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Stanley N. Salthe [28]Stanley Salthe [10]Stanley S. Salthe [1]
  1.  9
    Development and Evolution: Complexity and Change in Biology.Stanley N. Salthe - 1993 - MIT Press.
    Development and Evolution surveys and illuminates the key themes of rapidly changing fields and areas of controversy that the redefining the theory and philosophy of biology. It continues Stanley Salthe's investigation of evolutionary theory, begun in his influential book Evolving Hierarchical Systems, while negating the implicit philosophical mechanisms of much of that work. Here Salthe attempts to reinitiate a theory of biology from the perspective of development rather than from that of evolution, recognizing the applicability of general systems thinking to (...)
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  2. Hierarchical structures.Stanley N. Salthe - 2012 - Axiomathes 22 (3):355 - 383.
    This paper compares the two known logical forms of hierarchy, both of which have been used in models of natural phenomena, including the biological. I contrast their general properties, internal formal relations, modes of growth (emergence) in applications to the natural world, criteria for applying them, the complexities that they embody, their dynamical relations in applied models, and their informational relations and semiotic aspects.
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  3.  64
    Visions of evolution: self-organization proposes what natural selection disposes.David Batten, Stanley Salthe & Fabio Boschetti - 2008 - Biological Theory 3 (1):17-29.
    This article reviews the seven “visions” of evolution proposed by Depew and Weber , concluding that each posited relationship between natural selection and self-organization has suited different aims and approaches. In the second section of the article, we show that these seven viewpoints may be collapsed into three fundamentally different ones: natural selection drives evolution; self-organization drives evolution; and natural selection and self-organization are complementary aspects of the evolutionary process. We then argue that these three approaches are not mutually exclusive, (...)
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  4.  91
    Development (and Evolution) of the Universe.Stanley N. Salthe - 2010 - Foundations of Science 15 (4):357-367.
    I distinguish Nature from the World. I also distinguish development from evolution. Development is progressive change and can be modeled as part of Nature, using a specification hierarchy. I have proposed a ‘canonical developmental trajectory’ of dissipative structures with the stages defined thermodynamically and informationally. I consider some thermodynamic aspects of the Big Bang, leading to a proposal for reviving final cause. This model imposes a ‘hylozooic’ kind of interpretation upon Nature, as all emergent features at higher levels would have (...)
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  5.  63
    Global idealism/local materialism.Koichiro Matsuno & Stanley N. Salthe - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (3):309-337.
    We are concerned with two modes of describing the dynamics of natural systems. Global descriptions require simultaneous global coordination of all dynamical operations. Global dynamics, including mechanics, remain invariant in the absence of external perturbation. But, failing impossible global coordination, dynamical operations could actually become coordinated only locally. In local records, as in global ones, the law of the excluded middle would be strictly observed, but without global coordination it could only be fullfilled sequentially by passing causative factors forward onto (...)
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  6.  40
    The System of Interpretance, Naturalizing Meaning as Finality.Stanley N. Salthe - 2008 - Biosemiotics 1 (3):285-294.
    A materialist construction of semiosis requires system embodiment at particular locales, in order to function as systems of interpretance. I propose that we can use a systemic model of scientific measurement to construct a systems view of semiosis. I further suggest that the categories required to understand that process can be used as templates when generalizing to biosemiosis and beyond. The viewpoint I advance here is that of natural philosophy—which, once granted, incurs no principled block to further generalization all the (...)
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  7.  29
    Maximum power and maximum entropy production: finalities in nature.Stanley Salthe - 2010 - Cosmos and History 6 (1):114-121.
    I begin with the definition of power, and find that it is finalistic inasmuch as work directs energy dissipation in the interests of some system. The maximum power principle of Lotka and Odum implies an optimal energy efficiency for any work; optima are also finalities. I advance a statement of the maximum entropy production principle, suggesting that most work of dissipative structures is carried out at rates entailing energy flows faster than those that would associate with maximum power. This is (...)
