Results for 'Reuben Carias'

203 found
Order:
  1.  16
    Exteriority as Law: Revisiting the Masochean turn within Levinas.Reuben Carias - 2023 - Law and Critique 35 (1):173-190.
    Adopting Kantor’s Masochean turn within Levinas, this article challenges the anthropocentrically limited purview of Levinas’s ethical relation. Incorporating Kantor’s legalistic reading of Levinas, informed through his literary analysis of Sacher-Masoch’s ‘Venus in Furs’, the article details the inescapable, legalistic plight that is to be the Levinasian ethical subject. Extending upon Kantor’s introductory conceptualisation of the Levinasian subject through Masoch, reveals a subject for whom suffering and sacrifice must be embraced; necessary acts of penitence before an irrepressible Other who they adore. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Algorithmic Accountability and Public Reason.Reuben Binns - 2018 - Philosophy and Technology 31 (4):543-556.
    The ever-increasing application of algorithms to decision-making in a range of social contexts has prompted demands for algorithmic accountability. Accountable decision-makers must provide their decision-subjects with justifications for their automated system’s outputs, but what kinds of broader principles should we expect such justifications to appeal to? Drawing from political philosophy, I present an account of algorithmic accountability in terms of the democratic ideal of ‘public reason’. I argue that situating demands for algorithmic accountability within this justificatory framework enables us to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   49 citations  
  3. On Translation.Reuben A. Brower - 1970 - Critica 4 (11/12):153-164.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  4. Anti-reductionist Interventionism.Reuben Stern & Benjamin Eva - 2023 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 74 (1):241-267.
    Kim’s causal exclusion argument purports to demonstrate that the non-reductive physicalist must treat mental properties (and macro-level properties in general) as causally inert. A number of authors have attempted to resist Kim’s conclusion by utilizing the conceptual resources of Woodward’s interventionist conception of causation. The viability of these responses has been challenged by Gebharter, who argues that the causal exclusion argument is vindicated by the theory of causal Bayesian networks (CBNs). Since the interventionist conception of causation relies crucially on CBNs (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  5.  22
    The pragmatic humanism of F. C. S. Schiller.Reuben Abel - 1955 - [New York,: AMS Press.
  6.  4
    The Pragmatic Humanism of F. C. S. Schiller.Reuben Abel - 1955 - [New York,: Columbia University Press.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. What is Mathematics, Really?Reuben Hersh - 1997 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Platonism is the most pervasive philosophy of mathematics. Indeed, it can be argued that an inarticulate, half-conscious Platonism is nearly universal among mathematicians. The basic idea is that mathematical entities exist outside space and time, outside thought and matter, in an abstract realm. In the more eloquent words of Edward Everett, a distinguished nineteenth-century American scholar, "in pure mathematics we contemplate absolute truths which existed in the divine mind before the morning stars sang together, and which will continue to exist (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   75 citations  
  8.  47
    Fairer machine learning in the real world: Mitigating discrimination without collecting sensitive data.Reuben Binns & Michael Veale - 2017 - Big Data and Society 4 (2):205395171774353.
    Decisions based on algorithmic, machine learning models can be unfair, reproducing biases in historical data used to train them. While computational techniques are emerging to address aspects of these concerns through communities such as discrimination-aware data mining and fairness, accountability and transparency machine learning, their practical implementation faces real-world challenges. For legal, institutional or commercial reasons, organisations might not hold the data on sensitive attributes such as gender, ethnicity, sexuality or disability needed to diagnose and mitigate emergent indirect discrimination-by-proxy, such (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  9. An Interventionist’s Guide to Exotic Choice.Reuben Stern - 2021 - Mind 130 (518):537-566.
    In this paper, I use interventionist causal models to identify some novel Newcomb problems, and subsequently use these problems to refine existing interventionist treatments of causal decision theory. The new Newcomb problems that make trouble for existing interventionist treatments involve so-called ‘exotic choice’—that is, decision-making contexts where the agent has evidence about the outcome of her choice. I argue that when choice is exotic, the interventionist can adequately capture causal decision-theoretic reasoning by introducing a new interventionist approach to updating on (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  10. Two Sides of Modus Ponens.Stern Reuben & Hartmann Stephan - 2018 - Journal of Philosophy 115 (11):605-621.
