Results for 'argument from evil'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. 7. The “Inductive” Argument From Evil: A Dialogue.Bruce Russell & Stephen Wykstra - 1988 - Philosophical Topics 16 (2):133-160.
  2. The Argument From Evil.Peter Van Inwagen - 2004 - In Peter van Inwagen (ed.), Christian Faith and the Problem of Evil. Eerdmans.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  3.  11
    The Argument From Evil.Robert J. Richman - 1969 - Religious Studies 4 (2):203 - 211.
    First I employ bayes' theorem to give some precision to the atheologian's thesis that it is improbable that God exists given the amount of evil in the world (e). Two arguments result from this: (1) e disconfirms god's existence, And (2) e tends to disconfirm god's existence. Secondly, I evaluate these inductive arguments, Suggesting against (1) that the atheologian has abstracted from and hence failed to consider the total evidence, And against (2) that the atheologian's evidence adduced (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  4. The Evidential Argument From Evil.Daniel Howard-Snyder - 1996 - Indiana University Press.
    Is evil evidence against the existence of God? Even if God and evil are compatible, it remains hotly contested whether evil renders belief in God unreasonable. The Evidential Argument from Evil presents five classic statements on this issue by eminent philosophers and theologians and places them in dialogue with eleven original essays reflecting new thinking by these and other scholars. The volume focuses on two versions of the argument. The first affirms that there (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   43 citations  
  5.  27
    The Argument From Evil: ROBERT J. RICHMAN.Robert J. Richman - 1969 - Religious Studies 4 (2):203-211.
    The traditional problem of evil is set forth, by no means for the first time, in Part X of Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion in these familiar words: ‘Is [God] willing to prevent evil, but not able? then he is impotent. Is he able, but not willing? then he is malevolent. Is he both able and willing? whence then is evil?’ This formulation of the problem of evil obviously suggests an argument to the effect that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  6. The Evidential Argument From Evil: A Second Look.William Rowe - 1996 - In Daniel Howard-Snyder (ed.), The Evidential Argument From Evil. Indiana University Press. pp. 262--85.
  7. Rowe's Noseeum Arguments From Evil.Stephen J. Wykstra - 1996 - In Daniel Howard-Snyder (ed.), The Evidential Argument From Evil. Indiana University Press. pp. 126--50.
  8. The Argument From Evil.Michael Tooley - 1991 - Philosophical Perspectives 5:89-134.
  9. The Normatively Relativised Logical Argument From Evil.John Bishop & Ken Perszyk - 2011 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 70 (2):109-126.
    It is widely agreed that the ‘Logical’ Argument from Evil (LAFE) is bankrupt. We aim to rehabilitate the LAFE, in the form of what we call the Normatively Relativised Logical Argument from Evil (NRLAFE). There are many different versions of a NRLAFE. We aim to show that one version, what we call the ‘right relationship’ NRLAFE, poses a significant threat to personal-omniGod-theism—understood as requiring the belief that there is an omnipotent, omniscient, perfectly good person (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  10. Sceptical Theism and Evidential Arguments From Evil.Michael J. Almeida & Graham Oppy - 2003 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (4):496 – 516.
    Sceptical theists--e.g., William Alston and Michael Bergmann--have claimed that considerations concerning human cognitive limitations are alone sufficient to undermine evidential arguments from evil. We argue that, if the considerations deployed by sceptical theists are sufficient to undermine evidential arguments from evil, then those considerations are also sufficient to undermine inferences that play a crucial role in ordinary moral reasoning. If cogent, our argument suffices to discredit sceptical theist responses to evidential arguments from evil.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   37 citations  
  11.  43
    The Deductive Argument From Evil.Bruce R. Reichenbach - 1981 - Sophia 20 (1):221--227.
    First, I consider J.L. Mackie's deductive argument from evil, noting that required modifications to his premises, especially those dealing with what it is to be a good person and omnipotence, do not entail that God would be required to eliminate evil completely. Hence, no contradiction exists between God's existence, possession of certain properties, and the existence of evil. Second I evaluate McCloskey's arguments against reasons for evil often suggested by the theist: that evil (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  12. The Empirical Argument From Evil.William Rowe - 1986 - In William Wainwright & Robert Audi (eds.), Rationality, Religious Belief, and Moral Commitment: New Essays in the Philosophy of Religion. Cornell University Press. pp. 227--247.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  13. The Argument From Evil.Andrea M. Weisberger - 2007 - In Michael Martin (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Where was God? Where was the intelligent designer of the universe when 1.5 million children were turned into smoke by zealous Nazis? Where was the all powerful, all knowing, wholly good being whose very essence is radically opposed to evil, while millions of children were starved to death by Stalin, had their limbs chopped off with machetes in Rwanda, were turned into amputees by the diamond trade in Sierra Leone, and worked to death, even now, by the child slave (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14. Evidential Arguments From Evil.Richard Otte - 2000 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 48 (1):1-10.
