Results for 'Neuropsychology'

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  1.  72
    What Neuropsychology Tells Us About Consciousness.Ran Lahav - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (1):67-85.
    I argue that, contrary to some critics, the notion of conscious experience is a good candidate for denoting a distinct and scientifically interesting phenomenon in the brain. I base this claim mainly on an analysis of neuropsychological data concerning deficits resulting from various types of brain damage as well as some additional supporting empirical evidence. These data strongly point to the hypothesis that conscious experience expresses information that is available for global, integrated, and flexible behavior.
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  2.  24
    Neuropsychological Inference with an Interactive Brain: A Critique of the “Locality” Assumption.Martha J. Farah - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):43-61.
    When cognitive neuropsychologists make inferences about the functional architecture of the normal mind from selective cognitive impairments they generally assume that the effects of brain damage are local, that is, that the nondamaged components of the architecture continue to function as they did before the damage. This assumption follows from the view that the components of the functional architecture are modular, in the sense of being informationally encapsulated. In this target article it is argued that this “locality” assumption is probably (...)
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  3. Neuropsychology and the Criminal Responsibility of Psychopaths: Reconsidering the Evidence.Marko Jurjako & Luca Malatesti - 2018 - Erkenntnis 83 (5):1003-1025.
    Recently it has been argued that certain neuropsychological findings on the decision-making, instrumental learning, and moral understanding in psychopathic offenders offer reasons to consider them not criminally responsible, due to certain epistemic and volitional impairments. We reply to this family of arguments, that collectively we call the irresponsibility of the psychopath argument. This type of argument has a premise that describes or prescribes the deficiencies that grant or should grant partial or complete criminal exculpation. The other premise contends that neuropsychological (...)
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  4. Neuropsychological Inference with an Interactive Brain: A Critique of the “Locality” Assumption.Martha J. Farah - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):90-100.
    When cognitive neuropsychologists make inferences about the functional architecture of the normal mind from selective cognitive impairments they generally assume that the effects of brain damage are local, that is, that the nondamaged components of the architecture continue to function as they did before the damage. This assumption follows from the view that the components of the functional architecture are modular, in the sense of being informationally encapsulated. In this target article it is argued that this “locality” assumption is probably (...)
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  5. The Neuropsychology of Consciousness.A. David Milner & M. D. Rugg (eds.) - 1991 - Academic Press.
  6.  15
    A Neuropsychological Theory of Positive Affect and its Influence on Cognition.F. Gregory Ashby, Alice M. Isen & And U. Turken - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (3):529-550.
  7. Cognitive Neuropsychology and the Philosophy of Mind.Tony Stone & Martin Davies - 1993 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (4):589-622.
  8.  87
    Précis of The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An Enquiry Into the Functions of the Septo-Hippocampal System.Jeffrey A. Gray - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (3):469-484.
    A model of the neuropsychology of anxiety is proposed. The model is based in the first instance upon an analysis of the behavioural effects of the antianxiety drugs in animals. From such psychopharmacologi-cal experiments the concept of a “behavioural inhibition system” has been developed. This system responds to novel stimuli or to those associated with punishment or nonreward by inhibiting ongoing behaviour and increasing arousal and attention to the environment. It is activity in the BIS that constitutes anxiety and (...)
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  9. The Neuropsychology of Religious and Spiritual Experience.Andrew B. Newberg & Eugene G. D'Aquili - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (11-12):251-266.
    This paper considers the neuropsychology of religious and spiritual experiences. This requires a review of our current understanding of brain function as well as an integrated synthesis to derive a neuropsychological model of spiritual experiences. Religious and spiritual experiences are highly complex states that likely involve many brain structures including those involved in higher order processing of sensory and cognitive input as well as those involved in the elaboration of emotions and autonomic responses. Such an analysis can help elucidate (...)
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  10.  8
    A Neuropsychological Theory of Multiple Systems in Category Learning.F. Gregory Ashby, Leola A. Alfonso-Reese, And U. Turken & Elliott M. Waldron - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (3):442-481.
