Results for 'drug testing'

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  1. Drug Testing and the Right to Privacy: Arguing the Ethics of Workplace Drug Testing[REVIEW]Michael Cranford - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (16):1805-1815.
    As drug testing has become increasingly used to maximize corporate profits by minimizing the economic impact of employee substance abuse, numerous arguments have been advanced which draw the ethical justification for such testing into question, including the position that testing amounts to a violation of employee privacy by attempting to regulate an employee's behavior in her own home, outside the employer's legitimate sphere of control. This article first proposes that an employee's right to privacy is violated (...)
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  2.  42
    Drug Testing and Corporate Responsibility: The “Ought Implies Can” Argument. [REVIEW]Jennifer Moore - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (4):279 - 287.
    Most of the debate about drug testing in the workplace has focused on the right to privacy. Proponents of testing have had to tackle difficult questions concerning the nature, extent, and weight of the privacy rights of employees. This paper examines a different kind of argument — the claim that because corporations are responsible for harms committed by employees while under the influence of drugs, they are entitled to test for drug use. This argument has considerable (...)
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  3. Drug Testing in Employment.Joseph Desjardins & Ronald Duska - 1987 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 6 (3):3-21.
  4. Mandatory Drug Testing.Hugh LaFollette - 1994 - In S. Luper-Foy C. Brown (ed.), Drugs, Morality, and the Law. Garland.
    By some estimates one-third of American corporations now require their employees to be tested for drug u se. The se requ iremen ts are com patible with general employment law while prom oting the public's in terest in figh ting drug use. Mo reover , the Unite d State s Supreme Court has ruled that drug tes ting prog rams a re cons titutionally p ermiss ible within both the public and the private sectors. It appears m (...)
     
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  5.  20
    Alcohol and Drug Testing of Health Professionals Following Preventable Adverse Events: A Bad Idea.John Banja - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (12):25-36.
    Various kinds of alcohol and drug testing, such as preemployment, routine, and for-cause testing, are commonly performed by employers. While healthcare organizations usually require preemployment drug testing, they vary on whether personnel will be subjected to further testing. Recently, a call has gone out for postincident testing among physicians who are involved in serious, preventable events, especially ones leading to a patient's death. This article will offer a number of counterarguments to that proposal (...)
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  6. An Argument Against Drug Testing Welfare Recipients.Mary Jean Walker & James Franklin - 2018 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 28 (3):309-340.
    Programs of drug testing welfare recipients are increasingly common in US states and have been considered elsewhere. Though often intensely debated, such programs are complicated to evaluate because their aims are ambiguous – aims like saving money may be in tension with aims like referring people to treatment. We assess such programs using a proportionality approach, which requires that for ethical acceptability a practice must be: reasonably likely to meet its aims, sufficiently important in purpose as to outweigh (...)
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  7.  11
    Drug Testing: A Bad Investment.Lewis L. Maltby - 2001 - Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 15 (2):7-7.
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  8.  25
    Drug Testing: A Bad Investment.Lewis L. Maltby - 2001 - Business Ethics 15 (2):7-7.
  9.  19
    Drug Testing of Health Care Professionals to Improve Overall Wellness and Patient Care.Lisa J. Merlo - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (12):38-41.
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  10.  40
    Opioid Contracts and Random Drug Testing for People with Chronic Pain €” Think Twice.Mark Collen - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):841-845.
    The use of opioid contracts, which often require patients to submit to random drug screens, have become widespread amongst physicians using opioids to treat chronic pain. The main purpose of the contract is to improve care through better adherence to opioid therapy but there is little evidence as to its efficacy. The author suggests the use of opioid contracts and random drug testing destroys patients' trust which impacts health outcomes, and that physicians' motivation for their use are (...)
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  11.  59
    Drug Testing and Productivity.Nicholas J. Caste - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (4):301 - 306.
    In this article I attempt to examine the justification for the mandatory drug testing of employees. The justification commonly assumes the form of the productivity argument which states that an employer has a proprietary right to regulate the purchased time of the employee. Since the employer may be rightfully concerned with the employee''s productive output, so this argument goes, the employer retains the right to motivate production. By extension, the employee''s behavior outside of the workplace which affects his (...)
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  12.  8
    Opioid Contracts and Random Drug Testing for People with Chronic Pain — Think Twice.Mark Collen - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):841-845.
    It is common for physicians who prescribe opioids for chronic pain to have their patients sign an opioid contract in order to receive opioid therapy. A vast majority of these contracts contain a stipulation requiring patients to submit to random drug testing which screens for both licit and illicit drugs. Physicians who prescribe opioids may be concerned about prosecution and disciplinary actions; medication abuse and misuse; and addiction. Steven Passik et al. write, “…physicians still fear the risk of (...)
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  13.  17
    Mandatory Drug Testing of High School Athletes: Unethical Evaluation, Unethical Policy.Donald Louria - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):35-36.
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  14. Joseph R. Des Jardins and Ronald Duska.Drug Testing in Employment 100 - 2003 - In William H. Shaw (ed.), Ethics at Work: Basic Readings in Business Ethics. Oxford University Press.
     
