Results for 'Claire Kremen'

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  1.  11
    A Framework on Polarization, Cognitive Inflexibility, and Rigid Cognitive Specialization.James Shyan-Tau Wu, Christoph Hauert, Claire Kremen & Jiaying Zhao - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Polarization is pervasive in the current sociopolitical discourse. Polarization tends to increase cognitive inflexibility where people become less capable of updating their beliefs upon new information or switching between different ways of thinking. Cognitive inflexibility can in turn increase polarization. We propose that this positive feedback loop between polarization and cognitive inflexibility is a form of threat response that has benefited humans throughout their evolutionary history. This feedback loop, which can be driven by conflict mindset, group conformity, and simplification of (...)
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  2. Embracing Incoherence.Claire Field - 2021 - In Nick Hughes (ed.), Epistemic Dilemmas. Oxford University Press. pp. 1-29.
    Incoherence is usually regarded as a bad thing. Incoherence suggests irrationality, confusion, paradox. Incoherentism disagrees: incoherence is not always a bad thing, sometimes we ought to be incoherent. If correct, Incoherentism has important and controversial implications. It implies that rationality does not always require coherence. Dilemmism and Incoherentism both embrace conflict in epistemology. After identifying some important differences between these two ways of embracing conflict, I offer some reasons to prefer Incoherentism over Dilemmism. Namely, that Incoherentism allows us to deliberate (...)
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  3.  12
    Transformation of the Human Image in the Paradigm of Knowledge Evolution.V. H. Kremen & V. V. Ilin - 2021 - Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research 19:5-14.
    Purpose. The knowledge influence analysis on the formation process of new anthropological images of man in the contexts of scientific achievements and innovative technologies is the basis of this study. It involves the solution of the following tasks: 1) explication of the ontological content of knowledge in the anthropo-cultural senses of the epoch; 2) analysis of the knowledge influence on the process of forming a new type of man; 3) characteristics of the modern anthropological situation in the context of digital (...)
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  4.  11
    Philosophy of Human-Centrism in the System of Anthropological Studies.V. H. Kremen & V. V. Ilin - 2022 - Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research 21:5-14.
    _Purpose._ The basis of the presented research is a philosophical and methodological analysis of the human-centrism concept as a new intellectual strategy of comprehending and understanding the prospects of human existence in a situation of information-digital reality, which provides for the consistent solution of the following problems: 1) to make an explication of the conceptual content and semantic loading of human-centrism in the discourses of social philosophy and philosophical anthropology; 2) to analyse the theoretical significance and methodological role of human-centrism (...)
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  5.  15
    An introduction to the cognitive science of religion: connecting evolution, brain, cognition, and culture.Claire White - 2021 - New York: Routledge.
    In recent decades, a new scientific approach to understand, explain, and predict many features of religion has emerged. The cognitive science of religion has amassed research on the forces that shape the tendency for humans to be religious and on what forms belief takes. It suggests that religion, like language or music, naturally emerges in humans with tractable similarities. This new approach has profound implications for how we understand religion, including why it appears so easily, and why people are willing (...)
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  6.  5
    Space and Time.Roman Kremen - forthcoming - Vox Philosophical journal.
    The genesis of space and time is investigated within the rotational-monadic paradigm. It is established that the essence of the phenomenon of space is revealed through the dialectical synthesis of its two aspects — ideal and material, where the material aspect is represented by the metaphysical construct of protomonad. It is shown that basic physical distinctions such as motion, mass, gravitation find a meaningful hermeneutic through the material aspect of space, which has a purely discrete structure, while the contradiction about (...)
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  7. La poésie comme éthique de la création.Claire Lejeune - 1982 - In Gilbert Hottois & Marcel Voisin (eds.), Philosophie, morale et société. Bruxelles, Belgique: Editions de l'Université de Bruxelles.
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  8.  12
    Deconstructing COVID Time.Claire Colebrook - 2023 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 20 (4):675-683.
