Results for 'Shiri Makov'

43 found
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  1.  10
    “Unattended, distracting or irrelevant”: Theoretical implications of terminological choices in auditory selective attention research.Shiri Makov, Danna Pinto, Paz Har-Shai Yahav, Lee M. Miller & Elana Zion Golumbic - 2023 - Cognition 231 (C):105313.
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  2.  15
    A comment on the axiomatics of the Maxmin Expected Utility model.Shiri Alon - 2022 - Theory and Decision 92 (3-4):445-453.
    Maxmin Expected Utility was first axiomatized by Gilboa and Schmeidler in an Anscombe–Aumann setup Anscombe and Aumann which includes exogenous probabilities. The model was later axiomatized in a purely subjective setup, where no exogenous probabilities are assumed. The purpose of this note is to show that in all these axiomatizations, the only assumptions that are needed are the basic ones that are used to extract a cardinal utility function, together with the two typical Maxmin assumptions, Uncertainty Aversion and Certainty Independence, (...)
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  3. Kathleen Blake, The Pleasures of Benthamism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009), pp. 267.Shiri Cohen - 2013 - Utilitas 25 (2):287-290.
  4.  15
    The significance of GDP: a new take on a century-old question.Shiri Cohen Kaminitz - 2023 - Journal of Economic Methodology 30 (1):1-14.
    What is the significance of GDP per capita to a society? What does it represent conceptually? These questions have been addressed in past decades, engendering extensive explorations of the limitations of the indicator, yet answers have proved problematic or partial. The paper presents the main conclusions so far drawn and builds upon them to present a new reading of the significance of GDP per capita. At the heart of this reading is the view that, while GDP per capita is not (...)
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  5.  64
    Economics and Ethics under the Same Umbrella: Edgeworth's 'Exact Utilitarianism', 1877–1881.Shiri Cohen Kaminitz - 2013 - Utilitas 25 (4):487-503.
    Edgeworth's original mathematical formalization of utilitarianism as presented in his works of 1877–81 illustrates an intriguing phase in the mutually intertwined history of economics and utilitarianism. In this article I analyse Edgeworth's motivations and point to its interesting implications. In particular, it is pointed out that the starting point of Edgeworth's project had little to do with the field of economics, but formed part of an attempt to present utilitarianism in the most scientific way possible; an attempt made in the (...)
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  6.  7
    Case Study: Deciding for the Patient.Shiri Etzioni, Ken Rosenfeld & Michael Berube - 2004 - Hastings Center Report 34 (5):12.
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  7.  7
    Teachers’ Sense of Meaning Associations With Teacher Performance and Graduates’ Resilience: A Study of Schools Serving Students of Low Socio-Economic Status.Shiri Lavy & Wesam Ayuob - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  8.  7
    Daily Dynamics of Teachers’ Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Social and Emotional Antecedents and Outcomes.Shiri Lavy - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) is considered vital for organizations’ performance, and there is notable interest in factors that foster it. However, recent research has questioned the absolute positivity of OCB and pointed to its understudied possible adverse effects (e.g., on employees’ well-being). The present research aims to shed light on these issues by exploring the daily dynamics of employees’ social and emotional work lives’ interplay with their OCB. Specifically, the research focuses on teachers, whose job enables notable OCB and whose (...)
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  9.  45
    Egg freezing for non-medical uses: the lack of a relational approach to autonomy in the new Israeli policy and in academic discussion.Shiri Shkedi-Rafid & Yael Hashiloni-Dolev - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (3):154-157.
    Recently, the Israel National Bioethics Council (INBC) issued recommendations permitting egg freezing to prevent both disease- and age-related fertility decline. The INBC report forms the basis of Israel's new policy, being one of the first countries to regulate and authorise egg freezing for what it considers to be non-medical (ie, social) uses. The ethical discussion in the INBC report is reviewed and compared with the scant ethical discourse in the academic literature on egg freezing as a means of preventing age-related (...)
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  10.  18
    Character Strengths as “Values in Action”: Linking Character Strengths With Values Theory – An Exploratory Study of the Case of Gratitude and Self-Transcendence.Shiri Lavy & Maya Benish-Weisman - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Character strengths are widely studied positive traits considered to be “values in action,” reflecting morally valued virtues. They are hypothesized to serve as pathways to the manifestation of values in life for the benefit of individuals and societies. However, there is surprisingly limited theoretical writing and empirical research on the expected links of character strengths with specific values [e.g., as defined by Schwartz ] or on character strengths as the pathway for behavioral and social manifestations of these values. In this (...)
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  11.  33
    Confidence in one’s social beliefs: Implications for belief justification.Asher Koriat & Shiri Adiv - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (4):1599-1616.
