Results for 'Paul M. Lehrer'

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  1.  49
    Heart rate variability biofeedback: how and why does it work?Paul M. Lehrer & Richard Gevirtz - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  2. Functionalism at Forty: A Critical Retrospective.Paul M. Churchland - 2005 - Journal of Philosophy 102 (1):33 - 50.
  3. Eliminative Materialism and the Propositional Attitudes.Paul M. Churchland - 1981 - Journal of Philosophy 78 (2):67-90.
    Eliminative materialism is the thesis that our common-sense conception of psychological phenomena constitutes a radically false theory, a theory so fundamentally defective that both the principles and the ontology of that theory will eventually be displaced, rather than smoothly reduced, by completed neuroscience. Our mutual understanding and even our introspection may then be reconstituted within the conceptual framework of completed neuroscience, a theory we may expect to be more powerful by far than the common-sense psychology it displaces, and more substantially (...)
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  4.  55
    Conceptual progress and word/world relations: In search of the essence of natural kinds.Paul M. Churchland - 1985 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 15 (1):1-17.
    The problem of natural kinds forms the busy crossroads where a number of larger problems meet: the problem of universals, the problem of induction and projectibility, the problem of natural laws and de re modalities, the problem of meaning and reference, the problem of intertheoretic reduction, the question of the aim of science, and the problem of scientific realism in general. Nor do these exhaust the list. Not surprisingly then, different writers confront a different ‘problem of natural kinds,’ depending on (...)
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  5.  14
    Conceptual Progress and Word/World Relations.Paul M. Churchland - 1985 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 15 (1):1-17.
    The problem of natural kinds forms the busy crossroads where a number of larger problems meet: the problem of universals, the problem of induction and projectibility, the problem of natural laws and de re modalities, the problem of meaning and reference, the problem of intertheoretic reduction, the question of the aim of science, and the problem of scientific realism in general. Nor do these exhaust the list. Not surprisingly then, different writers confront a different ‘problem of natural kinds,’ depending on (...)
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  6. The character of natural language semantics.Paul M. Pietroski - 2003 - In Alex Barber (ed.), Epistemology of language. Oxford University Press. pp. 217--256.
    Paul M. Pietroski, University of Maryland I had heard it said that Chomsky’s conception of language is at odds with the truth-conditional program in semantics. Some of my friends said it so often that the point—or at least a point—finally sunk in.
     
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  7.  5
    Beyond the control of God?: six views on the problem of God and abstract objects.Paul M. Gould (ed.) - 2014 - New York: Bloomsbury Publishing.
  8. Matter and Consciousness: A Contemporary Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind.Paul M. Churchland (ed.) - 1984 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
    The Mind-Body Problem Questions: What is the mind? What is its connection to the body? Most basic division of answers: Dualist and Materialist (or Physicalist) responses.
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  9. A taxonomy for the mereology of entangled quantum systems.Paul M. Näger & Niko Strobach - manuscript
    The emerging field of quantum mereology considers part-whole relations in quantum systems. Entangled quantum systems pose a peculiar problem in the field, since their total states are not reducible to that of their parts. While there exist several established proposals for modelling entangled systems, like monistic holism or relational holism, there is considerable unclarity, which further positions are available. Using the lambda operator and plural logic as formal tools, we review and develop conceivable models and evaluate their consistency and distinctness. (...)
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  10.  65
    Function and concatenation.Paul M. Pietroski - 2002 - In Georg Peter & Gerhard Preyer (eds.), Logical Form and Language. Oxford University Press. pp. 91--117.
    Paul M. Pietroski, University of Maryland For any sentence of a natural language, we can ask the following questions: what is its meaning; what is its syntactic structure; and how is its meaning related to its syntactic structure? Attending to these questions, as they apply to sentences that provide evidence for Davidsonian event analyses, suggests that we reconsider some traditional views about how the syntax of a natural sentence is related to its meaning.
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  11. Matter and Consciousness.Paul M. Churchland - 1985 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
    In _Matter and Consciousness_, Paul Churchland presents a concise and contemporary overview of the philosophical issues surrounding the mind and explains the main theories and philosophical positions that have been proposed to solve them. Making the case for the relevance of theoretical and experimental results in neuroscience, cognitive science, and artificial intelligence for the philosophy of mind, Churchland reviews current developments in the cognitive sciences and offers a clear and accessible account of the connections to philosophy of mind. For (...)
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  12.  4
    Identifying resource-rational heuristics for risky choice.Paul M. Krueger, Frederick Callaway, Sayan Gul, Thomas L. Griffiths & Falk Lieder - forthcoming - Psychological Review.