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  8.  62
    The cosmic bellows: The big bang and the second law.Stanley Salthe & Gary Fuhrman - 2005 - Cosmos and History 1 (2):295-318.
    We present here a cosmological myth, alternative to "the Universe Story" and "the Epic of Evolution", highlighting the roles of entropy and dissipative structures in the universe inaugurated by the Big Bang. Our myth offers answers these questions: Where are we? What are we? Why are we here? What are we to do? It also offers answers to a set of "why" questions: Why is there anything at all? and Why are there so many kinds of systems? - the answers (...)
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  9. Purpose in nature.Stanley N. Salthe - 2008 - Ludus Vitalis 16 (29):49-58.
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  10.  8
    Evolutionary Systems: Biological and Epistemological Perspectives on Selection and Self-Organization.Gertrudis van de Vijver, Stanley N. Salthe & Manuela Delpos - 1998 - Springer.
    To understand how complex dynamic systems, living or non-living, linguistic or non-linguistic, come to be organized as systems, to understand how their inherent dynamic nature gives rise to organisations and forms that have found a balance between potentiality for change and evolution on the one hand, and requisite stability in a given environment on the other, is the main ambition of the study of evolutionary systems. The aim of the present volume is to elucidate the scientific and philosophical backgrounds that (...)
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  11.  33
    Theoretical biology as an anticipatory text: The relevance of Uexküll to current issues in evolutionary systems.Stanley N. Salthe - 2001 - Semiotica 2001 (134):359-380.
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  12. Stepping Beyond the Newtonian Paradigm in Biology. Towards an Integrable Model of Life: Accelerating Discovery in the Biological Foundations of Science.Plamen L. Simeonov, Edwin Brezina, Ron Cottam, Andreé C. Ehresmann, Arran Gare, Ted Goranson, Jaime Gomez‐Ramirez, Brian D. Josephson, Bruno Marchal, Koichiro Matsuno, Robert S. Root-­Bernstein, Otto E. Rössler, Stanley N. Salthe, Marcin Schroeder, Bill Seaman & Pridi Siregar - 2012 - In Plamen L. Simeonov, Leslie S. Smith & Andreé C. Ehresmann (eds.), Integral Biomathics: Tracing the Road to Reality. Springer. pp. 328-427.
    The INBIOSA project brings together a group of experts across many disciplines who believe that science requires a revolutionary transformative step in order to address many of the vexing challenges presented by the world. It is INBIOSA’s purpose to enable the focused collaboration of an interdisciplinary community of original thinkers. This paper sets out the case for support for this effort. The focus of the transformative research program proposal is biology-centric. We admit that biology to date has been more fact-oriented (...)
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  13.  15
    The Cosmic Bellows: The Big Bang and the Second Law.Stanley Salthe & Gary Fuhrman - 2005 - Cosmos and History : The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 1 (2):295-318.
    We present here a cosmological myth, alternative to "the Universe Story" and "the Epic of Evolution", highlighting the roles of entropy and dissipative structures in the universe inaugurated by the Big Bang. Our myth offers answers these questions: Where are we? What are we? Why are we here? What are we to do? It also offers answers to a set of "why" questions: Why is there anything at all? and Why are there so many kinds of systems? - the answers (...)
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  14.  49
    Materialism: Replies to Comments from Readers.Stanley Salthe - 2012 - Foundations of Science 17 (1):9-11.
    The canonical developmental trajectory (CDT), as represented in this paper is both conservative and emergentist. Emerging modes of existence, as new informational constraints, require the material continuation of prior modes upon which they are launched. Informational constraints are material configurations. The paper is not meant to be a direct critique of existing views within science, but an oblique one presented as an alternative, developmental model.
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  15. Habit-Taking, Final Causation, and the Big Bang Theory.Stanley Salthe - 2016 - In Myrdene Anderson & Donna West (eds.), Consensus on Peirce’s Concept of Habit: Before and Beyond Consciousness. Springer Verlag.
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  16.  18
    Energy and Semiotics: The Second Law and the Origin of Life.Stanley Salthe - 2005 - Cosmos and History : The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 1 (1):128-145.
