Results for 'Westley Weimer'

84 found
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  1.  15
    The Surprising Creativity of Digital Evolution: A Collection of Anecdotes From the Evolutionary Computation and Artificial Life Research Communities.Joel Lehman, Jeff Clune, Dusan Misevic, Christoph Adami, Julie Beaulieu, Peter Bentley, Bernard J., Belson Samuel, Bryson Guillaume, M. David, Nick Cheney, Antoine Cully, Stephane Donciuex, Fred Dyer, Ellefsen C., Feldt Kai Olav, Fischer Robert, Forrest Stephan, Frénoy Stephanie, Gagneé Antoine, Goff Christian, Grabowski Leni Le, M. Laura, Babak Hodjat, Laurent Keller, Carole Knibbe, Peter Krcah, Richard Lenski, Lipson E., MacCurdy Hod, Maestre Robert, Miikkulainen Carlos, Mitri Risto, Moriarty Sara, E. David, Jean-Baptiste Mouret, Anh Nguyen, Charles Ofria, Marc Parizeau, David Parsons, Robert Pennock, Punch T., F. William, Thomas Ray, Schoenauer S., Shulte Marc, Sims Eric, Stanley Karl, O. Kenneth, Fran\C. Cois Taddei, Danesh Tarapore, Simon Thibault, Westley Weimer, Richard Watson & Jason Yosinksi - 2018 - CoRR.
    Biological evolution provides a creative fount of complex and subtle adaptations, often surprising the scientists who discover them. However, because evolution is an algorithmic process that transcends the substrate in which it occurs, evolution’s creativity is not limited to nature. Indeed, many researchers in the field of digital evolution have observed their evolving algorithms and organisms subverting their intentions, exposing unrecognized bugs in their code, producing unexpected adaptations, or exhibiting outcomes uncannily convergent with ones in nature. Such stories routinely reveal (...)
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  2.  34
    The Real Value of Fake Teams: An Ethical Defense of Fantasy Sports.Steven Weimer - 2019 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 14 (2):226-240.
    In the only two articles on the topic of which I am aware, Chad Carlson and Scott Aikin have leveled three objections against fantasy sports—namely, that participation in fantasy sports elicits...
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  3.  11
    Notes on the Methodology of Scientific Research.Walter B. Weimer - 1979 - Lawerence Erlbaum.
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  4.  69
    On the alleged intrinsic immorality of mixed martial arts.Steven Weimer - 2017 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 44 (2):258-275.
    In two recent articles, Nicholas Dixon has argued that the intent to hurt and injure opponents which is essential to mixed martial arts makes the sport intrinsically immoral. Although bondage, domination, sadism, and masochism also involves the intentional infliction of pain and injury, Dixon argues that it is morally permissible in many cases. In this paper, I examine the principle underlying Dixon's differentiation of MMA and BDSM. I argue that, when properly elaborated, that principle does not in fact condemn MMA (...)
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  5.  55
    Consent and Right Action in Sport.Steven Weimer - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 39 (1):11-31.
    This paper argues that recent treatments of ethics in sport have accorded too much importance to the promotion and portrayal of a sport’s excellences, and too little to the consent of participants First, I consider and reject a fundamental challenge to the idea that consent should play a central role in determining the morality of action in sport – namely, Sean McAleer’s argument to the effect that consent is incapable of rendering normally impermissible actions permissible in sport. I then offer (...)
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  6.  20
    A Philosophy of the Concreted and the Concrete.Richard J. Westley - 1960 - Modern Schoolman 37 (4):257-286.
  7.  6
    A Philosophy of the Concreted and the Concrete.Richard J. Westley - 1960 - Modern Schoolman 37 (4):257-286.
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  8.  2
    A Philosophy of the Concreted and the Concrete.Richard J. Westley - 1960 - Modern Schoolman 37 (4):257-286.
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  9.  40
    Consent, Context, and Obligations: A Response to Ciomaga.Steven Weimer - 2014 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 41 (2):233-245.
