Results for 'social comparison'

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  1.  23
    Social Comparison and Risk Taking Behavior.Astrid Gamba, Elena Manzoni & Luca Stanca - 2017 - Theory and Decision 82 (2):221-248.
    This paper studies the effects of social comparison on risk taking behavior. In our theoretical framework, decision makers evaluate the consequences of their choices relative to both their own and their peers’ conditions. We test experimentally whether the position in the social ranking affects risk attitudes. Subjects interact in a simulated workplace environment where they perform a work task, receive possibly different wages, and then undertake a risky decision that may produce an extra gain. We find that (...)
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  2.  6
    Social Comparison Activity Under Threat: Downward Evaluation and Upward Contacts.Shelley E. Taylor & Marci Lobel - 1989 - Psychological Review 96 (4):569-575.
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  3.  30
    Anti-Equality: Social Comparison in Young Children.Mark Sheskin, Paul Bloom & Karen Wynn - 2014 - Cognition 130 (2):152-156.
  4.  7
    Social Comparison and Distributive Justice: East Asia Differences.Tae-Yeol Kim, Jeffrey R. Edwards & Debra L. Shapiro - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 132 (2):401-414.
    Using a survey of 393 employees who were natives and residents of China, Japan, and South Korea, we examined the extent to which employees from different countries within East Asia experience distributive justice when they perceived that their work outcomes relative to a referent other were equally poor, equally favorable, more poor, or more favorable. As predicted, we found that when employees perceived themselves relative to a referent other to be recipients of more favorable outcomes, Chinese and Korean employees were (...)
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  5.  16
    Social Comparison Orientation and Social Adaptation Among Young Chinese Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Academic Self-Concept.Hualing Miao, Zhenxing Li, Yingkai Yang & Cheng Guo - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  6.  1
    Which Social Comparisons Influence Happiness with Unequal Pay?Eleanor Putnam-Farr & Carey K. Morewedge - 2021 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 150 (3):570-582.
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  7.  14
    Psychopathological Processes Involved in Social Comparison, Depression, and Envy on Facebook.Aurel Pera - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  8.  23
    Do Victims of Supervisor Bullying Suffer From Poor Creativity? Social Cognitive and Social Comparison Perspectives.Thomas Tang, Qinxuan Gu & Wan Jiang - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (3):865-884.
    This study explores the dark side of leadership, treats creative self-efficacy as a mediator, and frames supervisor bullying and employee creativity in the context of social cognition and social comparison. We theorize that with a high social comparison orientation, the combination of high supervisory abuse toward themselves and low supervisory abuse toward other team members leads to a double whammy effect: When employees are “singled out” for abuse, these victims suffer from not only low creative (...)
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  9.  76
    Rethinking Visual Ethics: Evolution, Social Comparison and the Media's Mono-Body in the Global Rise of Eating Disorders.Shiela Reaves - 2011 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 26 (2):114 - 134.
    This study applies evolution theory to visual ethics and argues that social comparison theory favored by scholars of eating disorders is actually a Darwinian maladaptation to the media's widespread digital manipulation of women's bodies creating the thin ideal. An evolutionary perspective suggests how the media is enmeshed and why social comparison of the mediated ?mono-body? will continue. This study has three sections: 1) evolution theory and morality; 2) social comparison, biology of the social (...)
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  10.  15
    For Whom Does Social Comparison Induce Risk-Taking?Oege Dijk - 2017 - Theory and Decision 82 (4):519-541.
    A ‘bonus culture’ among financial traders has been blamed for the excessive risk-taking in the run-up to the latest financial crisis. I show that when individuals are more social gain seeking than social loss averse, social comparison predicts more risk-taking as well as a preference for negatively correlated gambles. Testing these two joint propositions in a laboratory experiment, I find that preference for positively or negatively correlated outcomes is highly correlated with risk-taking in a social (...)
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  11.  20
    How Important is Social Comparison.Joanne V. Wood & Anne E. Wilson - 2003 - In Mark R. Leary & June Price Tangney (eds.), Handbook of Self and Identity. Guilford Press. pp. 344--366.
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  12. Psychology of Social Comparison.R. Wheeler, J. Suls, R. Martin, J. S. Neil & B. B. Paul - 2001 - In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. pp. 14254-14257.
     
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  13.  3
    Positive Interaction of Social Comparison and Personal Responsibility for Outcomes.Jaroslaw Grygolec, Giorgio Coricelli & Aldo Rustichini - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  14.  2
    Affective Consequences of Social Comparisons by Women With Breast Cancer: An Experiment.Katja Corcoran, Gayannee Kedia, Rifeta Illemann & Helga Innerhofer - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  15.  8
    Relative State, Social Comparison Reactions, and the Behavioral Constellation of Deprivation.Dallas Novakowski & Sandeep Mishra - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  16.  7
    Limited Good” and “Social Comparison”: Two Theories, One Problem.Arthur J. Rubel - 1977 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 5 (2):224-238.
