Results for 'Timothy Sherratt'

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  1.  8
    Christianity and Civil Society: Catholic and Neo-Calvinist Perspectives.Stanley Carlson-Thies, Jonathan Chaplin, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Kenneth L. Grasso, Russell Hittinger, Timothy Sherratt & James W. Skillen (eds.) - 2008 - Lexington Books.
    A work of contemporary Christian political thought, this volume addresses the crisis of modern democracy evident in the decline of the institutions of civil society and their theoretical justification. Drawing upon a rich store of social and political reflection found in the Catholic and Neo-Calvinist traditions, the essays mount a robust defense of the irreducible identity and value of the social institutions_family, neighborhood, church, civic association_that serve as the connective tissue of a political community.
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  2.  54
    In Defense of Irreligious Bioethics.Timothy F. Murphy - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (12):3-10.
    Some commentators have criticized bioethics as failing to engage religion both as a matter of theory and practice. Bioethics should work toward understanding the influence of religion as it represents people's beliefs and practices, but bioethics should nevertheless observe limits in regard to religion as it does its normative work. Irreligious skepticism toward religious views about health, healthcare practices and institutions, and responses to biomedical innovations can yield important benefits to the field. Irreligious skepticism makes it possible to raise questions (...)
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  3.  48
    In Defense of Extended Conciliar Christology: A Philosophical Essay.Timothy Pawl - 2019 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This study considers the philosophical arguments against that Extended Conciliar Christology and argues that none of them succeed in showing the doctrine to be false, or incoherent, or inconsistent.
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  4.  61
    The Presidential Address: Armchair Philosophy, Metaphysical Modality and Counterfactual Thinking.Timothy Williamson - 2005 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105:1 - 23.
    A striking feature of the traditional armchair method of philosophy is the use of imaginary examples: for instance, of Gettier cases as counterexamples to the justified true belief analysis of knowledge. The use of such examples is often thought to involve some sort of a priori rational intuition, which crude rationalists regard as a virtue and crude empiricists as a vice. It is argued here that, on the contrary, what is involved is simply an application of our general cognitive capacity (...)
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  5.  94
    Knowability and constructivism.Timothy Williamson - 1988 - Philosophical Quarterly 38 (153):422-432.
    There is an argument which seems to show that if all truths are knowable then all truths are known. It may be viewed as a "reductio ad absurdum" of certain forms of antirealism. However, The claim has been made elsewhere that the argument fails against antirealists who employ constructivist rather than classical logic. The paper defends and amplifies this claim against criticisms by crispin wright and others. Relations between knowability and time are discussed. Suggestions are also made about the proper (...)
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  6. Metametaphysics and semantics.Timothy Williamson - 2021 - Metaphilosophy 53 (2-3):162-175.
    Metaphilosophy, Volume 53, Issue 2-3, Page 162-175, April 2022.
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  7.  61
    Acting on knowledge-how.Timothy Williamson - 2022 - Synthese 200 (6).
    The paper explains how to integrate the knowledge-first approach to epistemology with the intellectualist thesis that knowing-how is a kind of knowing-that, with emphasis on their role in practical reasoning. One component of this integration is a belief-based account of desire.
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  8.  28
    I. Professor Narveson's utilitarianism.Timothy L. S. Sprigge - 1968 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 11 (1-4):332-346.
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  9.  84
    Supervaluationism and good reasoning.Timothy Williamson - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (3):521-537.
    This paper is a tribute to Delia Graff Fara. It extends her work on failures of meta-rules for validity as truth-preservation under a supervaluationist identification of truth with supertruth. She showed that such failures occur even in languages without special vagueness-related operators, for standards of deductive reasoning as materially rather than purely logically good, depending on a context-dependent background. This paper extends her argument to: quantifier meta-rules like existential elimination; ambiguity; deliberately vague standard mathematical notation. Supervaluationist attempts to qualify the (...)
