Results for 'Ruth Kannai'

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  1.  62
    Modeling the Evolution of Legal Discretion. An Artificial Intelligence Approach.Ruth Kannai, Uri Schild & John Zeleznikow - 2007 - Ratio Juris 20 (4):530-558.
    Much legal research focuses on understanding how judicial decision-makers exercise their discretion. In this paper we examine the notion of legal or judicial discretion, and weaker and stronger forms of discretion. At all times our goal is to build cognitive models of the exercise of discretion, with a view to building computer software to model and primarily support decision-making. We observe that discretionary decision-making can best be modeled using three independent axes: bounded and unbounded, defined and undefined, and binary and (...)
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  2.  70
    Intelligent Computer Evaluation of Offender’s Previous Record.Uri J. Schild & Ruth Kannai - 2005 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 13 (3-4):373-405.
    This paper considers the problem of how to evaluate an offender’s criminal record. This evaluation is part of the sentencing process carried out by a judge, and may be complicated in the case of offenders with a heavy record. We give a comprehensive overview of the approach to an offender’s past record in various (Western) countries, considering the two major approaches: desert-based and utilitarian. The paper describes the determination of the parameters involved in the evaluation, and the construction of a (...)
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  3. On Clear and Confused Ideas: An Essay About Substance Concepts.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 2000 - Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Written by one of today's most creative and innovative philosophers, Ruth Garrett Millikan, this book examines basic empirical concepts; how they are acquired, how they function, and how they have been misrepresented in the traditional philosophical literature. Millikan places cognitive psychology in an evolutionary context where human cognition is assumed to be an outgrowth of primitive forms of mentality, and assumed to have 'functions' in the biological sense. Of particular interest are her discussions of the nature of abilities as (...)
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  4. Biosemantics.Ruth Millikan - 2007 - In Brian P. McLaughlin, Ansgar Beckermann & Sven Walter (eds.), The Oxford handbook of philosophy of mind. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  5. Introducing substance concepts.Ruth G. Millikan - 2000 - In Ruth Garrett Millikan (ed.), On Clear and Confused Ideas: An Essay About Substance Concepts. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
  6.  22
    Ethical dimensions in the health professions.Ruth B. Purtilo - 1981 - Philadelphia: Saunders. Edited by Christine K. Cassel.
    The fourth edition of this bestselling title is designed to help you think critically and thoughtfully about ethical decisions you'll face in practice-in any health care discipline. Utilizing a unique 6-step decision making process designed by the author, this multi-disciplinary text provides an expert framework for making effective choices that lead to a professional and caring response to patients and clients.
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  7.  2
    Sceptres and sciences in the Spains: four humanists and the new philosophy (ca. 1680-1740).Ruth Hill - 2000 - Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
    Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz -- Gabriel Álvarez de Toledo -- Pedro de Peralta Barnuevo -- Francisco Botello de Moraes.
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  8.  2
    Onzuivere kritiek / Impure critique.Ruth Sonderegger - 2006 - Krisis 7 (2):3-16.
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  9.  29
    The concept of brotherhood: beyond Arendt and the Muslim Brotherhood.Ruth Starkman - 2013 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 16 (5):595-613.
    Hannah Arendt claims the concept of brotherhood presents false notions of political community that elide historic hatreds of others and threaten modern political life. This paper explores Arendt’s critical assessment of the concept of brotherhood in order to reflect on one specific example: the politics of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt in the wake of the Arab Spring of 2011. While some observers reject Arendt’s assessment of brotherhood as too narrow, her criticisms raise useful questions about democracy and plurality, which (...)
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  10. Semantics, Pragmatics, and Natural-Language Interpretation.Ruth M. Kempson - 1996 - In Shalom Lappin (ed.), The handbook of contemporary semantic theory. Cambridge, Mass., USA: Blackwell Reference. pp. 561--598.
  11. Political Theory, Political Science, and Politics.Ruth W. Grant - 2002 - Political Theory 30 (4):577-595.
  12. Skepticism about Induction.Ruth Weintraub - 2008 - In John Greco (ed.), The Oxford handbook of skepticism. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 129.
    This article considers two arguments that purport to show that inductive reasoning is unjustified: the argument adduced by Sextus Empiricus and the (better known and more formidable) argument given by Hume in the Treatise. While Sextus’ argument can quite easily be rebutted, a close examination of the premises of Hume’s argument shows that they are seemingly cogent. Because the sceptical claim is very unintuitive, the sceptical argument constitutes a paradox. And since attributions of justification are theoretical, and the claim that (...)