    This essay explores the problem of trust and truth in states of emergency. Drawing on Giorgio Agamben’s theory of biopolitics and his objections to political managerialism I argue that the real problem exposed by the pandemic was not a lack of trust in authority but an unscientific and uncritical attachment to expertise.
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  9. La collection Dupuytren, entre art et science.Claire Crignon, Julie Cheminaud & Danielle Seilhean (eds.) - 2023
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  10.  58
    Mind wandering “Ahas” versus mindful reasoning: alternative routes to creative solutions.Claire M. Zedelius & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  11. A ten commandments for ecological psychology.Claire Michaels & Zsolt Palatinus - 2014 - In Lawrence Shapiro (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Embodied Cognition. Routledge.
     
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  12.  16
    The contribution of teichology to the historical study of a region: the case of the fortifications of Thyreatis conflict zone between Sparta and Argos in the Classical and Hellenistic periods.Claire Balandier & Matthieu Guintrand - 2019 - Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 143:425-445.
    Au viie s., l’extension des territoires d’Argos et de Sparte dans le Péloponnèse était telle que le mont Parnon est devenu la zone de contact entre les deux cités : après l’annexion de la Thyréatide par Sparte, au vie s., l’époque classique continue à être ponctuée de conflits entre les deux cités, Argos cherchant à en reprendre le contrôle. Les auteurs anciens sont de peu de secours pour démêler l’écheveau de l’histoire politique de cette région, sise aux confins des territoires (...)
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  13. La nature chez Simone de Beauvoir.Claire Cayron - 1973 - [Paris]: Gallimard.
     
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  14.  8
    Risky Tradeoffs in The Expanse.Claire Field & Stefano Lo Re - 2021-10-12 - In Jeffery L. Nicholas (ed.), The Expanse and Philosophy. Wiley. pp. 179–185.
    The Expanse does not provide an easy answer to the vexing question on making a decision when competing, but considering conflicts of values on the show can help us reason about tough choices in real life. Sometimes, scientific progress conflicts with the prudential value of self‐preservation. This chapter explains three ways of understanding value conflicts: as situations in which every option is forbidden, situations in which every option is permissible, or situations in which some options are obligatory and some options (...)
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  15. L'Heure de Dieu.Claire Martigues - 1970 - 53-Saint-Céneré,: Éditions Saint-Michel.
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  16. To read what was never written' : embracing embodied pedagogies.Claire Timperley - 2022 - In Kate Schick & Claire Timperley (eds.), Subversive pedagogies: radical possibility in the academy. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  17. Bridge Principles and Epistemic Norms.Claire Field & Bruno Jacinto - 2024 - Erkenntnis 89 (4):1629-1681.
    Is logic normative for belief? A standard approach to answering this question has been to investigate bridge principles relating claims of logical consequence to norms for belief. Although the question is naturally an epistemic one, bridge principles have typically been investigated in isolation from epistemic debates over the correct norms for belief. In this paper we tackle the question of whether logic is normative for belief by proposing a Kripkean model theory accounting for the interaction between logical, doxastic, epistemic and (...)
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  18.  95
    Is consciousness a gradual phenomenon? Evidence for an all-or-none bifurcation during the attentional blink.Claire Sergent & Stanislas Dehaene - 2004 - Psychological Science 15 (11):720-728.
  19.  82
    Timing of the brain events underlying access to consciousness during the attentional blink.Claire Sergent, Sylvain Baillet & Stanislas Dehaene - 2005 - Nature Neuroscience 8 (10):1391-1400.
  20. Bridge Principles and Epistemic Norms.Claire Https://Orcidorg Field & Bruno Jacinto - 2022 - Erkenntnis:1-53.
    Is logic normative for belief? A standard approach to answering this question has been to investigate bridge principles relating claims of logical consequence to norms for belief. Although the question is naturally an epistemic one, bridge principles have typically been investigated in isolation from epistemic debates over the correct norms for belief. In this paper we tackle the question of whether logic is normative for belief by proposing a Kripkean model theory accounting for the interaction between logical, doxastic, epistemic and (...)