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  10.  46
    Obesity, equity and choice.Timothy M. Wilkinson - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (5):323-328.
    Obesity is often considered a public health crisis in rich countries that might be alleviated by preventive regulations such as a sugar tax or limiting the density of fast food outlets. This paper evaluates these regulations from the point of view of equity. Obesity is in many countries correlated with socioeconomic status and some believe that preventive regulations would reduce inequity. The puzzle is this: how could policies that reduce the options of the badly off be more equitable? Suppose we (...)
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  11. Absolute Identity and Absolute Generality.Timothy Williamson - 2006 - In Agustín Rayo & Gabriel Uzquiano (eds.), Absolute generality. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 369--89.
    In conversations between native speakers, words such as ‘same’ and ‘identical’ do not usually cause much difficulty. We take it for granted that others use them with the same sense as we do. If it is unclear whether numerical or qualitative identity is intended, a brief gloss such as ‘one thing not two’ for the former or ‘exactly alike’ for the latter removes the unclarity. In this paper, numerical identity is intended. A particularly conscientious and logically aware speaker might explain (...)
     
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  12.  46
    A new look at anchoring effects: basic anchoring and its antecedents.Timothy D. Wilson, Christopher E. Houston, Kathryn M. Etling & Nancy Brekke - 1996 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 125 (4):387.
  13. Scepticism and evidence.Timothy Williamson - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (3):613-628.
    Rational thinkers respect their evidence. Properly understood, that is a platitude. But how can one respect one's evidence unless one knows what it is? So must not rational thinkers know what their evidence is?
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  14. Imagination, stipulation and vagueness.Timothy Williamson - 1997 - Philosophical Issues 8:215-228.
    Russian translation of Williamson T. Imagination, Stipulation and Vagueness // Philosophical Issues, 8, 1997. Translated by Alisa Veruk, Nina Zubkova with kind permission of the author.
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  15.  8
    The Philosophy of Geo-Ontologies.Timothy Tambassi - 2017 - Springer Verlag.
    This book is intended as a philosophical introduction to geo-ontologies, in response to their increasing diffusion within the contemporary debate, where philosophy plays a fundamental, though still unexplored, role. Accordingly, the first part offers a short overview of the ontological background of geo-ontologies, which comprehends computer science, philosophy and geography. The second part is devoted to describe the ontology of geography, to define notions such as geographical entities and boundaries, and to trace some philosophical tools useful for spatial representation. The (...)
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  16.  23
    Knowledge-First Inferential Evidence: A Response to Dunn.Timothy Williamson - 2023 - The Monist 106 (4):441-445.
    This paper is a response to “Inferential Evidence” by Jeffrey Dunn, in which he argues that my account of evidence is internally inconsistent, and that any form of Bayesian epistemology excludes evidence gained by inductive inference (which my account allows). In response, I show how the alleged inconsistency dissolves once the process of gaining evidence by inductive inference is fully articulated into the relevant stages, with due attention to the potential role of recognitional capacities.
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  17.  23
    Two distinctions that do make a difference.Chappell Timothy - 2002 - Philosophy 77 (2):211-233.
    The paper outlines and explores a possible strategy for defending both the action/omission distinction and the principle of double effect. The strategy is to argue that there are degrees of actionhood, and that we are in general less responsible for what has a lower degree of actionhood, because of that lower degree. Moreover, what we omit generally has a lower degree of actionhood than what we actively do, and what we do under known-but-not-intended descriptions generally has a lower degree of (...)
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  18.  10
    On Perspectivism of Information System Ontologies.Timothy Tambassi - forthcoming - Foundations of Science:1-15.
    The growing diffusion of perspectivism within the debate on information system ontologies [ISOs] does not correspond to a thorough analysis of what perspectivism specifically consists of. This paper aims to fill this void. First, I show what supporting perspectivism in information system ontologies [PISO] means in terms of (minimal) claims and implications; then I argue that the definitions of ISO implicitly assume PISO’s (minimal) claims or, in other words, that ISOs presuppose and maintain PISO. Section 2 presents the main definitions (...)