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  13. Ellipsis.Ronnie Cann Ruth Kempson, Eleni Gregoromichelaki Arash Eshghi & Matthew Purver - 1996 - In Shalom Lappin & Chris Fox (eds.), Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  14.  45
    Beyond Concepts: Unicepts, Language, and Natural Information.Ruth Millikan - 2017 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    Ruth Garrett Millikan presents a strikingly original account of how we get to grips with the world in thought. Her question is Kant's 'How is knowledge possible?', answered from a contemporary naturalist standpoint. We begin with an understanding of what the world is like prior to cognition, then develop a theory of cognition within that world.
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  15.  6
    Für eine Ästhetik des Spiels: Hermeneutik, Dekonstruktion, und der Eigensinn der Kunst.Ruth Sonderegger - 2000 - Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
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  16. Modalities: philosophical essays.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1961 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Based on her earlier ground-breaking axiomatization of quantified modal logic, the papers collected here by the distinguished philosopher Ruth Barcan Marcus cover much ground in the development of her thought, spanning from 1961 to 1990. The first essay here introduces themes initially viewed as iconoclastic, such as the necessity of identity, the directly referential role of proper names as "tags", the Barcan Formula about the interplay of possibility and existence, and alternative interpretations of quantification. Marcus also addresses the putative (...)
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  17. Conceptualising Meaningful Work as a Fundamental Human Need.Ruth Yeoman - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 125 (2):1-17.
    In liberal political theory, meaningful work is conceptualised as a preference in the market. Although this strategy avoids transgressing liberal neutrality, the subsequent constraint upon state intervention aimed at promoting the social and economic conditions for widespread meaningful work is normatively unsatisfactory. Instead, meaningful work can be understood to be a fundamental human need, which all persons require in order to satisfy their inescapable interests in freedom, autonomy, and dignity. To overcome the inadequate treatment of meaningful work by liberal political (...)
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  18.  5
    Visual Attention in Crisis.Ruth Rosenholtz - forthcoming - Behavioral and Brain Sciences.
    Research on visual attention has uncovered significant anomalies, and some traditional methods may have inadvertently probed peripheral vision rather than attention. Vision science needs to rethink visual attention from the ground up. To facilitate this, for a year I banned the word “attention” in my lab. This constraint promoted a more precise discussion of attention-related phenomena, capacity limits, and mechanisms. The insights gained lead me to challenge attributing to “attention” those phenomena that can be better explained by perceptual processes, are (...)
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  19. Indefinites and scope choice.Ruth Kempson & Wilfried Meyer-Viol - 2004 - In Marga Reimer & Anne Bezuidenhout (eds.), Descriptions and beyond. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  20.  28
    Philosophy and religion in Enlightenment Britain: new case studies.Ruth Savage (ed.) - 2012 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    They examine the currents of thought behind some of the most significant works in Western philosophy, including those by John Locke and David Hume.
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  21. Language: A Biological Model.Ruth Millikan - 2005 - Oxford, GB: Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Ruth Millikan is well known for having developed a strikingly original way for philosophers to seek understanding of mind and language, which she sees as biological phenomena. She now draws together a series of groundbreaking essays which set out her approach to language. Guiding the work of most linguists and philosophers of language today is the assumption that language is governed by prescriptive normative rules. Millikan offers a fundamentally different way of viewing the partial regularities that language displays, comparing (...)
  22. Teleological Theories of mental content.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 2002 - In Lynn Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan.
  23.  14
    Bioethics: a reformed look at life and death choices.Ruth E. Groenhout - 2009 - Grand Rapids, Mich.: Faith Alive Christian Resources.
    Christians, health care, and basic moral reasoning -- When life ends -- Chronic illness, suffering, and Christian responses -- Organ donation and heroic medicine -- Scarce resources and Christian compassion -- Abortion -- Assisted reproduction and embryo selection -- Embryo research and cloning -- What happened to the neighbors? global health care -- The global challenge of HIV/AIDS -- Concluding thoughts.
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  24.  34
    When words unintentionally wound: A duty to self-Censor.Ruth Tallman - 2014 - Think 13 (38):73-84.
    Based on Robert Baker's metaphorical view of damaging language, I argue that morally responsible individuals are obligated to refrain from using the word as a negative adjective directed towards that which the speaker dislikes. According to the metaphorical view, while a speaker may understand her use of the word as devoid of homosexual connotations, the hearer is likely to conclude that his puts him in the same hated category as all of those other objects, events, and persons who are negatively (...)
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  25. Pushmi-pullyu representations.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 1995 - Philosophical Perspectives 9:185-200.
    A list of groceries, Professor Anscombe once suggested, might be used as a shopping list, telling what to buy, or it might be used as an inventory list, telling what has been bought (Anscombe 1957). If used as a shopping list, the world is supposed to conform to the representation: if the list does not match what is in the grocery bag, it is what is in the bag that is at fault. But if used as an inventory list, the (...)