    Philosophers commonly define knowledge as justified true beliefs. A heated debate exists, however, about what makes a belief justified. In this article, we examine the question of belief justification from a psychological perspective, focusing on the subjective confidence in a belief that the person has just formed. Participants decided whether to accept or reject a proposition depicting a social belief, and indicated their confidence in their choice. The task was repeated six times, and choice latency was measured. The results were (...)
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  12.  12
    Easterlin-paradox: a revisionist account for the enlightened politician.Shiri Cohen Kaminitz - 2022 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 25 (7):882-898.
    Social scientists have engaged extensively with the empirical findings of the Easterlin-paradox. However, any statement regarding the meaning and implications of the paradox are derived only through the mediation of normative assumptions. The paper renders these assumptions explicit (and, therefore, open for political discussion), a necessary step in legitimizing the Easterlin paradox as a compass for politics. Based on the analysis of the assumptions lurking behind the common implications of the paradox, the paper opens the door to alternative implications of (...)
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  13.  11
    How global is my local milk? Evaluating the first-order inputs of “local” milk in Hawai‘i.Clare Gupta & Tamar Makov - 2017 - Agriculture and Human Values 34 (3):619-630.
    “Local food” is gaining in popularity, particularly within a rising alternative food movement, yet it remains an ambiguous term. We use an illustrative example—the case of “local milk” in Hawai‘i—to demonstrate this point. We evaluate "localness" by measuring the origins of production inputs by economic value and physical mass–an approach that is akin to the Made in America standard. The innovative method we propose is easily replicable to other food products or locations worldwide. We find that most first order production (...)
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  14.  33
    Memory organization of action events and its relationship to memory performance.Asher Koriat & Shiri Pearlman-Avnion - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (3):435.
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  15.  6
    Book Review: Is Austerity Gendered? by Diane Perrons. [REVIEW]Shiri Noy - 2021 - Gender and Society 35 (5):844-846.
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  16.  5
    The Case of Stated Preferences and Social Well-Being Indices.Shiri Cohen Kaminitz & Iddan Sonsono - 2022 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 15 (1).
    This paper provides a real-world test case for how to approach contemporary preference aggregation procedures. We examine the method of using stated preferences to structure social well-being indices. The method has seen increasing popularity and interest, both in economists’ laboratory research and by governments and international institutions. SP offers a sophisticated aggregation of peoples’ preferences regarding social well-being aspects and, in this way, provides elegant and non-paternalistic techniques for deciding how to weigh and prioritize various potential aspects of social well-being. (...)
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  17.  16
    The Effect of Social Network Size on Hashtag Adoption on Twitter.Iris Monster & Shiri Lev-Ari - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (8):3149-3158.
    Propagation of novel linguistic terms is an important aspect of language use and language change. Here, we test how social network size influences people's likelihood of adopting novel labels by examining hashtag use on Twitter. Specifically, we test whether following fewer Twitter users leads to more varied and malleable hashtag use on Twitter, because each followed user is ascribed greater weight and thus exerts greater influence on the following user. Focusing on Dutch users tweeting about the terrorist attack in Brussels (...)
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  18.  10
    Effects of a Mindfulness Intervention Among Arab Teachers Are Mediated by Decentering: A Pilot Study.Aviva Berkovich-Ohana, Shiri Lavy & Kholoud Shanboor - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  19.  31
    The Unforeseen Consequences of Interacting With Non‐Native Speakers.Shiri Lev-Ari, Emily Ho & Boaz Keysar - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 10 (4):835-849.
    Sociolinguistic research shows that listeners' expectations of speakers influence their interpretation of the speech, yet this is often ignored in cognitive models of language comprehension. Here, we focus on the case of interactions between native and non-native speakers. Previous literature shows that listeners process the language of non-native speakers in less detail, because they expect them to have lower linguistic competence. We show that processing the language of non-native speakers increases lexical competition and access in general, not only of the (...)
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  20.  32
    Relative Risk and Relatives' Risks in Genomic Medicine.Angela Fenwick, Shiri Shkedi-Rafid & Anneke Lucassen - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (2):25-27.
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  21.  10
    “Big” Sounds Bigger in More Widely Spoken Languages.Shiri Lev-Ari, Ivet Kancheva, Louise Marston, Hannah Morris, Teah Swingler & Madina Zaynudinova - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (11):e13059.
    Cognitive Science, Volume 45, Issue 11, November 2021.
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  22.  20
    Social network size can influence linguistic malleability and the propagation of linguistic change.Shiri Lev-Ari - 2018 - Cognition 176 (C):31-39.
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  23.  10
    Interacting With Multiple Partners Improves Communication Skills.Shiri Lev-Ari & Natalie Sebanz - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (4):e12836.