  11.  38
    The Neuropsychology of Schizophrenia.J. A. Gray, J. Feldon, J. N. P. Rawlins, D. R. Hemsley & A. D. Smith - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):1-20.
  12.  61
    Précis of From Neuropsychology to Mental Structure.Tim Shallice - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (3):429-438.
    Neuropsychological results are increasingly cited in cognitive theories although their methodology has been severely criticised. The book argues for an eclectic approach but particularly stresses the use of single-case studies. A range of potential artifacts exists when inferences are made from such studies to the organisation of normal function – for example, resource differences among tasks, premorbid individual differences, and reorganisation of function. The use of “strong” and “classical” dissociations minimises potential artifacts. The theoretical convergence between findings from fields where (...)
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  13.  24
    Computational Neuropsychology and Bayesian Inference.Thomas Parr, Geraint Rees & Karl J. Friston - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  14. A Neuropsychological Model of Memory and Consciousness.Morris Moscovitch - 1992 - In L. R. Squire & N. Butters (eds.), Neuropsychology of Memory. Guilford Press.
  15.  33
    A Neuropsychological Approach to Auditory Verbal Hallucinations and Thought Insertion - Grounded in Normal Voice Perception.Johanna Badcock - 2016 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7 (3):631-652.
    A neuropsychological perspective on auditory verbal hallucinations links key phenomenological features of the experience, such as voice location and identity, to functionally separable pathways in normal human audition. Although this auditory processing stream framework has proven valuable for integrating research on phenomenology with cognitive and neural accounts of hallucinatory experiences, it has not yet been applied to other symptoms presumed to be closely related to AVH – such as thought insertion. In this paper, I propose that an APS framework offers (...)
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  16.  15
    Neuropsychological Interpretation of the Effects of Drive and Incentive-Motivation on General Activity and Instrumental Behavior.Dalbir Bindra - 1968 - Psychological Review 75 (1):1-22.
  17.  57
    Psychopathy, Executive Functions, and Neuropsychological Data: A Response to Sifferd and Hirstein.Marko Jurjako & Luca Malatesti - 2018 - Neuroethics 11 (1):55-65.
    Psychopathy, executive functions, and neuropsychological data: a response to Sifferd and Hirstein.
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  18. The Multiplicity of Self: Neuropsychological Evidence and its Implications for the Self as a Construct in Psychological Research.Stan Klein & Cynthia Gangi - 2010 - Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1191:1-15.
    This paper examines the issue ofwhat the self is by reviewing neuropsychological research,which converges on the idea that the selfmay be more complex and differentiated than previous treatments of the topic have suggested. Although some aspects of self-knowledge such as episodic recollection may be compromised in individuals, other aspects—for instance, semantic trait summaries—appear largely intact. Taken together, these findings support the idea that the self is not a single, unified entity. Rather, it is a set of interrelated, functionally independent systems. (...)
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  19.  26
    A Neuropsychological Challenge to the Sentimentalism/Rationalism Distinction.Geoffrey Holtzman - 2018 - Synthese 195 (5):1873-1889.
    Critical reflection on the available neuropsychological evidence suggests that the roles of emotion and reason in moral judgment may not be distinct. This casts significant doubt on our current understanding of moral judgment, and therefore also on all philosophical theories based on that understanding. Most notably, it raises doubts about both sentimentalism and rationalism, which historically have often been treated as exclusive and exhaustive theories regarding the nature of moral concepts. As an alternative, I endorse pluralism with regard to the (...)
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  20.  5
    Clinical Neuropsychology as a Specialist Profession in European Health Care: Developing a Benchmark for Training Standards and Competencies Using the Europsy Model?Laura Hokkanen, Fernando Barbosa, Amélie Ponchel, Marios Constantinou, Mary H. Kosmidis, Nataliya Varako, Erich Kasten, Sara Mondini, Sandra Lettner, Gus Baker, Bengt A. Persson & Erik Hessen - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  21. Neuropsychology of Memory.M. Davis - 1992
  22. Neuropsychology of Memory.G. J. Thomas & J. M. Ordy - 1992
  23.  5
    A Neuropsychological Theory of Motor Skill Learning.Daniel B. Willingham - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (3):558-584.