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  26.  7
    Out of the Box – into the Green and the Blue. Comments on a Post-humanist Information Society.Ruth Hagengruber - 2021 - In Thomas Buchheim, Volker Gerhardt, Matthias Lutz-Bachmann, Isabelle Mandrella, Pirmin Stekeler-Weithofer & Wilhelm Vossenkuhl (eds.), Philosophisches Jahrbuch. Verlag Karl Alber. pp. 122-134.
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  27.  21
    Niet alles is altijd mogelijk. Een interview met Josef Früchtl.Ruth Sonderegger & Frank Rebel - 2006 - Krisis 7 (4):17-28.
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  28.  14
    Onzuivere kritiek / Impure critique.Ruth Sonderegger - 2006 - Krisis 7 (2):3-16.
  29.  6
    Truthful Hope.Ruth Sonderegger - 2021 - Krisis 41 (2):53-54.
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  30.  6
    Eine skeptische Überwindung des Zweifels?: Humes Kritik an Rationalismus und Skeptizismus.Ruth Spiertz - 2001 - Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann.
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  31.  6
    Tommaso Campanella: eine Philosophie der Ähnlichkeit.Ruth Hagengruber - 1994 - Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag.
  32.  18
    The New York Times.Ruth E. Kastner - 2005 - Philosophical Practice 1 (1):13-13.
    To the Editor: I was glad to see the Times taking an interest in the growing field of philosophical counseling, as evidenced by its March 21 article “The Socratic Shrink”. However, while providing...
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  33.  20
    David A. J. Richards.Ruth Macklin, George Annas, Daniel Callahan, Leon Kass & LeRoy Walters - 1994 - In Peter Singer (ed.), Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  34. White Queen Psychology and Other Essays for Alice.Ruth Garrett Millikan - 1993 - MIT Press.
    This collection of essays serves both as an introduction to Ruth Millikan’s much-discussed volume Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories and as an extension and application of Millikan’s central themes, especially in the philosophy of psychology. The title essay discusses meaning rationalism and argues that rationality is not in the head, indeed, that there is no legitimate interpretation under which logical possibility and necessity are known a priori. In other essays, Millikan clarifies her views on the nature of mental (...)
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  35.  12
    Discourses of risk and utopia.Ruth Levitas - 2000 - In Barbara Adam, Ulrich Beck & Joost van Loon (eds.), The risk society and beyond: critical issues for social theory. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE. pp. 198--211.
  36. Biosemantics.Ruth Millikan - 1989 - Journal of Philosophy 86 (6):281--297.
    " Biosemantics " was the title of a paper on mental representation originally printed in The Journal of Philosophy in 1989. It contained a much abbreviated version of the work on mental representation in Language Thought and Other Biological Categories. There I had presented a naturalist theory of intentional signs generally, including linguistic representations, graphs, charts and diagrams, road sign symbols, animal communications, the "chemical signals" that regulate the function of glands, and so forth. But the term " biosemantics " (...)
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  37.  8
    How Could They Let This Happen? Cover Ups, Complicity, and the Problem of Accountability.Ruth W. Grant, Suzanne Katzenstein & Christopher Kennedy - 2024 - Res Publica 30 (2):361-400.
    Sexual abuse by clergymen, poisoned water, police brutality—these cases each involve two wrongs: the abuse itself and the attempt to avoid responsibility for it. Our focus is this second wrong—the cover up. Cover ups are accountability failures, and they share common strategies for thwarting accountability whatever the abuse and whatever the institution. We find that cover ups often succeed even when accountability mechanisms are in place. Hence, improved institutions will not be sufficient to prevent accountability failures. Accountability mechanisms are tools (...)
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  38.  11
    The Personal Is Philosophical, or Teaching a Life and Living the Truth: Philosophical Pedagogy at the Boundaries of Self.Ruth Ginzberg - 1999 - In Emanuela Bianchi (ed.), Is feminist philosophy philosophy? Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press. pp. 50.
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  39.  5
    Desarrollo de la velocidad de procesamiento cognitivo a través de herramientas musicales: Una revisión documental.Ruth Alonso Jartín & Damián Saúl Posse Robles - 2022 - Human Review. International Humanities Review / Revista Internacional de Humanidades 11 (6):1-17.
    El ánimo de esta investigación es la de valorar a través de la revisión documental, uno de los aspectos fundamentales para el aprendizaje y el desarrollo de destrezas musicales como es la velocidad de procesamiento (VP). Además, se aborda la estimulación cognitiva (EC) y la atención, como elementos propios del ser humano, que proporcionan aprendizajes significativos. Por otro lado, y para la consecución de contenidos musicales, se establece una relación de procedimientos para la secuenciación docente y a modo de herramientas (...)
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  40. Growth of logical form: the dynamics of syntax.Ruth Kempson, Wilfried Meyer-Viol & Masayuki Otsuka - 2003 - In Jaroslav Peregrin (ed.), Meaning: the dynamic turn. Oxford, UK: Elsevier Science.
