Philosophy East and West (forthcoming)
AbstractWithin various contexts, such as politics and parenting, Confucianism has been criticized on the basis that it endorses ‘unquestioning obedience’ to authorities. In recent years, several philosophers have argued against this view by appealing to textual evidence from Classical Confucian philosophers. In this essay, I examine Wang Yangming’s views on this subject, arguing that Wang teaches that criticism of those who stand in a socially superior role relation is not only permitted, but encouraged. From this, I consider the implications that Wang’s analysis has for contemporary discussions of disagreement between epistemic superiors and inferiors and epistemic peerhood. I will argue that Wang’s position is much closer to the total evidence view than the preemptive view. Relatedly, I will suggest that Wang provides a novel proposal about how to recognise or disregard epistemic ‘superiors’, especially in the context of moral knowledge.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
References found in this work
The Epistemic Significance of Disagreement.Thomas Kelly - 2005 - In Tamar Szabó Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.), Oxford Studies in Epistemology, Volume 1. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 167-196.
Neo-Confucianism: A Philosophical Introduction.Stephen C. Angle & Justin Tiwald - 2017 - Cambridge, UK: Polity.
Moral Disagreement and Moral Skepticism.Katia Vavova - 2014 - Philosophical Perspectives 28 (1):302-333.
Experts and Peer Disagreement.Jennifer Lackey - 2018 - In Matthew A. Benton, John Hawthorne & Dani Rabinowitz (eds.), Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 228-245.
The Reflective Epistemic Renegade.Bryan Frances - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (2):419 - 463.
Citations of this work
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Mind and Epistemic Constructivism: Wang Yangming and Kant.Xunwu Chen - 2019 - Asian Philosophy 29 (2):89-105.
Emotion, Desire, and Numismatic Experience in Descartes, Zhu Xi, and Wang Yangming.Brian Bruya - 2001 - Ming Qing Yanjiu 2001:45-75.
Wang Yangming de Shi Jie: Wang Yangming Gu Ju Kai Fang Dian Li Ji Guo Ji Xue Shu Yan Tao Hui Lun Wen Ji.Ming Qian & Shuwang Ye (eds.) - 2008 - Zhejiang Gu Ji Chu Ban She.
The a Priori Value and Feeling in Max Scheler and Wang Yangming.Yinghua Lu - 2014 - Asian Philosophy 24 (3):197-211.
The Quest for Ethical Truth: Wang Yangming on the Unity of Knowing and Acting.Shi Weimin - 2017 - Comparative Philosophy 8 (2):46-64.
Wang Yangming de Wu Bai Nian: Zhongguo Yu Shi Jie de Wang Yangming = Wang Ying Ming de Wu Bai Nian.Huaiyan Yu - 2009 - Guizhou Jiao Yu Chu Ban She.
The Problem of Evil in the Neo-Confucian Context: Wang Yangming’s View on Evil.Xiaomei Yang - 2020 - Asian Philosophy 30 (4):351-366.
The Eight Virtues of Liangzhi: An Analysis of the Fundamental Characteristics of Wang Yangming’s Central Doctrine.Dong Ping & George L. Israel - 2020 - Journal of World Philosophies 5 (2):73-93.
The Inversion of Values and the Renunciation of Desire and Love: An Investigation Through Max Scheler and Wang Yangming.Yinghua Lu - 2020 - Asian Philosophy 30 (4):324-339.
The Transformation of the Wang Yangming Scholarship in the West, Ca. 1960–1980: A Historical Essay.George L. Israel - 2018 - Asian Philosophy 28 (2):135-156.