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  17. ’The Crowd is Untruth!’ Kierkegaard on Freedom, Responsibility, and the Problem of Social Comparison.Paul Carron - 2018 - In Fernando Di Mieri & Daniele D'Agostino (eds.), Identità, libertà e responsabilità (Identity, Freedom, and Responsibility). Italy: Ripostes. pp. 53-77.
    In this essay, I first describe Kierkegaard’s understanding of free and responsible selfhood. I then describe one of Kierkegaard’s unique contributions to freedom and responsibility – his perceptual theory of the emotions. Kierkegaard understands emotions as perceptions that are related to beliefs and concerns, and thus the self can—to some extent—freely participate in the cultivation of various emotions. In other words, one of the ways that self takes responsibility for itself is by taking responsibility for its emotions. In the final (...)
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  18.  4
    Limited Good" and "Social Comparison": Two Theories, One Problem.Arthur J. Rubel - 1977 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 5 (2):224-238.
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  19.  51
    Envy and Admiration: Emotion and Motivation Following Upward Social Comparison.Niels van de Ven - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (1):193-200.
  20.  8
    Some Comments on Social Comparison Processes.Jean M. Guiot - 1978 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 8 (1):29–43.
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  21.  1
    Teachers’ Use of Within-Class Ability Groups in the Primary Classroom: A Mixed Methods Study of Social Comparison.Jane Louise Webb-Williams - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    It is common practice within primary classrooms for teachers to spilt children into different ability groups so that children of similar level are taught together. Whilst this practice is used across the globe, research is mixed on the benefits of such grouping strategy. This paper presents data collected from mixed methods research which investigated teachers use of grouping strategies and social comparison, the act of comparing oneself with others. It focuses on when, why and with whom children from (...)
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  22.  16
    Income Inequality and Risk Taking: The Impact of Social Comparison Information.Ulrich Schmidt, Levent Neyse & Milda Aleknonyte - 2019 - Theory and Decision 87 (3):283-297.
    In contrast to the assumptions of standard economic theory, recent experimental evidence shows that the income of peers has a systematic impact on observed degrees of risk aversion. This paper reports the findings of two experiments examining the impact of income inequality on risk preferences and whether the knowledge of inequality mediates the decisions. In Experiment 1, participants who were recruited for a real-effort task were paid either a low wage or a high wage. Half of the participants were aware (...)
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  23. A Comparison of Socially Responsible and Conventional Investors.Jonathan McLachlan & John Gardner - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 52 (1):11-25.
    Socially responsible investment is a rapidly emerging phenomenon within the field of personal investment. However, the factors that lead investors to choose socially responsible investment products are not well understood, especially in an Australian context. This study provides a comparative examination of conventional and socially responsible investors, with the aim of identifying such factors. A total of 55 conventional investors and 54 ethical investors participated in the study by completing mailed questionnaires about their investment and general behaviour and their attitudes (...)
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  24.  28
    Taking Others as a Mirror: Contingent Social Comparison Promotes Task Engagement.Lei Wang, Xiaoshuang Zhang, Lu Li & Liang Meng - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  25. What It Means to Be “Better:” The Role of Comparison Language in Social Comparison.Amber N. Bloomfield & Jessica M. Choplin - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
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  26. Self-Evaluation Strategies in College Women Trying to Lose Weight: The Relative Use of Objective and Social Comparison Information.Heidi A. Wayment, Brian A. Eiler & Keragan Cavolo - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  27.  5
    Impostors Dare to Compare: Associations Between the Impostor Phenomenon, Gender Typing, and Social Comparison Orientation in University Students.Flora Fassl, Takuya Yanagida & Marlene Kollmayer - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  28.  11
    A Mindset of Competition Versus Cooperation Moderates the Impact of Social Comparison on Self-Evaluation.Lucie Colpaert, Dominique Muller, Marie-Pierre Fayant & Fabrizio Butera - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  29.  8
    Lift Me Up by Looking Down: Social Comparison Effects of Narratives.Stefan Krause & Silvana Weber - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  30.  49
    A Comparison of American and Nepalese Children's Concepts of Freedom of Choice and Social Constraint.Nadia Chernyak, Tamar Kushnir, Katherine M. Sullivan & Qi Wang - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (7):1343-1355.
    Recent work has shown that preschool-aged children and adults understand freedom of choice regardless of culture, but that adults across cultures differ in perceiving social obligations as constraints on action. To investigate the development of these cultural differences and universalities, we interviewed school-aged children (4–11) in Nepal and the United States regarding beliefs about people's freedom of choice and constraint to follow preferences, perform impossible acts, and break social obligations. Children across cultures and ages universally endorsed the choice (...)