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  21. The future of the past: What comes after world art history?Claire Farago - 2021 - In Helen Westgeest, Kitty Zijlmans & Thomas J. Berghuis (eds.), Mix & stir: new outlooks on contemporary art from global perspectives. Amsterdam: Valiz.
     
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  22.  8
    Naître et renaître.Claire Marin & Frédéric Worms (eds.) - 2020 - Paris: PUF.
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  23. To read what was never written' : embracing embodied pedagogies.Claire Timperley - 2022 - In Kate Schick & Claire Timperley (eds.), Subversive pedagogies: radical possibility in the academy. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  24.  10
    The Racial Triangulation of Asian Americans.Claire Jean Kim - 1999 - Politics and Society 27 (1):105-138.
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  25. The art of the future.Claire Colebrook - 2012 - In Alexandre Lefebvre & Melanie Allison White (eds.), Bergson, Politics, and Religion. Durham: Duke University Press.
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  26. Troubling consent : pain and pressure in labour and childbirth.Claire Murray - 2020 - In Camilla Pickles & Jonathan Herring (eds.), Women's birthing bodies and the law: unauthorised intimate examinations, power, and vulnerability. New York, NY: Hart Publishing, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing.
     
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  27.  23
    Beyond the Birth: middle and late Nietzsche on the value of tragedy.Claire Kirwin - 2023 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 66 (7):1283-1306.
    Nietzsche’s interest in tragedy continues throughout his work. And yet scholarship on Nietzsche’s account of tragedy has focused almost exclusively on his first book, The Birth of Tragedy – a work which is in many ways discontinuous with his more mature philosophical views. In this paper, I aim to illuminate Nietzsche’s post-Birth of Tragedy views on tragedy by setting them in the context of a particular historical conversation. Ever since Plato banished the tragic poets from the kallipolis, various philosophers have (...)
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  28.  28
    Motivating meta-awareness of mind wandering: A way to catch the mind in flight?Claire M. Zedelius, James M. Broadway & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:44-53.
  29. Beautiful experiments in art and science.Claire Anscomb - 2023 - In Milena Ivanova & Alice Murphy (eds.), The Aesthetics of Scientific Experiments. New York, NY: Routledge.
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  30. La correspondance de Jacques Maritain : réponse à l'injonction de thomistiser.Claire Bressolette - 2022 - In Hubert Borde & Bernard Hubert (eds.), Actualité de Jacques Maritain. Paris: Pierre Téqui éditeur.
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  31.  9
    Souffrance et douleur: autour de Paul Ricoeur.Claire Marin, Nathalie Zaccaï-Reyners & Paul Ricœur (eds.) - 2013 - Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
    Dans un texte bref et essentiel prononcé et publié en 1992, Paul Ricœur interrogeait l’expérience de la souffrance au cœur de l’existence humaine. Il en dépliait les horizons dans le rapport à soi et à l’autre, depuis la douleur corporelle jusqu’à la souffrance morale. Ce volume se propose de donner aujourd’hui à relire ce texte clé tant pour sa compréhension que pour une réflexion sur l’anthropologie philosophique et l’éthique du soin. Les contributions qui le suivent, chacune à leur manière, rebondissent (...)
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  32. What’s Wrong with Automated Influence.Claire Benn & Seth Lazar - 2022 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 52 (1):125-148.
    Automated Influence is the use of Artificial Intelligence to collect, integrate, and analyse people’s data in order to deliver targeted interventions that shape their behaviour. We consider three central objections against Automated Influence, focusing on privacy, exploitation, and manipulation, showing in each case how a structural version of that objection has more purchase than its interactional counterpart. By rejecting the interactional focus of “AI Ethics” in favour of a more structural, political philosophy of AI, we show that the real problem (...)
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  33.  44
    Boosting or choking – How conscious and unconscious reward processing modulate the active maintenance of goal-relevant information.Claire M. Zedelius, Harm Veling & Henk Aarts - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):355-362.
