Results for 'Bryson Guillaume'

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  1.  15
    The Surprising Creativity of Digital Evolution: A Collection of Anecdotes From the Evolutionary Computation and Artificial Life Research Communities.Joel Lehman, Jeff Clune, Dusan Misevic, Christoph Adami, Julie Beaulieu, Peter Bentley, Bernard J., Belson Samuel, Bryson Guillaume, M. David, Nick Cheney, Antoine Cully, Stephane Donciuex, Fred Dyer, Ellefsen C., Feldt Kai Olav, Fischer Robert, Forrest Stephan, Frénoy Stephanie, Gagneé Antoine, Goff Christian, Grabowski Leni Le, M. Laura, Babak Hodjat, Laurent Keller, Carole Knibbe, Peter Krcah, Richard Lenski, Lipson E., MacCurdy Hod, Maestre Robert, Miikkulainen Carlos, Mitri Risto, Moriarty Sara, E. David, Jean-Baptiste Mouret, Anh Nguyen, Charles Ofria, Marc Parizeau, David Parsons, Robert Pennock, Punch T., F. William, Thomas Ray, Schoenauer S., Shulte Marc, Sims Eric, Stanley Karl, O. Kenneth, Fran\C. Cois Taddei, Danesh Tarapore, Simon Thibault, Westley Weimer, Richard Watson & Jason Yosinksi - 2018 - CoRR.
    Biological evolution provides a creative fount of complex and subtle adaptations, often surprising the scientists who discover them. However, because evolution is an algorithmic process that transcends the substrate in which it occurs, evolution’s creativity is not limited to nature. Indeed, many researchers in the field of digital evolution have observed their evolving algorithms and organisms subverting their intentions, exposing unrecognized bugs in their code, producing unexpected adaptations, or exhibiting outcomes uncannily convergent with ones in nature. Such stories routinely reveal (...)
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  2. Vision and Painting: The Logic of the Gaze.Norman Bryson - 1984 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 43 (2):219-221.
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  3.  37
    Unwearables.David Bryson - 2007 - AI and Society 22 (1):25-35.
    Form should follow function but often technical aspects of function dictate form. Form fitting and shape hugging are concepts we associate with a comfy jumper or a well cut suit or dress not with hard wearable technology. How many of the objects we buy are going to transition from worn to unworn? It is not until we have to wear something or are subjected to technology for medical reasons that we realise how uncomfortable some of it is. This paper addresses (...)
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  4.  1
    Le drame de la pensée dialectique, Hegel, Marx, Sartre.Guillaume Guindey - 1974 - Paris: J. Vrin.
  5.  43
    DEL-sequents for progression.Guillaume Aucher - 2011 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 21 (3-4):289-321.
    Dynamic Epistemic Logic (DEL) deals with the representation and the study in a multi-agent setting of knowledge and belief change. It can express in a uniform way epistemic statements about: 1. what is true about an initial situation 2. what is true about an event occurring in this situation 3. what is true about the resulting situation after the event has occurred. We axiomatize within the DEL framework what we can infer about (iii) given (i) and (ii). Given three formulas (...)
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  6.  34
    From literal meaning to veracity in two hundred milliseconds.Clara D. Martin, Xavier Garcia, Audrey Breton, Guillaume Thierry & Albert Costa - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  7.  8
    Man and society.Gladys Bryson - 1968 - New York,: A.M. Kelley.
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  8.  45
    Recommendations for the Use of Serious Games in Neurodegenerative Disorders: 2016 Delphi Panel.Manera Valeria, Ben-Sadoun Grégory, Aalbers Teun, Agopyan Hovannes, Askenazy Florence, Benoit Michel, Bensamoun David, Bourgeois Jérémy, Bredin Jonathan, Bremond Francois, Crispim-Junior Carlos, David Renaud, De Schutter Bob, Ettore Eric, Fairchild Jennifer, Foulon Pierre, Gazzaley Adam, Gros Auriane, Hun Stéphanie, Knoefel Frank, Olde Rikkert Marcel, K. Phan Tran Minh, Politis Antonios, S. Rigaud Anne, Sacco Guillaume, Serret Sylvie, Thümmler Susanne, L. Welter Marie & Robert Philippe - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  9. The global production system: from Fordism to post-Fordism.J. R. Bryson & N. Henry - 2001 - In Peter Daniels (ed.), Human geography: issues for the 21st century. New York: Prentice-Hall. pp. 342--73.