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  19.  26
    The influence of bilingualism on statistical word learning.Timothy J. Poepsel & Daniel J. Weiss - 2016 - Cognition 152 (C):9-19.
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  20. Necessary existents.Timothy Williamson - 2002 - In Anthony O'Hear (ed.), Logic, Thought and Language. Cambridge University Press. pp. 269-87.
    It seems obvious that I could have failed to exist. My parents could easily never have met, in which case I should never have been conceived and born. The like applies to everyone. More generally, it seems plausible that whatever exists in space and time could have failed to exist. Events could have taken an utterly different course. Our existence, like most other aspects of our lives, appears frighteningly contingent. It is therefore surprising that there is a proof of my (...)
     
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  21. Reply to Yli-Vakkuri.Timothy Williamson - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (4-5):839-851.
  22. Vagueness: A Global Approach, by Kit Fine.Timothy Williamson - 2022 - Mind 131 (522):675-683.
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  23. Conciliar Christology and the Problem of Incompatible Predications.Timothy Pawl - 2015 - Scientia et Fides 3 (2):85-106.
    In this article I canvas the options available to a proponent of the traditional doctrine of the incarnation against a charge of incoherence. In particular, I consider the charge of incoherence due to incompatible predications both being true of the same one person, the God-man Jesus Christ. For instance, one might think that any- thing divine has to have certain attributes – perhaps omnipotence, or impassibility. But, the charge continues, nothing human can be omnipotent or impassible. And so nothing can (...)
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  24. Fregean Directions.Timothy Williamson - 1991 - Analysis 51 (4):194 - 195.
    The question 'What is the criterion of identity for directions?' might be construed as asking either 'When do lines have the same direction?' or 'When are directions identical?'. Frege's answer 'When they are parallel' fits the former question, not the latter, for it specifies a relation other than identity between lines, not directions. Jonathan Lowe thinks the latter question more fundamental, and claims that Frege's criterion can be reformulated to answer it: 'When some line with one is parallel to some (...)
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  25.  21
    A Sentimentalist Theory of Mind, by Michael Slote.Timothy Schroeder - 2016 - Mind 125 (497):228-231.
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  26.  41
    Long-lasting effects of subliminal affective priming from facial expressions.Timothy D. Sweeny, Marcia Grabowecky, Satoru Suzuki & Ken A. Paller - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):929-938.
    Unconscious processing of stimuli with emotional content can bias affective judgments. Is this subliminal affective priming merely a transient phenomenon manifested in fleeting perceptual changes, or are long-lasting effects also induced? To address this question, we investigated memory for surprise faces 24 h after they had been shown with 30-ms fearful, happy, or neutral faces. Surprise faces subliminally primed by happy faces were initially rated as more positive, and were later remembered better, than those primed by fearful or neutral faces. (...)
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  27.  19
    On Scientific Ontology: A Reply to Gamper.Timothy Tambassi - 2020 - Axiomathes 31 (4):549-552.
    According to Gamper, one function of science is to determine how the world is. Science, Gamper continues, rests on a set of basic assumptions, and the gap between basic assumptions and science should be filled by ontological frameworks that accommodates the modal properties of such assumptions. Different frameworks may surely suggest different modal properties. Thus, in so far as we use different basic assumptions, we can have different ontologies with different modal properties. Ontologies affect, in turn, science, which, however, has (...)
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  28.  43
    Denying the Body? Memory and the Dilemmas of History in Descartes.Timothy J. Reiss - 1996 - Journal of the History of Ideas 57 (4):587-607.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Denying the Body? Memory and the Dilemmas of History in DescartesTimothy J. ReissIn an essay first published in The New York Review of Books in January 1983, touching her apprenticeship as writer, the Barbadian /American novelist Paule Marshall described the long afternoon conversations with which her mother and friends used to relax in the family kitchen. She recalled how they saw things as composed of opposites; not torn, but (...)