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  31.  11
    Cultures of Childhood and Psychosocial Characteristics: Self‐Esteem and Social Comparison in Two Distinct Communities.Andrew M. Guest - 2007 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 35 (1):1-32.
  32.  4
    Cultures of Childhood and Psychosocial Characteristics: Self-Esteem and Social Comparison in Two DistinctCommunities.Andrew M. Guest - 2007 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 35 (1):1-32.
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  33.  1
    “You Can Sit in the Middle or Be One of the Outliers”: Older Male Athletes and the Complexities of Social Comparison.Sean Horton, Rylee A. Dionigi, Michael Gard, Joseph Baker, Patti Weir & Jordan Deneau - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  34.  21
    Comparison Processes in Social Judgment: Mechanisms and Consequences.Thomas Mussweiler - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (3):472-489.
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  35. A Comparison of Young Publics' Evaluations of Corporate Social Responsibility Practices of Multinational Corporations in the United States and South Korea.Daewook Kim & Myung-Il Choi - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (1):105-118.
    The purpose of this study was to examine how young publics in the United States and South Korea perceive the corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices of multinational corporations and evaluate the effectiveness of CSR practices in terms of organization–public relationship (OPR). Results showed that young publics in the United States and South Korea differently characterized CSR practices of multinational corporations and evaluated relationships with them. Young American participants evaluated the CSR practices of multinational corporations more favorably than did the (...)
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  36. Consumers' Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibilities: A Cross-Cultural Comparison[REVIEW]Isabelle Maignan - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 30 (1):57 - 72.
    Based on a consumer survey conducted in France, Germany, and the U.S., the study investigates consumers'' readiness to support socially responsible organizations and examines their evaluations of the economic, legal, ethical, and philanthropic responsibilities of the firm. French and German consumers appear more willing to actively support responsible businesses than their U.S. counterparts. While U.S. consumers value highly corporate eco-nomic responsibilities, French and German consumers are most concerned about businesses conforming with legal and ethical standards. These findings provide useful guidance (...)
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  37. Human Social Evolution: A Comparison of Hunter-Gatherer and Chimpanzee Social Organization.Robert Layton & Sean O'Hara - 2010 - In Social Brain, Distributed Mind. pp. 83.
    This chapter compares the social behaviour of human hunter-gatherers with that of the better-studied chimpanzee species, Pan troglodytes, in an attempt to pinpoint the unique features of human social evolution. Although hunter-gatherers and chimpanzees living in central Africa have similar body weights, humans live at much lower population densities due to their greater dependence on predation. Human foraging parties have longer duration than those of chimpanzees, lasting hours rather than minutes, and a higher level of mutual dependence, through (...)
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  38.  25
    Social Choice with Approximate Interpersonal Comparison of Welfare Gains.Marcus Pivato - 2015 - Theory and Decision 79 (2):181-216.
    Suppose it is possible to make approximate interpersonal comparisons of welfare gains and losses. Thus, if w\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$w$$\end{document}, x\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$x$$\end{document}, y\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$y$$\end{document} and z\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$z$$\end{document} are personal states, then it is sometimes possible to say “The welfare gain of the state change w⇝x\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} (...)
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  39.  32
    A Comparison of Privacy Issues in Collaborative Workspaces and Social Networks.Martin Pekárek & Stefanie Pötzsch - 2009 - Identity in the Information Society 2 (1):81-93.
    With the advent of Web 2.0, numerous social software applications allow people to publish and share information on the Internet. Two of these types of applications – collaborative workspaces and social network sites – have a number of features in common, which are explored to provide a basis for comparative analysis. This basis is extended with a suitable definition of privacy, a sociological perspective and an applicable adversary model in order to facilitate an investigation of similarities and differences (...)
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  40.  56
    On Social Utility Payoffs in Games: A Methodological Comparison Between Behavioural and Rational Game Theory. [REVIEW]Luca Zarri - 2010 - Theory and Decision 69 (4):587-598.
    Are the recent findings of Behavioural Game Theory (BGT) on unselfish behaviours relevant for the progress of game theory? Is the methodology of BGT, centred around the attempt to study theoretically players’ utility functions in the light of the feedback that experimental evidence can produce on the theory, a satisfactory one? Or is the creation of various types of ‘social preferences’ just wasteful tinkering? This article compares BGT with the methodology of Rational Game Theory (RGT). BGT is viewed as (...)
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  41.  3
    Social Location and Gender-Role Attitudes:: A Comparison of Black and White Women.Karen Dugger - 1988 - Gender and Society 2 (4):425-448.
