others. Jeffrey Alexander; The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law, Vol 2. Offense to Others. Joel Feinberg. [REVIEW]Gerald J. Postema - 1987 - Ethics 97 (2):414-.
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  17.  56
    “Protestant” Interpretation and Social Practices.Gerald Postema - 1987 - Law and Philosophy 6 (3):283 - 319.
    In general, offers a good discussion of Dworkin's theory of interpretation. Postema is critically concerned with whether Dworkin commits himself to individualistic and privatistic sense of interpretation and how Dworkin articulates the logical independency of pre-interpretive paradigm instances or social facts which form the object of interpretation and the end which is interpretively posited in the act of interpretation. Criticisms, for the most part, appear to be compatible with Dworkin's overall theory and may simply be additional explication of the character (...)
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  18.  18
    A Theory of Criminal Justice.Gerald J. Postema - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (3):479.
  19. Philosophy of the Common Law.Gerald J. Postema - 2002 - In Jules Coleman & Scott J. Shapiro (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law. Oxford University Press.
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  20.  91
    Whence Avidity? Hume’s Psychology and the Origins of Justice.Gerald J. Postema - 2006 - Synthese 152 (3):371-391.
    Hume's account of the roots of justice focuses on the need to secure possession against the corrosive effects of unrestrained avidity. The reasons for this focus lie deep in his understanding of human psychology, especially, the mimetic passions shaped by the principles of sympathy, social referencing, and reversal comparison. The need for esteem drives human beings to attach their pride to those things they think are especially valued by those whom they especially admire. Most predominant among these goods are riches (...)
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  21. Bentham's Equality-Sensitive Utilitarianism: Gerald J. Postema.Gerald J. Postema - 1998 - Utilitas 10 (2):144-158.
    Rosen argues that Bentham's utilitarian doctrine was sensitive to distributive concerns and would not countenance sacrifice of fundamental individual interests for aggregate gains in happiness in society. This essay seeks to extend and deepen Rosen's argument. It is argued that Bentham's equality-sensitive principle of utility is an expression of an individualist conception of human happiness which contrasts sharply with the orthodox utilitarian abstract conception. Evidence for this interpretation of the basic motivation of Bentham's doctrine is drawn from his view of (...)
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  22.  21
    Politics is About the Grievance.Gerald J. Postema - 2005 - Legal Theory 11 (3):293-323.
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  23.  82
    Bentham on the Public Character of Law: Gerald J. Postema.Gerald J. Postema - 1989 - Utilitas 1 (1):41-61.
    Bentham belongs to a long tradition of reflection on law according to which the nature of law can best be understood in terms of its distinctive contribution to the solution of certain deep and pervasive problems of collective action or collective rationality. I propose to take a critical look at Bentham's unique and penetrating contribution to this tradition. For this purpose I will rely on the interpretation of the main lines of Bentham's jurisprudence and its philosophical motivations which I have (...)
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  24. Law's Autonomy and Public Practical Reason.Gerald Postema - 1996 - In Robert P. George (ed.), The Autonomy of Law: Essays on Legal Positivism. Oxford University Press. pp. 79--118.
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  25.  4
    Constitutional Norms—Erosion, Sabotage, and Response.Gerald J. Postema - 2022 - Ratio Juris 35 (2):99-122.
    Ratio Juris, Volume 35, Issue 2, Page 99-122, June 2022.
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  26.  9
    Law as Command: The Model of Command in Modern Jurisprudence.Gerald J. Postema - 2001 - Philosophical Issues 11 (1):470-501.
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  27. The Social Foundations of Sovereignty.Gerald Postema - 2008 - In Matthew Kramer, Claire Grant, Ben Colburn & Antony Hatzistavrou (eds.), The Legacy of H.L.A. Hart: Legal, Political and Moral Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
     