    In his ‘Rules and Obligations,’ Bogdan Ciomaga defends a pluralist account of moral obligations to follow sport rules by arguing that no single explanation of such obligations will plausibly apply in multiple contexts. I dispute this claim by showing that consent generates rule-following obligations in a very wide variety of the contexts in which sports are played, including each of those Ciomaga cites in support of his pluralist account. The contractualist or consent-based theory of rule normativity therefore offers a substantially (...)
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  10.  81
    Evidence-Responsiveness and Autonomy.Steven Weimer - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3):621-642.
    It is plausible to think that part of what it is to be an autonomous agent is to adequately respond to important changes in one’s circumstances. The agent who has set her own course in life, but is unable to recognize and respond appropriately when evidence arises indicating the need to reconsider and perhaps adjust her plan, lacks an important form of personal autonomy. However, this “evidence-responsiveness” aspect of autonomy has not yet been adequately analyzed. Most autonomy theorists ignore it (...)
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  11.  60
    Externalist Autonomy and Availability of Alternatives.Steven Weimer - 2009 - Social Theory and Practice 35 (2):169-200.
  12. White normativity and the racial rhetoric of equal protection.Robert Westley - 1997 - In Lewis R. Gordon (ed.), Existence in Black: An Anthology of Black Existential Philosophy. Routledge.
     
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  13.  29
    Quality Report Cards, Selection of Cardiac Surgeons, and Racial Disparities: A Study of the Publication of the New York State Cardiac Surgery Reports.Dana B. Mukamel, David L. Weimer, Jack Zwanziger, Shih-Fang Huang Gorthy & Alvin I. Mushlin - 2004 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 41 (4):435-446.
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  14.  13
    Examination of the New Short-Stay Nursing Home Quality Measures: Rehospitalizations, Emergency Department Visits, and Successful Returns to the Community.Debra Saliba, David L. Weimer, Yuxi Shi & Dana B. Mukamel - 2018 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 55:004695801878681.
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  15. Der Weg ist das Ziel. Der Mertonsche Ritualismus und seine Bedeutung für die Kriminalwissenschaften.Uwe Scheffler & Marion Weimer-Hablitzel - 2004 - Jahrbuch für Recht Und Ethik 12.
    Der kürzlich verstorbene US-amerikanische Soziologe Robert K. Merton war der prominenteste und einflußreichste Anomie-Theoretiker nach Emile Durkheim. Seine Typologie der Arten individueller Anpassung an anomische gesellschaftliche Situationen bietet heute noch eine wertvolle Grundlage zur Analyse von Gesellschaften. Dieser Beitrag konzentriert sich auf einen dieser Anpassungstypen, den Ritualismus, der Merton zufolge beinhaltet, daß einerseits die kulturellen Ziele, allen voran das des wirtschaftlichen Wohlstands, heruntergeschraubt oder aufgegeben und andererseits die institutionellen Normen zur Erreichung dieser Ziele beinahe zwanghaft befolgt werden. Diese Definition überdenkend (...)
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  16.  16
    The Constraining Influence of the Revolutionary on the Growth of the Field.Neil Philip Young & Walter B. Weimer - 2022 - Axiomathes 32 (6):1339-1373.
    This article draws attention to a pattern of development within science and other intellectual research communities that has received virtually no mention. We propose that subsequent dominance of a research community by a figure responsible for significant innovation often delays progress in the field. During the period in which the revolutionary continues to influence research in a community, far too frequently the effect is to freeze progress within the limited directions which the revolutionary sanctions.
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  17.  16
    Commenary on Luke J. Lindon.Richard J. Westley - 1957 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 31:104-106.
  18.  63
    Can the Abortion & Euthanasia Debates Really Be Brought to Peaceful Closure? Assessing the Position of Ronald DworkinLife's Dominion: An Argument about Abortion, Euthanasia & Individual Freedom.Richard J. Westley & Ronald Dworkin - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (4):899.
  19. The will to promise.Richard J. Westley - 1972 - Humanitas 8:9-20.
     
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  20. Cognition and the Symbolic Processes.Walter B. Weimer & David S. Palermo - 1977 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 10 (3):207-208.
