13 found
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Phil Brown [8]Philip Marshall Brown [2]Philip Brown [1]Philip Robert Brown [1]
Phil A. Brown [1]Phillip Brown [1]
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Phil Brown
University of Manchester
  1. The Possibility of Morality.Phil Brown - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 163 (3):627-636.
    Despite much discussion over the existence of moral facts, metaethicists have largely ignored the related question of their possibility. This paper addresses the issue from the moral error theorist’s perspective, and shows how the arguments that error theorists have produced against the existence of moral facts at this world, if sound, also show that moral facts are impossible, at least at worlds non-morally identical to our own and, on some versions of the error theory, at any world. So error theorists’ (...)
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  2. Pragmatic Antirealism: A New Antirealist Strategy.Michael Scott & Philip Brown - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 161 (3):349-366.
    In everyday speech we seem to refer to such things as abstract objects, moral properties, or propositional attitudes that have been the target of metaphysical and/or epistemological objections. Many philosophers, while endorsing scepticism about some of these entities, have not wished to charge ordinary speakers with fundamental error, or recommend that the discourse be revised or eliminated. To this end a number of non-revisionary antirealist strategies have been employed, including expressivism, reductionism and hermeneutic fictionalism. But each of these theories faces (...)
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  3.  31
    Ethical Exemplification and the AICPA Code of Professional Conduct: An Empirical Investigation of Auditor and Public Perceptions.Phil A. Brown, Morris H. Stocks & W. Mark Wilder - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 71 (1):39-71.
    This research applies the impression management theory of exemplification in an accounting study by identifying and measuring differences in both auditor and public perceptions of exemplary behaviors. The auditors were divided into two groups, one of which reported self-perceptions (A-S) while the other group reported their perceptions of a typical auditor (A-O). There were two separate public groups, which gave their perceptions of a typical auditor and were divided based on their levels of accounting sophistication. The more sophisticated public group (...)
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  4.  4
    “A Lab of Our Own”: Environmental Causation of Breast Cancer and Challenges to the Dominant Epidemiological Paradigm.Laura Senier, Rebecca Gasior Altman, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Stephen Zavestoski, Brian Mayer, Sabrina McCormick & Phil Brown - 2006 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 31 (5):499-536.
    There are challenges to the dominant research paradigm in breast cancer science. In the United States, science and social activism create paradigmatic shifts. Using interviews, ethnographic observations, and an extensive review of the literature, we create a three-dimensional model to situate changes in scientific controversy concerning environmental causes of breast cancer. We identify three paradigm challenges posed by activists and some scientists: to move debates about causation upstream to address causes; to shift emphasis from individual to modifiable societal-level factors beyond (...)
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  5.  29
    Balancing Benefits and Risks of Immortal Data.Oscar A. Zarate, Julia Green Brody, Phil Brown, Monica D. Ramirez-Andreotta, Laura Perovich & Jacob Matz - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (1):36-45.
    An individual's health, genetic, or environmental-exposure data, placed in an online repository, creates a valuable shared resource that can accelerate biomedical research and even open opportunities for crowd-sourcing discoveries by members of the public. But these data become “immortalized” in ways that may create lasting risk as well as benefit. Once shared on the Internet, the data are difficult or impossible to redact, and identities may be revealed by a process called data linkage, in which online data sets are matched (...)
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  6.  66
    The Name Game: Toward a Sociology of Diagnosis.Phil Brown - 1990 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 11 (3-4):385-406.
    Although diagnosis is integral to the theory and practice of psychiatry, social scientists have not developed a comprehensive approach to diagnosis. This paper presents a preliminary outline of the issues which a sociology of diagnosis should integrate. These include bias and social control in psychiatric diagnosis, diagnosis as part of a new extension of the biopsychiatric medical model, and flaws in contemporary diagnostic categorization. These issues are then viewed in terms of professional practice styles, diagnostic biases, psychiatry's professional dominance over (...)
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  7.  2
    “Making a Big Stink”: Women's Work, Women's Relationships, and Toxic Waste Activism.Faith I. T. Ferguson & Phil Brown - 1995 - Gender and Society 9 (2):145-172.
    Women constitute the majority of both the leadership and the membership of local toxic waste activist organizations; yet, gender and the fight against toxic hazards are rarely analyzed together in studies on gender or on environmental issues. This absence of rigorous analysis of gender issues in toxic waste activism is particularly noticeable since many scholars already make note that women predominate in this movement. This article is an attempt to understand how women activists transcend private pain, fear, and disempowerment and (...)
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  8.  1
    Science, Policy, Activism, and War: Defining the Health of Gulf War Veterans.Brian Mayer, Sabrina McCormick, Meadow Linder, Phil Brown & Stephen Zavestoski - 2002 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 27 (2):171-205.
    Many servicemen and women began suffering from a variety of symptoms and illnesses soon after the 1991 Gulf War. Some veterans believe that their illnesses are related to toxic exposures during their service, though scientific research has been largely unable to demonstrate any link. Disputes over the definition, etiology, and treatment of Gulf War-related illnesses continue. The authors examine the roles of science, policy, and veteran activism in developing an understanding of GWRIs. They argue that the government’s stress-based explanation of (...)
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  9.  23
    Survey on Using Ethical Principles in Environmental Field Research with Place-Based Communities.Dianne Quigley, Alana Levine, David A. Sonnenfeld, Phil Brown, Qing Tian & Xiaofan Wei - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (2):477-517.
    Researchers of the Northeast Ethics Education Partnership at Brown University sought to improve an understanding of the ethical challenges of field researchers with place-based communities in environmental studies/sciences and environmental health by disseminating a questionnaire which requested information about their ethical approaches to these researched communities. NEEP faculty sought to gain actual field guidance to improve research ethics and cultural competence training for graduate students and faculty in environmental sciences/studies. Some aspects of the ethical challenges in field studies are not (...)
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  10.  1
    The Death of Human Capital?: Its Failed Promise and How to Renew It in an Age of Disruption.Phillip Brown, Hugh Lauder & Sin Yi Cheung - 2020 - Oup Usa.
    In The Death of Human Capital?, Phillip Brown, Hugh Lauder, and Sin Yi Cheung demonstrate that the human capital story is one of a failed revolution that requires an alternative approach to education, jobs, and income inequalities. Rather than abandoning human capital theory, the authors seek to redefine it in a way that more accurately addresses today's challenges presented by global competition, new technologies, economic inequalities, and national debt.
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  11.  1
    Sheldon Krimsky: An Appreciation of an STS Scholar Par Excellence.Phil Brown - 2022 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 47 (4):627-630.
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  12.  16
    Book Review:The Occident and the Orient. Valentine Chirol; The Stabilization of Europe. Charles de Visscher; Germany in Transition. Herbert Kraus. [REVIEW]Philip Marshall Brown - 1925 - Ethics 35 (3):308-.
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  13.  11
    The Occident and the Orient. Valentine ChirolThe Stabilization of Europe. Charles de VisscherGermany in Transition. Herbert Kraus. [REVIEW]Philip Marshall Brown - 1925 - International Journal of Ethics 35 (3):308-309.