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Jennifer M. Morton [23]Jennifer Morton [5]
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Jennifer M. Morton
University of Pennsylvania
  1. Grit.Sarah Paul & Jennifer Morton - 2018 - Ethics 129 (2):175-203.
    Many of our most important goals require months or even years of effort to achieve, and some never get achieved at all. As social psychologists have lately emphasized, success in pursuing such goals requires the capacity for perseverance, or "grit." Philosophers have had little to say about grit, however, insofar as it differs from more familiar notions of willpower or continence. This leaves us ill-equipped to assess the social and moral implications of promoting grit. We propose that grit has an (...)
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  2. Believing in Others.Sarah K. Paul & Jennifer M. Morton - 2018 - Philosophical Topics 46 (1):75-95.
    Suppose some person 'A' sets out to accomplish a difficult, long-term goal such as writing a passable Ph.D. thesis. What should you believe about whether A will succeed? The default answer is that you should believe whatever the total accessible evidence concerning A's abilities, circumstances, capacity for self-discipline, and so forth supports. But could it be that what you should believe depends in part on the relationship you have with A? We argue that it does, in the case where A (...)
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  3.  57
    Moving Up Without Losing Your Way: The Ethical Costs of Upward Mobility.Jennifer Morton - 2019 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Upward mobility through the path of higher education has been an article of faith for generations of working-class, low-income, and immigrant college students. While we know this path usually entails financial sacrifices and hard work, very little attention has been paid to the deep personal compromises such students have to make as they enter worlds vastly different from their own. Measuring the true cost of higher education for those from disadvantaged backgrounds, Moving Up without Losing Your Way looks at the (...)
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  4.  64
    The Miseducation of the Elite.Jennifer M. Morton - 2021 - Journal of Political Philosophy 29 (1):3-24.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  5. Reasoning Under Scarcity.Jennifer M. Morton - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (3):543-559.
    Practical deliberation consists in thinking about what to do. Such deliberation is deemed rational when it conforms to certain normative requirements. What is often ignored is the role that an agent's context can play in so-called ‘failures’ of rationality. In this paper, I use recent cognitive science research investigating the effects of resource-scarcity on decision-making and cognitive function to argue that context plays an important role in determining which norms should structure an agent's deliberation. This evidence undermines the view that (...)
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  6. Toward an Ecological Theory of the Norms of Practical Deliberation.Jennifer M. Morton - 2011 - European Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):561-584.
    Abstract: Practical deliberation is deliberation concerning what to do governed by norms on intention (e.g. means-end coherence and consistency), which are taken to be a mark of rational deliberation. According to the theory of practical deliberation I develop in this paper we should think of the norms of rational practical deliberation ecologically: that is, the norms that constitute rational practical deliberation depend on the complex interaction between the psychological capacities of the agent in question and the agent's environment. I argue (...)
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  7.  97
    Of Reasons and Recognition.Sarah K. Paul & Jennifer M. Morton - 2014 - Analysis 74 (2):339-348.
  8.  85
    Cultural Code‐Switching: Straddling the Achievement Gap.Jennifer M. Morton - 2014 - Journal of Political Philosophy 22 (3):259-281.
    The ability of agents to “culturally code-switch”, that is, switch between comprehensive, distinct, and potentially conflicting value systems has become a topic of interest to scholars examining the achievement gap because it appears to be a way for low-income minorities to remain authentically engaged with the values of their communities, while taking advantage of opportunities for further education and higher incomes available to those that participate in the middle-class. We have made some progress towards understanding code-switching in sociology, psychology, and (...)
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  9. Resisting Pessimism Traps: The Limits of Believing in Oneself.Jennifer M. Morton - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Members of marginalized groups who desire to pursue ambitious ends that might lead them to overcome disadvantage often face evidential situations that do not support the belief that they will succeed. Such agents might decide, reasonably, that their efforts are better expended elsewhere. If an agent has a less risky, valuable alternative, then quitting can be a rational way of avoiding the potential costs of failure. However, in reaching this pessimistic conclusion, she adds to the evidence that formed the basis (...)
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  10. The Non-Cognitive Challenge to a Liberal Egalitarian Education.Jennifer M. Morton - 2011 - Theory and Research in Education 9 (3):233-250.
    Political liberalism, conceived of as a response to the diversity of conceptions of the good in multicultural societies, aims to put forward a proposal for how to organize political institutions that is acceptable to a wide range of citizens. It does so by remaining neutral between reasonable conceptions of the good while giving all citizens a fair opportunity to access the offices and positions which enable them to pursue their own conception of the good. Public educational institutions are at the (...)