  21.  25
    Evidence-Responsiveness and the Ongoing Autonomy of Treatment Preferences.Steven Weimer - 2018 - HEC Forum 30 (3):211-233.
    To be an autonomous agent is to determine one’s own path in life. However, this cannot plausibly be seen as a one-off affair. An autonomous agent does not merely set herself on a particular course and then lock the steering wheel in place, so to speak, but must maintain some form of ongoing control over her direction in life—must keep her eyes on the road and her hands on the wheel. Circumstances often change in important and unexpected ways, after all, (...)
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  22.  25
    Science as a Rhetorical Transaction: Toward a Nonjustificational Conception of Rhetoric.Walter B. Weimer - 1977 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 10 (1):1 - 29.
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  23.  75
    Autonomy-Based Accounts of the Right to Secede.Steven Weimer - 2013 - Social Theory and Practice 39 (4):625-642.
    Voluntarist accounts of secession are those that attempt to ground a moral right to secede in autonomy. This paper argues that no such account is likely to succeed. After describing the serious problems that plague the most straightforward Voluntarist approach, I examine two recent accounts that employ novel approaches designed to avoid those difficulties. I argue that both accounts fail, shedding considerable doubt on the possibility of a plausible autonomy-based account of the moral right to secede. I go on to (...)
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  24.  24
    Cognition and Symbolic Processes.Walter B. Weimer & David S. Palermo - 1976 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 36 (3):428-431.
  25.  14
    A.I and the methodology of scientific research: some cautions and limitations.Walter B. Weimer - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):119-120.
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  26.  40
    Autonomy, Regress, and Manipulation.Steven Weimer - 2014 - Philosophia 42 (4):1141-1168.
    In this paper, I propose a novel deliberation-based theory of autonomy which grounds an agent’s autonomy in her nature as a rationally-reflective being. I defend that theory against competing approaches to autonomous agency by arguing that the theory I propose is best equipped to handle two of the more troublesome problems that theories of autonomy face: the regress problem and the problem of manipulation. Sarah Buss and Peter Railton have each recently claimed that the regress problem which plagues many prominent (...)
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  27.  45
    Beyond History: The Ongoing Aspects of Autonomy.Steven Weimer - 2010 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 4 (1):1-32.
    Historical accounts of autonomy hold that the autonomy of pro-attitudes depends, at least in part, on the way in which they came about. Understandably, such accounts tend to focus the bulk of their attention on identifying the historical conditions necessary for the development of autonomous pro-attitudes. As Alfred Mele has argued, however, in addition to autonomy with respect to the development of one’s pro-attitudes, full or robust personal autonomy requires as well that one be autonomous with respect to the continued (...)
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  28.  7
    Barfußschuhe und Holzeisenbahnen: Unsere paradoxe Kommunikation.Wolfgang Weimer - 2023 - Verlag Karl Alber.
    Contrary to our conception of logic and science, our reality of life doesn’t shy at paradoxes which are rather omnipresent there. In fact they are to be found everywhere and are not understood as faults. Paradoxes are seen as stimulating; they attract our attention and make as laugh about the conditio humana.The book starts with a collection of paradoxical quotes from antiquity, followed in the central part by a survey of numerous examples ordered by spheres of life. This will show (...)
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  29.  16
    Cognition is not computation, for the reasons that computers don't solve the mind-body problems.Walter B. Weimer - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (1):152-153.
  30.  42
    Drugs-as-a-Disease.Daniel Weimer - 2003 - Janus Head 6 (2):260-281.
    This essay examines President Nixon's drug policy during the early 1970s, specifically the government's reaction to heroin use by American soldiers in Vietnam. The official response, discursively (through the employment of the drugs-as-a-disease metaphor) and on the policy level illustrated how of issues of national- and self-identity othering, and modernity intersected in the formulation and implementation of what is now termed the Drug War. Heroin using soldiers and domestic addicts, labeled as carriers of a contagious, foreign, and antimodem, dangerous disease, (...)