     
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  10.  52
    Generalized DEL-sequents.Guillaume Aucher, Bastien Maubert & François Schwarzentruber - 2012 - In Luis Farinas del Cerro, Andreas Herzig & Jerome Mengin (eds.), Logics in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 54--66.
  11. Da sintomatologia à análise dos agenciamentos: a inst'ncia problemática de uma "filosofia clínica" em Deleuze.Guillaume Sibertin Blanc - 2011 - Dois Pontos 8 (2).
    A hipótese que propomos aqui defende que o dispositivo do "médico da civilização" montado em 1962 pela leitura que Deleuze faz de Nietzsche, longe de poder ser generalizado como tal (como se a sequência da obra deleuziana não fosse senão a sua aplicação diferenciada ou mesmo a sua continuação por outros meios), somente age nessa sequencia por força de um deslocamento da enunciação deleuziana em relação à instância da filosofia clínica que ele define. E que, por essa razão, a figura (...)
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  12.  9
    Critical Notice.Bryson Brown - 2000 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):467-494.
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  13. La Correspondance d'Érasme et de Guillaume Budé.Desiderius Erasmus, Guillaume Budé & Marie-Madeleine de la Garanderie - 1967 - Paris,: J. Vrin. Edited by Guillaume Budé & Marie-Madeleine de La Garanderie.
  14.  5
    De transitu Hellenismi ad Christianismum, de Guillaume Budé.Guillaume Budé - 1973 - Sherbrooke,: Éditions paulines. Edited by Maurice Lebel.
  15.  7
    Living in Indigenous Sovereignty (Book Review).Bryson Landriault - 2022 - Studies in Social Justice 16 (3):657-661.
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  16.  51
    In search of good probability assessors: an experimental comparison of elicitation rules for confidence judgments.Guillaume Hollard, Sébastien Massoni & Jean-Christophe Vergnaud - 2016 - Theory and Decision 80 (3):363-387.
    In this paper, we use an experimental design to compare the performance of elicitation rules for subjective beliefs. Contrary to previous works in which elicited beliefs are compared to an objective benchmark, we consider a purely subjective belief framework. The performance of different elicitation rules is assessed according to the accuracy of stated beliefs in predicting success. We measure this accuracy using two main factors: calibration and discrimination. For each of them, we propose two statistical indexes and we compare the (...)
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  17.  59
    Embodiment versus memetics.Joanna J. Bryson - 2007 - Mind and Society 7 (1):77-94.
    The term embodiment identifies a theory that meaning and semantics cannot be captured by abstract, logical systems, but are dependent on an agent’s experience derived from being situated in an environment. This theory has recently received a great deal of support in the cognitive science literature and is having significant impact in artificial intelligence. Memetics refers to the theory that knowledge and ideas can evolve more or less independently of their human-agent substrates. While humans provide the medium for this evolution, (...)
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  18.  51
    A solution to the completeness problem for weakly aggregative modal logic.Peter Apostoli & Bryson Brown - 1995 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (3):832-842.
  19.  12
    Quantum theory, reconsideration of foundations 4: Växjö (Sweden), 11-16 June, 2007.Guillaume Adenier (ed.) - 2007 - Melville, N. Y.: American Institute of Physics.
    This conference was devoted to the 80 years of the Copenhagen Interpretation, and to the question of the relevance of the Copenhagen interpretation for the present understanding of quantum mechanics. It is in this framework that fundamental questions raised by quantum mechanics, especially in information theory, were discussed throughout the conference. As has become customary in our series of conference in Växjö, we were glad to welcome a fruitful assembly of theoretical physicists, experimentalists, mathematicians and even philosophers interested in the (...)
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  20. Quantum theory: reconsideration of foundations-3: Växjö, Sweden, 6-11 June 2005.Guillaume Adenier, A. I︠U︡ Khrennikov & Theo M. Nieuwenhuizen (eds.) - 2006 - Melville, N.Y.: American Institute of Physics.
    This Växjö conference was devoted to the reconsideration of quantum foundations. Due to increasing research in quantum information theory, especially on quantum computing and cryptography, many questions regarding the foundations of quantum mechanics, which have long been considered to be exclusively of philosophical interest, nowadays play an important role in theoretical and experimental quantum physics.