    After deconstructing the thermodynamic concepts of work and waste, I take up Howard Odum’s idea of energy quality, which tallies the overall amount of energy needed to be dissipated in order to accomplish some work of interest. This was developed from economic considerations that give obvious meaning to the work accomplished. But the energy quality idea can be used to import meaning more generally into Nature. It could be viewed as projecting meaning back from any marked work into preceding energy (...)
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  17. Naturalizing semiotics.Stanley N. Salthe - 1998 - Semiotica 120 (3-4):381-394.
     
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  18.  50
    A Journey from Science through Systems Science in Pursuit of Change.Stanley N. Salthe - 2011 - World Futures 67 (4-5):282 - 303.
    This article traces my attempts to come to grips with the problem of change. Systems science deals with general principles, but, as with science in general, is wedded to mechanistic models. Natural systems are not machines, are generative, and can change unpredictably. An example is given showing that explicit dynamical models are subverted by the present moment, which is non-existent in them. This moment can be modeled by a compositional hierarchy, but no change happens therein. Subsumptive hierarchies can serve as (...)
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  19. A peircean semiotic interpretation od development.Stanley N. Salthe - 1995 - Ludus Vitalis 3 (4):15-28.
     
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  20. Darwin and some leading ideas of contemporary Western culture.Stanley N. Salthe - 2009 - Ludus Vitalis 17 (32):173-178.
     
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  21.  39
    Development in sociocultural systems.Stanley N. Salthe - 1993 - World Futures 38 (1):165-169.
    (1993). Development in sociocultural systems. World Futures: Vol. 38, Theoretical Achievements and Practical Applications of General Evolutionary Theory, pp. 165-169.
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  22.  39
    Energy and semiotics: The second law and the origin of life.Stanley Salthe - 2005 - Cosmos and History 1 (1):128-145.
    After deconstructing the thermodynamic concepts of work and waste, I take up Howard Odum’s idea of energy quality, which tallies the overall amount of energy needed to be dissipated in order to accomplish some work of interest. This was developed from economic considerations that give obvious meaning to the work accomplished. But the energy quality idea can be used to import meaning more generally into Nature. It could be viewed as projecting meaning back from any marked work into preceding energy (...)
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  23.  66
    Ecosystem moral considerability: A reply to Cahen.Stanley N. Salthe & Barbara M. Salthe - 1989 - Environmental Ethics 11 (4):355-361.
    Appeals to science as a help in constructing policy on complex issues often assume that science has relatively clear-cut, univocal answers. That is not so today in the environmentally crucial fields of ecology and evolutionary biology. The social role of science has been as a source of information to be used in the prediction and domination of nature. Its perspectives are finely honed for such purposes. However, other more conscientious perspectives are now appearing within science, and we provide an example (...)
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  24.  22
    Ecosystem Moral Considerability: A Reply to Cahen.Stanley N. Salthe & Barbara M. Salthe - 1989 - Environmental Ethics 11 (4):355-361.
    Appeals to science as a help in constructing policy on complex issues often assume that science has relatively clear-cut, univocal answers. That is not so today in the environmentally crucial fields of ecology and evolutionary biology. The social role of science has been as a source of information to be used in the prediction and domination of nature. Its perspectives are finely honed for such purposes. However, other more conscientious perspectives are now appearing within science, and we provide an example (...)
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  25.  47
    Frameworking Ascendency Increase.Stanley N. Salthe - 2012 - Axiomathes 22 (2):223-230.
    In this paper I provide a framework—what I refer to as ‘development theory’—for Ulanowicz’s ascendency theory of ecosystem development. Development theory is based in thermodynamics and information theory. A prominent feature of development theory is an understanding of senescence.
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  26.  40
    Inside / Outside.Stanley N. Salthe - 2009 - Biosemiotics 2 (2):247-253.
  27. La ciencia comno base para una nueva comprensión de lo mitológico.Stanley N. Salthe - 1993 - Ludus Vitalis 1 (1):95-116.