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  11.  14
    Agency and Practical Reasoning.Jules Salomone-Sehr & Jennifer M. Morton - 2022 - In Luca Ferrero (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Agency. Routledge. pp. 412-420.
    Unlike other ways of coming to act, for example as a result of habit or impulse, practical reasoning imprints our actions with the distinctive mark of rational full-blooded agency. This entry enquires into what practical reasoning consists in. First, we lay out four basic criteria—mentality, evaluation, practicality, attributability—that adequate accounts of practical reasoning ought to satisfy in order to capture essential features of the phenomenon. Specifically, practical deliberation is a by and large conscious mental process answerable to a range of (...)
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  12.  72
    Deliberating for Our Far Future Selves.Jennifer M. Morton - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (4):809-828.
    The temporal period between the moment of deliberation and the execution of the intention varies widely—from opening an umbrella when one feels the first raindrops hit to planning and writing a book. I investigate the distinctive ability that adult human beings have to deliberate for their far future selves exhibited at the latter end of this temporal spectrum, which I term prospective deliberation. What grounds it when it is successful? And, why does it fail in some cases? I shall argue (...)
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  13.  13
    The Costs of Consciousness Raising.Jennifer Morton - 2021 - Philosophy of Education 77 (2):232-238.
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  14.  7
    Resisting Pessimism Traps: The Limits of Believing in Oneself.Jennifer M. Morton - forthcoming - Wiley: Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, EarlyView.
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  15.  23
    Flourishing in the Academy: Complicity and Compromise.Jennifer M. Morton - 2021 - Apa Newsletter on Feminism and Philosophy 20 (3):7-11.
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  16.  7
    Resisting Pessimism Traps: The Limits of Believing in Oneself.Jennifer M. Morton - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, EarlyView.
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  17.  37
    Molding Conscientious, Hardworking, and Perseverant Students.Jennifer M. Morton - 2014 - Social Philosophy and Policy 31 (1):60-80.
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  18.  12
    Author Meets Critics for Moving Up Without Losing Your Way: The Ethical Costs of Upward Mobility.Jennifer M. Morton - 2021 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 40 (6):677-681.
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  19.  27
    Philosophy as an Antidote to Injustice.Jennifer M. Morton - 2019 - The Philosophers' Magazine 85:103-109.
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  20.  40
    Unequal Classrooms: Higher Education and Online Learning.Jennifer Morton - 2016 - Philosophical Inquiry in Education 23 (2):97-133.
  21. School Assignment Lotteries: What Should We Take for Granted?Jennifer Morton - 2016 - In Meira Levinson and Jacob Fay (ed.), Dilemmas of Educational Justice: Cases and Commentaries. Harvard Education Press.
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  22.  3
    Resisting Pessimism Traps: The Limits of Believing in Oneself.Jennifer M. Morton - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, EarlyView.
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  23.  17
    The Educator's Dual Role: Expressing Ideals While Educating in Nonideal Conditions.Jennifer M. Morton - 2016 - Educational Theory 66 (3):323-339.
    In this essay, Jennifer Morton discusses educators as central examples of agents who engage in ideal and nonideal ways of thinking. The educator, as a representative of the political community, is tasked with two aims. The first is nurturing students with the skills and knowledge they need for the world as they will find it. In pursuing this goal, the educator is assuming certain social facts, some of them unjust, that constitute the present nonideal world. The second aim is civic (...)
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  24.  14
    An Antidote to Injustice.Jennifer M. Morton - 2015 - The Philosophers' Magazine 69:65-70.
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  25.  15
    Tough Choices: Structured Paternalism and the Landscape of Choice. [REVIEW]Jennifer M. Morton - 2014 - Educational Theory 64 (5):539-546.
  26.  13
    Shoemaker, David, Ed. Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility. Vol. 1.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. Pp. 328. $99.00 ; $85.00. [REVIEW]Jennifer M. Morton - 2014 - Ethics 125 (1):288-292.
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  27.  9
    Reconsidering Idealisation.Jennifer M. Morton - 2016 - The Philosophers' Magazine 72:83-84.
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  28.  10
    Review: David Shoemaker, Ed., Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility. [REVIEW]Jennifer M. Morton - 2014 - Ethics 125 (1):288-292,.