    McGee argues that it is sometimes reasonable to accept both x and x-> without accepting y->z, and that modus ponens is therefore invalid for natural language indicative conditionals. Here, we examine McGee's counterexamples from a Bayesian perspective. We argue that the counterexamples are genuine insofar as the joint acceptance of x and x-> at time t does not generally imply constraints on the acceptability of y->z at t, but we use the distance-based approach to Bayesian learning to show that applications (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  11.  85
    Mathematics has a front and a back.Reuben Hersh - 1991 - Synthese 88 (2):127 - 133.
    It is explained that, in the sense of the sociologist Erving Goffman, mathematics has a front and a back. Four pervasive myths about mathematics are stated. Acceptance of these myths is related to whether one is located in the front or the back.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  12.  24
    Effect of amount and distribution of warming-up activity on retention in motor learning.Reuben J. Silver - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (2):88.
  13.  10
    Testing the limits of oral narration.Reuben Zaramian - 2014 - Semiotica 2014 (202).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Semiotica Jahrgang: 2014 Heft: 202 Seiten: 395-424.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. Interventionist decision theory.Reuben Stern - 2017 - Synthese 194 (10):4133-4153.
    Jim Joyce has argued that David Lewis’s formulation of causal decision theory is inadequate because it fails to apply to the “small world” decisions that people face in real life. Meanwhile, several authors have argued that causal decision theory should be developed such that it integrates the interventionist approach to causal modeling because of the expressive power afforded by the language of causal models, but, as of now, there has been little work towards this end. In this paper, I propose (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  15. The theory of emergence.Reuben Ablowitz - 1939 - Philosophy of Science 6 (1):1-16.
    The problem of the reality and nature of novelty in the universe has long engaged the attention of philosophers. “There is nothing new under the sun” is one ancient weighty utterance. On the other hand, “you cannot step twice into the same river”, said Heraclitus, for in the interval between your first and second steps, the river has changed and you have changed. One recent attempt to analyze this problem and other affiliated problems, is the theory of emergence.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  16.  85
    Prove—once more and again.Reuben Hersh - 1997 - Philosophia Mathematica 5 (2):153-165.
    There are two distinct meanings to ‘mathematical proof’. The connection between them is an unsolved problem. The first step in attacking it is noticing that it is an unsolved problem.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  17.  32
    An Interventionist’s Guide to Exotic Choice.Reuben Stern - forthcoming - Mind:fzab034.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  18. Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Mathematics'.Reuben Louis Goodstein - 1972 - In Alice Ambrose & Morris Lazerowitz (eds.), Ludwig Wittgenstein: Philosophy and Language. George Allen and Unwin (London), Humanities Press (New York).
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  19.  68
    Decision and Intervention.Reuben Stern - 2019 - Erkenntnis 84 (4):783-804.
    Meek and Glymour use the graphical approach to causal modeling to argue that one and the same norm of rational choice can be used to deliver both causal-decision-theoretic verdicts and evidential-decision-theoretic verdicts. Specifically, they argue that if an agent maximizes conditional expected utility, then the agent will follow the causal decision theorist’s advice when she represents herself as intervening, and will follow the evidential decision theorist’s advice when she represents herself as not intervening. Since Meek and Glymour take no stand (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  20. The Chances of Choices.Reuben Stern - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
  21.  25
    Some Proposals for Reviving the Philosophy of Mathematics.Reuben Hersh - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (3):871-872.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  22.  33
    Toward an ecological theory of social perception.Leslie Z. McArthur & Reuben M. Baron - 1983 - Psychological Review 90 (3):215-238.