  24. The Neuropsychological Basis of Religions, or Why God Won't Go Away.Eugene G. D'Aquili & Andrew B. Newberg - 1998 - Zygon 33 (2):187-201.
  25.  8
    The Neuropsychology of Schizophrenia: Act 3.D. R. Hemsley, J. N. P. Rawlins, J. Feldon, S. H. Jones & J. A. Gray - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):209-215.
  26.  18
    Neuropsychology and Linguistics: Topics of Common Research.Egon Weigl & Manfred Bierwisch - 1970 - Foundations of Language 6 (1):1-18.
  27. Neuropsychology of Awareness.Andrew W. Young - 1995 - In Antti Revonsuo & M. Kampinnen (eds.), Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience. Lawrence Erlbaum.
  28.  9
    Neuropsychological Mechanisms of Interval Timing Behavior.Matthew S. Matell & Warren H. Meck - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (1):94-103.
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  29. The Neuropsychology of Proper Names.Carlo Semenza - 2009 - Mind and Language 24 (4):347-369.
    The difference between common and proper names seems to derive from specific semantic characteristics of proper names. In particular, proper names refer to specific individual entities or events, and unlike common names, rarely map onto more general semantic characteristics (attributes, concepts, categories). This fact makes the link proper names have with their reference particularly fragile. Processing proper names seems, as a consequence, to require special cognitive and neural resources. Neuropsychological findings show that proper names and common names follow functionally distinct (...)
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  30.  70
    Neuropsychological Functioning and Recall of Research Consent Information Among Drug Court Clients.David S. Festinger, Kattiya Ratanadilok, Douglas B. Marlowe, Karen L. Dugosh, Nicholas S. Patapis & David S. DeMatteo - 2007 - Ethics and Behavior 17 (2):163 – 186.
    Evidence suggests that research participants often fail to recall much of the information provided during the informed consent process. This study was conducted to determine the proportion of consent information recalled by drug court participants following a structured informed consent procedure and the neuropsychological factors that were related to recall. Eighty-five participants completed a standard informed consent procedure to participate in an ongoing research study, followed by a 17-item consent quiz and a brief neuropsychological battery 2 weeks later. Participants performed (...)
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  31. A Neuropsychological and Evolutionary Approach to Animal Consciousness and Animal Suffering.B. Bermond - 2001 - Animal Welfare Supplement 10:47- 62.
  32.  7
    A Neuropsychological Theory of Hippocampal Function: Procrustean Treatment of Inconvenient Data.Ivan Divac - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):326-327.
  33.  28
    Neuropsychological Dissociations Between Priming and Recognition: A Single-System Connectionist Account.Annette Kinder & David R. Shanks - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (4):728-744.
  34.  13
    Neuropsychological Assessment of Older Adults With Virtual Reality: Association of Age, Schooling, and General Cognitive Status.Camila R. Oliveira, Brandel J. P. Lopes Filho, Cristiane S. Esteves, Tainá Rossi, Daniela S. Nunes, Margarida M. B. M. P. Lima, Tatiana Q. Irigaray & Irani I. L. Argimon - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  35. Neuropsychology for Occupational Therapists: Cognition in Occupational Performance.[author unknown] - 2017
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  36.  17
    Neurophysiological and Neuropsychological Aspects of Spatial Neglect.Marc Jeannerod (ed.) - 1987 - Elsevier Science.
    In this volume, three aspects are examined: a) normal subjects, where new findings on spatial behavior are described. b) brain-lesioned subjects, where the ...
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  37. Reverse Inference in Neuropsychology.Clark Glymour & Catherine Hanson - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (4):1139-1153.