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  31.  41
    Michael E. Bratman, Shared Agency: A Planning Theory of Acting Together: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. ISBN 9780199339990, $29.95, Pbk.Steven Weimer - 2016 - Journal of Value Inquiry 50 (2):489-493.
    In Shared Agency: A Planning Theory of Acting Together, Michael Bratman refines, systematizes, and defends his “planning theory” of shared agency, various elements of which were sketched in a series of earlier essays on the topic. The book is analytically rigorous and fairly technical at points, but organized and written with extraordinary clarity. It represents a valuable contribution to the literature on shared intention and joint activity, and is essential reading for philosophers working in that area.Bratman takes as his central (...)
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  32.  6
    Molecules interact. But how strong and how much?Kathleen Weimer, Boglarka Zambo & Gergo Gogl - 2023 - Bioessays 45 (6):2300007.
    Interactomics aims to characterize all interactions formed between molecules that comprise our body. Although it emerged from quantitative biophysics, it has devolved into a predominantly qualitative field of science over the past decades. Due to technical limitations at its onset, almost all tools in interactomics are qualitative, which persists in defining the discipline. Here, we argue that interactomics needs to return to a quantitative direction because the technical achievements of the last decade have overcome the original limitations that forced its (...)
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  33.  32
    Political efficacy, respect for agency, and adaptive preferences.Steven Weimer - 2017 - Journal of Global Ethics 13 (3):326-343.
    ABSTRACTSerene Khader and Rosa Terlazzo have each recently proposed theories of adaptive preferences which purport to both respect persons’ agency and provide an effective political tool. While Khader and Terlazzo thus share a similar goal, they take fundamentally different paths in its pursuit: Khader offers a perfectionist account of APs and Terlazzo an autonomy-based theory. In this paper, I argue first that if it is to adequately respect persons’ agency, a theory of APs should in some way include autonomy considerations. (...)
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  34.  48
    Polyglot Multiculturalism and Social Progress.Steven Weimer - 2007 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (2):275-288.
    Robert Goodin has usefully distinguished two models of liberal multiculturalism: “Protective multiculturalism,” which justifies multiculturalist policies, such as granting minority cultures group rights, on the grounds that such policies may be necessary to defend those cultures against oppression, and “Polyglot multiculturalism,” which positively values multiculturalism for sake of its benefits to society at large. Typically, it is the autonomy of a society’s members that multiculturalism is thought to benefit. The purpose of this paper is to call attention to several other (...)
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  35.  3
    Zur Diskussion der gruppenanalytischen Matrixmetapher.Martin Weimer - 2017 - Psyche 71 (12):1121-1151.
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  36.  61
    Autonomy and History: How a Desire Becomes One's Own.Steven Weimer - 2014 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 11 (3):265-293.
    A common view among autonomy theorists is that a desire is autonomous only if it has the right sort of history. Usually, an autonomy-compatible history is taken to consist in the desire’s having had proper origins. In a recent article in this journal, Mikhail Valdman has proposed an alternative historical theory on which a desire’s origins are irrelevant. On Valdman’s “agent-engagement” theory, a desire is autonomous if and only if the agent has made it her own by deliberatively deciding it (...)
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  37.  36
    Autonomy as rule by the self.Steven Weimer - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (1):1-6.
    In the contemporary debate on the nature of autonomy, it is generally taken for granted that autonomy is to be understood as rule by the self, with the debate centring on how that self is to be identified. Garnett [2013b] has recently proposed a theory that rejects the dominant understanding of autonomy as rule by the self and views it instead as resistance to rule by others. According to that theory, an autonomous agent is one whose various ‘autonomy traits’ render (...)
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  38.  18
    Combat PTSD and Implicit Behavioral Tendencies for Positive Affective Stimuli: A Brief Report.Ashley N. Clausen, Westley Youngren, Jason-Flor V. Sisante, Sandra A. Billinger, Charles Taylor & Robin L. Aupperle - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  39.  19
    The Economic and Political Liberalization of Socialism: The Fundamental Problem of Property Rights.William H. Riker & David L. Weimer - 1993 - Social Philosophy and Policy 10 (2):79-102.