     
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  21. Features: Interview with Michel Mouchart and Guillaume Wunsch.Michel Mouchart & Guillaume Wunsch - 2007 - The Reasoner 1:2-3.
     
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  22. Introduction to the Special Issue on Machine Morality: The Machine as Moral Agent and Patient.David J. Gunkel & Joanna Bryson - 2014 - Philosophy and Technology 27 (1):5-8.
    One of the enduring concerns of moral philosophy is deciding who or what is deserving of ethical consideration. This special issue of Philosophy and Technology investigates whether and to what extent machines, of various designs and configurations, can or should be considered moral subjects, defined here as either a moral agent, a moral patient, or both. The articles that comprise the issue were competitively selected from papers initially prepared for and presented at a symposium on this subject matter convened during (...)
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  23.  14
    The Emergence of the Social Sciences from Moral Philosophy.Gladys Bryson - 1932 - International Journal of Ethics 42 (3):304-323.
  24. The attentional spotlight (dennett and the cog project).Joanna J. Bryson - 2006 - Minds and Machines 16 (1):21-28.
    One of the interesting and occasionally controversial aspects of Dennett’s career is his direct involvement in the scientific process. This article describes some of Dennett’s participation on one particular project conducted at MIT, the building of the humanoid robot named Cog. One of the intentions of this project, not to date fully realized, was to test Dennett’s multiple drafts theory of consciousness. I describe Dennett’s involvement and impact on Cog from the perspective of a graduate student. I also describe the (...)
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  25.  75
    The attentional spotlight.Joanna J. Bryson - 2006 - Minds and Machines 16 (1):21-28.
    One of the interesting and occasionally controversial aspects of Dennett’s career is his direct involvement in the scientific process. This article describes some of Dennett’s participation on one particular project conducted at MIT, the building of the humanoid robot named Cog. One of the intentions of this project, not to date fully realized, was to test Dennett’s multiple drafts theory of consciousness. I describe Dennett’s involvement and impact on Cog from the perspective of a graduate student. I also describe the (...)
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  26.  18
    The Emergence of the Social Sciences from Moral Philosophy.Gladys Bryson - 1932 - International Journal of Ethics 42 (3):304-323.
  27. The emergence of the social sciences from moral philosophy.Gladys Bryson - 1932 - International Journal of Ethics 42 (3):304-323.
  28.  31
    There are no Codes, Only Interpretations. Practical Wisdom and Hermeneutics in Monastic Organizations.Guillaume Mercier & Ghislain Deslandes - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (4):781-794.
    Corporate codes of ethics, which have spread in the last decades, have shown a limited ability to foster ethical behaviors. For instance, they have been criticized for relying too much on formal compliance, rather than taking into account sufficiently agents and their moral development, or promoting self-reflexive behaviors. We aim here at showing that a code of ethics in fact has meaning and enables ethical progress when it is interpreted and appropriated with practical wisdom. We explore a model that represents (...)
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  29.  57
    Book Review:Scientific Man vs. Power Politics. Hans J. Morgenthau. [REVIEW]Lyman Bryson - 1946 - Ethics 57 (3):215-.
  30. Patiency is not a virtue: the design of intelligent systems and systems of ethics.Joanna J. Bryson - 2018 - Ethics and Information Technology 20 (1):15-26.
    The question of whether AI systems such as robots can or should be afforded moral agency or patiency is not one amenable either to discovery or simple reasoning, because we as societies constantly reconstruct our artefacts, including our ethical systems. Consequently, the place of AI systems in society is a matter of normative, not descriptive ethics. Here I start from a functionalist assumption, that ethics is the set of behaviour that maintains a society. This assumption allows me to exploit the (...)
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  31.  50
    Philosophy of ecology.Kevin deLaplante, Bryson Brown & Kent A. Peacock (eds.) - 2011 - Waltham, MA: North-Holland.
    The most pressing problems facing humanity today - over-population, energy shortages, climate change, soil erosion, species extinctions, the risk of epidemic disease, the threat of warfare that could destroy all the hard-won gains of civilization, and even the recent fibrillations of the stock market - are all ecological or have a large ecological component. in this volume philosophers turn their attention to understanding the science of ecology and its huge implications for the human project. To get the application of ecology (...)