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  15.  15
    Drug Testing Balancing Privacy and Public Safety.Judith Wagner DeCew - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (2):17-23.
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  16.  13
    Mandatory Drug Testing Needs Controlled Evaluation.Thomas R. Kosten - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):32-32.
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  17.  16
    Drug Testing and Privacy: Why Contract Arguments Do Not Work.A. Scott Carson - 1995 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 14 (4):3-22.
  18.  13
    Drug-Testing Research in High School Students: Is There a Will or a Way?Greg Koski - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):33-35.
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  19.  10
    Drug Testing and the Nature of Athletics.Roger Paden - 1987 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (4):27-35.
  20.  13
    DrugTesting: If the Cup Runneth Over.Melvin J. Schorin - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (2):46-46.
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  21.  10
    Pediatric Drug Testing: Is It at Risk?Jean D. Lockhart - 1977 - Hastings Center Report 7 (3):8-10.
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  22.  3
    Drug Testing Is No Substitute for Honesty or Addiction Risk Reduction.Tim Lahey - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (1):75-77.
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  23.  15
    Sentinel Effect of Drug Testing for Anabolic Steroid Abuse.Robert J. Fuentes, Art Davis, Barry Sample & Kim Jasper - 1994 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 22 (3):224-230.
    George Will, the well-known pundit, once observed: “A society's recreation is charged with moral significance. Sport—and a society that takes it seriously—would be debased if it did not strictly forbid things that blur the distinction between the triumph of character and the triumph of chemistry.” In opposition, Dan Duchaine, the highly publicized “steroid guru” and counter-culture columnist, declared: “There comes a time for many in competitive athletics where winning is more important than those initial goals of health, recreation, and relaxation.” (...)
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  24.  11
    Sentinel Effect of Drug Testing for Anabolic Steroid Abuse.Robert J. Fuentes, Art Davis, Barry Sample & Kim Jasper - 1994 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 22 (3):224-230.
    George Will, the well-known pundit, once observed: “A society's recreation is charged with moral significance. Sport—and a society that takes it seriously—would be debased if it did not strictly forbid things that blur the distinction between the triumph of character and the triumph of chemistry.” In opposition, Dan Duchaine, the highly publicized “steroid guru” and counter-culture columnist, declared: “There comes a time for many in competitive athletics where winning is more important than those initial goals of health, recreation, and relaxation.” (...)
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  25.  30
    Ethics and Drug Testing in Human Beings.Joseph Mahon - 1987 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 22:199-211.
    In late May 1984, Irish citizens were perturbed to hear that a thirty-one year old man died while participating, as a paid volunteer, in a clinical drug trial at the Institute of Clinical Pharmacology in Dublin. At the inquest, held in September 1984, the State Pathologist, Dr John Harbison, affirmed that the cause of death was the reaction of the trial drug Eproxindine 4/0091 with a major tranquillizer which had been given less than fifteen hours earlier as part (...)
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  26.  32
    Ethics of Research Involving Mandatory Drug Testing of High School Athletes in Oregon.Adil E. Shamoo & Jonathan D. Moreno - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):25 – 31.
    There is consensus that children have questionable decisional capacity and, therefore, in general a parent or a guardian must give permission to enroll a child in a research study. Moreover, freedom from duress and coercion, the cardinal rule in research involving adults, is even more important for children. This principle is embodied prominently in the Nuremberg Code (1947) and is embodied in various federal human research protection regulations. In a program named "SATURN" (Student Athletic Testing Using Random Notification), each (...)
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  27. Are Employers Overdosing on Drug Testing.Joanne C. Gampel & Kevin B. Zeese - 1985 - Business and Society Review 55:34-38.
  28.  29
    The Universal Drug Testing of Employees.Douglas Birsch - 1995 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 14 (3):43-59.
  29. Ethical Issues in Drug Testing, Approval and Pricing: The Clot-Dissolving Drugs by Baruch A. Brody.U. Schueklenk - 1998 - Bioethics 12:79-81.
     