  23. Normative realism and Brentanian accounts of fittingness.Reuben Sass - 2023 - Synthese 202 (6):1-25.
    Brentano is often considered the originator of the fitting-attitudes analysis of value, on which to be valuable is to be that which it’s fitting to value. But there has been comparatively little attention paid to Brentano’s argument for this analysis. That argument advances the stronger claim that fittingness is part of the analysis of normativity. Since the argument rests on an analogy between truth and fittingness, its impact may seem limited by the idiosyncratic features of Brentano’s later notion of truth. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  41
    Toward a More Stable Blood Supply: Charitable Incentives, Donation Rates, and the Experience of September 11.Reuben G. Sass - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):38-45.
    Although excess blood collection has characterized U.S. national disasters, most dramatically in the case of September 11, periodic shortages of blood have recurred for decades. In response, I propose a new model of medical philanthropy, one that specifically uses charitable contributions to health care as blood donation incentives. I explain how the surge in blood donations following 9/11 was both transient and disaster-specific, failing to foster a greater continuing commitment to donate blood. This underscores the importance of considering blood donation (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  25.  82
    Causal concepts and temporal ordering.Reuben Stern - 2019 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 27):6505-6527.
    Though common sense says that causes must temporally precede their effects, the hugely influential interventionist account of causation makes no reference to temporal precedence. Does common sense lead us astray? In this paper, I evaluate the power of the commonsense assumption from within the interventionist approach to causal modeling. I first argue that if causes temporally precede their effects, then one need not consider the outcomes of interventions in order to infer causal relevance, and that one can instead use temporal (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  26.  7
    What is an Explanandum?Reuben Abel - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 63 (1):86-92.
  27. Diachronic and Interpersonal Coherence.Kenny Easwaran & Reuben Stern - forthcoming - In Baron Reed & A. K. Flowerree (eds.), Towards an Expansive Epistemology: Norms, Action, and the Social Sphere. Routledge.
    Bayesians standardly claim that there is rational pressure for agents’ credences to cohere across time because they face bad (epistemic or practical) consequences if they fail to diachronically cohere. But as David Christensen has pointed out, groups of individual agents also face bad consequences if they fail to interpersonally cohere, and there is no general rational pressure for one agent's credences to cohere with another’s. So it seems that standard Bayesian arguments may prove too much. Here, we agree with Christensen (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  28.  31
    18 Unconventional Essays on the Nature of Mathematics.Reuben Hersh (ed.) - 2006 - Springer.
    "This new collection of essays edited by Reuben Hersh contains frank facts and opinions from leading mathematicians, philosophers, sociologists, cognitive ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  29.  55
    “The disadvantages of a defective education”: identity, experiment and persuasion in the natural history of the salmon and parr controversy, c. 1825–1850.Reuben Message - 2019 - Science in Context 32 (3):261-284.
    ArgumentDuring the second quarter of the nineteenth century, an argument raged about the identity of a small freshwater fish: was the parr a distinct species, or merely the young of the salmon? This “Parr Controversy” concerned both fishermen and ichthyologists. A central protagonist in the controversy was a man of ambiguous social and scientific status: a gamekeeper from Scotland named John Shaw. This paper examines Shaw’s heterogeneous practices and the reception of his claims by naturalists as he struggled to find (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  20
    Social reinforcement effects as a function of social reinforcement history.Reuben M. Baron - 1966 - Psychological Review 73 (6):527-539.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  26
    Toward an understanding of the differences in the responses of humans and other animals to density.Reuben M. Baron & Stephen P. Needel - 1980 - Psychological Review 87 (3):320-326.
  32. El sentido de la ilusión.Rafael Carías - 1969 - Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica 25:141-144.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  19
    Michael Novak’s alternate route: political realism in The Joy of Sports.Reuben Hoetmer - 2018 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 45 (1):22-36.