    Recent discussion of the problem of evil has centered around what is known as the probabilistic or evidential argument from evil. According to this argument the evil in our world is evidence against the existence of God, even though evil is logically consistent with God’s existing. Based on this it is claimed it is irrational to believe one of the traditional theistic religions, unless there is overwhelming positive evidence to counter this negative evidence. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  15. The Probabilistic Argument From Evil.Alvin Plantinga - 1979 - Philosophical Studies 35 (1):1 - 53.
    First I state and develop a probabilistic argument for the conclusion that theistic belief is irrational or somehow noetically improper. Then I consider this argument from the point of view of the major contemporary accounts of probability, Concluding that none of them offers the atheologian aid and comfort.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  16. Probabilistic Arguments From Evil.Paul Draper - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (3):303 - 317.
  17.  72
    Evidential Arguments From Evil.Graham Oppy - 2010 - In Charles Taliaferro & Paul Draper (eds.), A Companion to Philosophy of Religion, 2nd ed. London, UK:
    A number of authors have developed evidential arguments from evil in the past thirty years. Perhaps the best known evidential arguments from evil are those presented in Rowe (1979) and Draper (1989). We shall spend most of this chapter examining these two arguments.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. Evidential Arguments From Evil and Skeptical Theism.Michael Almeida & Graham Oppy - 2004 - Philo 8 (2):84 - 94.
    In this paper we respond to criticisms by Michael Bergmann and Michael Rea in their “In Defense of Sceptical Theism : A Reply to Almeida and Oppy,” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 83.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  19. The Inductive Argument From Evil and the Human Cognitive Condition.William P. Alston - 1991 - Philosophical Perspectives 5:29-67.
  20. The Argument From Evil.Paul Draper - 2008 - In Paul Copan & Chad V. Meister (eds.), Philosophy of Religion: Classic and Contemporary Issues. Blackwell.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  21. Probabilistic Arguments From Evil.Paul Draper - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (3):303-317.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  22. INTRODUCTION: The Evidential Argument From Evil.Daniel Howard-Snyder - 1996 - In The Evidential Argument from Evil.
    Evil, it is often said, poses a problem for theism, the view that there is an omnipotent, omniscient, and perfectly good being, "God," for short. This problem is usually called "the problem of evil." But this is a bad name for what philosophers study under that rubric. They study what is better thought of as an argument, or a host of arguments, rather than a problem. Of course, an argument from evil against theism can (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  23. Epistemic Humility, Arguments From Evil, and Moral Skepticism.Daniel Howard-Snyder - 2009 - Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion 2:17-57.
    Reprinted in Philosophy of Religion: An Anthology, Wadsworth, 2013, 6th edition, eds. Michael Rea and Louis Pojman. In this essay, I argue that the moral skepticism objection to what is badly named "skeptical theism" fails.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  24.  96
    Philo’s Argument From Evil in Hume’s Dialogues X: A Semantic Interpretation. [REVIEW]Anders Kraal - 2013 - Sophia 52 (4):573-592.
    Philo's argument from evil in a much-discussed passage in Part X of Hume's Dialogues concerning Natural Religion (1779) has been interpreted in three main ways: as a logical argument from evil, as an evidential argument from evil, and as an argument against natural theology's inference of a benevolent and merciful God from the course of the world. I argue that Philo is not offering an argument of any of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  25.  94
    The Argument From Evil and the God of 'Frightening' Love.John Bishop - 2013 - Sophia 52 (1):45-49.
  26. The Nonconsequentialist Argument From Evil.Justin Mooney - 2022 - Philosophical Studies 179 (12):3599-3615.
    Stringent non-consequentialist constraints on permitting horrendous evils pose a formidable challenge to the project of theodicy by limiting the ways in which it is permissible for God to do or allow evil for the sake of bringing about a greater good. I formulate a general and potent argument against all greater-good theodicies from the existence of robust side constraints on permitting evil. Then I contend that the argument fails. I begin by distinguishing between side constraints (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  64
    The Arguments From Evil and Nonbelief.Theodore Drange - unknown
    When God is conceived of as an all-powerful and all-loving deity, many arguments for his nonexistence can be raised. Two of the main ones are the Argument from Evil (hereafter abbreviated AE) and the Argument from Nonbelief (hereafter abbreviated ANB). In what follows, I shall provide precise formulations of those two arguments, make some comments about them, and then try to refute the main defenses (of God's existence) that might be put forward against ANB, which (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  21
    The Argument From Particular Horrendous Evils.Peter van Inwagen - 2000 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 74:65-80.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  29. Rowe's Evidential Arguments From Evil.Graham Oppy - 2013 - In Justin McBrayer & Daniel Howard-Snyder (eds.), A Companion to the Problem of Evil. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 49-66.