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  32.  17
    The Psychoanalysis of Sense: Deleuze and the Lacanian School.Guillaume Collett - 2016 - Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    Guillaume Collett questions to what extent we can locate Deleuze within the Lacanian School during the late-1960s, prior to Guattari. In so doing, he offers a new, integrated reading of Deleuze's The Logic of Sense by understanding it as a 'psychoanalysis of sense', and gives a new interpretation of Deleuze's conception of philosophy itself. The Psychoanalysis of Sense shows that Deleuze was not merely aware of the debates animating the Lacanian School during the 1960s: he sought to contribute to (...)
  33. Of, for, and by the people: the legal lacuna of synthetic persons.Joanna J. Bryson, Mihailis E. Diamantis & Thomas D. Grant - 2017 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 25 (3):273-291.
    Conferring legal personhood on purely synthetic entities is a very real legal possibility, one under consideration presently by the European Union. We show here that such legislative action would be morally unnecessary and legally troublesome. While AI legal personhood may have some emotional or economic appeal, so do many superficially desirable hazards against which the law protects us. We review the utility and history of legal fictions of personhood, discussing salient precedents where such fictions resulted in abuse or incoherence. We (...)
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  34. Descriptive Psychology: Brentano and Dilthey.Guillaume Fréchette - 2020 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 10 (1):290-307.
    Although Wilhelm Dilthey and Franz Brentano apparently were pursuing roughly the same objective—to offer a description of our mental functions and of their relations to objects—and both called their respective research programs ‘descriptive psychology’, they seem to have used the term to refer to two different methods of psychological research. In this article, I compare analyses of these differences. Against the reading of Orth but also against a possible application of recent relativist accounts of the epistemology of peer disagreement to (...)
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  35.  11
    Repenser la condition humaine: hommages à Gustave Guillaume, 1883-1960 et Jean Piaget, 1896-1980.Gustave Guillaume, Jean Piaget & André Jacob (eds.) - 2012 - Paris: Riveneuve éditions.
    La réflexion philosophique, dont l'ouverture à l'univers dans lequel nous nous découvrons - avec une acuité proportionnelle à un étonnement renouvelé - n'a pas de limites, n'en est que plus tributaire des sciences et des techniques, des arts et de multiples activités qui régissent plus ou moins fructueusement notre expérience. Or, au sein des sciences humaines, privilégiées pour éclairer une condition que nous ne saurions cesser d'interpréter, peu d'oeuvres du dernier siècle auront enrichi en le précisant notre être-au-monde, comme la (...)
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  36.  37
    Consistent inconsistencies? Evidence from decision under risk.Guillaume Hollard, Hela Maafi & Jean-Christophe Vergnaud - 2016 - Theory and Decision 80 (4):623-648.
    Conventional economic theory assumes that agents should be consistent across decisions. However, it is often observed that experimental subjects fail to report consistent preferences. So far, these inconsistencies are almost always examined singly. We thus wonder whether the more inconsistent individuals in one task are also more inconsistent in other tasks. We propose an experiment in which subjects are asked to report their preferences over risky bets so as to obtain, for each subject, three measures of inconsistencies: classical preference reversals, (...)
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  37. Principles of Robotics.Margaret Boden, Joanna Bryson, Darwin Cladwell, Kerstin Dautenhahn, Lilian Edwards, Sarah Kember, Paul Newman, Vivienne Parry, Geoff Pegman, Tom Rodden, Tom Sorrell, Mick Wallis, Blay Whitby & Alan Winfield - 2011 - .
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  38.  50
    Nominal tense and temporal implicatures: evidence from Mbyá.Guillaume Thomas - 2014 - Natural Language Semantics 22 (4):357-412.
    In this paper, I discuss the distribution and the interpretation of the temporal suffix -kue in Mbyá, a Guaraní language that is closely related to Paraguayan Guaraní. This suffix is attested both inside noun phrases and inside clauses. Interestingly, its nominal uses give rise to inferences that are unattested in its clausal uses. These inferences were first identified in Paraguayan Guaraní by Tonhauser, who called them the existence property and the change of state property. Tonhauser further argued that these properties (...)
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  39.  41
    DEL-sequents for regression and epistemic planning.Guillaume Aucher - 2012 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 22 (4):337 - 367.
    (2012). DEL-sequents for regression and epistemic planning. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics: Vol. 22, No. 4, pp. 337-367. doi: 10.1080/11663081.2012.736703.