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  29.  15
    The Broadness of the Mental: Some Logical Considerations.Timothy Williamson - 1998 - Noûs 32 (S12):389-410.
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  30.  31
    An alternative rule of disjunction in modal logic.Timothy Williamson - 1991 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 33 (1):89-100.
    Lemmon and Scott introduced the notion of a modal system's providing the rule of disjunction. No consistent normal extension of KB provides this rule. An alternative rule is defined, which KDB, KTB, and other systems are shown to provide, while K and other systems provide the Lemmon-Scott rule but not the alternative rule. If S provides the alternative rule then either —A is a theorem of S or A is whenever A -> ΠA is a theorem; the converse fails. It (...)
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  31.  25
    Practical rationality for pluralists about the good.Chappell Timothy - 2003 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 6 (2):161-177.
    I argue that if a normative theory of practical rationality is to represent an adequate and coherent response to a plurality of incommensurable goods, it cannot be a maximising theory. It will have to be a theory that recognises two responses to goods as morally licit – promotion and respect – and one as morally illicit – violation. This result has a number of interesting corollaries, some of which I indicate. Perhaps the most interesting is that it makes the existence (...)
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  32.  23
    Salomon Maimon’s Attempt at a New Presentation of the Principle of Morality and a New Deduction of Its Reality.Timothy Sean Quinn - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 27 (1):155-182.
    ABSTRACTThis essay is a translation of one of Salomon Maimon’s ethical writings, accompanied by a brief introduction. In it, Maimon proposes a correction of the Kantian moral principle of duty, as it is articulated both by Kant’s Groundwork for a Metaphysics of Morals and his Critique of Practical Reason. In particular, Maimon’s essay reveals the influence of Reinhold’s critique of Kant’s moral philosophy, especially regarding the role of incentives behind moral action. It reveals as well Maimon’s commitment to the primacy (...)
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  33.  17
    Continuous creation, persistence, and secondary causation: An essay in the metaphysics of theism.Timothy D. Miller - 2007 - Dissertation, University of Oklahoma
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  34.  65
    Commentary: Crossing Cultural Divides: Transgender People Who Want to Have Children.Timothy F. Murphy - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (2):284-286.
  35.  31
    When 'Emergency Contraception' is Neither.Timothy F. Murphy - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (8):7-7.
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  36. Unexpected pleasure.Timothy Schroeder - 2008 - In Luc Faucher & Christine Tappolet (eds.), The modularity of emotions. Calgary, Alta., Canada: University of Calgary Press. pp. 255-272.
    As topics in the philosophy of emotion, pleasure and displeasure get less than their fair share of attention. On the one hand, there is the fact that pleasure and displeasure are given no role at all in many theories of the emotions, and secondary roles in many others.1 On the other, there is the centrality of pleasure and displeasure to being emotional. A woman who tears up because of a blustery wind, while an ill-advised burrito weighs heavily upon her digestive (...)
     
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  37.  27
    On Three Varieties of Concurrentism and the Virtues of the Moderate Version.Timothy Miller - 2023 - Faith and Philosophy 38 (4):484-504.
    Concurrentist views concerning Divine and secondary causes seek to establish both that secondary causes are fundamentally dependent upon God (contra deism) and that they make genuine, non-superfluous causal contributions (contra occasionalism). However, traditional (or strong) concurrentism struggles to establish a genuine, non-superfluous role for secondary causes, while weak concurrentism (aka, mere conservationism) has been accused of amounting to a sort of “weak deism” that grants too much independence to created beings. This essay introduces a moderate concurrentist alternative and argues that (...)
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  38. Attitudes as temporary constructions.Timothy D. Wilson & Sara D. Hodges - 1992 - In Leonard L. Martin & Abraham Tesser (eds.), The Construction of Social Judgments. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 10--37.
     
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  39. ``Intuitionism Disproved".Timothy Williamson - 1982 - Analysis 42:203-207.
