Approaching Perpetual Peace: Kant’s Defence of a League of States and his Ideal of a World Federation

European Journal of Philosophy 12 (3):304-325 (2004)
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Abstract

There exists a standard view of Kant’s position on global order and this view informs much of current Kantian political theory. This standard view is that Kant advocates a voluntary league of states and rejects the ideal of a federative state of states as dangerous, unrealistic, and conceptually incoherent. This standard interpretation is usually thought to fall victim to three equally standard objections. In this essay, I argue that the standard interpretation is mistaken and that the three standard objections miss their target. Kant does advocate the establishment of a non-coercive league of states, at least in his mature political writings (such as Perpetual Peace and the Metaphysics of Morals), but he does so for different reasons than is usually thought and without rejecting the ideal that a world federation of states eventually be realized. I end by indicating how Kant’s revised view can be made productive for present-day philosophical purposes.

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Pauline Kleingeld
University of Groningen

Citations of this work

Kant, coercion, and the legitimation of inequality.Benjamin L. McKean - 2022 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 25 (4):528-550.
Perpetual Peace: Derrida Reading Kant.Jacques de Ville - 2019 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 32 (2):335-357.
Kant, coercion, and the legitimation of inequality.Benjamin L. McKean - 2022 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 25 (4):528-550.
In Defense of Kant’s League of States.Kjartan Koch Mikalsen - 2011 - Law and Philosophy 30 (3):291-317.

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References found in this work

The law of peoples.John Rawls - 1999 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Edited by John Rawls.
The Law of Peoples.John Rawls - 2001 - Philosophical Quarterly 51 (203):246-253.
Kant.Allen W. Wood - 2004 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Kant on Freedom, Law, and Happiness.Paul Guyer - 2000 - New York: Cambridge University Press.

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