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  40.  9
    The framings of the coexistence of agrifood models: a computational analysis of French media.Guillaume Ollivier, Pierre Gasselin & Véronique Batifol - forthcoming - Agriculture and Human Values:1-25.
    The confrontations of stakeholder visions about agriculture and food production has become a focal point in the public sphere, coinciding with a diversification of agrifood models. This study analyzes the debates stemming from the coexistence of these models, particularly during the initial term of neoliberal-centrist Emmanuel Macron’s presidency in France. Employing collective monitoring from 2017 to 2021, a corpus of 958 online news and blog articles was compiled. Using a computational analysis, we reveal the framings and controversies emerging from this (...)
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  41. Artificial Life 13.Christoph Adami, David M. Bryson, Charles Offria & Robert T. Pennock (eds.) - 2012 - MIT Press.
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  42.  19
    Replicators, lineages, and interactors.Daniel J. Taylor & Joanna J. Bryson - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):276-277.
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  43.  14
    Remarques sur le « sens du sens » chez le jeune Heidegger.Guillaume Fagniez - 2017 - Philosophiques 44 (2):349-355.
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  44.  9
    A República dos gênios.Guillaume Métayer - 2017 - Cadernos Nietzsche 38 (2):149-176.
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  45.  11
    Poesia e melancolia. A invenção da vontade de potência?Guillaume Métayer - 2019 - Cadernos Nietzsche 40 (2):9-32.
    Resumo O artigo descreve o poema “An die Melancholie” como um momento crucial e essencial da evolução da filosofia de Nietzsche, aquele de uma primeira intuição da noção de “vontade de potência”. O filósofo se afasta da longa tradição alemã dos hinos à melancolia, ao mesmo tempo em que subverteu os poemas filosóficos - os darwinistas em particular - de sua época, para superar seu pessimismo schopenhaueriano.The article aims at describing the poem “An die Melancholie” as an essential and crucial (...)
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  46.  8
    Causality Orientations and Supportive/Controlled Environment: Understanding Their Influence on Basic Needs, Motivation for Health and Emotions in French Hospitalized Older Adults.Guillaume Souesme, Guillaume Martinent, Donia Akour, Caroline Giraudeau & Claude Ferrand - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    ObjectivesFrom a self-determination theory perspective, the purpose of this cross sectional study was to better understand how to motivate hospitalized older adults’ behaviors and test an integrative model of the role of causality orientations and a supportive/controlled environment on basic need satisfaction, motivation for health oriented physical activity, positive and negative affective states, depressive symptoms, apathy, and boredom.MethodsOlder adults in French hospital units completed self-report questionnaires and socio-demographic data were also collected.ResultsPartial least squares path modeling results showed that participants’ autonomy (...)
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  47.  9
    Quand le film nous parle: rhétorique, cinéma, télévision.Guillaume Soulez - 2011 - Paris: Presses universitaires de France.
    Le film n’est pas seulement un récit, c’est aussi un discours sur le monde. Or, trop souvent, la puissance de ce discours est surestimée et les publics caricaturés, en contradiction avec notre pratique ordinaire d’une discussion, non seulement après, mais avec les films. La tradition rhétorique et argumentative, retravaillée aujourd’hui dans une perspective pragmatique, envisage formes et contextes conjointement et permet de comprendre les liens entre le film, son discours et le spectateur. Entre formes et espace public, les analyses de (...)
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  48.  38
    Your body, my body, our coupling moves our bodies.Guillaume Dumas, Julien Laroche & Alexandre Lehmann - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  49.  60
    Functions and Mechanisms in Structural-Modelling Explanations.Guillaume Wunsch, Michel Mouchart & Federica Russo - 2014 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 45 (1):187-208.
    One way social scientists explain phenomena is by building structural models. These models are explanatory insofar as they manage to perform a recursive decomposition on an initial multivariate probability distribution, which can be interpreted as a mechanism. Explanations in social sciences share important aspects that have been highlighted in the mechanisms literature. Notably, spelling out the functioning the mechanism gives it explanatory power. Thus social scientists should choose the variables to include in the model on the basis of their function (...)
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  50. Logiques d'engagement et logiques de rétribution au sein de l'écologisme français: Nouvelles évaluations, nouveaux programmes en science sociale.Guillaume Sainteny - 1999 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 106:175-200.
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