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  28.  18
    Melody and Law's Mindfulness of Time.Gerald J. Postema - 2004 - Ratio Juris 17 (2):203-226.
    . A structured awareness of time lies at the core of the law's distinctive normativity. Melody is offered as a rough model of this mindfulness of time, since some important features of this awareness are also present in a hearer's grasp of melody. The model of melody is used, first, to identify some temporal dimensions of intentional action and then to highlight law's mindfulness of time. Its role in the structure of legal thinking, and especially in precedent‐sensitive legal reasoning, is (...)
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  29.  14
    Unselfishness: The Role of the Vicarious Affects in Moral Philosophy and Social Theory.Gerald J. Postema & Nicholas Rescher - 1977 - Philosophical Review 86 (3):410.
  30.  62
    Philosophy and the Law of Torts.Gerald J. Postema (ed.) - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    When accidents occur and people suffer injuries, who ought to bear the loss? Tort law offers a complex set of rules to answer this question, but up to now philosophers have offered little by way of analysis of these rules. In eight essays commissioned for this volume, leading legal theorists examine the philosophical foundations of tort law. Amongst the questions they address are the following: how are the notions at the core of tort practice to be understood? Is an explanation (...)
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  31.  14
    Justice in Immigration.Jules L. Coleman, Warren F. Schwartz, Warren A. Schwartz & Gerald Postema (eds.) - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is an interdisciplinary study of the fundamental normative issues underpinning immigration policy. Economists, political scientists and philosophers address issues such as the proper role of the state in supporting a particular culture, the possible destabilization of the political and social life of a country through immigration, the size and distribution of economic losses and gains, and the legitimacy of discriminating against potential immigrants in favour of members of the resident population. The need for serious philosophical consideration of this (...)
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  32.  58
    The Cautious, Jealous Virtue: Hume on Justice by Annette C. Baier. [REVIEW]Gerald J. Postema - 2011 - Hume Studies 37 (2):280-284.
    Annette Baier was the dean of contemporary Hume studies and one of the most insightful and influential philosophers writing on Hume. Since the late 1970s, her writings and the example of her distinctive mode of scholarship have inspired generations of scholars to look with fresh eyes at Hume's work. The special turn of her philosophical mind and personal style of writing are especially well-suited to uncover, appreciate, and effectively communicate the rich, nuanced, and humane dimensions of Hume's moral philosophy. Her (...)
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  33. Sympathy, Comparison, And The Self In Hume's Psychology.Gerald Postema - 2000 - Jahrbuch für Recht Und Ethik 8.
    Schon seit langem ist bekannt, daß Humes "theory of the passions" sowohl für seine politische als auch für seine Moralphilosophie grundlegend gewesen ist. Vor allem in den Diskussionen über Humes "account of sympathy", also seiner Darstellung der Sympathie, ist dies längst zum Gemeinplatz geworden. Doch wird das gleichermaßen wichtige "principle of comparison" oft übersehen. Der Beitrag gibt einen Überblick über die wichtigsten Merkmale von Humes Darstellung des Mitgefühls und des "principle of comparison" und geht auf die Bedeutung dieser Prinzipien für (...)
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  34.  34
    The Expositor, the Censor, and the Common Law.Gerald J. Postema - 1979 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 9 (4):643 - 670.
    A central tenet of modern Legal Positivism is the claim that “the existence of the law is one thing, its merit or demerit another.” I shall call this “the Positivist dictum.” Jeremy Bentham, the first and perhaps the greatest of the English Positivists, announced this doctrine in his early Fragment on Government, when he distinguished the “Expositor” of the law—who “explains what the law is” and “shows what the Legislator and Judge have done” — from the “Censor” — who instructs (...)
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  35.  35
    Law as Command: The Model of Command in Modern Jurisprudence.Gerald J. Postema - 2001 - Noûs 35 (s1):470 - 501.
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  36.  27
    Annette C. Baier. The Cautious, Jealous Virtue: Hume on Justice.Gerald J. Postema - 2011 - Hume Studies 37 (2):280-284.
  37.  59
    Sweet Dissonance: Conflict, Consensus, and the Rule of Law.Gerald J. Postema - 2010 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 17 (1):36-55.
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  38.  40
    Jurisprudence: A Descriptive and Normative Analysis of Law. Anthony D'Amato.Gerald J. Postema - 1986 - Ethics 96 (2):420-421.
  39. Conformity, Custom, and Congruence : Rethinking the Efficacy of Law.Gerald J. Postema - 2008 - In Matthew H. Kramer (ed.), The Legacy of H.L.A. Hart: Legal, Political, and Moral Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
     
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  40. An Archeology of Public Practical Reason.Gerald J. Postema - 1991 - Faculty of Law, University of Toronto.
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  41. Bentham Moral, Political, and Legal Philosophy.Gerald J. Postema - 2002
     
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  42. Dworkin's Law's Empire.Gerald J. Postema & Jules L. Coleman - 1987
  43.  4
    Matthew Hale: On the Law of Nature, Reason, and Common Law: Selected Jurisprudential Writings.Gerald J. Postema (ed.) - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    Gerald Postema presents the collected writings on legal, political, and moral theory of a key thinker of the 17th century, Sir Matthew Hale. Hale develops a unique and sophisticated account of the nature and foundations of common law, with extended reflections on natural law, moral and legal reasoning, and the legal limits of political authority.
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  44.  21
    Bentham on Liberty: Jeremy Bentham's Idea of Liberty in Relation to His Utilitarianismby LongDouglas G.. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1977.Gerald J. Postema - 1979 - Political Theory 7 (2):287-291.
  45.  39
    Stephen Guest, Ronald Dworkin, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 1992, Pp. Ix + 320.Gerald J. Postema - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (2):328.
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  46.  27
    Philosophical Narrative: A Reply to Professor Wolenski.Gerald J. Postema - 2013 - Ratio Juris 26 (1):139-143.
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  47.  18
    Part I The Background of Mill's Utilitarianism.Susan Leigh Anderson & Gerald J. Postema - 2006 - In Henry West (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Mill's Utilitarianism. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 9.
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  48.  38
    Nozick on Liberty, Compensation, and the Individual’s Right to Punish.Gerald J. Postema - 1980 - Social Theory and Practice 6 (3):311-337.
  49.  11
    The Perils and Prospects of Critical History: Comments on Bernal, Naffine, Vatter and Walton.Gerald J. Postema - 2017 - Jurisprudence 8 (3):609-620.
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  50.  23
    Introduction: The Sins of Segregation. [REVIEW]Gerald J. Postema - 1997 - Law and Philosophy 16 (3):221 - 244.
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