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  30.  22
    Ethical Issues in Drug Testing, Approval and Pricing: The Clot-Dissolving Drugs.Baruch A. Brody & Udo Schuklenk - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (1):79-81.
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  31.  8
    Ethics and Drug Testing in Human Beings: Joseph Mahon.Joseph Mahon - 1987 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 22:199-211.
    In late May 1984, Irish citizens were perturbed to hear that a thirty-one year old man died while participating, as a paid volunteer, in a clinical drug trial at the Institute of Clinical Pharmacology in Dublin. At the inquest, held in September 1984, the State Pathologist, Dr John Harbison, affirmed that the cause of death was the reaction of the trial drug Eproxindine 4/0091 with a major tranquillizer which had been given less than fifteen hours earlier as part (...)
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  32.  19
    Postincident Alcohol and Drug Testing.Julius Cuong Pham, Greg Skipper & Peter J. Pronovost - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (12):37-38.
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  33. Ethical Issues in Drug Testing, Approval and Pricing: The Clot-Dissolving Drugs.John Lantos - 1997 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 40 (3):455.
  34. Sentinel Effect of Drug-Testing for Anabolic-Steroid Abuse (Vol 21, Pg 228, 1994).Sl Wasby - 1994 - Journal of Law Medicine and Ethics 22 (4):359-360.
     
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  35.  9
    The Ethics of Drug Testing Student-Athletes : International Implications of a Canadian Problem.Sarah Teetzel - 2013 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport and Physical Education 35 (2):69-82.
  36.  5
    Ethical Issues In Drug Testing, Approval, and Pricing: The Clot-Dissolving Drugs By Baruch A. Brody.John Lantos - 1997 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 40 (3):463-464.
  37.  18
    The Limits of Phenomenology: From Behaviorism to Drug Testing and Engineering Design.Yaneer Bar-Yam - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S1):181-189.
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  38.  25
    Recent Efforts to Elucidate the Scientific Validity of Animal-Based Drug Tests by the Pharmaceutical Industry, Pro-Testing Lobby Groups, and Animal Welfare Organisations.Jarrod Bailey & Michael Balls - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):16.
    Even after several decades of human drug development, there remains an absence of published, substantial, comprehensive data to validate the use of animals in preclinical drug testing, and to point to their pr...
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  39.  65
    Main Challenges and Prospects of Improving Ukrainian Legislation on Criminal Liability for Crimes Related to Drug Testing in the Context of European Integration.Olena Grebeniuk - 2013 - Jurisprudencija: Mokslo darbu žurnalas 20 (3):1249-1270.
    The proposed article provides an overview of European and North American states’ legislation, which regulates the procedure for pre-clinical research, clinical trials and state registration of medicinal products, as well as responsibility for its violation, analysis of the problems and prospects of adaptation of the national legislation to European legal space, particularly in the field of criminal and legal regulation of relations in the sphere of pre-clinical trials, clinical trials and state registration of medicine. The emphasis is put on the (...)
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  40.  32
    The Complexities of Sport, Gender, and Drug Testing.Pam R. Sailors, Sarah J. Teetzel & Charlene Weaving - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):23 - 25.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 7, Page 23-25, July 2012.
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  41.  14
    A Response to Commentators on "Ethics of Research Involving Mandatory Drug Testing of High School Athletes in Oregon".Adil E. Shamoo & Jonathan D. Moreno - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):29 – 30.
    There is consensus that children have questionable decisional capacity and, therefore, in general a parent or a guardian must give permission to enroll a child in a research study. Moreover, freedom from duress and coercion, the cardinal rule in research involving adults, is even more important for children. This principle is embodied prominently in the Nuremberg Code and is embodied in various federal human research protection regulations. In a program named "SATURN", each school in the Oregon public-school system may implement (...)
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  42.  4
    You’Re in…But This Service Requires Drug Testing.Jillian Boerstler - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (1):78-80.
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  43.  17
    Criticisms of SATURN Mirror Criticisms of Any Mandatory Student Drug-Testing Policy.Anjuli C. Verma - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):52-53.
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  44.  33
    Limitations on the Moral Permissibility of Employee Drug Testing.John R. Rowan - 2000 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 19 (2):69-82.
  45.  26
    "What Is Legal Is Not Necessarily Ethical": The Limits of Law and Drug-Testing Programs.Erik Luna - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):41-43.
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  46.  12
    Informed Consent: Hospitals Must Obtain Informed Consent Prior to Drug Testing Pregnant Patients.Katherine Gehringer - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (3):455-457.
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  47.  7
    Protection or Paternalism?Ethical Issues in Drug Testing, Approval and Pricing: The Clot-Dissolving Drugs.Thomas Preston - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (1):42-43.
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  48.  14
    Historical, Ethical, and Legal Issues in Mandatory Drug Testing. &Na - 2000 - Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 2 (4):105-107, 111.
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  49.  8
    At Law: The Rights of Pregnant Women: The Supreme Court and Drug Testing.Lawrence O. Gostin - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (5):8.
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  50.  11
    Informed Consent: Hospitals Must Obtain Informed Consent Prior to Drug Testing Pregnant Patients.Katherine Gehringer - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (3):455-457.
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