     
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  41. of Sax and Gander.Ruth Hubbard - 1996 - In Andrew Ross (ed.), Science wars. Durham: Duke University Press. pp. 46--168.
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  42.  5
    Hermeneutica universalis: die Entfaltung der historisch-kritischen Vernunft im frühen 18. Jahrhundert.Peter Ruth - 2002 - New York: P. Lang.
    Die vorliegende Untersuchung setzt sich mit jenen Werken auseinander, die im frühen 18. Jahrhundert hermeneutische Problemgehalte ansprechen. Gleichsam als Vorbotin einer Kritik der Verstandeserkenntnis wird in der rationalistischen Aufklärung eine Bewegung spürbar, die geschichtshermeneutische, erkenntnis- und moralkritische Ansätze hervorbringt und in Opposition zu allgegenwärtigen nomologischen Vorstellungen die Frage nach dem ganzen Menschen neu formuliert. Diese ästhetisch-hermeneutische Kritik bezieht sich nicht nur auf die Gesetzeswissenschaften, sondern auch auf geschichtliche Problemstellungen, so daß die hier thematisierten Diskussionen über Gemeinsinn, empfindsame Moralkritik und ästhetische (...)
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  43.  9
    Letter to Kay Wilbur, June 30, 1997.Ruth & Harold Schiffrin - 1999 - Chinese Studies in History 33 (1):65-65.
    We were shocked and deeply saddened to learn the news today. We had not heard from Martin for some time and were planning to write soon. Like so many others I considered Martin a loyal friend as well as a distinguished scholar. He set the highest standards for integrity and dedication to scholarship. No one was more generous in sharing his knowledlge with younger scholars.
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  44.  19
    Niet alles is altijd mogelijk. Een interview met Josef Früchtl.Ruth Sonderegger & Frank Rebel - 2006 - Krisis 7 (4):17-28.
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  45.  12
    Yogic Deed of Bodhisattvas: Gyel-tsap on Aryadeva's Four HundredWisdom of Buddha: The Samdhinirmocana SutraMahayanasutralamkara.Ruth Sonam, John Powers, Asanga & Mrs Surekha Vijay Limaye - 1996 - Philosophy East and West 46 (2):289.
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  46. The Rational Imagination: How People Create Alternatives to Reality.Ruth M. J. Byrne - 2005 - MIT Press.
    A leading scholar in the psychology of thinking and reasoning argues that the counterfactual imagination—the creation of "if only" alternatives to ...
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  47.  25
    Philosophy, metaphilosophy and ideology-critique: an interview with Ruth Porter Groff.Ruth Porter Groff & Jamie Morgan - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (2):256-292.
    In this interview, Ruth Groff discusses how she came to be a realist, her role as a community organizer, her relationship to critical realism, and various issues arising from her published work over the years. Discussion ranges across the nature of positivism and its legacy, the concept of falsehood, realism about causal powers, mind-independent reality, the history of philosophy, and the underlying interest in ideology-critique that runs through her thinking.
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  48.  83
    Charles Taylor.Ruth Abbey (ed.) - 2000 - Cambridge: Routledge.
    Charles Taylor is one of the most influential and prolific philosophers in the English-speaking world today. The breadth of his writings is unique, ranging from reflections on artificial intelligence to analyses of contemporary multicultural societies. This thought-provoking introduction to Taylor's work outlines his ideas in a coherent and accessible way without reducing their richness and depth. His contribution to many of the enduring debates within Western philosophy is examined and the arguments of his critics assessed. Taylor's reflections on the topics (...)
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  49.  12
    The Possibilist Transactional Interpretation and Relativity.Ruth E. Kastner - 2012 - Foundations of Physics 42 (8):1094-1113.
    A recent ontological modification of Cramer’s Transactional Interpretation, called “Possibilist Transactional Interpretation” or PTI, is extended to the relativistic domain. The present interpretation clarifies the concept of ‘absorption,’ which plays a crucial role in TI. In particular, in the relativistic domain, coupling amplitudes between fields are interpreted as amplitudes for the generation of confirmation waves by a potential absorber in response to offer waves, whereas in the nonrelativistic context CW are taken as generated with certainty. It is pointed out that (...)
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  50.  67
    An Ethics Framework for a Learning Health Care System: A Departure from Traditional Research Ethics and Clinical Ethics.Ruth R. Faden, Nancy E. Kass, Steven N. Goodman, Peter Pronovost, Sean Tunis & Tom L. Beauchamp - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (s1):16-27.
    Calls are increasing for American health care to be organized as a learning health care system, defined by the Institute of Medicine as a health care system “in which knowledge generation is so embedded into the core of the practice of medicine that it is a natural outgrowth and product of the healthcare delivery process and leads to continual improvement in care.” We applaud this conception, and in this paper, we put forward a new ethics framework for it. No such (...)
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