    This chapter discusses the two most prominent recent evidential arguments from evil, due, respectively, to William Rowe and Paul Draper. I argue that neither of these evidential arguments from evil is successful, i.e. such that it ought to persuade anyone who believes in God to give up that belief. In my view, theists can rationally maintain that each of these evidential arguments from evil contains at least one false premise.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  30.  30
    The Inductive Argument From Evil.Bruce R. Reichenbach - 1980 - American Philosophical Quarterly 17 (3):221 - 227.
    First I employ Bayes's Theorem to give some precision to the atheologian's thesis that it is improbable that God exists given the amount of evil in the world (E). Two arguments result from this: (1) E disconfirms God's existence, and (2) E tends to disconfirm God's existence. Secondly, I evaluate these inductive arguments, suggesting against (1) that the atheologian has abstracted from and hence failed to consider the total evidence, and against (2) that the atheologian's evidence adduced (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  31.  57
    Does the Argument From Evil Assume a Consequentialist Morality?Eric Reitan - 2000 - Faith and Philosophy 17 (3):306-319.
    In this paper, I argue that the some of the most popular and influential formulations of the Argument from Evil (AE) assume a moral perspective that is essentially consequentialist, and would therefore be unacceptable to deontologists. Specifically, I examine formulations of the argument offered by William Rowe and Bruce Russell, both of whom explicitly assert that their formulation of AE is theoretically neutral with respect to consequentialism, and can be read in a way that is unobjectionable (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32.  15
    God's Own Ethics: Norms of Divine Agency and the Argument From Evil.Mark C. Murphy - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    Mark C. Murphy addresses the question of how God's ethics differs from human ethics. Murphy suggests that God is not subject to the moral norms to which we humans are subject. This has immediate implications for the argument from evil: we cannot assume that an absolutely perfect being is in any way bound to prevent the evils of this world.
    No categories
  33.  9
    The Argument From Evil: Reply to Professor Richman: Douglas Langston.Douglas Langston - 1980 - Religious Studies 16 (1):103-113.
    The problem of evil has traditionally been formulated as a claim about the incompatibility of the statements ‘God exists’ and ‘There occur instances of suffering’. Hume, for example, in his Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion , part x, claims that the statements ‘God exists’ and ‘There occur instances of suffering’ are incompatible. In his esssy ‘Hume on Evil’, Nelson Pike argues that it has not been shown that the statements ‘God exists’ and ‘There occur instances of suffering’ are incompatible (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  19
    Evidential Arguments From Evil and the "Seeability" of Compensating Goods.Justin McBrayer - 2004 - Auslegung. A Journal of Philosophy Lawrence, Kans 27 (1):17-22.
    William Rowe has offered one of the most simple and convincing evidential arguments from evil by arguing that the existence of gratuitous evil in our world serves as strong evidence against the claim that God exists. Stephen J. Wykstra attempts to defeat this evidential argument from evil by denying the plausibility of Rowe’s claim that there are gratuitous evils in the world. Wykstra sets up an epistemological test that he refers to as CORNEA, and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35.  86
    Naturalistic Ethics and the Argument From Evil.Mark T. Nelson - 1991 - Faith and Philosophy 8 (3):368-379.
    Philosophical naturalism is a cluster of views and impulses typically taken to include atheism, physicalism, radical empiricism or naturalized epistemology, and some sort of relativism, subjectivism or nihilism about morality. I argue that a problem arises when the naturalist offers the argument from evil for atheism. Since the argument from evil is a moral argument, it cannot be effectively deployed by anyone who holds the denatured ethical theories that the naturalist typically holds. In (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  36. A Defense of the Argument From Evil: A Critique of Pure Theism.Andrea M. Weisberger - 1990 - Dissertation, Vanderbilt University
    This dissertation alleges to successfully defend the argument from evil and thereby show that belief in an omnipotent, omniscient and omnibenevolent god is implausible. The three basic premises of the argument juxtapose the perfect attributes of the traditional Western notion of god to the existence of evil in an attempt to lead to the conclusion that god lacks one or more of the aforementioned attributes. Though some argue that the conclusion is not necessitated by the (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. The Evidential Argument From Evil.Richard Swinburne - 1996 - Indiana Univ Pr.
  38. Evidential Arguments From Evil. Co-Written & Michael J. Almeida - 2006 - In Graham Robert Oppy (ed.), Arguing About Gods. Cambridge University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. Skeptical Theism and Rowe's New Evidential Argument From Evil.Michael Bergmann - 2001 - Noûs 35 (2):278–296.