    Reverse inference in cognitive neuropsychology has been characterized as inference to ‘psychological processes’ from ‘patterns of activation’ revealed by functional magnetic resonance or other scanning techniques. Several arguments have been provided against the possibility. Focusing on Machery’s presentation, we attempt to clarify the issues, rebut the impossibility arguments, and propose and illustrate a strategy for reverse inference. 1 The Problem of Reverse Inference in Cognitive Neuropsychology2 The Arguments2.1 The anti-Bayesian argument3 Patterns of Activation4 Reverse Inference Practiced5 Seek and Ye (...)
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  38.  15
    Longitudinal Neuropsychological Assessment in Two Elderly Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Case Report.Margarete Klein, Maria Aparecida Silva, Gabriel Okawa Belizario, Cristiana Castanho de Almeida Rocca, Antonio De Padua Serafim & Mario R. Louzã - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  39.  13
    Neuropsychology and the Cognitive Nature of the Emotions.W. Gerrod Parrott & Jay Schulkin - 1993 - Cognition and Emotion 7 (1):43-59.
  40.  24
    Neuropsychological Evidence and the Semantic/Episodic Distinction.Alan D. Baddeley - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (2):238.
  41.  13
    Cognitive Neuropsychology.Max Coltheart - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
  42.  49
    Neuropsychological Aspects of Enhancing the Will.Walter Glannon - 2012 - The Monist 95 (3):378-398.
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  43.  16
    Prospects for a Cognitive Neuropsychology of Autism: Hobson's Choice.Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (1):122-131.
  44.  11
    Neuropsychological Consequences for Survivors of Childhood Brain Tumor in Malaysia.Hamidah Alias, Sie Chong D. Lau, Ilse Schuitema & Leo M. J. de Sonneville - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  45. Neuropsychological Evidence for Multimodal Representations of Space Near Specific Body Parts.E. Ladavas & A. Farnè - 2004 - In Charles Spence & Jon Driver (eds.), Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention. Oxford University Press. pp. 69--98.
     
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  46.  67
    The Neuropsychology of Aesthetic, Spiritual, and Mystical States.Eugene G. D'Aquili & Andrew B. Newberg - 2000 - Zygon 35 (1):39-51.
  47. The Subject in Neuropsychology: Individuating Minds in the Split‐Brain Case.Elizabeth Schechter - 2015 - Mind and Language 30 (5):501-525.
    Many experimental findings with split-brain subjects intuitively suggest that each such subject has two minds. The conceptual and empirical basis of this duality intuition has never been fully articulated. This article fills that gap, by offering a reconstruction of early neuropsychological literature on the split-brain phenomenon. According to that work, the hemispheres operate independently of each other insofar as they interact via the mediation of effection and transduction—via behavior and sensation, essentially. This is how your mind and my mind interact (...)
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  48. Neuropsychological Data, Intuitions, and Semantic Theories.Diego Marconi - 2005 - Mind and Society 4 (2):149-162.
    1. The issue - The reflection I am proposing was stimulated by some recent research on the mental processing of proper names. However, the issue I am raising is independent of both the particular nature of such results and the fact that they are accepted as well established. The question I would like to ask is whether (neuro)psychological results on the mental processing of language can falsify (or confirm) semantic theses about natural language. By a semantic thesis I mean something (...)
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  49.  78
    The Cognitive Neuropsychology of Delusions.Robyn Langdon & Max Coltheart - 2000 - Mind and Language 15 (1):183-216.
  50. Neuropsychological Profile of College Students Who Engage in Binge Drinking.Jae-Gu Kang & Myung-Sun Kim - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    This study investigated the neuropsychological profile of college students who engage in binge drinking using comprehensive neuropsychological tests evaluating verbal/non-verbal memory, executive functions, and attention. Groups were determined based on scores on the Korean version of the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test and Alcohol Use Questionnaire. There were 79 and 81 participants in the BD and non-BD groups, respectively. We administered the Korean version of the California Verbal Learning Test and Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test to evaluate verbal and non-verbal memory, (...)
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