Journal of Pragmatics 117:280-290 (2017)

Fabrizio Macagno
Universidade Nova de Lisboa
The notions of inference and default are used in pragmatics with different meanings, resulting in theoretical disputes that emphasize the differences between the various pragmatic approaches. This paper is aimed at showing how the terminological and theoretical differences concerning the two aforementioned terms result from taking into account inference and default from different points of view and levels of analysis. Such differences risk making a dialogue between the theories extremely difficult. However, at a functional level of analysis the different theories, definitions, and approaches to interpretation can be compared and integrated. At this level, the standardization of pragmatic inferences can be regarded as the development of a specific type of presumptions, used to draw prima-facie interpretations.
Keywords interpretation  pragmatics  default  argumentation  inference
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References found in this work BETA

The Principles of Psychology.William James - 1890 - London, England: Dover Publications.
Literal Meaning.François Recanati - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
Argumentation Schemes.Douglas Walton, Chris Reed & Fabrizio Macagno - 2008 - Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.
Using Language.Herbert Clark - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

Assessing Relevance.Fabrizio Macagno - 2018 - Lingua 210:42-64.
Inferential Patterns of Emotive Meaning.Fabrizio Macagno & Maria Grazia Rossi - 2021 - In Fabrizio Macagno & Alessandro Capone (eds.), Inquiries in Philosophical Pragmatics. Issues in Linguistics. Cham, Switzerland: pp. 83-110.

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