  13. Mental causation for dualists.Paul M. Pietroski - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (3):336-366.
    The philosophical problem of mental causation concerns a clash between commonsense and scientific views about the causation of human behaviour. On the one hand, commonsense suggests that our actions are caused by our mental states—our thoughts, intentions, beliefs and so on. On the other hand, neuroscience assumes that all bodily movements are caused by neurochemical events. It is implausible to suppose that our actions are causally overdetermined in the same way that the ringing of a bell may be overdetermined by (...)
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  14. Reduction, qualia and the direct introspection of brain states.Paul M. Churchland - 1985 - Journal of Philosophy 82 (January):8-28.
  15. Introduction to the History and Philosophy of Mathematical Practice in Constructing the Reals.Paul M. Livingston - 2024 - In Bharath Sriraman (ed.), Handbook of the History and Philosophy of Mathematical Practice. Cham: Springer. pp. 1461-1472.
    The ancient problem of the relationship of the continuous to the discrete, since its discovery by the Greeks, has posed a range of immensely fruitful challenges to both philosophical and mathematical thought, leading to a variety of mathematical and conceptual innovations whose positive development actively continues today. In this brief section introduction, I selectively outline some significant moments at which this problem has provided important historical occasions for concrete mathematical innovation as well as closely linked philosophical insights, before introducing the (...)
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  16. Semantic typology and composition.Paul M. Pietroski - 2018 - In Derek Ball & Brian Rabern (eds.), The Science of Meaning: Essays on the Metatheory of Natural Language Semantics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
     
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  17.  42
    Plato's Camera: How the Physical Brain Captures a Landscape of Abstract Universals.Paul M. Churchland - 2012 - MIT Press.
    In _ Plato's Camera_, eminent philosopher Paul Churchland offers a novel account of how the brain constructs a representation -- or "takes a picture" -- of the universe's timeless categorical and dynamical structure. This construction process, which begins at birth, yields the enduring background conceptual framework with which we will interpret our sensory experience for the rest of our lives. But, as even Plato knew, to make singular perceptual judgments requires that we possess an antecedent framework of abstract categories (...)
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  18. Scientific Realism and the Plasticity of Mind.Paul M. Churchland - 1979 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
  19.  25
    Scientific Realism and the Plasticity of Mind.Paul M. Churchland (ed.) - 1979 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    A study in the philosophy of science, proposing a strong form of the doctrine of scientific realism' and developing its implications for issues in the philosophy of mind.
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  20.  27
    Images of Science: Essays on Realism and Empiricism.Paul M. Churchland & Clifford A. Hooker (eds.) - 1985 - University of Chicago Press.
    "Churchland and Hooker have collected ten papers by prominent philosophers of science which challenge van Fraassen's thesis from a variety of realist perspectives. Together with van Fraassen's extensive reply... these articles provide a comprehensive picture of the current debate in philosophy of science between realists and anti-realists."—Jeffrey Bub and David MacCallum, Foundations of Physics Letters.
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  21. A Neurocomputational Perspective: The Nature of Mind and the Structure of Science.Paul M. Churchland - 1989 - MIT Press.
    A Neurocomputationial Perspective illustrates the fertility of the concepts and data drawn from the study of the brain and of artificial networks that model the...
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  22. Perceptual plasticity and theoretical neutrality: A reply to Jerry Fodor.Paul M. Churchland - 1988 - Philosophy of Science 55 (June):167-87.
    The doctrine that the character of our perceptual knowledge is plastic, and can vary substantially with the theories embraced by the perceiver, has been criticized in a recent paper by Fodor. His arguments are based on certain experimental facts and theoretical approaches in cognitive psychology. My aim in this paper is threefold: to show that Fodor's views on the impenetrability of perceptual processing do not secure a theory-neutral foundation for knowledge; to show that his views on impenetrability are almost certainly (...)
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  23. Scientific Realism and the Plasticity of Mind.Paul M. Churchland - 1981 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 43 (2):397-397.
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  24.  35
    Plato's Camera: How the Physical Brain Captures a Landscape of Abstract Universals.Paul M. Churchland - 2013 - MIT Press.
    In _ Plato's Camera_, eminent philosopher Paul Churchland offers a novel account of how the brain constructs a representation -- or "takes a picture" -- of the universe's timeless categorical and dynamical structure. This construction process, which begins at birth, yields the enduring background conceptual framework with which we will interpret our sensory experience for the rest of our lives. But, as even Plato knew, to make singular perceptual judgments requires that we possess an antecedent framework of abstract categories (...)
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  25. Functionalism, Qualia, and Intentionality.Paul M. Churchland & Patricia Smith Churchland - 1981 - Philosophical Topics 12 (1):121-145.
  26. Scientific Realism and the Plasticity of Mind.Paul M. Churchland - 1980 - Philosophy 55 (212):273-275.
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  27. Could a machine think?Paul M. Churchland & Patricia S. Churchland - 1990 - Scientific American 262 (1):32-37.