    This work seeks to honor Michael Novak’s contribution to sport ethics by returning to his seminal work, The Joy of Sports. Novak runs an alternate route in developing his ethic, drawing largely on the school of political realism, particularly the work of Reinhold Niebuhr. In so doing, he offers a distinctive lens through which to approach to the myriad ethical issues in sport, including those related to competition, violence, and engagement in foul play. The essay outlines four core dimensions of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  19
    Separation of Craniopagus Twins.Reuben Johnson & Philip Weir - 2016 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 25 (1):38-49.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  4
    The God of the Bible.Reuben Archer Torrey - 1923 - New York,: George H. Doran company.
    Through the insights of author and Bible expert R. A. Torrey, you will come to know God in His power, His love, His faithfulness, and His great mercy, all of which He longs to share with you. And as you come to know God better, you will enter into a closer, more confident relationship with Him, in which you will… Have Someone you can always count on Have all your needs supplied by Him Receive God’s continual protection Use God’s power (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  33
    Development of mathematical logic.Reuben Lewis Goodstein - 1971 - London,: Logos Press.
  37.  13
    Man is the Measure.Reuben Abel - 1976 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 37 (4):586-587.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38.  43
    On "form" in art.Reuben Abel - 1972 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 32 (3):371-376.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  93
    Pragmatism and the outlook of modern science.Reuben Abel - 1966 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 27 (1):45-54.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. Être et liberté, une étude sur le dernier Heidegger, « Philosophes contemporains: Textes et études », 12.Reuben Guilead & Paul Ricœur - 1965 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 20 (1):90-91.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Être et Liberté. Une étude sur le dernier Heidegger.Reuben Guilead & Paul Ricœur - 1965 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 70 (1):103-104.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  16
    Tumult in Therapyland.Reuben Bitensky - 1976 - Diogenes 24 (94):110-120.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. J. Reuben Clark.J. Reuben Clark & David H. Yarn - 1987
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  11
    Mathematics as an Empirical Phenomenon, Subject to Modeling.Reuben Hersh - 2017 - Journal of the Indian Council of Philosophical Research 34 (2):331-342.
    Among the universal attributes of homo sapiens, several have become established as special fields of study—language, art and music, religion, and political economy. But mathematics, another universal attribute of our species, is still modeled separately by logicians, historians, neuroscientists, and others. Could it be integrated into “mathematics studies,” a coherent, many-faceted branch of empirical science? Could philosophers facilitate such a unification? Some philosophers of mathematics identify themselves with “positions” on the nature of mathematics. Those “positions” could more productively serve as (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  45. Value Conservatism and Its Challenge to Consequentialism.Reuben Sass - 2021 - Utilitas 33 (3):337-352.
    G.A. Cohen’s value conservatism entails that we ought to preserve some existing sources of value in lieu of more valuable replacements, thereby repudiating maximizing consequentialism. Cohen motivates value conservatism through illustrative cases. The consequentialist, however, can explain many Cohen-style cases by taking extrinsic properties, such as historical significance, to be sources of final value. Nevertheless, it may be intuitive that there’s stronger reason to preserve than to promote certain sources of value, especially historically significant things. This motivates an argument that (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. An ontology of weak entity realism for HPC kinds.Reuben Sass - 2021 - Synthese 198 (12):11861-11880.
    This paper defends an ontology of weak entity realism for homeostatic property cluster (HPC) theories of natural kinds, adapted from Bird’s (Synthese 195(4):1397–1426, 2018) taxonomy of such theories. Weak entity realism about HPC kinds accepts the existence of natural kinds. Weak entity realism denies two theses: that (1) HPC kinds have mind-independent essences, and that (2) HPC kinds reduce to entities, such as complex universals, posited only by metaphysical theories. Strong entity realism accepts (1) and (2), whereas moderate entity realism (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Humanism and moral theory: a psychological and social inquiry.Reuben Osbert - 1970 - London,: Pemberton.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. Humanism and moral theory.Reuben Osbert - 1959 - London,: Allen & Unwin.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. Philosophy for the ordinary man.Reuben Osbert - 1948 - London,: Quality Press.
  50.  21
    Feminist Criticism in the Classroom, or, "What Do You Mean We, White Man?".Elaine Reuben - 1971 - Substance 1 (2):111.
1 — 50 / 203