    Two experiments examined similarities and differences in the effects of consciously and unconsciously perceived rewards on the active maintenance of goal-relevant information. Participants could gain high and low monetary rewards for performance on a word span task. The reward value was presented supraliminally or subliminally at different stages during the task. In Experiment 1, rewards were presented before participants processed the target words. Enhanced performance was found in response to higher rewards, regardless whether they were presented supraliminally or subliminally. In (...)
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  34.  70
    Discovering the structures of lived experience: Towards a micro-phenomenological analysis method.Claire Petitmengin, Anne Remillieux & Camila Valenzuela-Moguillansky - 2019 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 18 (4):691-730.
    This paper describes a method for analyzing a corpus of descriptions collected through micro-phenomenological interviews. This analysis aims at identifying the structure of the singular experiences which have been described, and in particular their diachronic structure, while unfolding generic experiential structures through an iterative approach. After summarizing the principles of the micro-phenomenological interview, and then describing the process of preparation of the verbatim, the article presents on the one hand, the principles and conceptual devices of the analysis method and on (...)
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  35.  16
    Foundational patterns benchmark.Jana Ahmad & Petr Křemen - 2022 - Applied ontology 17 (4):465-494.
    Recently, there has been growing interest in the use of ontology as a fundamental tool for representing domain-specific conceptual models to improve the semantics, accuracy, and relevance of domain users’ query results. Although the amount of data has grown steadily over the past decade, much data shares similar characteristics that can be captured by a foundational ontology. In this paper, we show how queries based on a foundational ontology can be evaluated and their performance measured. We also present a Foundational (...)
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  36.  7
    Critical perspectives on coercive interventions: law, medicine and society.Claire Spivakovsky (ed.) - 2018 - New York: Routledge.
    Coercive medico-legal interventions are often employed to prevent people deemed to be unable to make competent decisions about their health, such as minors, people with mental illness, disability or problematic alcohol or other drug use, from harming themselves or others. These interventions can entail major curtailments of individuals' liberty and bodily integrity, and may cause significant harm and distress. The use of coercive medico-legal interventions can also serve competing social interests that raise profound ethical, legal and clinical questions. Examining the (...)
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  37.  49
    Losing the Feminist Voice? Debates on The Legal Recognition of Same Sex Partnerships in Canada.Claire Young & Susan Boyd - 2006 - Feminist Legal Studies 14 (2):213-240.
    Over the last decade, legal recognition of same-sex relationships in Canada has accelerated. By and large, same-sex cohabitants are now recognised in the same manner as opposite-sex cohabitants, and same-sex marriage was legalised in 2005. Without diminishing the struggle that lesbians and gay men have endured to secure this somewhat revolutionary legal recognition, this article troubles its narrative of progress. In particular, we investigate the terms on which recent legal struggles have advanced, as well as the ways in which resistance (...)
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  38.  23
    A re-examination of Rubin's figural aftereffect.Irvin Rock & Irwin Kremen - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (1):23.
  39. Supererogation, optionality and cost.Claire Benn - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (10):2399-2417.
    A familiar part of debates about supererogatory actions concerns the role that cost should play. Two camps have emerged: one claiming that extreme cost is a necessary condition for when an action is supererogatory, while the other denies that it should be part of our definition of supererogation. In this paper, I propose an alternative position. I argue that it is comparative cost that is central to the supererogatory and that it is needed to explain a feature that all accounts (...)
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  40.  27
    The Richness of Inner Experience: Relating Styles of Daydreaming to Creative Processes.Claire M. Zedelius & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  41.  54
    Pulling oneself up by the hair: understanding Nietzsche on freedom.Claire Kirwin - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 61 (1):82-99.
    Reading Nietzsche’s many remarks on freedom and free will, we face a dilemma. On the one hand, Nietzsche levels vehement attacks against the idea of the freedom of the will in several places throughout his writing. On the other hand, he frequently describes the sorts of people he admires as ‘free’ in various respects, as ‘free spirits’, or as in possession of a ‘free will’. So does Nietzsche think that we are or perhaps could be free, or not? I argue (...)