    Successful communication is important for both society and people’s personal life. Here we show that people can improve their communication skills by interacting with multiple others, and that this improvement seems to come about by a greater tendency to take the addressee’s perspective when there are multiple partners. In Experiment 1, during a training phase, participants described figures to a new partner in each round or to the same partner in all rounds. Then all participants interacted with a new partner (...)
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  24.  11
    “We must do something instead of just watch”: The First Medical Interpreter Training Course for Eritrean Asylum Seekers in Israel.Galia Sabar & Shiri Tenenboim - 2018 - The European Legacy 23 (7-8):804-820.
    ABSTRACTThis article analyzes the outcomes of the first medical interpreter vocational training course for Eritrean asylum seekers in Israel. Our study draws on the work of Phyllis Butow et al. on medical interpreters’ perceptions of their role, including the challenges they face; on Elena Ragazzi’s call for a flexible evaluation of vocational training outcomes; and on Pierre Bourdieu’s concept of “cultural capital” as an empowering tool for change. The course was initiated in 2013 in response to difficulties experienced by medical (...)
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  25.  39
    Comprehending non-native speakers: theory and evidence for adjustment in manner of processing.Shiri Lev-Ari - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  26.  21
    How the Size of Our Social Network Influences Our Semantic Skills.Shiri Lev-Ari - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (8):2050-2064.
    People differ in the size of their social network, and thus in the properties of the linguistic input they receive. This article examines whether differences in social network size influence individuals’ linguistic skills in their native language, focusing on global comprehension of evaluative language. Study 1 exploits the natural variation in social network size and shows that individuals with larger social networks are better at understanding the valence of restaurant reviews. Study 2 manipulated social network size by randomly assigning participants (...)
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  27.  6
    The Whale and the Microorganism: A Tale of a Classic Example and Linguistic Intuitions.Shiri Lev-Ari - 2023 - Cognitive Science 47 (4):e13287.
    A classic example of the arbitrary relation between the way a word sounds and its meaning is that microorganism is a very long word that refers to a very small entity, whereas whale is a very short word that refers to something very big. This example, originally presented in Hockett's list of language's design features, has been often cited over the years, not only by those discussing the arbitrary nature of language, but also by researchers of sound symbolism. While the (...)
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  28.  14
    Cuteness in avatar design: a cross-cultural study on the influence of baby schema features and other visual characteristics.Shiri Lieber-Milo, Yair Amichai-Hamburger, Tomoko Yonezawa & Kazunori Sugiura - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-11.
    The concept of cuteness, which can evoke positive emotions in people, is an essential aspect to consider in artificial intelligence design. This study aimed to investigate whether the use of baby schema designed avatars in computer-mediated communication elicits higher positive attitudes than neutral avatars and whether the ethnicity of the cute avatars influences individuals' perceived level of cuteness. 485 participants from Israel and Japan viewed six avatar images, including three baby schema avatars of different visual characteristics and ethnicities (Caucasian, Asian, (...)
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  29.  28
    Corrigendum: Comprehending non-native speakers: theory and evidence for adjustment in manner of processing.Shiri Lev-Ari - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  30.  21
    Relative Difficulty of Understanding Foreign Accents as a Marker of Proficiency.Shiri Lev‐Ari, Marieke Heugten & Sharon Peperkamp - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (4):1106-1118.
    Foreign-accented speech is generally harder to understand than native-accented speech. This difficulty is reduced for non-native listeners who share their first language with the non-native speaker. It is currently unclear, however, how non-native listeners deal with foreign-accented speech produced by speakers of a different language. We show that the process of language acquisition is associated with an increase in the relative difficulty of processing foreign-accented speech. Therefore, experiencing greater relative difficulty with foreign-accented speech compared with native speech is a marker (...)
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  31.  8
    The emergence of word order from a social network perspective.Shiri Lev-Ari - 2023 - Cognition 237 (C):105466.
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  32.  31
    Compositional structure can emerge without generational transmission.Limor Raviv, Antje Meyer & Shiri Lev-Ari - 2019 - Cognition 182 (C):151-164.
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  33. The Role of Social Network Structure in the Emergence of Linguistic Structure.Limor Raviv, Antje Meyer & Shiri Lev-Ari - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (8):e12876.
    Social network structure has been argued to shape the structure of languages, as well as affect the spread of innovations and the formation of conventions in the community. Specifically, theoretical and computational models of language change predict that sparsely connected communities develop more systematic languages, while tightly knit communities can maintain high levels of linguistic complexity and variability. However, the role of social network structure in the cultural evolution of languages has never been tested experimentally. Here, we present results from (...)