     
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  40.  26
    Virtues of the Will: The Transformation of Ethics in the Late Thirteenth Century (review).Timothy B. Noone - 1998 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 36 (3):462-463.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Virtues of the Will: The Transformation of Ethics in the Late Thirteenth Century by Bonnie KentTimothy B. NooneBonnie Kent. Virtues of the Will: The Transformation of Ethics in the Late Thirteenth Century. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press, 1995. Pp. viii + 270. Cloth, $44.95.In this admirably written study, Bonnie Kent presents researchers on medieval philosophy with a survey of moral psychology during the crucial period (...)
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  41.  40
    A Dialogue on Philosophic Conversation.Timothy A. Robinson - 1986 - Teaching Philosophy 9 (2):151-159.
  42.  33
    Physicians Should “Assist in Suicide” When it is Appropriate.Timothy E. Quill - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):57-65.
    In my career as a primary care physician and as a palliative care consultant, I have assisted many patients to die with their full consent. None of them wanted to die, and all would have chosen other paths had their disease not been so severe and irreversible. To a person, none of these patients thought of themselves as “suicidal,” and they would have found that label preposterous and demeaning. In fact, the kind of personal disintegration that the label implies is (...)
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  43.  34
    Time and the Event: Reflections on September 11, 2001.Timothy Rayner - 2001 - Theory and Event 5 (4).
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  44.  17
    Brain stimulation and catecholaminergic drugs: A focus on self-selected response durations versus interresponse intervals.Timothy Schallert - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):178-178.
  45.  14
    Logic, Language and Legitimation in the History of Ideas: A Brief View and Survey of Bevir and Skinner.Timothy Stanton - 2011 - Intellectual History Review 21 (1):71-84.
    Bevir's doctrine of ?weak intentionalism?, developed in the course of his criticism of the work of Quentin Skinner, at once modifies and qualifies Skinner's approach by specifying the beliefs of individuals rather than their utterances as the loci of their intentions and the things that fix the meaning of their utterances. This has the effect of broadening the scope of meaning, by disengaging the meaning of utterances from their status as speech acts, of narrowing the relevance of linguistic contexts, by (...)
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  46.  10
    Art and the Liturgy.Timothy Verdon - 2007 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 61 (4):359-374.
    Art in the service of the liturgy becomes part of a proclamation that is also an encounter—with the sacraments, the signs of salvation, and new life instituted by Christ. Art associated with the liturgy illuminates and announces spiritual transformation.
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  47.  12
    Sperm Harvesting and Postmortem Fatherhood.Timothy F. Murphy - 1995 - Bioethics 9 (4):380-398.
    The motives and consequences of harvesting sperm from brain dead males for the purpose of effecting post mortem fatherhood are examined. I argue that sperm harvesting and post mortem fatherhood raise no harms of a magnitude that would justify forbidding the practice outright. Dead men are not obviously harmed by the practice; children need not be harmed by this kind of birth; and the practice enlarges rather than diminishes the reproductive choices of surviving partners. Certain ethical and legal issues nevertheless (...)
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  48.  24
    Alnwick on the Origin, Nature, and Function of the Formal Distinction.Timothy B. Noone - 1993 - Franciscan Studies 53 (1):231-245.
  49.  42
    A Reply to “The Antinomy of Future Contingent Events”.Timothy Pawl - 2018 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 66 (4):149-157.
    In this brief reply I discuss Fr. Marcin Tkaczyk’s excellent article, “The Antinomy of Future Contingent Events.” I first raise some concerns about his understanding of representation. I then raise three concerns about his preferred solution to the antinomy: first, that a part of his theory of representation itself motivates a rejection of proposition 1 of the antinomy; second, that one needn’t employ retroactive causal connections to weaken 1 as he does; and third, that it is difficult to make sense (...)
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  50. America's Alternative Religions.Timothy Miller - 1996 - Utopian Studies 7 (1):132-134.
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