  40. Ist eine Deutung der Welt als Wille und Vorstellung heute noch möglich? Schopenhauer nach der Sprachanalytischen Philosophie.Wolfgang Weimer - 1995 - Schopenhauer Jahrbuch 76:11-51.
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  41.  29
    The uses of moral talk: Why do managers talk ethics? [REVIEW]Frederick Bird, Frances Westley & James A. Waters - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (1):75 - 89.
    When managers use moral expressions in their communications, they do so for several, sometimes contradictory reasons. Based upon analyses of interviews with managers, this article examines seven distinctive uses of moral talk, sub-divided into three groupings: (1) managers use moral talk functionally to clarify issues, to propose and criticize moral justifications, and to cite relevant norms; (2) managers also use moral talk functionally to praise and to blame as well as to defend and criticize structures of authority; finally (3) managers (...)
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  42.  18
    Autonomous Authorization of Deception in Sport.Steven Weimer - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 43 (2):179-198.
    Two recent articles in this journal – one by Morris, the other by Pfleegor & Rosenberg – have revived the philosophical discussion of the ethics of deception in sport which had largely laid dormant since the 1973 publication of Pearson’s ‘Deception, Sportsmanship, and Ethics’. Morris and Pfleegor & Rosenberg both share with Pearson the view that ethical deceptive sport acts are those that relate to sport-specific skills. However, whereas Pearson ultimately grounds this view in the agreement she takes to obtain (...)
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  43. Die ewige Wiederkehr des Gleichen bei Schopenhauer und Nietzsche in Schopenhauer und Nietzsche: Wurzeln gegenwärtiger Vernunftkritik.Wolfgang Weimer - 1984 - Schopenhauer Jahrbuch 65:44-54.
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  44. Die Gattungserrinerung: Ein Kehrichtfass und eine Rumpelkammer? Schopenhauer und die Geschichte (1. Teil).W. Weimer - 1988 - Schopenhauer Jahrbuch 69:229-238.
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  45. Der Philosoph und der Diktator: Arthur Schopenhauer und Adolf Hitler.Wolfgang Weimer - 2003 - Schopenhauer Jahrbuch 84:157-167.
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  46.  10
    Epistemology of the Human Sciences: Restoring an Evolutionary Approach to Biology, Economics, Psychology and Philosophy.Walter B. Weimer - 2022 - Springer Verlag.
    This book argues for evolutionary epistemology and distinguishing functionality from physicality in the social sciences. It explores the implications for this approach to understanding in biology, economics, psychology and political science. Presenting a comprehensive overview of philosophical topics in the social sciences, the book emphasizes how all human cognition and behavior is characterized by functionality and complexity, and thus cannot be explained by the point predictions and exact laws found in the physical sciences. Realms of functional complexity – such as (...)
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  47.  28
    “I Can’t Eat if I Don’t Plass”: Impoverished Plasma Donors, Alternatives, and Autonomy.Steven Weimer - 2015 - HEC Forum 27 (4):361-385.
    One of the central considerations to be taken into account in evaluating the ethics of compensation for donated plasma is respect for donor autonomy. And one of the main arguments against compensated donation systems is that many donors do or would come from circumstances of poverty that restrict their alternatives in a way that compromises those donors’ autonomy. In this paper, I develop and defend a novel version of this “compromised autonomy argument” which improves upon extant versions by employing a (...)
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  48. Psychologie der fehler.Hermann Weimer - 1929 - Leipzig,: J. Klinkhardt.
     
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  49.  1
    Schopenhauer.Wolfgang Weimer - 1982 - Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
  50.  10
    12. Schopenhauers Nachwirkung.Wolfgang Weimer - 2014 - In Matthias Koßler & Oliver Hallich (eds.), Arthur Schopenhauer: Die Welt Als Wille Und Vorstellung. Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag. pp. 191-206.
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