    Skeptical theists endorse the skeptical thesis (which is consistent with the rejection of theism) that we have no good reason for thinking the possible goods we know of are representative of the possible goods there are. In his newest formulation of the evidential arguments from evil, William Rowe tries to avoid assuming the falsity of this skeptical thesis, presumably because it seems so plausible. I argue that his new argument fails to avoid doing this. Then I defend (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   78 citations  
  40. An Atheological Argument From Evil Natural Laws.Quentin Smith - 1991 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 29 (3):159 - 174.
    A clearer case of a horrible event in nature, a natural evil, has never been presented to me. It seemed to me self evident that the natural law that animals must savagely kill and devour each other in order to survive was an evil natural law and that the obtaining of this law was sufficient evidence that God did not exist. If I held a certain epistemological theory about "basic beliefs", I might conclude from this experience that (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  41.  2
    Evidential Arguments From Evil and the "Seeability" of Compensating Goods.Justin McBrayer - 2004 - Auslegung 27 (1):17-22.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  42. Alvin Plantinga and the Argument From Evil.Michael Tooley - 1980 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58 (4):360 – 376.
    Among the central theses defended in this paper are the following. First, the logical incompatibility version of the argument from evil is not one of the crucial versions, and Plantinga, in fostering the illusion that it is, seriously misrepresents claims advanced by other philosophers. Secondly, Plantinga’s arguments against the thesis that the existence of any evil at all is logically incompatible with God’s existence. Thirdly, Plantinga’s attempt to demonstrate that the existence of a certain amount of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  43. What No Eye Has Seen: The Skeptical Theist Response to Rowe’s Evidential Argument From Evil.Nick Trakakis - 2003 - Philo 6 (2):263-279.
    This paper examines the evidential argument from evil put forward by William Rowe during his early and middle periods. Having delineated some of the important features of Rowe’s argument, it is then assessed in the light of “the skeptical theist critique.” According to skeptical theists, Rowe’s crucial inference from inscrutable evil to pointless evil can be exposed as unwarranted, particularly by appealing to the disparity between our cognitive abilities and the infinite wisdom of (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  44. Theistic Arguments From Horrendous Evils.Daryl Ooi - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (8).
    While the existence of horrendous evils has generally been taken to be evidence against the existence of God, some philosophers have suggested that it may be evidence for the existence of God. This paper introduces three main kinds of theistic arguments from horrendous evils: the argument from objectively horrifying evils, the pragmatic argument from evil, and an argument from reasonable responses. For each of these arguments, I will first reconstruct a standard version (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. Dreams, Nightmares, and a Defense Against Arguments From Evil.Gabriel Citron - 2015 - Faith and Philosophy 32 (3):247-270.
    This paper appeals to the phenomenon of dreaming to provide a novel defense against arguments from evil. The thrust of the argument is as follows: when we wake up after a nightmare we are often filled entirely with relief, and do not consider ourselves to have actually suffered very much at all; and since it is epistemically possible that this whole life is simply a dream, it follows that it is epistemically possible that in reality there is (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  46. Darwin's Argument From Evil.Paul Draper - 2012 - In Yujin Nagasawa (ed.), Scientific Approaches to the Philosophy of Religion. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 49-70.
  47. Evaluating a New Logical Argument From Evil.Bruce Langtry - 2021 - Faith and Philosophy 38 (2):229-244.
    J. L. Schellenberg, in “A New Logical Problem of Evil,” published in The Blackwell Companion to the Problem of Evil, argues that (if God exists) God has, of necessity, a disappreciation of evil, operating at a metalevel in such a way as to give God a non-defeasible reason to rule out actualizing a world containing evil. He also argues that since God’s motive in creating the world is to share with finite beings the good that God (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. The Copernican Principle, Intelligent Extraterrestrials, and Arguments From Evil.Samuel Ruhmkorff - 2019 - Religious Studies 55:297-317.
    The physicist Richard Gott defends the Copernican principle, which claims that when we have no information about our position along a given dimension among a group of observers, we should consider ourselves to be randomly located among those observers in respect to that dimension. First, I apply Copernican reasoning to the distribution of evil in the universe. I then contend that evidence for intelligent extraterrestrial life strengthens four important versions of the argument from evil. I remain (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  49. Hedenius’ Soteriological Argument From Evil.Anders Kraal - 2012 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 4 (4):123--138.
    In this paper I explicate and assess a logical argument from evil put forth by the Swedish analytic philosopher Ingemar Hedenius in his book Tro och vetande, by far the most famous and influential critique of Christianity in Swedish intellectual history. I seek to show that Hedenius’ argument is significantly different from, and indeed stronger than, the paradigmatic logical argument from evil in the analytic tradition, i.e. that of John Mackie. Nevertheless, Hedenius’ (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  8
    The Argument From Evil: Reply to Professor Richman.Douglas Langston - 1980 - Religious Studies 16 (1):103 - 113.
1 — 50 / 1000