    Theorists have posited that investment in production has a radical impact on women's gender-role attitudes, whereas investment in reproduction exerts a conservative influence. Informed by an interactive approach to understanding the effects of racism and sexism, this article explores the commonalities and differences in Black and White women's gender-role attitudes, and assesses the applicability to Black women of the investment-in-production and investment-in-reproduction hypothesis. The data in part supported the contention that this hypothesis would be more valid for White than Black (...)
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  42.  17
    A Comparison of the German and Russian Literary Intelligentsia in Arnold Hauser’s Social History of Art.Jim Berryman - 2019 - Studies in East European Thought 71 (2):141-155.
    To date, critical engagement with Arnold Hauser’s sociology of art has been confined to the field of art history. This perspective has ignored Hauser’s interest in literary history, which I argue is essential to his project. Hauser’s dialectical model, composed of conflicting realist and formalist tendencies, extends to the literary sphere. In The Social History of Art, these two traditions are epitomised by the Russian social novel and German idealism. Anti-enlightenment tendencies in German intellectual culture provide Hauser with (...)
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  43.  30
    A Comparison of Social Constructionist and Ethnomethodological Descriptions of How a Judge Distinguished Between the Erotic and the Obscene.Graham Watson - 1994 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 24 (4):405-425.
    In 1985, a member of the Canadian judiciary handed down a written judgment in which he distinguished between erotica and obscene matter. The judgment attracted the scorn of some normative sociologists, who complained of the insufficiency of the social psychological research on which it was based. Their reaction prompts a review of the judgment in the light of social constructionism and of ethnomethodology; this, in turn, prompts a comparison of social constructionist and ethnomethodological methodologies, in which (...)
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  44.  12
    Uses and Gratifications of Social Media: A Comparison of Facebook and Instant Messaging.Alyson L. Young & Anabel Quan-Haase - 2010 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 30 (5):350-361.
    Users have adopted a wide range of digital technologies into their communication repertoire. It remains unclear why they adopt multiple forms of communication instead of substituting one medium for another. It also raises the question: What type of need does each of these media fulfill? In the present article, the authors conduct comparative work that examines the gratifications obtained from Facebook with those from instant messaging. This comparison between media allows one to draw conclusions about how different social (...)
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  45.  84
    Social Exclusion and Social Capital: A Comparison and Critique. [REVIEW]Mary Daly & Hilary Silver - 2008 - Theory and Society 37 (6):537-566.
  46. Early Social Interaction: A Case Comparison of Developmental Pragmatics and Psychoanalytic Theory.Michael A. Forrester - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    When a young child begins to engage in everyday interaction, she has to acquire competencies that allow her to be oriented to the conventions that inform talk-in-interaction and, at the same time, deal with emotional or affective dimensions of experience. The theoretical positions associated with these domains - social-action and emotion - provide very different accounts of human development and this book examines why this is the case. Through a longitudinal video-recorded study of one child learning how to talk, (...)
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  47.  36
    The Effects of Social and Moral Integration on Ethical Standards: A Comparison of American and Ukrainian Business Students. [REVIEW]Ellen J. Kennedy & Leigh Lawton - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (8):901 - 911.
    This paper examines levels of similarity in ethical outlooks in countries where economic and sociocultural values may differ markedly. We compared students from a capitalist country, the United States, with students from Ukraine, a country experiencing dramatic ideological confusion and economic change. We tested the hypothesis that greater social and moral integration, as operationalized by a lack of alienation and by religiousness, will directly affect one's willingness to engage in unethical business practices.The sample was composed of business students in (...)
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  48.  21
    Comparison of Sporting Values in Europe: Effects of Social Institutionalization in Three European Territories.Bernard Massiera, Ben Mahmoud Imed & Long Thierry - 2018 - Journal of Human Values 24 (3):208-222.
    This study examines the representations conveyed by sports practitioners and the ideologies that govern sports institutions in three European countries. Sports organizations seem to construct identitary references for practitioners through the values they convey and the forms of sociability that they develop. This international study compares the practices and representations of sport based on a questionnaire sent to a sample of practitioners in Cardiff, Great Britain; Nice, France; and Pitesti, Romania. The findings indicate some differences. In Great Britain, sports practices (...)
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  49.  27
    Social Enterprise: A Global Comparison, Ed. Janelle A. Kerlin. Medford, Mass.: Tufts University Press, 2009.Gregory Wolcott - 2011 - Business Ethics Quarterly 21 (1):196-198.
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  50.  35
    A Comparison of Mead's “Self” and Heidegger's “Dasein”: Toward a Regrounding of Social Psychology. [REVIEW]Valerie Ann Malhotra - 1987 - Human Studies 10 (3-4):357 - 382.
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