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  34.  17
    Queer Women in the Hookup Scene: Beyond the Closet?Paula England, Alison C. K. Fogarty, Shiri Regev-Messalem, Verta Taylor & Leila J. Rupp - 2014 - Gender and Society 28 (2):212-235.
    The college hookup scene is a profoundly gendered and heteronormative sexual field. Yet the party and bar scene that gives rise to hookups also fosters the practice of women kissing other women in public, generally to the enjoyment of male onlookers, and sometimes facilitates threesomes involving same-sex sexual behavior between women. In this article, we argue that the hookup scene serves as an opportunity structure to explore same-sex attractions and, at least for some women, to later verify bisexual, lesbian, or (...)
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  35.  20
    Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of Palliative Care Outcome Scale (POS) in Adult Patients With Cancer.Masoud Sirati Nir, Maryam Rassouli, Abbas Ebadi, Soolmaz Mosavi, Maryam Pakseresht, Fatemeh Hasan Shiri, Hossein Souri, Morteza Nasiri, Maryam Karami, Armin Fereidouni & Salman Barasteh - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    BackgroundMeasuring the outcomes of palliative care plays an important role to improve the quality, efficiency, and availability of these services in patients with cancer. Using valid, reliable, and culturally appropriate tools has a considerable role to measure these outcomes. This study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the translated version of the Palliative care Outcome Scale.MethodsThis methodological study was conducted in two outpatient clinics related to Shohada Tajrish and Baqiyatallah hospitals in Tehran in 2019–2020. The translation was done using (...)
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  36.  38
    Do individuals with autism process words in context? Evidence from language-mediated eye-movements.Jon Brock, Courtenay Norbury, Shiri Einav & Kate Nation - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):896-904.
  37.  26
    Exposing Individuals to Foreign Accent Increases their Trust in What Nonnative Speakers Say.Katarzyna Boduch-Grabka & Shiri Lev-Ari - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (11):e13064.
    Cognitive Science, Volume 45, Issue 11, November 2021.
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  38.  58
    Rescue Obligations and Collective Approaches: Complexities in Genomics.Angela Fenwick, Sandi Dheensa, Gillian Crawford, Shiri Shkedi-Rafid & Anneke Lucassen - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (2):23-25.
  39.  35
    Transquantum Dynamics.James Baugh, David Ritz Finkelstein, Andrei Galiautdinov & Mohsen Shiri-Garakani - 2003 - Foundations of Physics 33 (9):1267-1275.
    Segal proposed transquantum commutation relations with two transquantum constants ħ′, ħ″ besides Planck's quantum constant ħ and with a variable i. The Heisenberg quantum algebra is a contraction—in a more general sense than that of Inönü and Wigner—of the Segal transquantum algebra. The usual constant i arises as a vacuum order-parameter in the quantum limit ħ′,ħ″→0. One physical consequence is a discrete spectrum for canonical variables and space-time coordinates. Another is an interconversion of time and energy accompanying space-time meltdown (disorder), (...)
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  40. Tetsugaku shirīzu.Kōun Kajiyoshi (ed.) - 1973
     
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  41.  5
    20-seiki e no chōji: ningen no shinka shirīzu purorōgu = The ultimatum to the 20th century: the human evolution series prologue.Tatsuhiko Ibuki - 1991 - Tōkyō: Tama Shuppan.
  42.  54
    The work of E. T. Jaynes on probability, statistics and statistical physics.D. A. Lavis & P. J. Milligan - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (2):193-210.
    An important contribution to the foundations of probability theory, statistics and statistical physics has been made by E. T. Jaynes. The recent publication of his collected works provides an appropriate opportunity to attempt an assessment of this contribution. * Review of E. T. JAYNES (1983): Papers on Probability, Statistics and Statistical Physics. Edited by R. D. Rosenkrantz. D. Reidel Publishing Company. US $49.50. Pp. xxiv + 434. We are grateful to Harvey Brown, Kenneth Denbigh, Udi Makov and Oliver Penrose (...)
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  43. Sociologie jako cesta ke štěstí: česká verze.Zdeněk R. Nešpor - 2013 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 35 (4):481-497.
    Zájem současné sociologie a dalších společenských věd o výzkumy spokojenosti a štěstí zatemňuje skutečnost, že původně právě sociologie chtěla „štěstí" poskytovat a nahrazovat tak náboženské přístupy ke světu. Tento implicitně nábo- ženský charakter je patrný i v rané české sociologii v dílech prvních propagátorů sociologie, jako byl především Emanuel Makovička, a později u některých následovníků a epigonů T. G. Masaryka, v meziválečném období zejména u Ladislava Kunteho, R. I. Malého, Alexandra Sommera-Batěka, Jindřicha Fleischnera a Jana Duška. Z hlediska vývoje české (...)
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