  28. Folk psychology and the explanation of human behavior.Paul M. Churchland - 1988 - Philosophical Perspectives 3:225-241.
  29.  86
    On the Contrary: Critical Essays, 1987-1997.Paul M. Churchland & Patricia Smith Churchland (eds.) - 1998 - Cambridge: MIT Press.
    This collection was prepared in the belief that the most useful and revealing of anyone's writings are often those shorter essays penned in conflict with...
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  30. The Engine of Reason, the Seat of the Soul: A Philosophical Journey Into the Brain.Paul M. Churchland - 1995 - MIT Press.
    For the uninitiated, there are two major tendencies in the modeling of human cognition. The older, tradtional school believes, in essence, that full human cognition can be modeled by dividing the world up into distinct entities -- called __symbol s__-- such as “dog”, “cat”, “run”, “bite”, “happy”, “tumbleweed”, and so on, and then manipulating this vast set of symbols by a very complex and very subtle set of rules. The opposing school claims that this system, while it might be good (...)
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  31. Knowing qualia: A reply to Jackson.Paul M. Churchland - 1989 - In A Neurocomputational Perspective: The Nature of Mind and the Structure of Science. MIT Press. pp. 163--178.
  32.  29
    Conjoining Meanings: Semantics Without Truth Values.Paul M. Pietroski - 2018 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    Paul M. Pietroski presents an ambitious new account of human languages as generative procedures that respect substantive constraints. He argues that meanings are neither concepts nor extensions, and sentences do not have truth conditions; meanings are composable instructions for how to access and assemble concepts of a special sort.
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  33. Matter and Consciousness: A Contemporary Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind.Paul M. Churchland - 1985 - Mind 94 (374):306-307.
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  34. The logical character of action-explanations.Paul M. Churchland - 1970 - Philosophical Review 79 (2):214-236.
  35.  55
    Philosophy and the vision of language.Paul M. Livingston - 2008 - New York: Routledge.
    Early analytic philosophy -- Radical translation and intersubjective practice -- Critical outcome.
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  36. On the nature of theories: A neurocomputational perspective.Paul M. Churchland - 1989 - Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science 14:59--101.
  37. The rediscovery of light.Paul M. Churchland - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (5):211-28.
  38. Intertheoretic reduction: A neuroscientist's field guide.Paul M. Churchland & Patricia S. Churchland - 1992 - In Y. Christen & P. S. Churchland (eds.), Neurophilosophy and Alzheimer's Disease. Cambridge: Springer Verlag. pp. 18--29.
  39. Chimerical colors: Some phenomenological predictions from cognitive neuroscience.Paul M. Churchland - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (5):527-560.
    The Hurvich-Jameson (H-J) opponent-process network offers a familiar account of the empirical structure of the phenomenological color space for humans, an account with a number of predictive and explanatory virtues. Its successes form the bulk of the existing reasons for suggesting a strict identity between our various color sensations on the one hand, and our various coding vectors across the color-opponent neurons in our primary visual pathways on the other. But anti-reductionists standardly complain that the systematic parallels discovered by the (...)
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  40. The information capacity of the human motor system in controlling the amplitude of movement.Paul M. Fitts - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (6):381.
  41.  87
    A Neurocomputational Perspective: The Nature of Mind and the Structure of Science.Lynne Rudder Baker & Paul M. Churchland - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (4):906.
  42.  91
    On the nature of explanation: A PDP approach.Paul M. Churchland - 1989 - In A Neurocomputational Perspective: The Nature of Mind and the Structure of Science. MIT Press.
  43. The neural representation of the social world.Paul M. Churchland - 1998 - In The Digital Phoenix. Cambridge: Blackwell.
  44.  69
    The Rediscovery of Light.Paul M. Churchland - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (5):211.
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  45.  15
    Epigramme: Lateinisch – Deutsch.M. Valerius Martialis - 2013 - Akademie Verlag.
    Paul Barié war Lehrer für Latein, Griechisch und Philosophie sowie Dozent für Hebräisch. Winfried Schindler war Lehrer für Latein, Deutsch und Philosophie. Beide waren Fachberater für Alte Sprachen.
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  46. The evolving fortunes of eliminative materialism.Paul M. Churchland - 2007 - In Brian P. McLaughlin & Jonathan D. Cohen (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Mind. Blackwell.
  47. Stalking the wild epistemic engine.Paul M. Churchland & Patricia S. Churchland - 1983 - Noûs 17 (1):5-18.
  48.  81
    Events and semantic architecture.Paul M. Pietroski - 2005 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    A study of how syntax relates to meaning by a leader of the new generation of philosopher-linguists.
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  49. Functionalism at Forty.Paul M. Churchland - 2005 - Journal of Philosophy 102 (1):33-50.
  50. Some reductive strategies in cognitive neurobiology.Paul M. Churchland - 1986 - Mind 95 (July):279-309.
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