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  28.  27
    Misplaced predicates and misconstrued intelligence.Stanley N. Salthe - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (1):86-87.
  29.  44
    Modeling Self -Organization.Stanley N. Salthe - 1988 - Semiotics:14-23.
    Foremost among the tasks facing a semiotically-informed modeling of natural open systems is the recognition and representation of self-organization. This forces attention on process, time, and energetics to complement the conventional semiotic bias toward structure, space, and informatics. While self -organization might be captured in numerous operational idioms, we suggest that the fundamentally distinctive formal structures of (a) development (intrinsic predictability) and (b) evolution (unexpected change through change in contextual meaning) constitute thewarp and woof of virtually all observations on systems (...)
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  30.  7
    Natural Systems New York.Stanley S. Salthe - 1992 - In G. van der Vijve (ed.), New Perspectives on Cybernetics. pp. 220--49.
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  31.  31
    On Koichiro Matsuno’s Paper “Molecular Semiotics Toward the Emergence of Life”.Stanley N. Salthe - 2008 - Biosemiotics 1 (1):145-146.
  32.  28
    Perspectives on Natural Philosophy.Stanley N. Salthe - 2018 - Philosophies 3 (3):23.
    This paper presents a viewpoint on natural philosophy focusing on the organization of substance, as well as its changes as invited by the Second Law of thermodynamics. Modes of change are pointed to as definitive of levels of organization; these include physical, chemical, and biological modes of change. Conceptual uses of the subsumptive hierarchy format are employed throughout this paper. Developmental change in dissipative structures is examined in some detail, generating an argument for the use of final causality in studies (...)
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  33.  54
    Regaining the Riches of our past and new hope for our future.Stanley Salthe - 2002 - World Futures 58 (2 & 3):149 – 157.
    We can revive Natural Philosophy using thermodynamics and information theory. In constructing an intelligible picture of the world, Natural Philosophy systematizes information from all the sciences so that every field of knowledge of nature supports every other as parts of a concept of general evolution. Change in material systems involves both development and evolution. General evolution is primarily developmental; the specification hierarchy of integrative levels can be used to model it. In this hierarchy, biology is seen as a kind of (...)
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  34.  32
    The world represented as a hierarchy of nature may not require “species”.Stanley N. Salthe - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (2):300-301.
  35.  23
    What Actually is a Living System Materially?Stanley N. Salthe - 2016 - Biological Theory 11 (1):50-55.
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  36.  21
    What is Semiotics?Stanley N. Salthe - 2010 - Biosemiotics 3 (2):245-251.
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  37. A hierarchical framework for levels of reality: Understanding through representation. [REVIEW]Stanley N. Salthe - 2009 - Axiomathes 19 (1):87-99.
    Levels of reality reflect one kind of complexity, which can be modeled using a specification hierarchy. Levels emerged during the Big Bang, as physical degrees of freedom became increasingly fixed as the expanding universe developed, and new degrees of freedom associated with higher levels opened up locally, requiring new descriptive semantics. History became embodied in higher level entities, which are increasingly individuated, aggregate patterns of lower level entities. Development is an epigenetic trajectory from vaguer to more definite and individuated embodiment, (...)
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  38. Evolution in thermodynamic perspective: An ecological approach. [REVIEW]Bruce H. Weber, David J. Depew, C. Dyke, Stanley N. Salthe, Eric D. Schneider, Robert E. Ulanowicz & Jeffrey S. Wicken - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (4):373-405.
    Recognition that biological systems are stabilized far from equilibrium by self-organizing, informed, autocatalytic cycles and structures that dissipate unusable energy and matter has led to recent attempts to reformulate evolutionary theory. We hold that such insights are consistent with the broad development of the Darwinian Tradition and with the concept of natural selection. Biological systems are selected that re not only more efficient than competitors but also enhance the integrity of the web of energetic relations in which they are embedded. (...)
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  39. Signature in the Cell: DNA and the Evidence for Intelligent Design. [REVIEW]Stanley Salthe - 2009 - Philosophy Pathways 146.
     
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