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Thomas S. Ray [6]Thomas Ray [2]
  1.  15
    The Surprising Creativity of Digital Evolution: A Collection of Anecdotes From the Evolutionary Computation and Artificial Life Research Communities.Joel Lehman, Jeff Clune, Dusan Misevic, Christoph Adami, Julie Beaulieu, Peter Bentley, Bernard J., Belson Samuel, Bryson Guillaume, M. David, Nick Cheney, Antoine Cully, Stephane Donciuex, Fred Dyer, Ellefsen C., Feldt Kai Olav, Fischer Robert, Forrest Stephan, Frénoy Stephanie, Gagneé Antoine, Goff Christian, Grabowski Leni Le, M. Laura, Babak Hodjat, Laurent Keller, Carole Knibbe, Peter Krcah, Richard Lenski, Lipson E., MacCurdy Hod, Maestre Robert, Miikkulainen Carlos, Mitri Risto, Moriarty Sara, E. David, Jean-Baptiste Mouret, Anh Nguyen, Charles Ofria, Marc Parizeau, David Parsons, Robert Pennock, Punch T., F. William, Thomas Ray, Schoenauer S., Shulte Marc, Sims Eric, Stanley Karl, O. Kenneth, Fran\C. Cois Taddei, Danesh Tarapore, Simon Thibault, Westley Weimer, Richard Watson & Jason Yosinksi - 2018 - CoRR.
    Biological evolution provides a creative fount of complex and subtle adaptations, often surprising the scientists who discover them. However, because evolution is an algorithmic process that transcends the substrate in which it occurs, evolution’s creativity is not limited to nature. Indeed, many researchers in the field of digital evolution have observed their evolving algorithms and organisms subverting their intentions, exposing unrecognized bugs in their code, producing unexpected adaptations, or exhibiting outcomes uncannily convergent with ones in nature. Such stories routinely reveal (...)
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  2.  16
    Muscular effort and electrodermal responses.Lawrence A. Pugh, Carl R. Oldroyd, Thomas S. Ray & Mervin L. Clark - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (2):241.
  3.  24
    Evolution and complexity.Thomas S. Ray - forthcoming - Complexity.
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  4.  26
    Future minds, mental organs and ways of knowing.Thomas S. Ray - 2012 - Technoetic Arts 10 (2-3):185-195.
    For hundreds of millions of years before the recent emergence of reason, evolution elaborated a multiplicity of ways of knowing through feelings, which remain valid today. Each way of knowing, including reason, is mediated by a ‘mental organ’ which is a population of neurons bearing a particular neurotransmitter receptor (e.g. serotonin-7, histamine-1, alpha-2C). Each mental organ adds spice to our lives. Reason coevolved with a pre-existing affective domain, and is designed to be informed by affective input. When reason reigns at (...)
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  5.  47
    Mental Organs and the Origins of Mind.Thomas S. Ray - 2013 - In Liz Swan (ed.), Origins of Mind. pp. 301--326.
  6. Mental organs and the origins of mind.Thomas S. Ray - 2012 - In Liz Stillwaggon Swan (ed.), Origins of mind. Springer.
     
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  7.  25
    Selecting naturally for differentiation: Preliminary evolutionary results.Thomas S. Ray - 1998 - Complexity 3 (5):25-33.
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