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  42.  15
    Que faire du scepticisme?Claire Etchegaray - 2023 - Archives de Philosophie 86 (3):91-112.
    Dans la section XII de l’ Enquête sur l’entendement humain David Hume s’interroge sur le sens et de l’absurdité du scepticisme. Il distingue différentes espèces de scepticisme dont nous examinons, pour chacune d’elles, l’intelligibilité. Celle-ci peut en effet être sémantique, pragmatique ou pratique. Un essai de jeunesse de Hume sur l’idéal chevaleresque, jusqu’ici peu exploité, nous y aide. Nous interprétons alors les deux formes de « scepticisme mitigé » en analysant leurs affections caractéristiques : la modestie intellectuelle et le goût (...)
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  43.  19
    Freedom from what? Separating lay concepts of freedom.Claire Simmons, Paul Rehren, John-Dylan Haynes & Walter Sinnott-Armstrong - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 101:103318.
  44.  2
    Experiential Simulations of Ethical Dilemmas in Accounting: Overcoming Challenges to Stimulate Ethical Thinking.Claire-France Picard & Cynthia Courtois - 2023 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 20:163-194.
    Given the current business environment, business managers and accountants are more likely to encounter situations with ethical implications. Hence, business and accounting education should prioritize ethical skills such as critical thinking. However, significant pedagogical challenges await those who wish to venture down this path. Despite new educational tools in business and accounting ethics, we believe that new activities are needed to improve the acquisition of skills in professional ethics among students. Thus, we developed experiential simulations of ethical dilemmas inspired from (...)
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  45.  79
    Abortion is incommensurable with fetal alcohol syndrome.Claire Pickard - 2019 - Bioethics 34 (2):207-210.
    A recent article argued for the immorality of abortion regardless of personhood status by comparing the impairment caused by fetal alcohol syndrome to the impairment caused by abortion. I argue that two of the premises in this argument fail and that, as such, one cannot reasonably attribute moral harms to abortion on the basis of the moral harms caused by fetal alcohol syndrome. The impairment argument relies on an inconsistent instantiation, which undermines the claim that personhood is irrelevant, and it (...)
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  46. Turning toward the Other : Ethics, Fecundity, and the Primacy of Education.Claire Katz - 2012 - In Scott Davidson & Diane Perpich (eds.), Totality and infinity at 50. Pittsburgh, Pa.: Duquesne University Press.
     
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  47. Giving Up the Enkratic Principle.Claire Https://Orcidorg Field - 2021 - Logos and Episteme 12 (1):7-28.
    The Enkratic Principle enjoys something of a protected status as a requirement of rationality. I argue that this status is undeserved, at least in the epistemic domain. Compliance with the principle should not be thought of as a requirement of epistemic rationality, but rather as defeasible indication of epistemic blamelessness. To show this, I present the Puzzle of Inconsistent Requirements, and argue that the best way to solve it is to distinguish two kinds of epistemic evaluation – requirement evaluations and (...)
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  48.  15
    The right to food.Clair Apodaca - 2012 - In Thomas Cushman (ed.), Handbook of human rights. New York: Routledge. pp. 349.
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  49. La petite Jerusalem: freedom and ambiguity in the Paris banlieues.Claire Humphrey - 2012 - In Jean-Pierre Boulé & Ursula Tidd (eds.), Existentialism and contemporary cinema: a Beauvoirian perspective. New York: Berghahn Books.
     
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  50.  15
    L'âge de la liberté : Hegel avec Foucault.Claire Pagès - 2011 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 136 (4):527 - 542.
    Chez Hegel, la liberté ne dépend pas seulement de conditions historiques, politiques ou géographiques, mais aussi de conditions anthropologiques comme celle de l'âge : le degré de liberté dépend de l'âge qu'on a, la liberté ne vient pas avant l'âge ou le bon âge. Hegel développe une analyse parallèle des âges des peuples. Pourquoi la liberté a-t-elle pour condition l'âge de l'homme fait ? Est-ce la liberté du puissant face au jeune homme qui n'a pas le pouvoir et au vieillard (...)
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